New South Wales
|Population||4,400 (2011 census)|
|Elevation||280 m (919 ft)|
|Time zone||AEST (UTC+10)|
|• Summer (DST)||AEDT (UTC+11)|
Junee // is a medium-sized town in the Riverina region of New South Wales, Australia. The town's prosperity and mixed services economy is based on a combination of agriculture, rail transport, light industry and government services, and in particular correctional services. In 2011 Junee's urban population was 4,400.
The Wiradjuri people are the traditional owners of the local area prior to European settlement. Leopold de Salis (1816-1898), pastoralist and later politician was one of the principal squatters to open up the Riverina region to agriculture. He established the 'Jewnee' pastoral run in the 1840s. A post office opened in 1862 and a village called 'Jewnee' was gazetted in 1863 on the wool road to Sydney. That same year, Ben Hall and his bushranging gang raided the village.
In 1866 Junee's population was recorded as twelve but the discovery of reef and alluvial gold during the 1860s triggered a gold rush. The main sites – Old Junee (to the west), Junee Reefs (to the north) and Illabo (to the north-east) – were mined until the 1880s.
By the mid-1870s with the southward expansion of the Main South line in New South Wales, the main railway line between Sydney and Melbourne passed 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) east of the town. Junee Post Office was renamed Old Junee in 1881 when the town of Junee was relocated nearer to Junee Junction (Junee railway station). Junee Railway Station Post Office opened on 6 July 1878, was renamed Junee Junction in 1881 and later still, Junee in 1893.
Junee became one of the most important railway centres in the state after the construction there of railway repair facilities including the Junee Roundhouse. Local government was established in 1886 and a courthouse was built in 1890. The railway defined the character of Junee for almost 100 years and the renewed prosperity is evidenced by various hotels and railway facilities. Today these buildings are still faithfully maintained in accordance with architectural standards of their day.
In May 1901, the Duke and Duchess of York arrived in Junee as part of their tour of the British Empire.
The advent of rail transport provided the impetus for Junee's second economic boom providing local agricultural producers with very affordable direct access to both markets in Sydney and Melbourne. In 1952 the largest wheat terminal in the Southern Hemisphere was constructed at Junee.
Rail and road
By the early 1970s, Junee's business leaders were faced with a rail based economy in decline. Many locals credit AJJ (John) Thompson, appointed as town clerk in 1970, as the "Father of Modern Junee" for his vision of the town's future and for taking the hard decisions that were needed to reinvigorate the township. With financial assistance sourced from the State Government, land was allocated for new housing developments and new businesses were enticed to move to the town. Local producers were encouraged to diversify into new products.
Almost forty years on Junee is known for its lamb and high quality crops of wheat, canola, oats, barley and triticale. A manufacturing sector has also evolved with emphasis on steel engineering, meat processing and organic flour. It is also the location of the Junee Correctional Centre. Housing development has increased steadily and community facilities have matured and developed to make Junee a sought after lifestyle and tourist destination in the Riverina District.
Junee visitors and residents are served by NSW TrainLink XPT services on their way between Melbourne and Sydney. The local Council maintains an online tourism map including local places of interest. Rail transport makes an important contribution to the local economy with Regional Rail Logistics operating a containerised freight service that delivers various goods from Junee to Sydney, with interstate freight trains also passing through the town.
- Laurie Daley, a rugby league player and New South Wales and Australian captain
- Michael Dobson, a rugby league player who played halfback for the Canberra Raiders and Hull Kingston Rovers
- Adam Gilchrist, an Australian cricketer lived here for a short time in his childhood
- Bill Heffernan, a Senator for New South Wales, representing the Liberal Party
- Sir Elwyn (Jack) Lynn (1917-1997), an Australian artist, author, art critic and curator
- Ray Warren, a rugby league commentator
- Bernie Fraser, a former Governor of the Reserve Bank of Australia
- Adam Commens, an Australian Olympian hockey player
HMAS Junee (J362/M362), one of 60 Bathurst class corvettes constructed during World War II was named in recognition of the town. It entered active service in 1945 and was later used as a training ship until it was decommissioned in 1957.
- Junee Licorice & Chocolate Factory
- Junee Roundhouse – Rail & Transport Museum
- Monte Cristo – Historic Homestead
- Junee Historical Museum
- Junee Wetlands
- Kaybunda Lavender Farm Old Junee
- Ray Warren Statue
- Red Cow Hotel
- The Junee Hotel
- Pete's Hobby Railway
Junee is served by:
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Junee (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
- Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-876429-14-3
- "Junee". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
- "PLACE NAMES.". The Australian Women's Weekly. National Library of Australia. 13 May 1964. p. 61. Retrieved 22 February 2011.
- Sutherland J (1999), A Short History of the Riverina Wheat Industry, New South Wales Heritage Office
- Culture and History
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Retrieved 2009-06-11.
- "New rail service a boost for Riverina". The Daily Advertiser. www.dailyadvertiser.com.au. 10 December 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-08.
- "Laurie Daley – His Debut Season". RL1908.com. Retrieved 2007-02-09.
- "Biography for HEFFERNAN, the Hon. William (Bill) Daniel". Australian Government. Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 2009-07-05.
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