June 1965

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1965
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The following events occurred in June 1965:

June 1, 1965 (Tuesday)[edit]

June 2, 1965 (Wednesday)[edit]

June 3, 1965 (Thursday)[edit]

  • Gemini 4 was launched from Cape Kennedy at 11:16 in the morning, with Ed White and James McDivitt on board. At 3:45 p.m., when the craft was making its third orbit and passing at an altitude of 135 miles above the southern United States, White became the first U.S. astronaut (and only the second person, after Soviet cosmonaut Alexei Leonov had ventured outside of Voshkod 2 on March 18) to walk in space. White stayed outside the capsule for 20 minutes as the ship moved at 17,500 miles per hour over the nation.[5]
  • In Japan, the Farmland Reward Bill took effect as 1965 Law 121, to compensate former landowners who had lost their property in the land reforms that had followed World War II. The bill authorized the a fund of ¥145.6 billion Japanese yen ($400,000,000 US Dollars) for payments over a ten year period to 1,670,000 people who had owned land prior to 1945, or to their heirs.[6]

June 4, 1965 (Friday)[edit]

  • Duane Earl Pope, a 22-year old man who had graduated from McPherson College only a week earlier, committed what was called "the modern era's bloodiest bank robbery", murdering three people and critically wounding another.[7][8] Pope, a resident of Salina, Kansas, drove to Big Springs, Nebraska, and walked into the Farmers State Bank at noon. There were no customers in the bank, but one of the four employees, a teller, pressed the button for the bank alarm. Pope then ordered the bank president, the teller, a bookkeeper, and another employee to lie face down on the floor, then shot all four in the back before escaping with $1,500. After a nationwide search that lasted a week, Pope called police in Kansas City, Missouri, and surrendered because he was "tired of running". "DUANE POPE GIVES UP HERE", Kansas City Times, June 12, 1965, p1
  • The British ocean liner Pendennis Castle ran aground in Southampton Water, but was refloated undamaged after 4 12 hours.[9]

June 5, 1965 (Saturday)[edit]

  • Joseph F. Shea, NASA's manager of the Apollo program, told reporters that the ongoing Gemini 4 mission had resolved five important issues for a manned mission to the Moon, and that "If everything goes as well as the Gemini-4 shot today, then we can get everything done for the Moon shot by mid-1968," at least one and a half years ahead of the projected 1970 date.[10]
  • The Italian tanker SS Luisa exploded and caught fire at Bandar-e Mahshahr, Iran, killing 30 of her 41 crew, and two others onshore.[11][12]
  • The U.S. Navy began full-time staffing of Dixie Station off South Vietnam by one aircraft carrier.[13] Its aircraft carrier presence in the Gulf of Tonkin off Vietnam thus reached five ships.
  • Born: Sandrine Piau, French operatic soprano, at Issy-les-Moulineaux
  • Died:

June 6, 1965 (Sunday)[edit]

  • A centuries old tradition, of no business on Sundays on the Isle of Skye, came to an end as British Rail began operating its ferry from mainland Scotland seven days a week. A group from Kyleakin's Free Church of Scotland, commonly called the "Wee Frees", organized a campaign of non-violent resistance. When the first car drove off of the ferry, the Reverend Angus Smith sat down in the road to block traffic. After he was arrested, 11 other members of his congregation stepped forward, one-by-one, to block taffic and get arrested. The last person to block the road was Alan MacDonald, a 6'6", 280 pound farmer, and after six policemen were unable to move him, reinforcements came in and hauled him to jail. Afterward, Chuck Sheldon, an American tourist visiting from Denver, became the first Sabbath day visitor to Skye.[14][15]

June 7, 1965 (Monday)[edit]

