June Claire Kline
March 7, 1918
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
|Died||August 23, 2011 (aged 93)|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Known for||Printmaking, visual art, tapestry design|
|Awards||Lifetime Achievement Awards from the College Art Association (2003), Los Angeles ArtCore (1997), and Neuberger Museum (1997)|
June Claire Wayne (March 7, 1918 – August 23, 2011) was an American printmaker, tapestry designer, painter, and educator. She founded the Tamarind Lithography Workshop (1960–1970), a former California-based nonprofit print shop dedicated to lithography.
Early life and career
Wayne was born in Chicago in March 7, 1918 to Dorothy Alice Kline and Albert Lavine, but the marriage ended shortly after Wayne's birth and she was raised by her single mother and grandmother. Wayne had aspirations to be an artist and dropped out of high school at the age of fifteen to pursue this goal. Although she did not have formal artistic training, she began painting and had her first exhibition at the Boulevard Gallery in Chicago in 1935. Only seventeen at the time, Wayne exhibited her watercolors under the name June Claire. She exhibited work again the following year at the Palacio de Bellas Artes in Mexico City. By 1938, she was employed as an artist for the WPA Easel Project in Chicago.
In 1939, Wayne moved to New York City, supporting herself as a jewelry designer by day and continuing to paint in her time off. She married Air Force surgeon George Wayne in 1940, and in 1942 he was deployed to serve in the European theater of World War II. While George was in Europe, June first moved to Los Angeles and learned Production Illustration at Caltech, where she received training that helped her find work converting blueprints to drawings for the aircraft industry. She then moved to Chicago and worked as a writer for the radio station WGN, moving back to Los Angeles with George when he returned to the United States in 1944. The couple divorced in 1960, but the artist continued to use "June Wayne" as her professional identity for the rest of her life.
When World War II ended, Wayne returned to Los Angeles and became an integral part of the California art scene. While continuing to paint and exhibit, she took up lithography in 1948 at Lynton Kistler's facility, initially producing lithographs based on her paintings and then developing new imagery in her lithographs. In the late 1950s, Wayne traveled to Paris to collaborate with French master printer Marcel Durassier, first on lithographs illustrating the love sonnets of English poet John Donne and then on an artist's book also based on Donne's poetry. Wayne ultimately produced 123 copies of the finished book, one of which gained Wayne the support of Wilson MacNeil "Mac" Lowry, director of the arts and humanities programs at the Ford Foundation.
Tamarind Lithography Workshop
When Wayne met with Lowry in the late 1950s, she expressed her frustration about having to go to Europe to find collaborators for her lithography projects and Lowry suggested that she submit a proposal to the Ford Foundation seeking money to revitalize lithography in the U.S. With the foundation's assistance, Wayne opened the Tamarind Lithography Workshop (named for its street location in Hollywood), in 1960. Wayne acted as director, supported by the painter and printmaker Clinton Adams in the role of associate director and Garo Antreasian in the role of master printer and technical director.
Artists were invited to do short residencies at Tamarind, when they would work with master printers to produce lithographs. Some artists, like Tamarind's first artist-in-residence, Romas Viesulas, already had experience as print makers, while others who came to Tamarind, such as Richard Diebenkorn, Sam Francis, Rufino Tamayo, Louise Nevelson, Philip Guston, Burhan Dogancay and Josef and Anni Albers had worked primarily in other media. Tamarind Workshop was an educational institution intent on teaching lithography to American printers and Artists. The present idea of the American Printer/Artist collaboration began with June Wayne at Tamarind Workshop.  In 1970, Wayne resigned as director and the workshop moved to the University of New Mexico where, as the Tamarind Institute, it continues today.
Encouraged by friend Madeleine Jarry, an author and expert on tapestry, Wayne began designing tapestries in France at the famed Gobelins factory. In the tapestry designs, Wayne continued to express her fascination with the connections between art, science, and politics, often creating designs based on images she had initially produced in other media.
Feminist art movement
Wayne was involved in the feminist art movement in California in the 1970s. Wayne taught a series of professionalization seminars entitled "Joan of Art" to young women artists beginning around 1971. Wayne's seminars covered various topics related to being a professional artist, such as pricing work and approaching galleries, and involved role-playing and discussion sessions. They also encouraged giving back to the feminist community since graduates of Wayne's seminars were required to then teach the seminars to other women. Artist Faith Wilding wrote in 1977 that upon interviewing many of Wayne's former students, "all agreed that it had made a tremendous difference in their professional lives and careers, that in fact, it had been the turning point for some of them in making the step from amateur to professional."
Along with fellow artists Sheila Levrant de Bretteville, Ruth Weisberg, and others, Wayne was a founding member of the Los Angeles Council of Women in the Arts, which sought the equal representation of women artists in museum exhibitions. She was also part of the selection committee for the exhibition Contemporary Issues: Works on Paper by Women, which opened at the Los Angeles Woman's Building in 1977 and featured the works of over 200 women artists.
Exhibitions and collections
Following the closure of Tamarind Press in Los Angeles, June Wayne and her art were somewhat forgotten. But it was not until 1988, and an exhibit and award at the Fresno Art Museum that interest in her was renewed. "June Wayne - The DJUNA Set" was the exhibition organized in 1988 at the Fresno Art Museum which was pivotal to the renewed interest in her work. Along with the show, June Wayne received one of the museums' first Council of 100 presents the Distinguished Woman Artist Award the same year. Later June Wayne was celebrated with a retrospective at the Fresno Art Museum.
