Junior Parker

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Junior Parker
Junior Parker.jpg
Background information
Birth nameHerman Parker, Jr.
Also known asLittle Junior Parker
Born(1932-03-27)March 27, 1932
Near Bobo, Coahoma County, Mississippi, U.S.
DiedNovember 18, 1971(1971-11-18) (aged 39)
Blue Island, Illinois
Genres
Occupation(s)
  • Musician
  • songwriter
Instruments
  • Vocals
  • harmonica
Years active1951–1971
Labels
Associated acts

Herman "Junior" Parker (March 27, 1932 – November 18, 1971)[1][2] was an American Memphis blues singer and musician.[3] He is best remembered for his unique voice, which has been described as "honeyed" and "velvet-smooth".[4] One music journalist noted, "For years Junior Parker deserted downhome harmonica blues for uptown blues-soul music".[5] In 2001, he was inducted into the Blues Hall of Fame.[2]

Biography[edit]

There is some disagreement over the details of Parker's birth, but most reliable sources now indicate that he was born in March 1932 at Eastover Plantation near Bobo, Coahoma County, Mississippi. He moved with his mother to West Memphis, Arkansas, during the 1940s.[1][2] Other birth dates in 1927 or 1932 have been suggested, and some research suggests that his name at birth was registered as Herbert Parker.[2]

He sang in gospel groups as a child and, beginning in his teenage years, played on various blues circuits. His biggest influence as a harmonica player was Sonny Boy Williamson, with whom he worked before moving on to work for Howlin' Wolf in 1949. Around 1950 he was a member of an ad hoc Memphis group, the Beale Streeters, with Bobby "Blue" Bland and B.B. King.

In 1951 he formed his own band, the Blue Flames, with the guitarist Pat Hare.[4] Parker was discovered in 1952 by Ike Turner, who signed him to Modern Records. This resulted in his first release, “You’re My Angel”/“Bad Women, Bad Whiskey” with Turner playing piano.[6] This brought him to the attention of Sam Phillips, and he and his band signed with Sun Records in 1953. There they produced three successful songs: "Feelin' Good" (which reached number 5 on the US Billboard R&B chart), "Love My Baby," and "Mystery Train", a cover version of which was recorded by Elvis Presley.[4] For Presley's version of "Mystery Train", Scotty Moore borrowed the guitar riff from Parker's "Love My Baby", played by Pat Hare.[7]. "Love My Baby" and "Mystery Train" became rockabilly standards.[3]

Later in 1953, Parker toured with Bobby Bland and Johnny Ace, and also joined Duke Records. Parker and Bland headed the highly successful Blues Consolidated Revue, which regularly performed on the southern blues circuit. He continued to have a string of hits on the R&B chart, including the smooth "Next Time You See Me" (1957); remakes of Roosevelt Sykes's song "Driving Wheel" (1961), "Annie Get Your Yo-Yo" (1962), Robert Johnson's "Sweet Home Chicago", Guitar Slim's "The Things That I Used to Do" (1963), and Don Robey's "Mother-in-Law Blues" (1956), plus his own "Stand by Me" (1961).

His success was limited after he left Duke in 1966. He recorded for various labels, including Mercury, Blue Rock, Minit, and Capitol. Parker died on November 18, 1971, at age 39, in Blue Island, Illinois,[1] during surgery for a brain tumor. On his 1974 album ...Explores Your Mind, Al Green dedicated his version of the song "Take Me to the River" to Parker, whom he described as "a cousin of mine who's gone on, and we'd kinda like to carry on in his name." Parker's "Annie Get Your Yo-Yo" was later sampled by the Wiseguys for their 1999 hit "Start the Commotion".

Parker's version of "Tomorrow Never Knows" is regularly used as an intro to the live shows by The Chemical Brothers.

