Jungfraujoch railway station
|Elevation||3,454 m (11,332 ft)|
|Opened||1 August 1912|
Jungfraujoch is an underground railway station situated below the Jungfraujoch col in the Bernese Oberland region of Switzerland. At 3,454 meters (11,332 ft) above sea level, this is the highest railway station in Europe, and is close to the summits of the Eiger, Jungfrau and Mönch mountains.
A complex of tunnels connects the railway station to the Top of Europe building and an elevator to the summit of the Sphinx, a peak that lies just to the east of the col. At the Sphinx are enclosed and open viewing platforms, with views over the Aletsch Glacier and the surrounding peaks. A scientific observatory, the Sphinx Observatory, is also located here.
Also accessed via the tunnels is the Ice Palace, a series of ice caverns beneath the glacier, and the Alpine Sensation, which presents a display on the tourist development of the Alps and the history of the Jungfrau Railway.
Administratively, the station is situated in the municipality of Fieschertal in the canton of Valais, albeit very close to the border with the municipality of Lauterbrunnen in the canton of Bern. The cantonal border follows the watershed across the Jungfraujoch above the station.
The station is served by trains of the Jungfrau railway, which run from Kleine Scheidegg, where they connect with services from Interlaken, Lauterbrunnen, Wengen and Grindelwald via the Bernese Oberland railway and the Wengernalp railway. The following passenger trains operate:
|Jungfraubahn||Kleine Scheidegg - Eigergletscher - Eigerwand - Eismeer - Jungfraujoch||2 per hour|
- List of buildings and structures in Switzerland above 3000 m
- List of highest railway stations in Switzerland
- List of highest railway stations in the world
- Eisenbahnatlas Schweiz. Verlag Schweers + Wall GmbH. 2012. p. 82. ISBN 978-3-89494-130-7.
- Allen, Cecil J. (1958). Switzerland's Amazing Railways. London: Thomas Nelson and Sons. p. 141.
- "Jungfrau - Top of Europe". Jungfraubahn. Retrieved 2013-02-05.
- map.geo.admin.ch (Map). Swiss Confederation. Retrieved 2013-02-04.
- "Interlaken–Lauterbrunnen–Wengen–Kleine Scheidegg–Jungfraujoch" (PDF). Bundesamt für Verkehr. Retrieved 2013-01-28.
- "Interlaken–Grindelwald–Kleine Scheidegg–Jungfraujoch" (PDF). Bundesamt für Verkehr. Retrieved 2013-01-28.
- Media related to Jungfraujoch railway station at Wikimedia Commons
- Jungfraujoch station on the Jungfraubahn web site
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