After President Wilson warned the public about the money being spent by lobbyists to fight tariff reform, the U.S. Senate ordered the Senate Judiciary Committee to prepare a report with "the names of all lobbyists attempting to influence such pending legislation and the methods that they have employed to accomplish their ends". Over the next six days, the 96 Senators were required to appear before a special subcommittee and to state, under oath, whether they had a financial interest in the outcome of any pending bills.
The town of Winona Lake, Indiana, was incorporated Al Disbro, Images of America: Winona Lake (Arcadia Publishing, 2012) p61
The last known specimen of the Canary Islands oystercatcher (Haematopus meadewaldoi) was caught, then released, by British ornithologist D. A. Bannerman. Possible sightings were reported as late as the 1960s, but the bird is considered extinct.
Suffragette Emily Davison was fatally injured when she ran in front of Anmer, the racehorse owned by King George V, in the running of the Epsom Derby. Davison came from out of the stands, ducked under a railing and past police, and ran out in front of the horse, who was in last place. Herbert Jones, who was riding Anmer, was thrown and was unconscious for two hours, while Davison was trampled by the horse and never woke up. She died four days later.
The Epsom Derby was won by Aboyeur, who had 100 to 1 odds against him and had finished in second place behind the favorite, Cragonour. After Cragonour was announced as the winner, an objection was raised by race stewards, because American jockey Johnnie Reiff had bumped other horses on the way to the finish.
In Chicago, world heavyweight boxing champion Jack Johnson was sentenced to one year and one day in prison at Joliet, Illinois, after being found guilty of violating the Mann Act. He was also given two weeks to seek a reconsideration.
Prince Albert Frederick George, the 17-year-old son of King George V, and the future King George VI of the United Kingdom, made his first visit to the United States, crossing the border from Canada into Niagara Falls, New York. Prince Albert, who was in Canada with 60 cadets from the HMS Cumberland, wasn't immediately recognized in the crowd, but told reporters later that "This is my first trip to the continent and the first time I have stood under the Stars and Stripes on American soil."
Turkish Grand Vizier Mahmud Shevket Pasha was assassinated in Istanbul. Shefket Pasha was being driven from the Ministry of War in a car, when another car pulled alongside him and ten shots were fired. Said Halim Pasha, the Foreign Minister, was appointed as his successor. Twelve "real or alleged plotters" were arrested, and hanged on June 24.
Battle of Bud Bagsak: A combined force of U.S. Army troops, Philippine Scouts and the Philippine Constabulary, led by General John J. "Black Jack" Pershing began a five-day battle against a contingent of 500 Moro warriors, after Chiefs Naquib Amil, Jami and Sahipa sent word that they would not surrender.
A record of 36 hours underwater was set by the Cage, a submarine invented by John Milton Cage, Sr., who had taken the boat down at 5:00 in the morning the day before, along with five other men.
The German ocean liner SS Imperator, largest in the world at the time, was launched from Hamburg.
Born:Vince Lombardi, American NFL coach, in Brooklyn (d. 1970); and Risë Stevens, American mezzosoprano, in New York City (d. 2013)
John R. Bray, an American animator, premiered the innovative cartoon The Artist's Dream, which an author would later say was "the forerunner of the cartoon vogue" as the first popular animated film.
Billed as "the longest wooden bridge in the world", the 2.5 mile long Collins Bridge opened, turning the small town of Miami, Florida (1910 population 5,471) into a premier resort area by making Miami Beach more accessible to more tourists. Previously, the beach could only be reached from the mainland by ferry boat and was impractical as an investment.
The U.S. Senate Committee on Woman Suffrage reported favorably on a proposed amendment to the U.S. Constitution providing that the right to vote shall not be denied because of gender.
Attorney Walton J. Wood began work as the first public defender in the United States, earning $200 a month as an employee of Los Angeles County, California, to represent persons who could not afford a lawyer.
On the same day, the DuPont Cellophane Company, owned 52 percent by DuPont, was formed in partnership with a French consortium, for the American manufacture of the new French product, transparent cellophane sheets.
Eleven construction workers for the Bradley Contracting Company were killed in the cave-in of new subways underneath Fifty-sixth Street in New York City.
The German battlecruiser Defflinger, first of its class and the most powerful German battleship up to that time, was launched. Moments after it was christened by the wife of General August von Mackensen, the ship moved only fifteen inches down the skids before it came to a halt, jammed because of a defect in one of the sledges.
The South African government passed the Immigration Act, which restricted the immigration of people from India.