June 8, 1965 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • Physicists at Johns Hopkins University reported that the mythical "four corners of the Earth" actually existed, in the form of giant bulges on the Earth's surface, confirmed by satellite radar measurements of the pull of gravity. The locations of the four sites where the pull of gravity was 0.002% greater than expected were in an area centered on Ireland; one centered in the Pacific Ocean between New Guinea and Japan; an area between Africa and Antarctica; and a fourth corner of of the coast of Peru.[19]
  • A U.S. State Department spokesman, Robert J. McCloskey told a press conference "more or less offhandedly",[20] that General William C. Westmoreland had been given presidential authorization to commit American ground troops to combat in support of South Vietnamese army missions. McCloskey specifically said that "I'm sure it's been made clear... that American forces would be available for combat support together with Vietnamese forces as and when necessary." [21] The White House issued a carefully-worded denial the next day,[22] but American troops would be used in offensive combat later in the summer.[23]

June 9, 1965 (Wednesday)[edit]

June 10, 1965 (Thursday)[edit]

June 11, 1965 (Friday)[edit]

June 12, 1965 (Saturday)[edit]

  • South Vietnam's President Phan Khac Suu and Prime Minister Phan Huy Quat announced their resignations, less than eight months after they had formed a civilian government that worked within the oversight of the military leaders.[49] Major General Nguyen Van Thieu was named as the President, chairing the "Supreme Military Council", and Vice Air Marshal Nguyen Cao Ky became Prime Minister.[50][51]
  • Battle of Sungei Koemba: An Australian patrol ambushed an Indonesian force on the Sungei Koemba river in Kalimantan (Indonesian Borneo).[52] At the end of the 20-minute action, the Australians had suffered no casualties, while eight Indonesians had been killed and one seriously wounded.
  • The Beatles were appointed Members of the British Empire (MBE) in the Queen's Birthday Honours.[53] The honour among the 1,800 nominations made by Prime Minister Harold Wilson. Since it was unusual for popular musicians to be appointed as MBEs, a number of previous recipients complained and protested: MP Hector Dupuis commented, "British royalty has put me on the same level as a bunch of vulgar numbskulls".[54] In the list of thousands of honorees, they were listed as "John W. Lennon", "James P. McCartney", George Harrison and "Richard Starkey".[55] A columnist for the Daily Mail wrote that the award "sets the state's most formal stamp of approval on the mindless ephemeral rubbish with the Beatles' music is." [56]
  • In the Soviet Union, six members of the "Kolokol Group" were arrested in the Soviet Union for their criticism of the Communist government and their unauthorized publications. Most were alumni of the Leningrad Technological Institute. The leaders, Valery Ronkin and Sergei Khakhaev would be sentenced to seven years of corrective labor and a three year exile, while Vladimir Gaenko, Valery Smolkin, Sergei Moshkov and Veniamin Iofe would receive three year sentences. All would be sent to the Dubravlag Labor Camp in the Mordovian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.[57]

June 13, 1965 (Sunday)[edit]

  • On the final day that the Berlin Wall was open to visitors traveling from West Berlin to East Berlin, 70,000 people came over from West Germany to see their relatives. For two weeks, under an agreement between East Germany and West Germany on September 24, 1964, West Berliners were allowed to travel passes to come through five checkpoints at the wall, and there were but the agreement expired at midnight. During the pass period, 600,000 people obtained passes. "The wall technically closed at midnight," a UPI reporter noted, "but actually guards kept crossing points open for stragglers," [58]
  • American airplanes bombed and strafed a leprosarium (hospital for persons with leprosy) at Quỳnh Lập in Hoàng Mai, North Vietnam. Over the next eight days, the buildings were destroyed and 140 patients were killed.[59]
  • Huge crowds turned out at Drumcliffe Churchyard, County Sligo, Ireland, to celebrate the centenary of the birth of poet W.B. Yeats.
  • The 1965 Belgian Grand Prix was held at Spa-Francorchamps and was won by Jim Clark.
  • Died: Martin Buber, 87, Austrian-born Israeli philosopher

June 14, 1965 (Monday)[edit]

