Juncus gerardii

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Juncus gerardii
Juncus gerardii.jpeg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Juncaceae
Genus: Juncus
J. gerardii
Binomial name
Juncus gerardii
Juncus gerardii range map.png

Juncus gerardii, commonly known as blackgrass, black needle rush or saltmarsh rush, is a flowering plant in the rush family Juncaceae.


Juncus gerardii is mainly a coastal species, occurring at the high tide mark on the Mediterranean, Atlantic, Baltic and Black sea shorelines of Europe and the east coast of North America [1] Juncus gerardii is one of the many species identified by Eric Hultén as amphi-Atlantic plants, meaning that they have a disjunct distribution on both sides of the Atlantic, but are absent on the Pacific side of the globe.[2]: 172  It also occurs inland in parts of eastern Europe, west and central Asia, particularly on saline soils. In North America it occurs along the shorelines of areas once flooded by the sea, and as a weed along railway lines, for example in Minnesota.[2] In Indiana, it is the only Juncus species found in the Tipton Till Plain, a Till Plain in the Glacial till plains.[3]


  1. ^ Anderberg, Arne. "Den Virtuella Floran, Juncus gerardii L." Naturhistoriska riksmuseet, Stockholm, Sweden.
  2. ^ a b Hultén, Eric. The amphi-Atlantic plants and their phytogeographical connections. Stockholm, Sweden: Almqvist & Wiksell.
  3. ^ Lamerson, Virginia (1950). "Coastal plains flora in Indiana botanical areas". Butler University Botanical Studies. 9 (1): 188–196.