June 2019 Istanbul mayoral election

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June 2019 Istanbul mayoral election

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Opinion polls
Turnout84.43% (Increase 0.57 pp)
  First party Second party
  Ekrem İmamoğlu (cropped).jpg Portrait of Binali Yıldırım (cropped).jpg
Candidate Ekrem İmamoğlu Binali Yıldırım
Party CHP AK Party
Alliance Nation Alliance People's Alliance
Popular vote 4,741,868 3,935,453
Percentage 54.21% 44.99%

June 2019 Istanbul mayoral election.png
District results

İmamoğlu:      40-50%      50-60%      60-70%      70-80%      80-90%

Yıldırım:      50-60%      60-70%

Mayor before election

Ali Yerlikaya (acting)
Independent

Elected Mayor

Ekrem İmamoğlu
CHP

June 2019 Istanbul mayoral election ballot

The June 2019 Istanbul mayoral election was held on 23 June 2019.[1] It was a re-run of the March 2019 mayoral election, which was annulled by the Supreme Electoral Council (YSK) on 6 May 2019. The original election had resulted in a narrow 0.2% margin of victory for opposition candidate Ekrem İmamoğlu, causing the governing Justice and Development Party (AKP) to successfully petition for a re-run.[2]

The Nation Alliance (formed of the Republican People's Party (CHP) and the İYİ Party) fielded their initial candidate Ekrem İmamoğlu, who ran a positive campaign under the slogan Her Şey Çok Güzel Olacak (Everything will be fine). The governing People's Alliance (formed by the AKP and the Nationalist Movement Party) re-nominated their initially unsuccessful candidate Binali Yıldırım. The non-aligned Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP) did not field their own candidate and announced their support for İmamoğlu. The election featured a televised debate between the two main candidates, a first in Turkey since 2002. Campaigning focused highly on rival accusations of misconduct during and after the initial March 2019 election, during which both sides alleged that they had been a victim of the other's antics.

The results showed a substantial swing in favour of İmamoğlu, who multiplied his initial 13,700-vote margin of victory 57-fold to win 54.2% of the vote against Yıldırım's 45.0%. The opposition's victory defied opinion polls, which predicted a much narrower victory, and was a record in the history of Istanbul local elections in terms of both popular vote and percentage share. İmamoğlu also won pluralities in 28 of Istanbul's 39 districts. Yıldırım, on the other hand, lost 11 districts he had won in March and saw a 4 percent decrease in his previous vote share, conceding defeat soon after indicative results became public.[3][4] The result was seen as a huge blow to President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, who had once said that if his party 'lost Istanbul, we would lose Turkey.'[5] Commentators viewed the result as a backlash against Erdoğan, the initial annulment of the March vote (which was largely seen as an anti-democratic manoeuvre), economic mismanagement and negative campaigning.[6][7][8][9] It was also seen as a backfire against the government's last-ditch attempt to involve the outlawed Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK)'s imprisoned leader Abdullah Öcalan in the process, in an attempt to convince HDP voters to boycott the election.[10]

The opposition's landslide was characterised as the 'beginning of the decline' for the Erdoğan era, with international commentators calling the re-run a huge government miscalculation that led to a potential İmamoğlu candidacy in the next scheduled presidential election.[11] It is suspected that the scale of the government's defeat could provoke a cabinet reshuffle and early general elections, currently scheduled for June 2023.[12]

31 March 2019 election[edit]

Election results[edit]

After the local elections were held on 31 March 2019, the Chairman of the Supreme Electoral Council (YSK), Sadi Güven, announced that Ekrem İmamoğlu received 4,159,650 votes and that he was ahead of Justice and Development Party's (AKP) Istanbul mayoral candidate Binali Yıldırım.[13] The Istanbul Provincial Organization of the AKP demanded a re-count of invalid votes and the correction of ballot records on 2 April, which was approved by the Supreme Electoral Council.[14][15] At the conclusion of the re-counting process on 17 April 2019, it was announced that Ekrem İmamoğlu had completed the election with 4,169,765 votes, 13,729 votes ahead of his rival Binali Yıldırım, who received 4,156,036 votes.[16] On the same day, İmamoğlu began his term by receiving his certificate of election from the Supreme Electoral Council's İstanbul Provincial Electoral Council.[17]

Objection process[edit]

  • 31 March 2019: 2019 Turkish local elections are held.
  • 2 April 2019: Recounts are ordered in 9 districts of Istanbul as a result of the AKP's objections.
  • 7 April 2019: The AKP's demand for re-counts in all 38 districts of Istanbul is denied by the YSK.
  • 9 April 2019: The Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) applied to the YSK for the annulment of results in the Maltepe district of Istanbul.
  • 17 April 2019: The Istanbul Provincial Election Board delivered Ekrem İmamoğlu's certificate of election. The AKP objected to this by giving the YSK a 44-page report and three suitcases of documents.
  • 20 April 2019: The AKP made an additional objection regarding people removed with KHKs. This was rejected.
  • 6 May 2019: The YSK decided that the Istanbul mayoral election shall be annulled and repeated on 23 June 2019.
  • 8 May 2019: The Republican People's Party (CHP) and the İyi Party applied to the YSK for the annulment of all elections in Istanbul, in addition to the mayoral election.
  • 13 May 2019: The YSK rejected the CHP's and İyi Party's application for the annulment of all elections in Istanbul.
  • 22 May 2019: The YSK published the detailed ruling regarding the annulment of the Istanbul mayoral election.

