Junee

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Junee
New South Wales
Lorne Street - Junee.jpg
Lorne Street
Junee is located in New South Wales
Junee
Junee
Coordinates 34°52′0″S 147°34′0″E / 34.86667°S 147.56667°E / -34.86667; 147.56667Coordinates: 34°52′0″S 147°34′0″E / 34.86667°S 147.56667°E / -34.86667; 147.56667
Population 6,230 (2015 census)[1]
Established Late 1870's
Postcode(s) 2663
Elevation 280 m (919 ft)
Time zone AEST (UTC+10)
 • Summer (DST) AEDT (UTC+11)
Location
LGA(s) Junee Shire
County Clarendon
State electorate(s) Cootamundra
Federal Division(s) Riverina
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
22.9 °C
73 °F
5.0 °C
41 °F
522.2 mm
20.6 in

Junee /ˈni/[2] is a medium-sized town in the Riverina region of New South Wales, Australia. The town's prosperity and mixed services economy is based on a combination of agriculture, rail transport, light industry and government services, and in particular correctional services. In 2015 Junee's urban population was 6,230.[1]

Place name[edit]

One theory is that word Junee which originates from the Aboriginal word 'Jewnee' means "speak to me".[3] Another theory is that it is an Aboriginal word "Choo-nee" meaning "frog".[4]

History[edit]

The Wiradjuri people are the traditional owners of the local area prior to European settlement. Leopold de Salis (1816-1898), pastoralist and later politician was one of the first squatters to open up the Riverina region to grazing.[5] He established the 'Jewnee' pastoral run in 1845. Leopold held the licence for this run for a total of three years. Other run licencees followed until Thomas Hammond and Richard Gwynne bought the licence in 1857. The Jewnee run progressively reduced in area as selectors took up land but Hammond lived on it until his death in 1899, the remaining property having been named "Wyoming" in 1887. A post office opened in 1862 and a village called 'Jewnee' was gazetted in 1863 on the wool road to Sydney. That same year, Ben Hall and his bushranging gang raided the village.[6]

Junee railway station with a CountryLink XPT at the platform

In 1866 Jewnee's population was recorded as twelve but the discovery of reef and alluvial gold during the 1860s triggered a gold rush. The main sites- Junee Reefs (to the north), was mined on and off until after World War 1, as well as Wantiool and Eurongilly (to the east) until the 1880's.

By 1878 with the southward expansion of the Main South line in New South Wales, the main railway line between Sydney and Melbourne passed 8 kilometres east of the Village. Junee Post Office was renamed Old Junee in 1885 (Junee railway station).[7] Junee Railway Station Post Office opened on 6 July 1878, was renamed Junee Junction in 1881 and later still, Junee in 1893.[7]

Rail and road[edit]

The Main South line between Sydney and Melbourne runs through Junee, as does the Olympic Highway, named for the route of the 1956 Summer Olympics Torch Relay. The advent of rail transport in 1878 provided the impetus for an economic boom providing local agricultural producers with affordable direct access to markets in Sydney. In 1952 the largest wheat terminal in the Southern Hemisphere was constructed at Junee, adjacent to the South West Railway, providing for both rail and road transport.[6]

Local Government[edit]

On 1st January 1981, Junee Municipal Council amalgamated with the surrounding "Illabo Shire Council', creating Junee Shire Council. Junee visitors and residents are served by NSW TrainLink XPT services on their way between Melbourne and Sydney. The local Council maintains an online tourism map including local places of interest. Rail transport makes an important contribution to the local economy with Regional Rail Logistics operating a containerised freight service that delivers various goods from Junee to Sydney,[8] with interstate freight trains also passing through the town.

Notable people[edit]

Communications[edit]

Junee is served by:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Template:Census 2015 AUS
  2. ^ Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-876429-14-3
  3. ^ "Junee". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 3 August 2013. 
  4. ^ "PLACE NAMES.". The Australian Women's Weekly. National Library of Australia. 13 May 1964. p. 61. Retrieved 22 February 2011. 
  5. ^ Sutherland J (1999), A Short History of the Riverina Wheat Industry, New South Wales Heritage Office
  6. ^ a b Culture and History
  7. ^ a b Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Retrieved 2009-06-11. 
  8. ^ "New rail service a boost for Riverina". The Daily Advertiser. www.dailyadvertiser.com.au. 10 December 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-08. 
  9. ^ "Laurie Daley – His Debut Season". RL1908.com. Retrieved 2007-02-09. 
  10. ^ "Biography for HEFFERNAN, the Hon. William (Bill) Daniel". Australian Government. Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 2009-07-05. 

External links[edit]