Jungle prinia

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Jungle prinia
Jungle Prinia (Prinia sylvatica) in Hyderabad, AP W IMG 1329.jpg
in Hyderabad, India.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Cisticolidae
Genus: Prinia
Species: P. sylvatica
Binomial name
Prinia sylvatica
(Jerdon, 1840)

The jungle prinia (Prinia sylvatica) Sinhalese: වන ප්‍රීනියා is a small passerine bird, a warbler in the Cisticolidae family.

Adult birds, shown in breeding (above), and winter (below), plumage
Immature birds, shown before (below), and after (above), their first moult

Distribution and habitat[edit]

This prinia is a resident breeder in Bangladesh[2][3] and India, far southwestern Nepal and Sri Lanka, typically found in dry open grassland, open woodland, scrub and sometimes gardens.

Description[edit]

These 15 cm (6 in) long warblers have short rounded wings, a longish tail, strong legs and a short black bill. In breeding plumage, adults are grey-brown above, with a short white supercilium and warmer brown rump. There are rufous fringes on the closed wings and white edged to the tail. Underparts are whitish-buff. The sexes are identical except that the male has a blacker bill and mouth in the breeding season.

In winter, the upperparts are a warmer brown, and the underparts more buff. The tail is longer than in summer. There are a four races differing in plumage shade. The distinctive endemic race in Sri Lanka, P. s.valida, retains summer plumage, including the shorter tail, all year round, and lacks the supercilium and white in the tail.

Behaviour[edit]

Like most warblers, the prinia is insectivorous. It builds its nest in a shrub or tall grass and lays 3-5 eggs. The song is a repetitive pit-pretty, pit-pretty, pit-pretty.

References[edit]

Gallery[edit]