Junia Tertia

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Junia Tertia
Born
Died
Known forDaughter of Servilia, sister of Brutus
Spouse(s)Cassius
Parents

Junia Tertia, also called Tertulla, (c. 75 BC – 22 AD) was the third daughter of Servilia and her second husband Decimus Junius Silanus (although she was rumoured to actually be the illegitimate daughter of Julius Caesar, who was her mothers lover), and later the wife of Gaius Cassius Longinus.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Through her mother she was the younger half-sister of Marcus Junius Brutus,[1] she also had two older sister Junia Prima and Junia Secunda as well as an older brother named Marcus Junius Silanus.

She was said by some to be the natural daughter of Julius Caesar, her mother's lover at the time of her birth. Later on there were rumors that Servilia pimped her out to Caesar when his interest in her mother began to wane – although the former rumour, that his interest in her was paternal, seems the more likely to be true (as it is unlikely that both were true at once: incest not being a vice that Caesar was ever accused of even by his worst enemies). Either could have been the reason for Cicero to remark, at an auction where Caesar had sold goods to Servilia at reduced prices, that they had been discounted by a third (tertia).[2]

Marriage and later life[edit]

Tertia married Gaius Cassius Longinus, they had one son, who was born in about 59-60 BC.[3] She had a miscarriage in 44 BC.[4]

Like her mother, Tertia was allowed to outlive her husband Cassius, unmolested by the triumvirs and Augustus. She survived to an advanced age, dying in 22 AD, 64 years after the battle at Philippi,[5] during the reign of the emperor Tiberius. She had amassed a great estate in her long widowhood, and left her fortune to many prominent Romans, although excluded the emperor, which was met with criticism. Tiberius forgave the omission and still allowed a large funeral to be held in her honor, though the masks of Brutus and Cassius were to not be displayed in the procession.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Woodman, Anthony (2004). The Annals By Cornelius Tacitus. Hackett Publishing. p. 121. ISBN 978-0-87220-558-1.
  2. ^ Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Julius Caesar 50
  3. ^ Plutarch, Brutus, 14.4
  4. ^ Dr Kirsty Corrigan; Brutus: Caesar's Assassin - page: 10
  5. ^ a b Tacitus, Annals III.76