  • "Yesterday", which would go on to become the most covered song in history, with renditions by over 3,000 recording artists in its first forty years, was recorded for the first time. Paul McCartney would say later that he had literally dreamed up the melody in late 1965, reconstructed it on the piano after waking up, but avoided composing lyrics for it because he was certain that it was a subconscious memory of someone else's work. When it became clear that it was unfamiliar to any of the experts that he played it for, he perfected it as an addition to the soundtrack for the Beatles' film Help!. [60]
  • The 24-hour clock was introduced in all British Rail timetables.
  • For the first time, a facsimile machine (fax) was used to transmit an electrocardiogram from a heart patient to a treating physician, in a test planned jointly by physicians and communications experts in both France and the United States. A passenger on the ocean liner SS France was in the Atlantic Ocean, and the image of the EKG was sent to the Boucicaut Hospital in Paris, by way of Cornell University Hospital, RCA Communications, the Intelsat satellite, and D'Liasons Radiotelephotographiques de France, and proved to be of sufficient diagnostic quality to lead to further use of the technique.[61]
  • A partial lunar eclipse took place.[62]

June 15, 1965 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • United States Air Force Lt. Colonel Charles D. Tubbs was killed and two other crewmen injured when their B-58 Hustler bomber crashed at the Paris Air Show. The plane landed short of the runway, striking the "instrument approach beacons", and burst into flames in front of thousands of spectators at Le Bourget air field.[63] Ninety minutes earlier, the Soviet Union unveiled its new transport airplane, the turboprop Antonov An-22, which they named Antaeus, which remains the largest turboprop airplane ever built.[64]
  • The collision of two U.S. Army Bell UH-1 Iroquois variants#UH-1B "Huey" helicopters over Fort Benning in Georgia killed everyone on board both aircraft, with 18 servicemen dying when the vehicles crashed and burst into flames on impact. The two helicopters were ferrying members of the 38th U.S. Infantry on a training exercise and were at low altitude when their rotors struck each other while flying in close formation.[65]
  • Lady Clementine Churchill, the widow of Sir Winston Churchill, became a member of the British Parliament for the first time, at the age of 80, when she took a seat in the House of Lords as Baroness Spencer-Churchill of Chartwell.[66] While her husband, the former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, had served strictly in the House of Commons, he had turned down offers to be made a member of the nobility. After his death, Queen Elizabeth II asked Lady Churchill to accept a peerage and conferred the title of Baroness upon her.
  • The Law Commissions Act 1965 took effect in the United Kingdom, creating two independent bodies to review laws and recommend reforms. Two commissions of five members each were created, the Law Commission (England and Wales) and the Scottish Law Commission.[67]
  • In the United Kingdom, the Hughes-Parry Committee submitted its report on the legal status of the Welsh language.[68]

June 16, 1965 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • A planned anti-war protest at the Pentagon became a teach-in, with demonstrators distributing 50,000 leaflets in and around the building.
  • U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara announced in Washington that 22,000 additional American troops to South Vietnam, while conceding that the war was going unfavorably for the United States.[69] The additional deployment would raise the number of U.S. soldiers and officers in South Vietnam to 72,000.[70]
  • The U.S. Senate voted, 72 to 5, to approve the Federal Cigarette Labeling and Advertising Act, which would require the warning label on all packs of cigarettes, with the statement "Caution: Cigarette smoking may be hazardous to your health".[71]
  • Gemini astronaut James McDivitt, who was touring the nation following his successful manned space mission, became the first and only celebrity to be awarded a "gold windshield wiper" for his service to the nation. The gift, presented in Jackson, Michigan where he was in a parade before 150,000 people, was based on a joking remark that he made while Edward White was on his spacewalk, when he accused White of smearing the window of the Gemini capsule.[72]
  • The U.S. House of Representatives voted 217-104 to create a cabinet level U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD).[73]
  • Died: Henry J. Hemingway, 60, former President of the American Marietta Corporation before its 1961 merger to create Martin Marietta, accidentally fell 47 floors to his death while leaning against his office window in Chicago. Hemingway, "who often relaxed by watching the demolition of the old Morrison Hotel.... apparently leaned against a cracked window vent, which gave way" and lost his footing on the waxed floor of his office." [74]