Discography[edit]

Singles

  • "You're My Angel" / "Bad Women, Bad Whiskey", Little Junior Parker & His Blue Flames, with Ike Turner, 1952 (Modern 864)
  • "Feelin' Good" / "Fussin' and Fightin' Blues", Little Junior's Blue Flames, 1953 (Sun 187), R&B #5
  • "Love My Baby" / "Mystery Train", Little Junior's Blue Flames, 1953 (Sun 192)
  • "Feelin' Bad", Little Junior's Blue Flames, 1953 (Sun unissued master)
  • "Sittin' at the Bar", Little Junior's Blue Flames, 1954 (Sun unissued master)
  • "Sittin' at the Window", Little Junior's Blue Flames, 1954 (Sun unissued master)
  • "Sittin', Drinkin' and Thinkin'", Little Junior's Blue Flames, 1954 (Sun unissued master)
  • "Dirty Friend Blues" / "Can't Understand", Little Junior Parker with Bill Johnson's Blue Flames, 1954 (Duke 120)
  • "Please Baby Blues" / "Sittin', Drinkin' and Thinkin'", Little Junior Parker with Bill Johnson's Blue Flames, 1954 (Duke 127)
  • "Can You Tell Me, Baby", Little Junior Parker & His Orchestra, 1955 (Duke unissued master)
  • "Bachelor's Blues", Little Junior Parker & His Orchestra, 1955 (Duke unissued master)
  • "Backtracking" / "I Wanna Ramble", Little Junior Parker & the Blue Flames Orchestra, 1955 (Duke 137)
  • "Driving Me Mad" / "There Better Not Be No Feet (in Them Shoes)", Little Junior Parker & His Orchestra, 1955 (Duke 147)
  • "Mother-in-Law Blues" / "That's My Baby", Little Junior Parker with Bill Harvey's Band, 1956 (Duke 157)
  • "Next Time You See Me" / "My Dolly Bee", Little Junior Parker with Bill Harvey's Band, 1957 (Duke 164), Pop #74, R&B #7
  • "That's Alright" / "Pretty Baby", Little Junior Parker and His Combo, 1957 (Duke 168)
  • "Peaches" / "Pretty Little Doll", Little Junior Parker with Al Smith's Orchestra, 1957 (Duke 177)
  • "Wondering" / "Sitting and Thinking", Little Junior Parker & His Band, 1958 (Duke 184)
  • "Barefoot Rock" / "What Did I Do", Little Junior Parker & His Band, 1958 (Duke 193)
  • "Sweet Home Chicago" / "Sometimes", Little Junior Parker & His Band, 1958 (Duke 301), R&B #13
  • "I'm Holding On" / "Five Long Years", Little Junior Parker & His Band, 1959 (Duke 306), R&B #13
  • "Stranded" / "Blue Letter", Little Junior Parker & His Band, 1959 (Duke 309)
  • "Dangerous Woman" / "Belinda Marie", Little Junior Parker, 1959 (Duke 315)
  • "You're on My Mind" / "The Next Time", Little Junior Parker & His Band, 1960 (Duke 317)
  • "That's Just Alright" / "I'll Learn to Love Again", Little Junior Parker, 1960 (Duke 326)
  • "Stand by Me" / "I'll Forget About You", Little Junior Parker, 1960 (Duke 330), R&B #11
  • "Driving Wheel" / "Seven Days", Junior Parker, 1961 (Duke 335), Pop #85, R&B #5
  • "In the Dark", R&B #7 / "How Long Can This Go On", R&B #28, Little Junior Parker, 1961 (Duke 341)
  • "Annie Get Your Yo-Yo" / "Mary Jo", Little Junior Parker, 1961 (Duke 345), R&B #6
  • "I Feel Alright Again" / "Sweeter as the Days Go By", Little Junior Parker, 1961 (Duke 351)