Annulment of the election[edit]

On 6 May 2019, in a 7-to-4 decision, the YSK ruled that the Istanbul mayoral election shall be annulled, and that it shall be repeated on 23 June 2019. This decision was based on the objections raised by the AKP regarding the fact that despite the law, some balloting committee presidents and members were not public officials.[18] Despite the decision, the President of the YSK Sadi Güven was one of the four members who voted against annulment. He later publicly stated that he was not in favour of renewing the election.

Electoral schedule[edit]

The Supreme Electoral Council determined the electoral schedule based on its decision on 6 May 2019 to annul the original election and repeat it on 23 June 2019[19]:

  • 15 May 2019: The deadline for the submittal of a list of all public servants that will serve in each district to the relevant district election committee centers.
  • 20 May 2019: The determination, based on a lottery, of the balloting committee presidents and members, from among the submitted list of public servants.
  • 21 May 2019: The distribution of the list of the balloting committee presidents and members to political parties, if requested.
  • 23-24 May 2019: The deadline for the submittal of possible objections regarding the make-up of the balloting committees.
  • 24 May 2019: The deadline for the period in which political parties can change to their candidates.
  • 25 May 2019: The deadline for decisions to be made by the district electoral councils regarding the objections to the make-up of the balloting committees.
  • 26 May 2019: The deadline for objections regarding the decisions made by the district electoral councils to be submitted to the Istanbul Provincial Electoral Council.
  • 27 May 2019: The announcement of the finalized candidate lists, the printing of the unified ballots and their distribution to the district electoral councils, and the beginning of distribution of the voter information documents.
  • 29 May 2019: The completion of the establishment of the balloting committees.
  • 13 June 2019: The beginning of election propaganda and of certain prohibitions.
  • 16 June 2019: The deadline for the completion of distribution of the voter information documents.
  • 18 June 2019: The annotation of information regarding restricted voters to the voter lists.
  • 19 June 2019: The completion of the replication of the ballot box voter lists.
  • 22 June 2019: The ending of election propaganda at 18:00.
  • 23 June 2019: The beginning of the voting process at 8:00, and its completion at 17:00.

Electoral conduct[edit]

The Supreme Electoral Council announced that the electoral roll would be exactly the same as the electors in the March 2019. Since the vote was a re-run, voters who turned 18 between 31 March and 23 June 2019 would not be included on the electoral roll. The YSK did, however, remove individuals with mental disabilities from voter lists. This was due to numerous complaints from all parties in the March local elections that mentally impaired individuals unable to exercise free thought were exploited for their vote. As a result, the Istanbul electorate fell from 10,570,939 to 10,570,354 (including deaths and convictions during this time).[20]

Election campaign and party stances[edit]

Ekrem İmamoğlu and his spouse Dilek during his June 2019 Istanbul mayoral election campaign in Silivri.

Candidates[edit]

The nominee of the governing Justice and Development Party (AKP) is Binali Yıldırım, a former Prime Minister of Turkey and an incumbent Member of the Grand National Assembly. As part of the People's Alliance, the AKP's candidate will have the unconditional support of the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP).[21] Ekrem İmamoğlu is the candidate of the Republican People's Party (CHP), and is supported by the CHP-allied İyi Party, which is a part of the Nation Alliance.

After the annulment of the 31 March elections, the Democratic Left Party (DSP) candidate Muammer Aydın[22], the Independent Turkey Party (BTP) candidate Selim Kotil[23], the Democratic Party candidate Ersan Gökgöz[24], the Turkish Communist Party candidate Zehra Güner Karaoğlu[25], the Worker's Movement Party-supported independent candidate Özge Akman[25], the Turkish Communist Movement-supported independent candidate Aysel Tekerek[25], and the independent candidate Hazer Oruç Kaya[25] all announced that they would not stand in the upcoming election.

The Felicity Party (Saadet Party) candidate Necdet Gökçınar[26], the Patriotic Party (Vatan Party) candidate Mustafa İlker Yücel[27][25], and the independent candidates Doğan Duman[25] and Muhammet Ali Canca[25], conversely announced that they would participate in the Istanbul mayoral election that would be repeated on 23 June 2019.

