Pursuant to the statistical data from the year 1981 and some estimations by the municipality and local registrations that followed the 1999 conflict, it is assumed that the municipality has approximately 12,500 inhabitants. Apart from one Bosniak family, the municipality is mono ethnic Kosovo Albanian.
The economy of Junik is mainly based on extensive agriculture. The vast majority of inhabitants are in some way involved in agricultural activities. As in the rest of Kosovo, unemployment is a problem. However, after the 1999 conflict, there was an increase in registrations of private businesses in the territory of the municipality and currently more than 50 businesses are registered. Most of the enterprises are family run, especially trade enterprises. The municipal administration is currently the largest employer. The inhabitants see the vast forests around Junik and the natural beauty as the main asset of the municipality and the administration seeks possibilities for investing in the development of tourism.