Jupp Heynckes

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Jupp Heynckes
Jupp Heynckes 2702.jpg
Heynckes in 2013
Personal information
Full name Josef Heynckes
Date of birth (1945-05-09) 9 May 1945 (age 71)
Place of birth Mönchengladbach, Germany
Height 1.80 m (5 ft 11 in)
Playing position Striker
Youth career
1956–1962 Grün-Weiß Holt
1962–1964 Borussia Mönchengladbach
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1963–1967 Borussia Mönchengladbach 82 (50)
1967–1970 Hannover 96 86 (25)
1970–1978 Borussia Mönchengladbach 226 (168)
Total 394 (243)
National team
1966–1967 West Germany U23 3 (1)
1967–1976 West Germany 39 (14)
Teams managed
1979 Borussia Mönchengladbach (assistant)
1979–1987 Borussia Mönchengladbach
1987–1991 Bayern Munich
1992–1994 Athletic Bilbao
1994–1995 Eintracht Frankfurt
1995–1997 Tenerife
1997–1998 Real Madrid
1999–2000 Benfica
2001–2003 Athletic Bilbao
2003–2004 Schalke 04
2006–2007 Borussia Mönchengladbach
2009 Bayern Munich (caretaker)
2009–2011 Bayer Leverkusen
2011–2013 Bayern Munich

* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.


Josef "Jupp" Heynckes (German pronunciation: [jʊp haɪnkəs]; born 9 May 1945) is a retired German professional football player and manager. As a player, he spent the majority of his career as a striker for Borussia Mönchengladbach in its golden era of the 1960s and 1970s, where he won many national championships and the DFB-Pokal, as well as the UEFA Cup. During this period the team also played in its only European Cup final in 1977, losing to Liverpool. He is the third highest goalscorer in the history of the Bundesliga, with 220 goals. He was a member of the West German national squad that won the European Championship and the World Cup in the first half of the 1970s. As manager he won three Bundesliga titles with Bayern Munich and two UEFA Champions Leagues; with Real Madrid in 1997–98 and Bayern in 2012–13.

Playing career[edit]

Club level[edit]

Heynckes played 369 matches in the German Bundesliga, scoring 220 goals.[1] His tally is the third highest in this league, after Gerd Müller's 365 goals and Klaus Fischer's 268 goals.[2]

After playing for amateur club Grün-Weiß Holt as a youth,[3] Heynckes started his professional career in 1964 with his hometown club Borussia Mönchengladbach[2] who were then in the second division. In 1965 the club, managed by the legendary Hennes Weisweiler, achieved promotion to the Bundesliga,[4] with the teenaged striker scoring 23 goals in 25 matches in his debut season.[2]

In August 1965, Heynckes scored his first two Bundesliga goals against SC Tasmania 1900 Berlin.[2] He scored 27 Bundesliga goals in two seasons for Borussia[5] before joining Hannover 96, where he spent three years and scored 25 times in 86 league matches.[5]

He returned to Mönchengladbach in 1970, with the club having just won the first league title in its history.[4] With Heynckes, who scored 19 times in 33 matches, Gladbach became the first club to retain the Bundesliga title in 1970–71.[4]

In the 1971–72 European Cup, Heynckes scored twice in an extraordinary 7–1 win against Italian champions Internazionale.[6] However, the match was forced to be replayed after a drinks can had been thrown onto the pitch by a spectator, hitting Inter's Roberto Boninsegna. Borussia drew the replayed home leg 0–0 and were eliminated 4–2 on aggregate.[7]

In 1973, after eliminating FC Twente of the Netherlands with an aggregate score of 5–1 in the semi-finals, Borussia Mönchengladbach became the first German side to reach the final of the UEFA Cup.[4] Borussia lost the away leg of the final against Liverpool 3–0 at Anfield, after the match initially had to be abandoned after 27 minutes due to a waterlogged pitch. During the match, Heynckes had a penalty kick saved by Ray Clemence, denying his side a decisive away goal.[8] In the return leg Heynckes scored both goals in Gladbach's 2–0 win. However, the English team prevailed 3–2 on aggregate to lift the trophy. With 12 goals Heynckes was joint top scorer of the competition with Twente's Jan Jeuring. Despite disappointment in Europe, Gladbach ended the 1973–74 season with success in the DFB-Pokal final, beating 1. FC Köln at the Rheinstadion in Düsseldorf.[4]

In the 1973–74 season, Heynckes was joint top goalscorer in the Bundesliga, alongside Gerd Müller, with 30 goals. His Mönchengladbach side finished second in the table, with Müller's FC Bayern Munich winning a record third consecutive Bundesliga title.[9] Heynckes was also the top scorer of the 1973–74 European Cup Winners' Cup with eight goals. In this competition Borussia Mönchengladbach were knocked out in the semi-finals by A.C. Milan, losing 2–1 on aggregate.