Wayne's art has been exhibited worldwide and is part of several permanent museum collections, including the National Museum of Women in the Arts, Norton Simon Museum, Museum of Modern Art, and the Los Angeles County Museum of Art.
In 1982, Wayne was among the first recipients of the Vesta award, a newly created annual award the Los Angeles Woman's Building bestowed on women who had made outstanding contributions to the arts.
In the 1990s, Wayne won the Art Table Award for Professional Contributions to the Visual Arts, the International Women's Forum Award for Women Who Make a Difference, and Lifetime Achievement Awards from both the Neuberger Museum of Art and LA ArtCore. In 2003, she was honored with the Zimmerli Lifetime Achievement Award from the College Art Association and in 2009 received awards from three institutions—the Pollock-Krasner Foundation, the Center for the Study of Political Graphics, and the Roski School of Fine Arts at the University of Southern California—as well as commendations from the City of West Hollywood and Los Angeles County. She was awarded honorary doctorates from the Rhode Island School of Design, Moore College of Art and Design, California College of Arts and Crafts, and The Atlanta College of Fine Arts.
In 2002, Wayne became a research professor at the Rutgers Center for Innovative Print and Paper. Wayne also donated a group of over 3,300 prints, both her work and the work of other artists, to the Rutgers Center for Innovative Print and Paper, which established the June Wayne Study Center and Archive to house the collection.
June Wayne's closest Los Angeles friends and collectors gathered in 1988 for "June in June" an 80th birthday luncheon honoring June Wayne. In attendance was David Hockney, Wallace Annenberg and a total of 70 celebrants. The event, organized by Robert and Barbara Barrett with extensive connections at Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA) was organized to raise funds to purchase one of Wayne's works for the museum as well as garner a solo exhibition, one of June's long time wish of being recognized for her contributions in art, but the most prominent museum in her own city.
- Four Stones for Kanemitsu, a documentary film set at the Tamarind Lithography Workshop
- Grimes, William (August 27, 2011). "June Wayne, Painter and Printmaker, Dies at 93". New York Times. Retrieved November 30, 2011.
- Weisberg, Ruth (1990). "June Wayne's Quantum Aesthetics". Woman's Art Journal. 11 (1): 3–8. doi:10.2307/1358379.
- "Celebrating the Life of June Wayne". The Art of June Wayne. Retrieved November 30, 2011.
- Rourke, Mary (August 25, 2011). "June Wayne dies at 93; led revival of fine-art print making". LA Times. Retrieved November 30, 2011.
- Brown, Betty Ann (2012). Afternoons with June: Stories of June Wayne's Art & Life. New York: Midmarch Arts Press. ISBN 978-1-877675-83-6.
- "2008 Honorees: June Claire Wayne". Women's History Month. The National Women's History Project. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
- "About Us". Tamarind Institute. Archived from the original on May 8, 2012. Retrieved April 26, 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Hansen, T. Victoria (1995). Printmaking in America (1st. ed.). New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. p. 77. ISBN 0-8109-3743-3.
- "June Wayne's Narrative Tapestries: Tidal Waves, DNA, and the Cosmos". Art Institute of Chicago. Archived from the original on February 13, 2011. Retrieved April 26, 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Wilding, Faith (1977). By Our Own Hands. Santa Monica, CA: Double X. p. 23.
- Cottingham, Laura (2000). Seeing Through the Seventies: Essays on Feminism and Art. Amsterdam: G+B Arts International. p. 166. ISBN 90-5701-212-X.
- Raven, Arlene (1988). "The Last Essay on Feminist Criticism". In Arlene Raven; Cassandra L. Langer; Joanna Frueh (eds.). Feminist Art Criticism: An Anthology. Ann Arbor and London: UMI Research Press. p. 230.
- Brodsky, Judith K. (1994). "Exhibitions, Galleries, and Alternative Spaces". In Norma Broude; Mary D. Garrard (eds.). The Power of Feminist Art. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. pp. 104–119 .
- Jules Heller; Nancy G. Heller (19 December 2013). North American Women Artists of the Twentieth Century: A Biographical Dictionary. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-135-63882-5.
- "Distinguished Women Artists". Fresno Art Museum. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
- "Releases". National Museum of Women in the Arts. Retrieved December 1, 2011.
- "Collections". Norton Simon Museum. Retrieved December 1, 2011.
- "The Collection". Museum of Modern Art. Retrieved December 1, 2011.
- "Collections Online". Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Retrieved December 1, 2011.[permanent dead link]
- Wolverton, Terry (2002). Insurgent Muse: Life and Art at the Woman's Building. San Francisco: City Lights. p. 180.
- "Rutgers Center for Innovative Print and Paper". June Wayne Study Center and Archive. June Wayne Study Center and Archive. Archived from the original on April 6, 2012. Retrieved December 1, 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "June Wayne papers, 1909-2000". www.oac.cdlib.org. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
- ISENBERG, BARBARA (1998-11-08). "Reading Beyond the Fine Prints". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
- "Versatile artist receives recognition for work". dailybruin.com. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
- Grimes, William (2011-08-27). "June Wayne, Painter and Printmaker, Dies at 93". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
- Official website
- Women's International Center entry
- ArtScene bio
- Tamarind Institute History
- June Wayne: A Catalogue Raisonne, 1936-2006 the Art of Everything
- Guide to the June Wayne Exhibit Catalogs and Publications. Special Collections and Archives, The UC Irvine Libraries, Irvine, California.