On 27 May 2019, the finalized candidate list for the 23 June 2019 election was announced. In the list announced by the Istanbul Provincial Electoral Council, there are 17 independent candidates aside from the partied candidates Ekrem İmamoğlu, Binali Yıldırım, Necdet Gökçınar, and Mustafa İlker Yücel.[28]

Justice and Development Party[edit]

In the articles published on 9 May 2019 regarding the AKP's strategy, it was said that the AKP would go door-to-door to convince undecided voters and those who did not vote on 31 March, that the AKP would soften its rhetoric, that projects regarding Istanbul and its districts would be emphasized, and that the AKP would participate in joint rallies with the MHP. Aside from these efforts, president and AKP leader Recep Tayyip Erdoğan would join iftar dinners throughout Ramadan, make house visits to voters, and hold rallies in each of the 39 districts of Istanbul.[29] An election coordination center was created under the scope of these strategies, and Mehmet Özhaseki, AK Party's candidate for Ankara mayor on 31 March 2019 was chosen to lead this operation.[30]

As part of their election campaign, AKP's goals were:

  • To explain the reasons for the annulment of the election to the voters in a convincing manner.[31]
  • To call all 2,300,000 AKP members who are eligible to vote in Istanbul by telephone, and to remind them that they absolutely need to vote.[32]
  • To not use the name of the Nation Alliance candidate Ekrem İmamoğlu, but to refer to him only as "CHP's candidate".[33][34][35]
  • To campaign in order to reduce the image of victimhood held by the CHP due to the annulment of the election.[36]
  • To end the rhetoric that was used in the 31 March elections that the election would affect the survival of the government.[37]
  • To direct the 103,000 voters who voted for the Saadet Party on 31 March towards the AKP.[31]

Campaign towards resentful AKP voters[edit]

A different rhetoric was used towards the estimated 400,000 to 700,000 AKP voters who did not vote for Binali Yıldırım on 31 March as a reaction against the party's policies.[38] In this context, the statements by government spokesperson Mahir Ünal's and AKP group deputy chairman Numan Kurtulmuş's statements drew special attention.[39][40]

Campaign towards Kurdish voters[edit]

During the campaign for the election on 31 March, the AKP along with its partner MHP emphasized the "survival problem" in its rhetoric. Afterwards, the AKP determined that many conservative Kurds who had previously voted for the AKP had not voted on 31 March, due to the fact that the rhetoric associating Kurds with terrorism during the campaign had been highly successful.[41] Accordingly, the AKP decided to proceed with a separate effort for the roughly 230,000 conservative Kurds who did not vote on 31 March.[31] AKP decided to campaign by messaging that they would "fix their mistakes" to people such as opinion leaders, business people, NGOs in the southeastern provinces as well as in Istanbul. Through this, the AKP planned to communicate directly with the Kurdish voters.[42] On the other hand, the AKP appealed to the MHP, which supports Binali Yıldırım in the election, not to campaign in Istanbul.[43]

Binali Yıldırım visited Diyarbakır on 6 June in order to gain the support of Kurdish voters in Istanbul.[44] There, he welcomed those who came to listen to him using Kurdish words[45], claimed that there were "members of parliament from Kurdistan in the inaugural Grand National Assembly of Turkey[46][47], and pronounced the name of the PKK differently than the way that it is commonly pronounced[48], all of which drew a reaction. These actions by Yıldırım in Diyarbakır were criticised by İyi Party leader Meral Akşener as "first calling Kurds terrorists, and then going to Diyarbakır and crying to get their votes in Istanbul",[49] and by MHP leader Devlet Bahçeli as "there is no Kurdistan or Lazistan in Turkey. Neither will there be in the future. If there are who wish that there would be, they will always find the Nationalist-Idealist movement".[50] Bahçeli's statement was ignored by media organizations close to the AK Party.[51] Co-leader of the HDP Sezai Temelli also criticised the hypocrisy Yıldırım's actions.[52]

On 6 May 2019, the lawyers of imprisoned PKK leader Abdullah Öcalan were allowed to visit Öcalan. This was followed by the lifting of the ban on the visitation of Öcalan by Justice Minister Abdülhamit Gül[53]. These actions, combined with a shift in rhetoric on Öcalan by the Anadolu Agency from pre-31 March "head terrorist" to simply "İmralı"[54], the referral of Öcalan as "estimable Öcalan" by Presidential Security and Foreign Policy Council member Burhanettin Duran[55], as well as Öcalan's request for an end to the hunger strikes started for the betterment of his imprisonment conditions on 26 May[56][57] all caused speculation of cooperation between the AK Party and Öcalan.[58][59] On the other hand, speculation was also made that the purpose of the meetings with Öcalan was to cause a drop in İmamoğlu's votes by either having the HDP name a candidate for mayor[60], or by having the HDP boycot the election.[61][62] Conversely, MHP leader Bahçeli said, in regards to Öcalan's visitation by his lawyers, that "If you ask me, he should meet with his lawyer".[63]

"Because they stole" statement[edit]

After the annulment of the 31 March elections, Binali Yıldırım gave the response of "very simple, because they stole" to a citizen who asked about the annulment. Following this, the Justice and Development Party (AK Party) began to regularly allege that the Republican People's Party (CHP) had stolen votes.[64] As part of this, President Erdoğan claimed that there existed footage proving that the CHP had commited vote theft, but this footage never surfaced.[65] However, despite this, Erdoğan continued to raise this allegation.[66]