June 17, 1965 (Thursday)[edit]

  • Commander Louis C. Page and Lieutenant John C. Smith, of the USS Midway and the VF-21 Freelancers fighter squadron, became the first U.S. Navy pilots to down an enemy plane in the Vietnam War, when they shot down a North Vietnamese MiG-17 while flying in an F-4B Phantom. In all, four MiG planes were downed on that day by the U.S.[75][76]
  • The 1965 Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference opened in London, hosted by British Prime Minister Harold Wilson who invited the premiers of 20 other nations within the British Commonwealth to 10 Downing Street.[77]
  • Born: José Oscar Herrera, Uruguayan footballer, in Tala

June 18, 1965 (Friday)[edit]

  • The most powerful rocket in history, the U.S. Air Force's Titan-3C, made its debut and set a new record by lifting a 21,000 pound payload into orbit around the Earth. "[P]roving its ability to establish trailer-size military bases in space", the 127 foot tall, 30 feet wide rocket was praised for "advancing America's military capability." [78]
  • Operation Arc Light began as 27 B-52 Stratofortress heavy bombers took off from Andersen Air Force Base on the island of Guam to begin regular bombing of North Vietnamese and Viet Cong strongholds. The distance traveled in each direction was 4,000 kilomters or a little less than 2,500 miles, as the planes flew their missions, then returned to base. By the end of 1965, 1,500 missions would be flown, with 20,000 overall during the war.[79]
  • The last of the "Garabandal apparitions" was witnessed in the rural village of San Sebastián de Garabandal in Spain, bringing an end to a reported series of messages that had started exactly four years earlier, on June 18, 1961. Conchita González, a 16-year old girl, said that she had been provided a message from the archangel Saint Michael, who passed along a warning from the Virgin Mary in the form of prophecies that could be avoided if believers asked "forgiveness with sincere hearts". According to Conchita, she was told that "As my message of October 18, 1961, has not been complied with and has not been made known to the world, I am advising you that this is the last one. Before, the cup was filling up. Now it is flowing over. Many cardinals, many bishops, and many priests are on the road to perdition and are taking many souls with them." [80][81]
  • Boxer Nino Benvenuti of Italy, who already had a professional boxing record of 65 wins and 0 losses (after an amateur tally of 119-1) became the new world light middleweight champion when he knocked out Sandro Mazzinghi in the sixth round of a bout in Milan.[82]
  • The original scheduled launch date of the "station that never was", WDV-11 in Warrnambool, Victoria, Australia, came and went. The city government had decreed in November 1963 that television could never be introduced in Warrnambool.
  • Twenty-four spectators were wounded at a rodeo in Gladewater, Texas when a rodeo clown fired into the stands as part of the entertainment. The shotgun that he used had inadvertently been loaded with birdshot rather than the usual blank cartridge shells. Eleven of the 24 were hospitalized, including in three with eye injuries, but none were critically injured.[83][84] On July 14, a grand jury would decline to indict the gunman, a 41-year old Baptist minister who supplemented his income with the clown act, concluding that "there was no evidence of guilt" and that the mixup was an unfortunate accident.[85]
  • Born: Uday Hussein, Iraqi politician, son of Saddam Hussein and his first wife, Sajida Talfah, in Tikrit (killed 2003)

June 19, 1965 (Saturday)[edit]

