Jungcheon of Goguryeo

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Jungcheon of Goguryeo
Hangul 중천왕 also 중양왕
Hanja 中川王 also 中壤王
Revised Romanization Jungcheon-wang also Jungyang-wang
McCune–Reischauer Chungch'ŏn-wang also Chungyang-wang
Birth name
Hangul 고연불
Hanja 高然弗
Revised Romanization Go Yeon-bul
McCune–Reischauer Ko Yŏnbul
Monarchs of Korea
Goguryeo
  1. King Chumo 37-19 BCE
  2. King Yuri 19 BCE-18 CE
  3. King Daemusin 18-44
  4. King Minjung 44-48
  5. King Mobon 48-53
  6. King Taejodae 53-146
  7. King Chadae 146-165
  8. King Sindae 165-179
  9. King Gogukcheon 179-197
  10. King Sansang 197-227
  11. King Dongcheon 227-248
  12. King Jungcheon 248-270
  13. King Seocheon 270-292
  14. King Bongsang 292-300
  15. King Micheon 300-331
  16. King Gogug-won 331-371
  17. King Sosurim 371-384
  18. King Gogug-yang 384-391
  19. King Gwanggaeto 391-413
  20. King Jangsu 413-490
  21. King Munja 491-519
  22. King Anjang 519-531
  23. King An-won 531-545
  24. King Yang-won 545-559
  25. King Pyeong-won 559-590
  26. King Yeong-yang 590-618
  27. King Yeong-nyu 618-642
  28. King Bojang 642-668

King Jungcheon of Goguryeo (224–270, r. 248–270)[1] was the 12th ruler of Goguryeo, the northernmost of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.

Background and rise to the throne[edit]

He was the son of King Dongcheon and was made heir to the throne in the 17th year of his father's reign. Upon his father's death in 248, Jungcheon followed him on the throne.[2]

Reign[edit]

Deaths within the Royal family[edit]

In the 11th month of that year, Jungcheon's younger brothers Go Ye-mul, Go Sa-gu and others sought to betray him, but were caught and executed.[2]

He married Lady Yeon, probably from the Yeonna-bu region.[3] In 251, he came across a beautiful woman with nine-feet black hair from Gwanna region.[4] Needless to say, two wives of Jungcheon argued severely at all times, trying to fend off each other out of king’s eyesight. Eventually, Lady Gwanna was put to get drowned by angered king in the Yellow Sea.[1][2] Although Lady Gwanng had one son with Jungcheon, he never got an opportunity to be a crown prince and in 255, Yak-ro, a son with Lady Yeon got the seat in 255, later Seocheon of Goguryeo.[2]

War with the Wei[edit]

In 259,[not in citation given] the Cao Wei general Wei Chijie invaded with his army. The king sent 5,000 cavalry to fight them in the Yangmaek region; the Wei forces were defeated and some 8,000[not in citation given] slain.[2]

Death[edit]

In 270, the king died at the age of 46, and was buried in Jungcheonji-won.[2][5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Pyŏn, Wŏl-lim (2005). The lives of Korean women in history. Seoul: Iljisa Publishing House. p. 121. ISBN 9788931205602. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "King Jungcheon". KBS Radio. KBS. Retrieved 31 January 2016. 
  3. ^ Kim, Bushik. "三國史記 卷第十七 髙句麗本紀 第五". Samguk Sagi (in Korean). Retrieved 31 January 2016.  冬十月, 立椽氏爲王后
  4. ^ Korea Quarterly Vol.5. Seoul: Kukche Haksurwŏn. 1963. p. 146. Retrieved 31 January 2016. 
  5. ^ Kim, Bushik. "三國史記 卷第十七 髙句麗本紀 第五". Samguk Sagi (in Korean). Retrieved 31 January 2016.  二十三年, 冬十月, 王薨. 葬於中川之原, 號曰中川王.
Jungcheon of Goguryeo
Born: 224 Died: 270
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Sansang
King of Goguryeo
248–270
Succeeded by
Seocheon