On the other hand, in regards to the accusation that the CHP stole votes, Yıldırım alleged that balloting council presidents had not given the relevant ballots to those that they identified as AK Party voters in the 31 March elections. Meanwhile, Minister of the Interior Süleyman Soylu claimed that the votes were stolen after the tabulation of the votes.[67]

After the absence of vote theft in the reasoning for the annulment of the election by the Supreme Electoral Council (YSK), the AK Party's allegations were criticised by the CHP. In light of this, Yıldırım claimed that he "had to say thay they stole", due to the reasoning that he could not make his voice heard during the campaign.[68]

Criticisms towards rivals[edit]

Members of the AK Party made certain accusations during the campaign towards Ekrem İmamoğlu and the CHP:

  • President Erdoğan said that "this is Istanbul, this is not Constantinople, there are some that want to see it as such. We have 22 days against those that want to see it as such".[69]
  • Regarding the election, AK Party general vice president Mehmet Özhaseki said that "[their] side is on the side of the nation, of the government, of people and of service. If you look to the other side, you will see FETÖ's scoundrels and PKK's murderers".[70]
  • AK Party's Erzurum member of parliament İbrahim Aydemir said that should Ekrem İmamoğlu win the election, that "the non-believers' idols will be erected" in Istanbul.[71][72]
  • AK Party's Erzurum member of parliament Selami Altınok said that should Ekrem İmamoğlu win the election, that İSPARK would be given to the HDP.[73]
  • AK Party's Istanbul member of parliament Ahmet Hamdi Çamlı compared voters who voted for İmamoğlu to the "sick".[74]
  • Former Ankara mayor Melih Gökçek said regarding İmamoğlu that "the Conqueror's grandchildren will not allow the Byzantines' grandchildren".[75]

Intra-party objections[edit]

During the annulment process, there were criticisms of the Justice and Development Party (AK Party) from party members and from those who were ideologically close to the party. Former AK Party prime minister Ahmet Davutoğlu criticised the decision to annul, saying that "the YSK's decision to annul has caused an erosion to our most basic principles". Following this, referring to the implication made by a television program that he is a traitor, Davutoğlu responded that "the day will come when we will find out who protected the inheritance, and who betrayed it".[76] Later, Davutoğlu said that "everything can be lost, and then won again. Power can be lost and then won again. There is no tomorrow for those who lose hope. Don't be afraid to talk".[77]

Meanwhile, other members of the AK Party brought certain criticisms towards the annulment and the campaign run by the AK Party:

  • AK Party Istanbul member of parliament Mustafa Yeneroğlu said that the government needs to listen to the criticisms from the public, and that steps should be taken to ensure that a pluralistic democracy and a liberal constitutional state can grow.[78]
  • Former AK Party member of parliament Mehmet Ocaktan claimed that the AK Party's representative in the YSK is a member of FETÖ.[79]
  • AK Party Ardahan member of parliament Orhan Atalay characterized the Tarawih prayers organised by the Muftiate of Istanbul for the anniversary of the Conquest of Istanbul, which President Erdoğan joined, as being "palace style".[80]
  • The interview given by AK Party general vice president Azmi Ekinci wherein Ekinci criticised the party's strategy in the 31 March elections was removed.[81]

In response to these developments, President Erdoğan said that "as the Turkish nation gives one of the most critical struggles in its history, we will not give permission to those who want to implement their own agendas at the cost of our party's weakness".[82] In addition to this, the decision to assign duties to those who have not been recently active but who are known in the AK Party, such as Abdülkadir Aksu, Sadık Yakut, Mevlüt Uysal, Faruk Çelik, and Bülent Arınç was seen as measures to stop the intra-party opposition.[83][84][85]

Republican People's Party[edit]

İmamoğlu, who won the elections held on 31 March, but whose certificate of election was cancelled by the annulment of the election, declared that they wouldn't boycot the election and that they would compete immediately after the decision to annul. After this declaration, İmamoğlu met with voters in a different district of Istanbul every day, joined iftars, and made speeches.

As part of the election campaign, the Republican People's Party planned the following strategy:

  • It was announced that İmamoğlu's victimhood would be emphasized, that even the candidates who lost would be active, that large rallies would not be held, and that house visits would be made. [86]
  • A news bureau would be established as an alternative to the Anadolu Agency in the 23 June elections, and that the results would be published live as the counts are completed.[87]
  • İmamoğlu indicated that he would continue to use the title "Mayor of Istanbul".[88]
  • A donation campaign was established to fund the election campaign.[89] While the donations made in the first day reached ₺5,000,000,[90] the donations made in one week reached over ₺10,000,000 from 500,000 donors, of which 340,000 were from domestic donors.[91] As of 26 May, the total amount of donations made to the campaign exceeded ₺15,000,000.[92]
  • It was decided that only five people (Ekrem İmamoğlu, CHP İstanbul Provincial President Canan Kaftancıoğlu, and CHP General Vice Presidents Oğuz Kaan Salıcı, Seyit Torun, and Onursal Adıgüzel) would be assigned to electoral coordination.[93]
  • While a group of members of parliament would be working in the Grand National Assembly (TBMM), other members of parliament were assigned to Istanbul.[94]
  • It was decided that there would be a campaign to get the 1,700,000 people who did not vote on 31 March to vote.[95] As part of this, a "bring your neighbour who didn't vote on 31 March to the ballot box" campaign was established.[96]
  • It was announced that slogans other than "Her şey çok güzel olacak" (Everything will be fine) would be used in the campaign.[97]