  • President Ahmed Ben Bella of Algeria was overthrown in a bloodless coup led by his Minister of Defense, Colonel Houari Boumédienne. The move came ten days before Ben Bella was scheduled to host a summit conference of 50 non-aligned African and Asian nations in Algiers.[86] Ben Bella had already fired the men who had served as Prime Minister, Minister of the Interior, Minister of Finance, Minister of Information and assumed those offices for himself [87]. Boumédienne had gotten word that he would be replaced prior to the summit conference; Ben Bella would be kept under house arrest in "a small prison apartment" in Algiers for the next 14 years, and allowed to go into exile in Switzerland in 1980 after Boumédienne's death [88]. In 1990, Ben Bella would be allowed to return to Algeria, where he would live until his death on April 11, 2012 [89].
  • Astronomers Gordon H. Pettengill and Rolf B. Dyce published their paper, "A Radar Determination of the Rotation of the Planet Mercury", in the British scientific journal Nature, disproving the belief that the rotation of the planet Mercury was 87.96 days and equal to its revolution around the sun. Using radar observations at various points of the planet's surface, the two scientists concluded that the planet's rotation was roughly 59 days (later refined to 59.65 days), so that its "day" was roughly two-thirds as long as its "year", rather than being exactly the same. [90]
  • An Italian Fiat G.91 jet crashed into the Le Bourget Airport parking lot during the Paris Air Show, killing at least 10 people who were preparing to depart early. The jet reportedly stalled as it was approaching a landing strip after performing stunts, then spun down into the parking lot, bouncing six times as it rolled over automobiles and their occupants. The pilot safely ejected from the plane, but fell onto a parked truck and died.[91]
  • Sandown Racecourse, in Melbourne, Australia, was opened before 50,000 spectators as the first major horse racing track to be built since Australia had become independent in 1901. The Victoria Amateur Turf Club billed the opening card of races as "the century's most historic race meeting". A horse named Amphion won the first race on opening day, the Port Phillip Hurdle. [92]
  • Following the 44th annual Laconia Motorcycle Race, an estimated 2,000 fans participated in a riot in the resort town of Laconia, New Hampshire, throwing rocks and setting fire to buildings, after members of the Hell's Angels began fighting with opposing motorcycle gangs. A group of 600 state troopers, policemen, and members of the New Hampshire National Guard converged on the scene after having been called up in anticipation of trouble, and 80 people were injured. One-hundred people were arrested.[93][94]

June 20, 1965 (Sunday)[edit]

June 21, 1965 (Monday)[edit]

June 22, 1965 (Tuesday)[edit]

June 23, 1965 (Wednesday)[edit]

June 24, 1965 (Thursday)[edit]

June 25, 1965 (Friday)[edit]

June 27, 1965 (Sunday)[edit]

June 28, 1965 (Monday)[edit]

June 29, 1965 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • A new lighthouse was towed out to the Kish Bank, off the coast of Dublin, Ireland, where it replaced the existing lightship; it would go into full operation in November of the same year.
  • Pad Abort Test 2 of the Apollo spacecraft was carried out at Launch Complex 36, White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico.
  • Born: Ignacio Provencio, German-born American scientist, in Bitburg, Germany

