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Temporal range: Eocene
Juncitarsus merkeli 1.jpg
Fossil specimen of J. merkeli, Museo di Storia Naturale
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Phoenicopteriformes
Genus: Juncitarsus
Olson & Feduccia, 1980

Juncitarsus gracillimus Olson & Feduccia, 1980
Juncitarsus merkeli Peters, 1987

Juncitarsus is an extinct genus of wading birds from the Eocene of the United States and Germany.[1] Though previously considered a kind of prehistoric flamingo,[2] it is likely more a more primitive member of the flamingo lineage, possibly a relative of the group which contains both flamingos and grebes (Mirandornithes).[3]


  1. ^ Peters, D. S. 1987. Juncitarsus merkeli, n. sp. stutz die Ableitung der Flamingos von Regenpfeifervogeln (Aves: Charadriiformes: Phoenicopteridae). Courier Forchungsinstitut Senckenberg 97:141-155.
  2. ^ Olson, S.L. And Feduccia, A. 1980. Relationship and evolution of flamingos (Aves: Phoenicopteridae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 316:1-73.
  3. ^ Mayr, G. (2004). Morphological evidence for sister group relationship between flamingos (Aves: Phoenicopteridae) and grebes (Podicipedidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 140(2), 157-169.