Opinion polls[edit]

Date(s) Pollster Sample size AKP CHP Other Undecided Not Voting
18–20 June PİAR[98] 1,620 47.6 51.5 0.9
17–20 June Avrasya[99] 960 46.3 53.0 0.7
17–19 June İEA[100][101] 1,500 43.4 48.1 0.8 4.2 3.5
15–16 June KONDA[102] 3,498 40.9 49.0 0.7 9.4
16 June MAK[103] 6,580 42.5 44.0 1.0 2.0 10.5
15 June REMRES[104][105] 6,580 48.5 51.1 0.3
12–14 June ORC[106] 6,580 48.3 47.7 0.6 3.4
13 June ADA[107][108] 9,000 48.3 50.6 1.1
8–12 June Themis[109] 36.6 42.8 0.7 10.4 9.5
12 June AREDA[110] 9,317 47.8 51.0 1.2
8–11 June SONAR[111] 3,400 46.7 52.3 0.9
29 May – 3 June ORC[112] 9,675 47.0 46.7 0.8 5.5
15–20 May MAK[113][114] 11,000 45.0 47.0 1.0 7.0
15-16 May KONDA[102] - 40.1 50.1 0.7 9.2
21–22 April Konsensus[115][116] 1,040 48.1 50.2 1.7

Results[edit]

Overall results[edit]

June 2019 Istanbul mayoral election
Ekrem İmamoğlu June
  
54.21% +5.44%
March
  
48.77%
Binali Yıldırım June
  
44.99% −3.62%
March
  
48.61%
Others June
  
0.80% −1.82%
March
  
2.62%
Winner: Ekrem İmamoğlu, CHP (margin: 9.22%)
      CHP HOLD

The following table is detailing the preliminary results of the Istanbul Mayoral Election, with more than 99% of the ballots counted. Official results will be released by the Supreme Electoral Council. Both Yıldırım and Erdoğan acknowledged the defeat and congratulated Ekrem İmamoğlu on his re-election as Mayor of Istanbul.[6][117][118]

A part of Ekrem İmamoğlu's speech at Republican People's Party Election Coordination Center after the results are announced.
2019 Turkish local elections: Istanbul
Party Candidate Votes % ±
CHP Ekrem İmamoğlu 4,741,868 54.2 Increase 5.4
AK Party Binali Yıldırım 3,935,453 45.0 Decrease 3.6
Felicity Necdet Gökçınar 47,829 0.6 Decrease 0.6
Patriotic Mustafa İlker Yücel 14,545 0.2 Decrease 0.0
Independent All independent candidates 6,769 0.1 Decrease 0.1
Total valid votes 8,746,464 97.8 -
Rejected ballots 178,599 2.0 -
Turnout 8,925,063 84.4 Increase 0.5
CHP hold Swing Increase 5.3
Registered electors 10,570,354

References[edit]