Battle of Bud Bagsak: Driven out by shelling from American and Philippine troops, the 500 Moro defenders, armed only with bolo knives and kampilan swords made a charge against the firepower of the Pershing contingent's artillery, and were killed. Pershing's troops sustained 27 casualties. The uneven battle brought an end to the Moro resistance. Other sources describe the battle happening on June 13, with the deaths of 2,000 Moro defenders, including women and children, as well as the death of 340 American troops.
Kaiser Wilhelm II celebrated the 25th anniversary of his ascension to the throne in 1888. "Twenty-five years of peace," the Kaiser told American industrialist and peace delegate Andrew Carnegie, "and I hope there will be twenty-five more". Germany would enter World War One less than fourteen months later. Half a million people lined the streets of Berlin to cheer the Kaiser and the Kaiserin. The Kaiser proclaimed an amnesty for "those whose misdeeds were committed through poverty or while in a state of irresponsibility", and for Army and Navy men punished for most violations of regulations.
Died:Della Fox, 40, American comedienne from the 1880s and 1890s
John Ernest Williamson, whose father had invented a transparent diving bell called the "photosphere", became the first person to take photographs from beneath the ocean surface, by taking a camera with him and snapping pictures while underwater inside the bell.
The Arab Congress of 1913 opened, during which Arab nationalists meet to discuss desired reforms under the Ottoman Empire.
The Hamburg-American ocean liner Imperator, the largest ship in the world, arrived safely in New York on its maiden transatlantic voyage.
French Algeria's Governor-General Charles Lutaud abolished the requirement for natives to obtain travel permits within Algeria, or from Algeria to mainland France.
The Parliament of South Africa passed the Natives Land Act, defining which areas could be owned by white South Africans, and which by black South Africans. Black South Africans were barred from purchasing or owning white persons' property.
The British House of Commons voted, 346-268, to acquit Attorney General Rufus Isaacs and Chancellor of the Exchequer David Lloyd George on charges of malfeasance arising from ownership of shares in the Marconi Company of America.
Died: Major Sydenham Ancona, 89, former U.S. Representative, believed to be the last surviving member of Congress to have participated in the voting on the American Civil War in 1860; and Sir Frederick Johnstone, Earl of Annandale, 72, former British MP (1874-1885) and sportsman who won the English Derby twice.
Georgia Thompson "Tiny" Broadwick became the first woman to parachute from an airplane, jumping from a plane piloted by aviator Glenn L. Martin over Los Angeles. Broadwick had volunteered to test Martin's invention of a "trap seat" that would allow people to bail out of an airplane more quickly.
Serbia's Prime Minister Nikola Pašić and his cabinet resigned because of the nation's lack of progress in negotiating with Bulgaria, after which the Serbian minister left Sofia. Pašić formed a new government when the Second Balkan War broke out days later.
Died: Judge Henry C. Jones of Alabama, 94, the last surviving member of the Confederate States of America Congress, having served as a C.S. Representative from 1861 to 1862.
U.S. President Wilson addressed a joint session of Congress on his support of the McAdoo-Owen-Glass Banking Bill, and the need to create a federal reserve system for banking. The legislation would pass at the end of the year as the Federal Reserve Act.
The first of 32 men were hanged for the assassination of Turkish Grand Vizier Shefket Pasha.
The Washington Senators hosted the Philadelphia Athletics for a baseball doubleheader, and batted first in the second game at D.C., a departure from the rule that the visitors start off the game at bat. The Athletics won 10-3. The oddity would not happen again for 94 years, until September 26, 2007, in Washington state, when the Seattle Mariners hosted the Cleveland Indians and batted first, in a game which Cleveland would win 12-4.
The Second Balkan War formally began with a surprise attack by Bulgaria on the armies of Serbia (at Slatovo) and Greece at Salonika. The war would last for six weeks, ending with Bulgaria's defeat. On August 10, 1913 Bulgaria would sign a treaty at Bucharest, ceding territory to Romania, Greece and Serbia.
In a baseball game between the Chicago Cubs and the Cincinnati Reds, only one baseball was necessary for the entire game.
Died: Sir Samuel Gillott, 74, former Mayor of Melbourne, after falling down the stairs during a visit to his native England; and Alfred H. Love, 82, American peace activist, founder and President of the Universal Peace Union
Germany's Reichstag voted to increase the size of the nation's army by 136,000 officers and men.
Eleven boys in Lawrence, Massachusetts, were drowned in the collapse of a pier leading to a floating bathhouse in the Merrimack River. About forty young men were waiting for the doors to open and were stomping their feet while waiting for the doors to open.
