June solstice

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UT date and time of
equinoxes and solstices on Earth[1]
event equinox solstice equinox solstice
month March June September December
year
day time day time day time day time
2010 20 17:32 21 11:28 23 03:09 21 23:38
2011 20 23:21 21 17:16 23 09:04 22 05:30
2012 20 05:14 20 23:09 22 14:49 21 11:12
2013 20 11:02 21 05:04 22 20:44 21 17:11
2014 20 16:57 21 10:51 23 02:29 21 23:03
2015 20 22:45 21 16:38 23 08:21 22 04:48
2016 20 04:30 20 22:34 22 14:21 21 10:44
2017 20 10:28 21 04:24 22 20:02 21 16:28
2018 20 16:15 21 10:07 23 01:54 21 22:23
2019 20 21:58 21 15:54 23 07:50 22 04:19
2020 20 03:50 20 21:44 22 13:31 21 10:02

The June solstice, also known as the northern solstice, is the solstice on the Earth that occurs each June falling on the 20th–22nd according to the Gregorian calendar. In the Northern Hemisphere, the June solstice is the summer solstice, whilst in the Southern Hemisphere it is the winter solstice.

Dates[edit]

Recent past and future dates and times, in Universal Time, of the June solstice are:[2]

Date time
2000-06-21 01:48
2001-06-21 07:38
2002-06-21 13:24
2003-06-21 16:10
2004-06-21 00:57
2005-06-21 06:46
2006-06-21 12:26
2007-06-21 18:06
2008-06-20 23:59
2009-06-21 05:45
2010-06-21 11:28
2011-06-21 17:16
2012-06-20 23:09
2013-06-21 05:04
2014-06-21 10:51
2015-06-21 16:38
2016-06-20 22:34
2017-06-21 04:24
2018-06-21 10:07
2019-06-21 15:54
2020-06-20 21:44

Solar year[edit]

The June solstice solar year is the solar year based on the June solstice. It is thus the length of time between adjacent June solstices.

In 6000 BC, the December solstice solar year had a length of 50:35 in excess of 365 days and 5 hours. This shortened to 47:55 in 2000 AD. It will remain between 47:45 and 48:00 at least until 10000 AD.[3]

The length of the day on June solstice[edit]

The following tables contain information on the length of the day on the summer solstice of the northern hemisphere (i.e. June solstice). The data was collected from the website of the Finnish Meteorological Institute on 20 June 2016[4] as well as from certain other websites.[5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]

The data is arranged geographically and within the tables from the longest day to the shortest one.