  • "Someone Somewhere" / "Foxy Devil", Little Junior Parker, 1962 (Duke 357)
  • "It's a Pity" / "Last Night", Little Junior Parker, 1963 (Duke 362)
  • "If You Don't Love Me" / "I Can't Forget About You", Junior Parker, 1963 (Duke 364)
  • "Yonders Wall" / "The Tables Have Turned", Junior Parker, 1963 (Duke 367)
  • "Strange Things Happening" / "I'm Gonna Stop", Little Jr. Parker, 1964 (Duke 371), Pop #99
  • "The Things I Used to Do" / "That's Why I'm Always Crying", Junior Parker, 1964 (Duke 376)
  • "Jivin' Woman" / "I'm in Love", Junior Parker, 1964 (Duke 384)
  • "Crying for My Baby" / "Guess You Don't Know (The Golden Rule)", Junior Parker, 1965 (Duke 389), R&B #36
  • "These Kind of Blues, Part 1" / "These Kind of Blues, Part 2", Junior Parker, 1965 (Duke 394)
  • "Goodbye Little Girl" / "Walking the Floor Over You", Junior Parker, 1966 (Duke 398)
  • "Get Away Blues" / "Why Do You Make Me Cry", Junior Parker, 1966 (Duke 406)
  • "Man or Mouse" / "Wait for Another Day", Junior Parker, 1966 (Duke 413), R&B #27
  • "Just Like a Fish" / "Baby, Please", Junior Parker, 1967 (Mercury 72620)
  • "You Can Make It if You Try" / "(Ooh Wee Baby) That's the Way You Make Me Feel", Junior Parker, 1967 (Mercury 72651)
  • "Country Girl" / "Sometimes I Wonder", Junior Parker, 1967 (Mercury 72672)
  • "I Can't Put My Finger on It" / "If I Had Your Love", Junior Parker, 1967 (Mercury 72699), R&B #48
  • "Hurtin' Inside" / "What a Fool I Was", Junior Parker, 1967 (Mercury 72733)
  • "It Must Be Love" / "Your Love's All over Me", Junior Parker, 1968 (Mercury 72793)
  • "Lover to Friend" / "I Got Money", Junior Parker, 1968 (Blue Rock/Mercury 4064)
  • "Lovin' Man on Your Hands" / "Reconsider Baby", Jr. Parker, 1968 (Blue Rock/Mercury 4067)
  • "I'm So Satisfied" / "Ain't Gon' Be No Cutting Aloose", Junior Parker, 1969 (Blue Rock/Mercury 4080), R&B #48
  • "You Can't Keep a Good Woman Down" / "Easy Lovin'", Junior Parker, 1969 (Blue Rock/Mercury 4088)
  • "Worried Life Blues" / "Let the Good Times Roll", Little Jr. Parker, 1969 (Minit 32080), R&B #34
  • "The Outside Man" / "Darling Depend on Me", Junior Parker, 1970 (Capitol 2857)
  • "Lady Madonna" / "Tomorrow Never Knows", Junior Parker, 1970 (Capitol 2951)
  • "Drowning on Dry Land" / "River's Invitation", Junior Parker, 1971 (Capitol 2997), Pop #114, R&B #48
  • "Way Back Home" / "Sweet Home Chicago", Junior Parker, 1971 (Groove Merchant 1002)
  • "I Like Your Style" / "I Need Love So Bad", Junior Parker, 1971 (Groove Merchant 1004)
  • "Love Ain't Nothin' but a Business Goin' On" / "A Losing Battle", Junior Parker, 1971 (Groove Merchant 1010)
  • "I Need Love So Bad" / "Pretty Baby", Jimmy McGriff & Junior Parker, 1971 (United Artist 50826)
  • "Funny How Time Slips Away" / "No-One Knows (What Goes on When the Door Is Closed)", Junior Parker, 1971 (United Artists 50855)
  • "Your Love Is All over Me" / "You Better Quit It" (instrumental), Junior Parker, 1974 (Jetstream 818)