June 30, 1965 (Wednesday)[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "100 Buried, 136 Die in Japan Mine", Milwaukee Sentinel, June 1, 1965, p1
  2. ^ "Miami Beach Picks Mayor— F.D.R. Son", Chicago Tribune, June 2, 1965, p1
  3. ^ "Oswald Widow Weds Electronics Worker", Chicago Tribune, June 2, 1965, p1
  4. ^ "Our troops reach Vietnam", The Age (Melbourne), June 3, 1965, p1
  5. ^ "20 MINUTE SPACE WALK; WHITE 'COAXED BACK'", Milwaukee Sentinel, June 4, 1965, p1
  6. ^ Haruhiro Fukui, Party in Power: The Japanese Liberal-Democrats and Policy-making (University of California Press, 1970) p173
  7. ^ "Bandit Kills 3 in Bank", Chicago Tribune, June 5, 1965, p1
  8. ^ "Recent Grad Sought in 3 Bank Murders", Chicago Tribune, June 7, 1965, p1
  9. ^ "Liner goes aground in mist" The Times (London). Saturday, 5 June 1965. (56340), col G, p. 6.
  10. ^ "First American May Land on Moon in '68", Chicago Tribune, June 6, 1965, p1
  11. ^ "32 die in Tanker Explosion" The Times (London). Monday, 7 June 1965. (56341), col G, p. 8.
  12. ^ "Oil Tanker May Have Killed 28", June 7, 1965, p6
  13. ^ Nichols, CDR John B., and Barret Tillman, On Yankee Station: The Naval Air War Over Vietnam, Annapolis, Maryland: United States Naval Institute, 1987, ISBN 978-0-87021-559-9, p. 152.
  14. ^ "14 Arrested on Skye Ferry Quay", Glasgow Herald, June 7, 1965, p1
  15. ^ "Tourists Shatter Island's Sabbath", Milwaukee Sentinel, June 7, 1965, p2
  16. ^ "108 Bodies Found After Mine Blast", Milwaukee Sentinel, June 8, 1965, p1
  17. ^ "Astronauts Land Safely in Atlantic— McDivitt, White End 98 Hour, 62 Orbit Flight in Fine Shape", Milwaukee Journal, June 7, 1965, p1
  18. ^ "Judy Holiday, 42, Is Dead of Cancer", New York Times, June 8, 1965, p1
  19. ^ "Earth DOES Have 4 Corners", Milwaukee Sentinel, June 9, 1965, p7
  20. ^ Graham A. Cosmas, MACV: The Joint Command in the Years of Escalation, 1962-1967 (Government Printing Office, 2006) p239
  21. ^ "U.S. Will Expand Viet Combat Role— American Troops to Join Local Forces If Asked", Phoenix Gazette, June 8, 1965, p1
  22. ^ "White House Denies New Combat Mission", Phoenix Gazette, June 9, 1965, p1
  23. ^ Dan Halvorson, States of Disorder: Understanding State Failure and Intervention in the Periphery (Routledge, 2016) p108
  24. ^ "Dhofar Rebellion", in Dictionary Of Modern Arab History: An A to Z of Over 2,000 Entries from 1798 to the Present Day, Robin Bidwell, ed. (Routledge, 2012) p126
  25. ^ A. Mark Weisburd, Use of Force: The Practice of States Since World War II (Penn State Press, 1997) p187
  26. ^ J. E. Peterson, Oman's Insurgencies: The Sultanate's Struggle for Supremacy (Saqi, 2013)
  27. ^ "2,000 Vietcong Storm US Camp", Milwaukee Sentinel, June 10, 1965, p2
  28. ^ "Dong Xoai, Battle of", in Spencer C. Tucker, The Encyclopedia of the Vietnam War: A Political, Social, and Military History (ABC-CLIO, May 20, 2011) p308
  29. ^ Deng D. Akol Ruay, The Politics of Two Sudans: The South and the North, 1821-1969 (Nordic Africa Institute, 1994) p127
  30. ^ Robert Reeves, The Superpower Space Race: An Explosive Rivalry through the Solar System (Springer, 2013) p96
  31. ^ Wesley T. Huntress, Jr. and Mikhail Ya. Marov, Soviet Robots in the Solar System: Mission Technologies and Discoveries (Springer, 2011) p125
  32. ^ W. Thomas Miller, et al., Neural Networks for Control (MIT Press, 1995) p403
