Jupiter (factory)

Coordinates: 51°24′10″N 30°02′36″E / 51.402822°N 30.043381°E / 51.402822; 30.043381
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OSM locator map of the Jupiter Factory within the city of Pripyat
The Kyiv's "Mayak" logo

The Jupiter Factory (Russian: Юпитер, Yupiter; or Russian: завод Юпитер, zavod Yupiter) is an abandoned factory located on the outskirts of Pripyat, in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone in northern Ukraine. Officially a manufacturer of cassette recorders and components for home appliances, the factory secretly produced semiconductor components for the military, and had test workshops for robotic systems.[1]


As many university-educated people lived in Pripyat, the Soviet Union decided to build a factory in the outskirts to employ some of those people. This factory became the second employer in the area after the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant. The factory opened in 1980 and employed around 3,500 people. Officially, Jupiter was built as a branch of the Kyiv factory, Mayak (Lighthouse),[2][3] where they made cassette recorders and electronic components for home appliances.[4][5]

But the reality was somewhat different. Production of tape and components for appliances was a smokescreen for Jupiter's secret production of semiconductor components for the military industry. New materials were tested in laboratories and workshops and the robotics department developed various robotic systems.[6]

Some time after the Chernobyl disaster in 1986 caused the abandonment of Pripyat,[7] some employees returned to Jupiter and the factory became a radiological laboratory for testing of various decontamination techniques and developing dosimetric instruments. The factory continued operations until 1996;[8] today it is abandoned.[9] The level of radioactive contamination in some places remains several times higher than the safe level, especially in the basement.[10]

Cultural references[edit]



  1. ^ "Chernobyl 35 years later - Jupiter Factory Pripyat". Chernobyl 35 years later. 2020-05-17. Retrieved 2021-12-08.
  2. ^ "Припять. Завод "Юпитер" (НОВЫЕ ФАКТЫ)!".
  3. ^ "завод "Юпитер"". Archived from the original on 2014-02-22. Retrieved 2016-06-17.
  4. ^ "zalaza.net • Просмотр темы - Завод "Юпитер"[Припять]". zalaza.net.
  5. ^ http://ww5.neqo.be/[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ "Немного тайны завода "Юпитер",(Припять. Завод "Юпитер" , фото)".
  7. ^ "Jupiter Factory Pripyat". September 26, 2011.
  8. ^ "Chernobyl Welcome". Archived from the original on 2013-08-11. Retrieved 2016-06-17.
  9. ^ "The Huge Factory of Pripyat". English Russia. February 19, 2014.
  10. ^ Lindblom, K. (June 14, 2011). "The Chernobyl Project: Jupiter revisited; Radiation and Contamination. About risks and precautions".
  11. ^ "Pink Floyd news :: Brain Damage - Pink Floyd release new Marooned video...and TDB20 countdown!". www.brain-damage.co.uk.

External links[edit]

Media related to Jupiter factory (Pripyat) at Wikimedia Commons

51°24′10″N 30°02′36″E / 51.402822°N 30.043381°E / 51.402822; 30.043381