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  29. ^ "Yeni ekiple yeni kampanya" [New campaign with a new team]. Hurriyet (in Turkish). 9 May 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  30. ^ "AKP'de 'tekrar seçim'in koordinatörü belli oldu" [Coordinator for repeat election selected at AKP]. Gazete Manifesto (in Turkish). 9 May 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  31. ^ a b c "AKP'nin 23 Haziran stratejisi ne olacak?" [What will be AKP's strategy for 23 June?]. BBC (in Turkish). 17 May 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  32. ^ "AK Parti, üyelerini tek tek aradı: 23 Haziran'da mutlaka İstanbul'a dönün" [AKP called its members one by one: Absolutely return to Istanbul for 23 June]. Sputnik News (in Turkish). 28 May 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  33. ^ "Zeyrek: Erdoğan, 'Ekrem İmamoğlu olarak değil 'CHP adayı' diye seslenin' talimatı verdi" [Zeyrek: Erdoğan gave order to 'Call him not as Ekrem İmamoğlu, but as 'CHP's candidate']. Sputnik News (in Turkish). 16 May 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  34. ^ "Fehmi Koru: Emir büyük yerden gelmiş; medyaya Ekrem İmamoğlu'nun adının kullanılmaması telkin edilmiş" [Fehmi Koru: Order came from a high place for the media not to use Ekrem İmamoğlu‘s name]. T24 [tr] (in Turkish). 30 May 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  35. ^ "Deniz Zeyrek: Erdoğan'ın 'İmamoğlu'nun adını dahi anmayın' talimatı" [Deniz Zeyrek: Erdoğan’s order to ‘not even use İmamoğlu’s name’]. Diken (in Turkish). 6 May 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  36. ^ "Selvi: AK Parti, mağduriyeti CHP'nin elinden almak için karşı kampanya planlıyor" [Selvi: AKP plans counter campaign to take away image of victimhood]. Sputnik News (in Turkish). 21 May 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  37. ^ "İYİ Partili Çıray: 31 Mart bitti, beka söylemi kesildi" [İYİ Party's Çıray: 31 March ended, along with survival rhetoric]. Sputnik News (in Turkish). 20 May 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  38. ^ "Mustafa Yalçıner: AKP küskün seçmenine oynuyor" [Mustafa Yalçıner: AKP playing to resentful voters]. Diken (in Turkish). 4 June 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  39. ^ "AKP'li Kurtulmuş, 'parti içi küskünlük' iddialarını kabul etti: Kızgınlığın bedeli, CHP adayını koltuğa oturtturmak değildir" [AKP’s Kurtulmuş, accepted alleged ‘intra-party resentment’: The cost of anger is not to elect CHP's candidate]. T24 [tr] (in Turkish). 6 June 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  40. ^ "Mahir Ünal'dan 'küskün AKP'li seçmen' sorusuna yanıt: Seçmen küsmez tepkisellik gösterir" [Answer to resentful AKP voter question by Mahir Ünal: Voters don't resent they only show their opposition]. T24 [tr] (in Turkish). 30 May 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  41. ^ "AKP Genel Başkan Yardımcısı: 'Kürdistan'a gidin' demeseydik Kürtler Binali Bey'e oy verecekti" [AKP General Vice President: If we hadn't said "Go back to Kurdistan", Kurds would have voted for Mr. Yıldırım]. Gazete Manifesto (in Turkish). 20 May 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  42. ^ "İmamoğlu kazanmadı, AK Parti kaybetti. Ama..." [İmamoğlu didn't win, AK Party lost. But...]. Karar (in Turkish). 30 May 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  43. ^ "Saray Bahçeli'yi istemiyor!" [The palace doesn't want Bahçeli!]. Yeniçağ (in Turkish). 1 June 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  44. ^ "Binali Yıldırım: Diyarbakır'a desteğinizi istemeye geldim" [Binali Yıldırım: I came to Diyarbakır to ask for your support]. Deutsche Welle (in Turkish). 6 June 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  45. ^ "Binali Yıldırım Diyarbakır'da Kürtçe konuştu" [Binali Yıldırım spoke Kurdish in Diyarbakır]. Yeniçağ (in Turkish). 6 June 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  46. ^ "Yıldırım: Kürdistan mebusu da Lazistan mebusu da vardı" [Yıldırım: There were Kurdistan MPs and Lazistan MPs]. BirGun (in Turkish). 6 June 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  47. ^ "Binali Yıldırım Diyarbakır'da konuştu: Büyük Millet Meclisi'nde Kürdistan mebusu vardı" [Binali Yıldırım speaks in Diyarbakır: There were Kurdistan MPs in the National Assembly]. The Independent (in Turkish). 6 June 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  48. ^ "Binali Yıldırım'ın Diyarbakır'daki PKK telaffuzu sosyal medyada gündem oldu" [Binali Yıldırım's pronunciation of PKK in Diyarbakır became the topic of the day on social media]. T24 (in Turkish). 7 June 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  49. ^ "Akşener: Kürtlere terörist diyeceksin, sonra İstanbul'u alabilmek için gidip Diyarbakır'da ağlayacaksın" [Akşener: You're going to call Kurds terrorists, and then go Diyarbakır and cry to take Istanbul]. T24 (in Turkish). 9 June 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  50. ^ "Bahçeli'den, Binali Yıldırım'ın 'Kürdistan' açıklamasına eleştiri" [Reaction to Binali Yıldırım's 'Kurdistan' statement from Bahçeli]. T24 (in Turkish). 10 June 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  51. ^ "Devlet Bahçeli'ye AKP sansürü" [AKP censorship for Devlet Bahçeli]. Sol (in Turkish). 