Junjiahua

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Junjiahua
軍話
Native toMainland China
Republic of China (Taiwan)
RegionTaiwan: Taoyuan
Guangdong: Huizhou, Lufeng
Hainan: Sanya, Changjiang, Danzhou, Dongfang, Lingao
Guangxi
Fujian
etc.[1]
Native speakers
~150,000
Language codes
ISO 639-3
ISO 639-6jnha

Junjiahua, Junhua or Junsheng refers to a collection of isolated dialects in Guangdong, Guangxi, HainanFujian, and Taiwan region. Some believe that they are a Mandarin dialect group that assimilated to local Chinese variants in southern China. Junhua began as a lingua franca in the army, being spoken between soldiers from all parts of China during the Ming dynasty. It was subsequently spread to areas around the camps where the army settled. It is now an endangered language. In Hainan, it's still spoken by about 100,000 people. These speakers mainly live in Sanya, Changjiang Li Autonomous County, Danzhou, Dongfang and Lingao.

Some also consider the Dapenghua spoken in Dapeng Peninsula of Shenzhen to be a form of Junjiahua.

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