^Andrew Mango, Ataturk: The Biography of the founder of Modern Turkey (Penguin, 2002) p ii
^"Americans Take Moro Fort", New York Times, June 13, 1913
^ abcdefghijklmn"Record of Current Events", The American Monthly Review of Reviews (July 1913), pp36-39
^"New Submarine Down 36 Hours", New York Times, June 12, 1913
^Niall Ferguson, Paper and Iron: Hamburg Business and German Politics in the Era of Inflation, 1897-1927 (Cambridge University Press, 2002) p31
^"Allies Accept Arbitration", New York Times, June 13, 1913
^"Sait Halim Pasha (1863-1921), in Historical Dictionary of Turkey, Metin Heper and Nur Bilge Criss (Scarecrow Press, 2009) p266
^"The History of the Animated Cartoon", by Earl Theisen, Journal of the Society of Motion Picture Engineers (September 1933), reprinted in A Technological History of Motion Pictures and Television (University of California Press, 1967) p85
^Abraham D. Lavender, Miami Beach in 1920: The Making of a Winter Resort (Arcadia Publishing, 2002) p26
^"Senators Favor Woman Suffrage", New York Times, June 14, 1913
^Arline Inge, A Marmac Guide to Los Angeles And Northern Orange County (Pelican Publishing, 2007) p305
^Fred Aftalion, History of the International Chemical Industry: From the "Early Days" to 2000 (Chemical Heritage Foundation, 2001) p57
^David A. Hounshell and John Kenly Smith, Science and Corporate Strategy: Du Pont R&D, 1902-1980 (Cambridge University Press, 1988) p172
^"Falling Rock Crushes 13 Men in Subway Cut, New York Times, June 15, 1913
^Gary Staff, German Battlecruisers 1914-18 (Osprey Publishing, 2006)
^Martin Collier and Bill Marriott, Colonisation and Conflict 1750-1990 (Heinemann, 2002)
^"Bud Bagsak (Philippines), Battle of", in Spanish-American & Philippine-American Wars, Jerry Keenan, ed. (ABC-CLIO, 2001) pp52-53
^E. San Juan, Jr., Working Through the Contradictions: From Culture Theory to Critical Practice (Bucknell University Press, 2004) p47
^"Reveals a Secret of Kaiser's Reign", New York Times, June 17, 1913
^"Dutch Election Is Close", New York Times, June 22, 1913
^"Again Pass Welsh Church Bill", New York Times, June 18, 1913
^Palle B. Petterson, Cameras Into the Wild: A History of Early Wildlife and Expedition Filmmaking, 1895-1928 (McFarland, 2011) p135
^"The First Arab Congress and the Committee of Union and Progress, 1913-1914", by David S. Thomas, in Essays on Islamic Civilization (Brill, 1976) p319
^Imperator, Biggest of Liners, in Port", New York Times, June 19, 1913
^Clifford D. Rosenberg, Policing Paris: The Origins of Modern Immigration Control Between the Wars (Cornell University Press, 2006) p139
^Robert A. Simons, et al., Indigenous Peoples And Real Estate Valuation (Springer, 2008) p178; Lauren Segal and Sharon Cort, One Law, One Nation: The Making of the South African Constitution (Jacana Media, 2012)
^"Collision Kills Thirteen", New York Times, June 20, 1913
^"Italians Rout Arabs", New York Times, June 21, 1913
^"Flies 117 Miles an Hour", New York Times, June 20, 1913
^"Australian Cabinet Resigns", New York Times, June 21, 1913
^Frank Crowley, Big John Forrest: 1847-1918 (University of Western Australia Publishing, 2000) p429
^Călin Hentea, Brief Romanian Military History (Scarecrow Press, 2007 p118
^Elizabeth Whitley Roberson, Tiny Broadwick: The First Lady of Parachuting (Pelican Publishing, 2001) p48; Thomas C. Parramore, First to Fly: North Carolina & the Beginnings of Aviation (University of North Carolina Press, 2003) p181
^"Zahle Forms Danish Cabinet", New York Times, June 22, 1913
^"Currency Message by Wilson To-Day", New York Times, June 23, 1913
^Josephus Daniels, The Life Of Woodrow Wilson 1856-1924 (Universal Book and Bible House, 1924, reprinted by Kessinger Publishing, 2004) p167
^"4 Dead, 60 Hurt As Grain Blows Up", New York Times, June 25, 1913
^"Servians Defeat Bulgars in Battle", New York Times, June 26, 1913
^Kari Palonen, et al., The Ashgate Research Companion to the Politics of Democratization in Europe: Concepts and Histories (Ashgate Publishing, 2008) p240
^Simon Mitton, Fred Hoyle: A Life in Science (Cambridge University Press, 2011) p101