12 June 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  52. ^ "Sezai Temelli: 31 Mart'ta "Kürtler defolun gidin" dediler ama şimdi Diyarbakır'da "Kürdistan" diyorlar" [Sezai Temelli: They said "Kurds get lost" on 31 March, but now say "Kurdistan" in Diyarbakır]. The Independent (in Turkish). 8 June 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  53. ^ "Bakan Gül: Öcalan'la görüşme yasağı kaldırıldı" [Minister Gül: Ban to visit Öcalan has been lifted]. Gazete Duvar (in Turkish). 16 May 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  54. ^ "AA çözüm sürecini başlattı: Öcalan gitti, İmralı geldi!" [AA has started the solution process: Out with Öcalan, in with İmralı!]. Yeniçağ (in Turkish). 7 May 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  55. ^ "'Sayın Öcalan' diyen cumhurbaşkanlığı yetkilisi: Sehven oldu" [The presidential counselor who said ‘estimable Öcalan’: It was done erroneously]. Diken (in Turkish). 16 May 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  56. ^ "Öcalan'dan açlık grevindekilere çağrı: Eyleminizin sona ermesini bekliyorum" [Öcalan to those on hunger strike: I expect your protests to end]. T24 (in Turkish). 26 May 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  57. ^ "PKK lideri Öcalan'ın yaptığı çağrı sonrası açlık grevleri sonlandırıldı" [Hunger strikes over ofter call by PKK leader Öcalan]. Euronews (in Turkish). 26 May 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  58. ^ "Akşener: Bahçeli bebek katilinden Öcalan'a döndü, sonraki adım "Sayın Öcalan"" [Akşener: Bahçeli went from 'baby killer' to 'Öcalan', the next step is 'estimable Öcalan']. The Independent (in Turkish). 13 May 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  59. ^ "Akşener'den Bahçeli'ye Öcalan açıklaması tepkisi: Mutfakta bir şeyler pişiyor" [Reaction from Akşener to Bahçeli on his Öcalan statement: Something is cooking in the kitchen]. The Independent (in Turkish). 14 May 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  60. ^ "Nagehan Alçı'dan akıl almaz İstanbul seçimi açıklaması" [Unexplainable Istanbul election statement from Nagehan Alçı]. Sosyal Manşet (in Turkish). 6 May 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  61. ^ "Kürtlere kurulan tuzak" [The trap set against the Kurds]. Cumhuriyet (in Turkish). 3 June 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  62. ^ "AK Partinin kara propaganda ekibi fena çuvallıyor" [AK Party's dark propaganda team is failing hard]. Yetkin Report (in Turkish). 29 May 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  63. ^ "Bahçeli: Abdullah Öcalan Avukatı İle Görüşmeli" [Bahçeli: Abdullah Öcalan should meet with his lawyer]. Bianet (in Turkish). 11 May 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  64. ^ ""AK Parti, 'Çünkü çaldılar' söylemini yerleşik hale getirmeye çalışıyor"" ["AK Partyis trying to solidify the 'because they stole' statement"]. T24 (in Turkish). 16 May 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  65. ^ "Haydi şu kamera kayıtlarını görelim!" [Come on, let's see this camera footage!]. T24 (in Turkish). 29 May 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  66. ^ "Erdoğan: İBB Başkanlığı seçimlerinde demokrasi ve sandığa gölge düştü, oyları çaldılar" [Erdoğan: There is a shadow on democracy and the ballot box in the Istanbul mayoral elections, they stole votes]. T24 (in Turkish). 31 May 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  67. ^ "Yıldırım 'pusulalar verilmedi' demişti, Soylu 'hile zarftan çıktıktan sonra' dedi" [Yıldırım had said that 'the ballots were not given', Soylu says 'the cheating was done after the ballot left the envelope']. Gazete Mainfesto (in Turkish). 27 May 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  68. ^ "Yıldırım: 'Çaldılar' demeye mecburdum" [Yıldırım: I had to say that 'they stole']. Birgun (in Turkish). 28 May 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  69. ^ "Erdoğan: İstanbul'u Konstantinopol olarak görmek isteyenlere karşı 22 günümüz var" [Erdoğan: We have 22 days against those that want to see Istanbul as Constantinople]. BBC (in Turkish). 2 June 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  70. ^ "AKP'li Özhaseki: Biz hizmetten yanayız, karşımızda FETÖ ve PKK var" [AKP's Özhaseki: We are on the side of service, against us is FETÖ and PKK]. Gazete Manifesto (in Turkish). 3 June 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  71. ^ "AKP Erzurum Milletvekili: İmamoğlu İstanbul'a imansızların putlarını dikecek" [AKP Erzurum MP: İmamoğlu will erect the non-believers' idols in Istanbul]. Gazete Manifesto (in Turkish). 6 June 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  72. ^ "AKP'li vekil: İmamoğlu kazanırsa İstanbul'da imansızların putlarını diktirecek" [AKP MP: If İmamoğlu wins, he will have the non-believers' idols erected in Istanbul]. T24 (in Turkish). 6 June 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  73. ^ "AKP'li vekil: CHP İSPARK'ı HDP'ye verecek" [AKP MP: The CHP will give İSPARK to the HDP]. Artı Gerçek (in Turkish). 6 June 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  74. ^ "AKP'nin Yeliz lakaplı vekili İmamoğlu'na oy verenlere 'hasta' dedi" [AKP’s MP nicknamed Yeliz called those who voted for İmamoğlu 'sick']. Gazete Manifesto (in Turkish). 6 June 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  75. ^ "Melih Gökçek'ten Haçlı artıklarına mesaj! 'Fatih'in torunları Bizans'ın torunlarına müsaade etmeyecek'" [Message from Melih Gökçek to Crusader remainders! 