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"Junco Partner" is an American blues song first recorded by James Waynes in 1951. It has been recorded and revised by many other artists over several decades, including Louis Jordan, Michael Bloomfield, Dr. John, Professor Longhair, James Booker, Hugh Laurie, and The Clash. It has been covered in various genres of music including blues, folk, rock, reggae, and dub.
Singer James Waynes made the first recording of "Junco Partner" in 1951, for Bob Shad's record label "Sittin' in with...". The song is credited to Shad and "Robert Ellen" (a pseudonym Shad used on some recordings), though it was directly inspired by the Willie Hall song "Junker's Blues". According to musician Mac Rebennack ("Dr. John"), James Waynes' recording made the song popular, although it was already widely known among musicians in New Orleans and elsewhere as "the anthem of the dopers, the whores, the pimps, the cons. It was a song they sang in Angola, the state prison farm, and the rhythm was even known as the 'jailbird beat'." In 1952, several artists covered the song, including Richard Hayes with the Eddie Sauter Orchestra, and Louis Jordan & His Tympany Five for Decca.
Fully credited to himself, Chuck Berry's 1961 "The Man and the Donkey" is based on the "Junco Partner" melody  with a story based on a traditional West African tale heard on other songs such as Willie Dixon's Signifying Monkey (1947) or Oscar Brown, Jr.'s Signifying Monkey (1960).
Roland Stone, a white R&B singer from New Orleans, recorded two versions with rewritten lyrics, the first in 1959 as "Preacher's Daughter", and the second in 1961 as "Down the Road". The Holy Modal Rounders recorded the song as "Junko Partner" in 1965.
Bob Dylan's 1986 album, Knocked Out Loaded, took its title from a "Junco Partner" lyric. Carlos del Junco covered the song for his Big Boy album, released in 1999. The Hindu Love Gods, with Warren Zevon as lead singer and three members of R.E.M., also released their recording of this song under the title "Junko Pardner."
The 1970s produced several widely known covers. In 1972, Dr. John covered the song for his Dr. John's Gumbo album. In 1976, Professor Longhair covered it for his Rock 'n' Roll Gumbo album, and James Booker did the same for his homonymous album, "Junco Partner".
The Clash version
|Song by the Clash|
|from the album Sandinista!|
|Released||12 December 1980|
|Producer(s)||Mikey Dread, the Clash|
It was Richard Hayes' version that caught the ear of Joe Strummer, who recorded it with the London-based band The 101'ers. He later recorded it again, this time in Kingston, Jamaica, with The Clash for their triple hit album Sandinista!, released in 1980, which included two versions: a reggae version, "Junco Partner", and a dub version, "Version Pardner".
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