Junior Library Guild
The Junior Literary Guild was a commercial book club devoted to juvenile literature that has become the contemporary Junior Library Guild. It was created in 1929 as one of the enterprises of the Literary Guild, which was an adult book club created in 1927 by Samuel W. Craig and Harold K. Guinzburg. Book clubs often marketed books to libraries as well, and by the 1950s the majority of the Junior Literary Guild's sales were to libraries. In 1988, the name was changed to the Junior Library Guild to reflect this change in the company's business.
Selection of works
Selection of a children's book by the editors of the Junior Literary Guild (or latterly the Junior Library Guild) is a distinction used for publicity by publishers and authors of children's books. At present, 492 books are selected each year.
The position of editor-in-chief of the Junior Literary Guild has been held by only a few individuals over the years. Carl Van Doren was the first editor. He was followed by Helen Ferris, who served from August 1929 until 1960. Ferris was a close associate of Eleanor Roosevelt, who served on the editorial board of the Junior Literary Guild from 1929 through her death in 1962. Roosevelt's involvement in the Guild was fairly active; for example, in a My Day column from 1938 she wrote, "One of the stories I thought interesting about these books was the fact related by the postmaster in a mining town — that two miners' families had often gone without food, but had never cancelled their subscriptions to the Junior Literary Guild books". Ann Durell served until 1962. Thérèse Doumenjou served until 1970, and Marjorie Jones served until 1994, which included the transition from the Junior Literary Guild to the Junior Library Guild. Susan Marston is the current editorial director.
In 2004 the Junior Library Guild posted a webpage indicating four classics of children's literature that had been Junior Literary Guild selections. They were:
- Make Way for Ducklings, by Robert McCloskey
- Horton Hears a Who!, by Dr. Seuss
- Little House in the Big Woods, by Laura Ingalls Wilder
- From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler, by E.L. Konigsburg.
Another book published by the Guild was All Aboard We Are Off, Nura (1944).
- Young, William H., ed. (2007). The Great Depression in America: A Cultural Encyclopedia. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 67–68. ISBN 978-0-313-33521-1.
Its success either eliminated or absorbed most of the other children's clubs then in existence. Following the already established adult format, children joined as members and received membership pins and a monthly magazine, Young Wings.
- "Junior Library Guild - History". Junior Library Guild. Archived from the original on 2005-04-07.
- Zarian, Beth Bartleston (2004). Around the Word with Historical Fiction and Folktales: Highly Recommended and Award-winning Books, Grades K-9. Scarecrow Press. p. 326. ISBN 978-0-8108-4816-0.
- "Media Source, Inc.". answers.com. Retrieved 2009-11-24. Company information derived from a Hoover's, Inc. profile.
- "Susan Marston". Junior Library Guild. Retrieved June 17, 2017.
- "Junior Library Guild - Our Editors". Archived from the original on 2009-11-07.
- Marston, Susan (March 1, 2013). "She Used to Have a Whole Room!". Junior Library Guild. Retrieved July 17, 2017.
- "My Day by Eleanor Roosevelt July 22, 1938". George Washington University. Retrieved 2009-06-07.
- Marston, Susan (July 28, 2015). "Remembering Marjorie Jones, former JLG Editorial Director (and Great Human Being)". Junior Library Guild.
- The company's website: "Junior Library Guild". Retrieved 2017-03-31.