'The Conqueror's grandchildren will not allow the Byzantines' grandchildren']. Yeni Akit (in Turkish). 5 June 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  76. ^ "Davutoğlu'ndan Payitaht Abdülhamid'e Tepki: 'Kimin O Mirasa İhanet Ettiği Hesap Gününde Görülür'" [Reaction from Davutoğlu to Payitaht Abdülhamid: 'The Day Will Come When We Will See Who Betrayed That Inheritance']. Onedio (in Turkish). 11 May 2019. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  77. ^ "Ahmet Davutoğlu: Ümidi kaybedenin yarını olmaz, konuşmaktan korkmayın" [Ahmet Davutoğlu: There is no tomorrow for those who lose hope, don't be afraid to talk]. Sputnik News (in Turkish). 22 May 2019. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  78. ^ "Yeneroğlu: AK Parti eleştirilere kulak vermeli" [Yeneroğlu: AK Party should listen to criticisms]. Deutshce Welle (in Turkish). 12 May 2019. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  79. ^ "Eski AKP Milletvekili Ocaktan: AK Parti YSK Temsilcisi Özel, halis muhlis FETÖ'cü" [Former AKP MP Ocaktan: AK Party's YSK representative Özel is a genuine FETÖ’ist]. T24 (in Turkish). 13 May 2019. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  80. ^ "AKP'li milletvekilinden Erdoğan'a eleştiri" [Criticism for Erdoğan from AKP MP]. İleri Haber (in Turkish). 8 June 2019. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  81. ^ "AKP'yi eleştiren AKP yöneticisi Ekinci'nin röportajı yayından kaldırıldı" [Interview given by AKP manager Ekinci where he criticises AKP removed from broadcast]. Cumhuriyet (in Turkish). 21 May 2019. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  82. ^ "Erdoğan: Partimizi zayıf düşürme pahasına kendi ajandalarını öne çıkaranlara izin vermeyeceğiz" [Erdoğan: We will not give permission to those who want to implement their own agendas at the cost of our party's weakness]. Sputnik News (in Turkish). 13 May 2019. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  83. ^ "Parti çatırdarken gözden düşenler değere bindi" [As the party crumbles, those who are out of the limelight have gotten valuable]. BirGun (in Turkish). 28 May 2019. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  84. ^ "AKP'de çekişme uç verirken: Erdoğan, Arınç, Aksu, Çelik ve Yakut'u 'memuriyet'e aldı" [As the conflict at AKP grows: Erdoğan has brought Arınç, Aksu, Çelik and Yakut into the civil service]. Diken (in Turkish). 28 May 2019. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  85. ^ "Erdoğan'ın, bir dönemin ağır toplarına görevler vermesi çok yönlü strateji" [Erdoğan’s employment of an era's heavy hitters is a multi-faceted strategy]. Cumhuriyet (in Turkish). 30 May 2019. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  86. ^ "CHP, İstanbul stratejisini açıkladı" [CHP announced its İstanbul strategy]. T24 (in Turkish). 12 May 2019. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  87. ^ "Ekrem İmamoğlu: AA'ya alternatif haber merkezi kurulacak" [Ekrem İmamoğlu: A news bureau will be established as an alternative to AA]. Sputnik News (in Turkish). 12 May 2019. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  88. ^ "İmamoğlu Denktaş'ın anıt mezarındaki şeref defterini 'Büyükşehir Belediye Başkanı' diye imzaladı" [İmamoğlu signed the visitation book at Denktaş's mausoleum as 'Mayor']. Sol (in Turkish). 11 May 2019. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  89. ^ "CHP, Ekrem İmamoğlu'nun Seçim Çalışmaları İçin Bağış Kampanyası Başlattı" [CHP Starts Donation Campaign for Ekrem İmamoğlu's Election Activities]. Onedio (in Turkish). 9 May 2019. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  90. ^ "Ekrem İmamoğlu'na destek için 1 günde toplanan miktar belli oldu" [One day donation total determined for the support of Ekrem İmamoğlu]. Birgun (in Turkish). 13 May 2019. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  91. ^ "İmamoğlu'na 500 bin kişi bağışta bulundu; toplanan para 10 milyonu aştı" [500 thousand people donated to İmamoğlu; donations exceed 10 million lira]. T24 (in Turkish). 17 May 2019. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  92. ^ "İmamoğlu'na 15 milyonluk bağış" [15 million lira of donations for İmamoğlu]. T24 (in Turkish). 26 May 2019. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  93. ^ "CHP'nin İstanbul kampanyasını yürütecek beş kişi belli oldu" [The five people who will organize CHP's İstanbul campaign have been selected]. T24 (in Turkish). 13 May 2019. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  94. ^ "CHP, İstanbul seçimi için milletvekillerini görevlendirdi" [CHP assigns MPs for Istanbul election]. Sol (in Turkish). 20 May 2019. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  95. ^ "CHP'nin 23 Haziran stratejisi: Sandığa gitmeyen seçmen ikna edilecek" [CHP's 23 June strategy: Voters who did not vote will be convinced]. BBC (in Turkish). 14 May 2019. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  96. ^ "CHP'den mahalle mahalle "31 Mart'ta oy kullanmamış komşunu sandığa taşı" kampanyası" [Campaign to "bring your neighbour who didn't vote on 31 March to the ballot box" in every neigbourhood from the CHP]. Medyascope (in Turkish). 21 May 2019. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  97. ^ "CHP, İstanbul kampanyasını başlatıyor" [CHP beginning its Istanbul campaign]. T24 (in Turkish). 19 May 2019. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
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