Junius Spencer Morgan
Life and career
Morgan was born on April 14, 1813 in Holyoke, Massachusetts. The Morgan name is traced to Carmarthen, Wales, and the first known Morgan family ancestral is Hyfaidd ap Bleddri, third son of Bledri of Wales. Miles Morgan, ancestor to the Morgan family in America, emigrated from Bristol, England to Boston in 1636.
Morgan began his business career in 1829 by entering the employ of Alfred Welles of Boston. He had inherited wealth from his father, Joseph Morgan, and showed great business ability. He was soon invited to become a partner in the house of J. M. Beebe & Co., one of the largest retail stores in Boston and one of the largest dry goods importing and jobbing houses in the country. He was in the dry goods business from about 1836 to 1853.
After some years, he met George Peabody, the well-known London banker. Shortly after the meeting, in 1854, Morgan entered Peabody's prosperous firm, George Peabody & Co. as a partner. Ten years later, in 1864, Morgan succeeded Peabody as head of the firm and changed its name to J. S. Morgan & Co. During the American Civil War the firm was a seller of United States war bonds in England. With the assistance of his son, J. P. Morgan, who used the cables system to telegraph the outcomes of battles prior to their general knowledge in England, Junius was able to buy low and sell high.
He died on April 8, 1890, from injuries sustained in a carriage accident. At his death, he left a fortune estimated at about $10,000,000 (equivalent to $263,370,370 today).
- Genealogical and family history of the state of New Hampshire: a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the founding of a nation, Volume 1. Lewis Publishing Company. 1908. p. 56.
- Chernow, Ron (1991), The House of Morgan: An American Banking Dynasty and the Rise of Modern Finance, New York: Grove Press, p. 13, ISBN 0802144659
- Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "Morgan, Junius Spenser". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.