  33. ^ Charles Woodley, The History of British European Airways (Casemate Publishers, 2006) p69
  34. ^ "Jetliner Lands Automatically", Montreal Gazette, June 11, 1965, p2
  35. ^ "Sudan", in Heads of States and Governments Since 1945, Harris M. Lentz, ed. (Routledge, 2014) p709
  36. ^ "Pope Praises 'Great Mind' of Galileo", Nashua (NH) Telegraph, June 11, 1965, p1
  37. ^ Michael P. Riccards, Faith and Leadership: The Papacy and the Roman Catholic Church (Lexington Books, 2012) p494
  38. ^ "3 East African Countries Sever Common Money Link", Montreal Gazette, June 11, 1965, p4
  39. ^ Yusuf Bangura, Britain and Commonwealth Africa: The Politics of Economic Relations, 1951-75 (Manchester University Press, 1983) p104
  40. ^ "Flood Spills Through Town in Texas; 13 Die", Chicago Tribune, June 12, 1965, p6
  41. ^ Jonathan Burnett, Flash Floods in Texas (Texas A&M University Press, 2008) pp173-185
  42. ^ Dominic Johnson, Critical Live Art: Contemporary Histories of Performance in the UK (Routledge, 2016)
  43. ^ '1968' and the experimental revolution in Britain", by Virginia Anderson, in Music and Protest in 1968 (Cambridge University Press, 2013) p178
  44. ^ "London", in Beat Culture: Lifestyles, Icons, and Impact (ABC-CLIO, 2005) p211
  45. ^ Sophie Parkin, "Walking to the beat of a new waste land: an interview with Michael Horovitz", 3:AM Magazine, 27 October 2007.
  46. ^ Gareth Jenkins, Political Islam in Turkey: Running West, Heading East? (Springer, 2008) p127
  47. ^ Michael D. Gordin, Scientific Babel: How Science Was Done Before and After Global English (University of Chicago Press, 2015) p307
  48. ^ "Rob Depot of $164,000 in Gold Bars", Chicago Tribune, June 12, 1965, p1
  49. ^ "VIET ARMY SEIZES POWER— Premier, Council and Chief of State Resign", Chicago Tribune, June 13, 1965, p1
  50. ^ "Generals Set up Council to Rule Viet", Chicago Tribune, June 13, 1965, p3
  51. ^ "South Vietnam", in Heads of States and Governments Since 1945, Harris M. Lentz, ed. (Routledge, 2014) p232
  52. ^ Dennis, Peter; Grey, Jeffrey (1996). Emergency and Confrontation: Australian Military Operations in Malaya and Borneo 1950–1966. The Official History of Australia's Involvement in Southeast Asian Conflicts 1948–1975. Volume Five. St Leonards: Allen and Unwin. p. 275. ISBN 978-1-86373-302-1. 
  53. ^ Beatles Bible. Accessed 4 December 2013
  54. ^ KZOK Radio. Accessed 4 December 2013
  55. ^ "THE QUEEN'S BIRTHDAY HONOURS LIST", Glasgow Herald, June 12, 1965, p6
  56. ^ "Criticize Wilson for Royal Order Given to Beatles", Chicago Tribune, June 13, 1965, p5
  57. ^ Veronica Shapovalov, Remembering the Darkness: Women in Soviet Prisons (Rowman & Littlefield, 2001) p172
  58. ^ "Close Berlin's Wall at End of '64 Agreement— 70,000 Cross Over to See Kin Last Day", Chicago Tribune, June 14, 1965, p1A-1
  59. ^ James William Gibson, The Perfect War: Technowar in Vietnam (The Atlantic Monthly Press, 2007)
  60. ^ Lloyd Bradley and Thomas Eaton, Book of Secrets (Andrews McMeel Publishing, 2005) p117
  61. ^ "Heart Record Sent Off Ship by Satellite", Chicago Tribune, June 15, 1965, p12
  62. ^ Hermit Eclipse: Saros cycle 139
  63. ^ Hudgins, Garven (June 16, 1965). "U.S. Air Crash Mars Paris Air Show". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. Retrieved 12 July 2009. 