Fennoscandia and the Baltic countries
City Sunrise
20 June 2016
Sunset
20 June 2016
Length of the day
Rovaniemi 24 h
Kem’ 01:45 23:40 21 h 55 min
Reykjavik 2:55 21.6.2016 0:03 21 h 08 min
Trondheim 3:02 23:38 20 h 36 min
Tórshavn 3:36 23:21 19 h 45 min
Petrozavodsk 2:55 22:34 19 h 39 min
Helsinki 3:54 22:50 18 h 56 min
Saint Petersburg 3:35 22:26 18 h 51 min
Oslo 3:54 22:44 18 h 50 min
Tallinn 4:03 22:42 18 h 39 min
Stockholm 3:31 22:08 18 h 37 min
Riga 4:29 22:21 17 h 52 min
Copenhagen 4:25 21:58 17 h 33 min
Vilnius 4:42 22:00 17 h 18 min
Europe
City Sunrise
20 June 2016
Sunset
20 June 2016
Length of the day
Edinburgh 4:26 22:03 17 h 37 min
Moscow 3:44 21:18 17 h 34 min
Berlin 4:43 21:33 16 h 50 min
London 4:43 21:21 16 h 38 min
Paris 5:47 21:58 16 h 11 min
Rome 5:35 20:49 15 h 14 min
Madrid 6:45 21:48 15 h 03 min
Lisbon 6:12 21:05 14 h 53 min
Athens 6:03 20:51 14 h 48 min
Africa
City Sunrise
20 June 2016
Sunset
20 June 2016
Length of the day
Cairo 4:54 18:59 14 h 05 min
Dakar 6:42 19:41 12 h 59 min
Addis Ababa 6:07 18:46 12 h 39 min
Nairobi 6:33 18:36 12 h 03 min
Kinshasa 6:04 17:57 11 h 53 min
Dar es Salaam 6:33 18:16 11 h 43 min
Luanda 6:20 17:57 11 h 37 min
Saint Helena 6:49 18:00 11 h 10 min
Antananarivo 6:22 17:21 10 h 59 min
Windhoek 6:31 17:16 10 h 45 min
Johannesburg 6:55 17:24 10 h 29 min
Cape Town 7:51 17:45 9 h 54 min
Americas
City Sunrise
20 June 2016
Sunset
20 June 2016
Length of the day
Fairbanks 2:58 21.6. 00:48 21 h 49min
Nuuk 2:54 00:04 21 h 09 min
Iqaluit 2:11 23:01 20 h 49 min
Anchorage 4:20 23:43 19 h 23 min
Kodiak 5:08 23:15 18 h 07 min
Sitka 5:06 23:00 17 h 54 min
Unalaska 6:34 23:41 17 h 07 min
Vancouver 5:07 21:22 16 h 15 min
Seattle 5:11 21:11 16 h 00 min
Ottawa 5:14 20:55 15 h 41 min
New York 5:25 20:31 15 h 06 min
Washington, D.C. 5:43 20:37 14 h 54 min
Los Angeles 5:42 20:08 14 h 26 min
Miami 6:30 20:15 13 h 45 min
Havana 6:44 20:18 13 h 34 min
Honolulu 5:50 19:16 13 h 26 min
Mexico City 6:59 20:17 13 h 18 min
Managua 5:22 18:12 12 h 50 min
Bogotá 5:46 18:10 12 h 24 min
Quito 6:13 18:19 12 h 06 min
Lima 6:27 17:52 11 h 25 min
Rio de Janeiro 6:33 17:16 10 h 43 min
Santiago 7:46 17:42 9 h 56 min
Buenos Aires 8:00 17:50 9 h 50 min
Ushuaia 9:59 17:11 7 h 12 min
Asia and Oceania
City Sunrise
20 June 2016
Sunset
20 June 2016
Length of the day
Provideniya 0:55 22:14 21 h 17 min
Magadan 2:37 21:20 18 h 43 min
Petropavlovsk 4:59 21:55 16 h 56 min
Khabarovsk 4:58 21:05 16 h 07 min
Ulaanbaatar 5:53 21:55 16 h 02 min
Vladivostok 5:33 20:55 15 h 22 min
Beijing 4:46 19:46 15 h 00 min
Tokyo 4:25 19:00 14 h 35 min
Shanghai 4:50 19:01 14 h 11 min
Lhasa 4:56 18:59 14 h 03 min
Delhi 5:24 19:22 13 h 58 min
Kathmandu 5:08 19:02 13 h 54 min
Taipei 5:05 18:47 13 h 42 min
Hong Kong 5:40 19:10 13 h 30 min
Manila 5:28 18:27 12 h 59 min
Bangkok 5:51 18:48 12 h 57 min
Singapore 7:00 19:12 12 h 12 min
Jakarta 6:01 17:47 11 h 46 min
Darwin 7:06 18:30 11 h 24 min
Papeete 6:28 17:32 11 h 04 min
Sydney 7:00 16:54 9 h 54 min
Auckland 7:34 17:11 9 h 37 min
Melbourne 7:35 17:08 9 h 33 min
Dunedin 8:20 16:59 8 h 39 min

References[edit]

  1. ^ United States Naval Observatory (2015-09-21). "Earth's Seasons: Equinoxes, Solstices, Perihelion, and Aphelion, 2000-2025". Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  2. ^ "Earth's Seasons — Naval Oceanography Portal". Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  3. ^ http://individual.utoronto.ca/kalendis/leap/Solar-Year-Length-Variations.pdf
  4. ^ "Paikallissää Helsinki" [‘Local weather in Helsinki’] (in Finnish). Finnish Meteorological Institute. 2016-06-20. Retrieved 2016-06-20. 
  5. ^ "Jamestown, Saint Helena". Retrieved 2016-06-22. 
  6. ^ "Fairbanks". Retrieved 2016-06-22. 
  7. ^ "Nuuk". Retrieved 2016-06-22. 
  8. ^ "Iqaluit". Retrieved 2016-06-22. 
  9. ^ "Sitka". Retrieved 2016-06-22. 
  10. ^ "Unalaska". Retrieved 2016-06-22. 
  11. ^ "Provideniya". Retrieved 2016-06-22. 
  12. ^ "Katmandu". Retrieved 2016-06-22. 

Culture[edit]

References[edit]