Original albums

  • Blues Consolidated, 1958 (Duke DLP-72)
Track listing: Side A by Little Junior Parker: "Next Time You See Me"; "Mother-in-Law Blues"; "Barefoot Rock"; "That's Alright"; "Wondering"; "Sitting and Thinking"; Side B by Bobby Blue Bland: "It's My Life, Baby"; "I Smell Trouble"; "Farther Up the Road"; "Sometime Tomorrow"; "You Got Me (Where You Want Me)"; "Loan a Helping Hand"
  • Driving Wheel, 1962 (Duke DLP-76)
Track listing: "Driving Wheel"; "I Need Love So Bad"; "Foxy Devil"; "Someone Broke This Heart of Mine"; "How Long Can This Go On"; "Yonders Wall"; "Annie Get Your Yo-Yo"; "Tin Pan Alley"; "Someone Somewhere"; "Seven Days"; "The Tables Have Turned"; "Sweet Talking Woman"
  • The Best of Junior Parker, 1967 (Duke DLP-83)
Track listing: "Next Time You See Me"; "Mother-in-Law Blues"; "Peaches"; "Sweet Home Chicago"; "That's Alright"; "Five Long Years"; "Driving Wheel"; "Stand by Me"; "Yonders Wall"; "Annie Get Your Yo-Yo"; "The Things I Used to Do"; "Goodbye Little Girl"
  • Like It Is, 1967 (Mercury SR 61101); also issued as Baby Please, 1967 (Wing SRW-16401)
Track listing: "Country Girl"; "You Can Make It if You Try"; "Wish Me Well"; "Hey Lawdy Mama"; "Sometimes I Wonder"; "(Ooh Wee Baby) That's the Way You Make Me Feel"; "Come Back, Baby"; "Just Like a Fish"; "Baby, Please"; "You Ain't Got No Heart"; "Cracked Up over You"
  • Honey-Drippin' Blues, 1969 (Blue Rock SRB-64004)
Track listing: "Easy Lovin'"; "I'm So Satisfied"; "You Can't Keep a Good Woman Down"; "You're the One"; "Reconsider Baby"; "Lover to Friend"; "Your Bag Is Bringing Me Down"; "Ain't Gon' Be No Cutting Aloose"; "Lovin' Man on Your Hands"; "Your Love's All Over Me"; "What a Fool I Was"; "I Got Money"; "It Must Be Love"
  • Little Jr. Parker: Blues Man, 1969 (Minit 24024)
Track listing: "Worried Life Blues"; "Let the Good Times Roll"; "Every Night and Every Day"; "Drivin' Wheel"; "I Just Got to Know"; "Next Time You See Me"; "Get Away Blues"; "How Long Can This Go On"; "In the Dark"; "I Found a Good Thing"
  • Jimmy McGriff/Junior Parker [AKA Chicken Fried Soul], 1971 (United Artists UAS-5597); also issued as Jimmy McGriff with Junior Parker, 1972 (United Artists UAS-6814); live recording
Track listing: "Don't Throw Your Love on Me So Strong"; "Pretty Baby"; "I Need Love So Bad"; "Baby Please Don't Go"; "Five Long Years"; "No-One Knows (What Goes On When the Door Is Closed)"; "Don't Let the Sun Catch You Cryin'"
  • You Don't Have to Be Black to Love the Blues, 1971 (Groove Merchant GM-502)
Track listing: "Five Years Long"; "Tin Pan Alley"; "Blue Shadows Falling"; "That's Alright"; "Way Back Home"; "I Need Love So Bad"; "Look on Yonders Wall"; "Man or Mouse"; "Sweet Home Chicago"; "I Like Your Smile" [= "I Like Your Style"]
  • Love Ain't Nothin' but a Business Goin' On, 1971 (Groove Merchant GM-513); reissue of The Outside Man, 1970 (Capitol ST-564)
Track listing: "The Outside Man"; "Darling Depend on Me"; "Taxman"; "Love Ain't Nothin' but a Business Goin' On"; "River's Invitation"; "I Wonder Where Our Love Has Gone"; "Just to Hold My Hand"; "You Know I Love You"; "Lady Madonna"; "Tomorrow Never Knows"
  • The Dudes Doin' Business, 1970 (Capitol ST-569) also issued as Good Things Don't Happen Every Day (with Jimmy McGriff), 1972 (Groove Merchant GM-2205)
Track listing: "Drownin' on Dry Land"; "Good Things Don't Happen Every Day"; "Ain't That a Shame"; "A Losing Battle"; "It Ain't What'cha Got"; "In the Heat of the Night"; "Workin'"; "Oh! Darling"; "The Inner Light"
  • I Tell Stories Sad and True, I Sing the Blues and Play Harmonica Too, It Is Very Funky, 1972 (United Artists UAS-6823)
Track listing: "Funny How Time Slips Away"; "Going Down Slow"; "Stranger in My Own Home Town"; "Hard Luck Blues"; "No-One Knows (What Goes On When the Door Is Closed)"; "I'd Rather Drink Muddy Water"; "My Jug and I (Got Up This Morning)"; "I Done Got Over It"; "The Things I Used To Do"
  • Sometimes Tomorrow My Broken Heart Will Die, 1973 (ABC-Bluesway BLS-6066)
Track listing: "My Love Is Real"; "I'm Gonna Take a Chance"; "If You Can't Take It (You Sure Can't Make It)"; "What Kind of Love"; "It Ain't Like That No More"; "Goodbye Little Girl"; "Today I Sing the Blues"; "I'm Gonna Stop"; "What People Say About Love"; "Little Old Lover—Me"
  • The ABC Collection, 1976 (ABC Records AC-30010); compilation of Duke singles
Track listing: "Sometimes"; "I'm Holding On"; "Stranded"; "Dangerous Woman"; "You're on My Mind"; "I'll Forget About You"; "In the Dark"; "It's a Pity"; "Last Night"; "Strange Things Happening"; "Jivin' Woman"; "Cryin' for My Baby"; "These Kinds of Blues, Part 1"; "These Kinds of Blues, Part 2"; "Man or Mouse"; "Get Away Blues"