  64. ^ "B-58 Falls at Paris Air Show; 1 of 3 Dies", Chicago Tribune, June 16, 1965, p2
  65. ^ "2 Copters Collide Over Fort Benning; 18 GIs Die", Chicago Tribune, June 16, 1965, p1
  66. ^ "Widow of Churchill Seated with Lords", Chicago Tribune, June 16, 1965, p3
  67. ^ Susan Bright, Landlord and Tenant Law: Past, Present and Future (Bloomsbury Publishing, 2006) p65
  68. ^ Hansard 1965.
  69. ^ "22,000 More GIs to Viet Nam", Chicago Tribune, June 17, 1965, p1
  70. ^ William Conrad Gibbons, The U.S. Government and the Vietnam War: Executive and Legislative Roles and Relationships, Part III: 1965-1966 (Princeton University Press, 2014) p317
  71. ^ "Senate Votes Peril Label on Cigarettes", Chicago Tribune, June 17, 1965, p1
  72. ^ "M'Divitt Gets Golden Windshield Wiper", Chicago Tribune, June 17, 1965, p3
  73. ^ "Urban Post in Cabinet OK'd", Chicago Tribune, June 17, 1965, p5
  74. ^ "Loop Pastime Ends in Death for Executive— Engineering Firm Head Plunges 47 Floors", Chicago Tribune, June 17, 1965, p7
  75. ^ James E. Wise, Jr. and Scott Baron, At the Helm of USS America: The Aircraft Carrier and Its 23 Commanders, 1965-1996 (McFarland, 2014) p110
  76. ^ Martin Bowman, Cold War Jet Combat: Air-to-Air Jet Fighter Operations 1950-1972 (Casemate Publishers, 2016) p202
  77. ^ "5 Prime Ministers to Go on Viet Peace Mission", Chicago Tribune, June 18, 1965, p1
  78. ^ "Titan Orbits Record Load in Space Test", Chicago Tribune, June 19, 1965, p8
  79. ^ "Andersen Air Force Base", in The Encyclopedia of the Vietnam War: A Political, Social, and Military History, Spencer C. Tucker, ed. (ABC-CLIO, 2011) p48
  80. ^ William Hutton and Jonathan Eagle, Earth's Catastrophic Past and Future: A Scientific Analysis of Information Channeled by Edgar Cayce (Universal-Publishers, 2004) p429
  81. ^ David Michael Lindsey, The Woman and the Dragon: Apparitions of Mary (Pelican Publishing, 2001) p223
  82. ^ "Benvenuti, Giovanni 'Nino'", in Historical Dictionary of Boxing, John Grasso, ed. (Scarecrow Press, 2013) p60
  83. ^ "Rodeo Clown Fires Gun Into Crowd; 17 Wounded", Chicago Tribune, June 19, 1965, p1
  84. ^ "Gun Blast At Rodeo Wounds 24— Clown Fires What Was Supposed To Be Blank", Corpus Christi Caller-Times, June 19, 1965, p1
  85. ^ "Jury Clears Rodeo Clown In Gun Mishap", Gilmer (TX) Mirror, July 15, 1965, p1
  86. ^ "Algerian Army Leaders Seize Ben Bella in Coup", Milwaukee Journal, June 19, 1965, p1
  87. ^ Azzedine Layachi, Economic Crisis and Political Change in North Africa (Greenwood, 1998) p10
  88. ^ "Algeria", in Heads of States and Governments Since 1945, Harris M. Lentz, ed. (Routledge, 2014) p26
  89. ^ Guy Martin, African Political Thought (Springer, 2012)
  90. ^ "An Overview of the Rotations of Planets in the Solar System", by Jean Souchay, in Topics in Gravitational Dynamics: Solar, Extra-Solar and Galactic Systems, Daniel Benest, et al., eds. (Springer, 2008) pp186-187
  91. ^ "Stunting Jet Plunges into Crowd; 10 Die", Chicago Tribune, June 20, 1965, p1
  92. ^ "Sandown Park details", The Age (Melbourne), June 21, 1965, p19
  93. ^ "2,500 CYCLE FANS IN RIOT— 2 Buildings Set Ablaze; 30 Are Hurt", Chicago Tribune, June 20, 1965, p1
  94. ^ "Town Cleans Up Damage Caused by Race Fans", Chicago Tribune, June 21, 1965, p3
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