Label retrospectives

  • Junior's Blues: The Duke Recordings, Vol. 1, 1992 (MCA 10669), recorded 1951–1964
  • Backtracking: The Duke Recordings, Vol. 2, 1998 (MCA 11786), recorded 1953–1966
  • I'm So Satisfied: The Complete Mercury & Blue Rock Recordings, 1998 (Mercury 558549), recorded 1966–1969
  • The Chronological Little Junior Parker 1952–1955, 2006 (Classics 'Blues & Rhythm Series' 5167)
  • Ride With Me, Baby: The Singles 1952–1961, 2012 (Fantastic Voyage FVDD-138), 2-CD set

Guest appearances

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Eagle, Bob; LeBlanc, Eric S. (2013). Blues: A Regional Experience. Santa Barbara, California: Praeger. p. 200. ISBN 978-0313344237.
  2. ^ a b c d Little Junior Parker, Mississippi Blues Trail. Retrieved October 14, 2016
  3. ^ a b Dahl, Bill. "Junior Parker: Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved July 11, 2014.
  4. ^ a b c "The Blues: Blues Road Trip. Memphis and St. Louis". PBS. Retrieved July 11, 2014.
  5. ^ Russell, Tony (1997). The Blues: From Robert Johnson to Robert Cray. Dubai: Carlton Books. p. 202. ISBN 1-85868-255-X.
  6. ^ Farley, Charles (2011). Soul of the Man: Bobby "Blue" Bland. University Press of Mississippi. ISBN 978-1604739190.
  7. ^ Gillett, Charlie (1984). The Sound of the City: The Rise of Rock and Roll (Rev. ed.). New York City: Pantheon Books. ISBN 0394726383. Retrieved July 6, 2012. 'Love My Baby' in particular featured some blistering guitar playing by Pat Hare, which inspired the rockabilly style discussed elsewhere.