In 1974–75, die Fohlen won their third Bundesliga title, with Heynckes finishing as the league's outright top goalscorer with 27 goals. The club also won its first European trophy with success in the UEFA Cup. After a 0–0 draw in the home leg of the final against Twente, Heynckes, who missed the home match, scored a hat-trick in a 5–1 away win in Enschede. This victory made Gladbach the first German winners of the UEFA Cup. Again, Heynckes was tournament top scorer, this time with 10 goals. Altogether Heynckes scored 23 goals in 21 games in the UEFA Cup, making him the ninth highest goalscorer in the history of the competition, and the only member of the top ten to have scored at a ratio of over a goal per game.

After regaining the title, Weisweiler left Borussia to become manager of FC Barcelona. He was replaced by Udo Lattek, under whom Heynckes would later begin his coaching career. Borussia Mönchengladbach went on to win the 1975–76 and 1976–77 Bundesliga titles, matching Bayern's feat of three titles in a row set earlier in the decade. In 1977, Borussia also reached its first European Cup final. In the previous season's competition Heynckes had been top scorer with six goals. In 1976–77 European Cup he was less prolific, scoring only one goal in the first round match against FK Austria Wien. In the final Gladbach again lost out to Liverpool, losing 3–1 at Rome's Stadio Olimpico.

Heynckes scored 18 goals in the 1977–78 Bundesliga season, including five in the record[4] 12–0 win against Borussia Dortmund on the final day of the season.[10] However, this was not enough to secure a fourth successive title, as 1. FC Köln won their final match against FC St. Pauli 5–0 to take first place by three goals.[6] Heynckes scored four goals in the 1977–78 European Cup as the team reached the semi-finals, where they were again defeated by Liverpool. Altogether, Heynckes scored 51 goals in 64 matches in European club competitions.[11] His average of 0.8 goals per match is only bettered by compatriot Gerd Müller, who achieved an average of 0.89 goals per match.

Heynckes ended his playing career in 1978[12] and began studying for his coaching licence at the Deutsche Sporthochschule Köln.[2] During his club career he won four Bundesliga titles, one DFB-Pokal, and one UEFA Cup. He is the third highest goalscorer in Bundesliga history and Borussia Mönchengladbach's top goalscorer in the competition with 195 goals.[13]

International level[edit]

Heynckes made 39 appearances for the West German national team and scored 14 goals.[14]

In February 1967, he made his international debut at the age of 21, scoring in a 5–1 friendly win against Morocco.[15]

Heynckes was a member of the West Germany team that won the 1972 European Championship, playing 90 minutes in the 3–0 win over the Soviet Union in the final. He was named by UEFA as one of seven German players in the official Team of the Tournament.[16]

Heynckes was included in West Germany's squad for the 1974 World Cup, which was held in the Bundesrepublik. However, despite his excellent form at club level, he spent most of the tournament on the bench as Gerd Müller, the national team's all-time top goalscorer, was used as the starting centre forward by coach Helmut Schön.[16] Heynckes was in the starting line-up for West Germany's opening two fixtures against Chile and Australia[17] but then played no further part due to injury as die Nationalelf won their second World Cup, beating the Netherlands 2–1 in the final at Munich's Olympiastadion. In 2013, Heynckes said of his experience at the 1974 World Cup: "I was in the starting lineup for the German national team competing for the World Cup, but after an injury I was sidelined for the entire final. This was the greatest disappointment of my life, but it spurred me on and became my greatest source of motivation."[18]

Managerial career[edit]

1979–91: Early career[edit]

1979–87: Borussia Mönchengladbach[edit]

1979–83[edit]

After his playing career, Heynckes stayed with Borussia Mönchengladbach and served the club for eight more years, first as an assistant and then as a manager, succeeding Udo Lattek in this position in 1979 at the age of 34.[2] Heynckes took over on 1 July 1979[19] and in the 1979–80 season, Heynckes led Mönchengladbach to the 1980 UEFA Cup Final, where they lost to Eintracht Frankfurt. They won the first leg 3–2 and lost the second leg 1–0.[20] in the league, Mönchengladbach finished in seventh place.[21]

The 1980–81 season started with a 2–1 loss to Fortuna Düsseldorf.[22] During the 1980–81 season, Mönchengladbach defeated OSV Hannover, TuS Langerwehe, Bünder SV, and Atlas Delmenhorst to get to the quarter-final of the German Cup where they lost to 1. FC Kaiserslautern.[22] Their seventh place finish in the previous season failed to qualify them for a place in Europe.[20] Mönchengladbach finished the league season in sixth place.[23]

The 1981–82 season season started with a 4–2 loss to Werder Bremen on 8 August 1981.[24] Then they went on a six-match undefeated streak.[24] This included a 7–2 win against SSV Dillenburg in the German Cup.[24] Again they got to the quarter-final of the German Cup.[24] This time they were knocked out by 1. FC Nürnberg.[24] They finished the league season in seventh place.[25] They were knocked out of the UEFA Cup in the second round by Dundee United.[24] They had knocked out 1. FC Magdeburg in the first round.[24]

Mönchengladbach finished the 1982–83 season in 12th place.[26] Under Heynckes, Mönchengladbach had finished in seventh place in 1980, sixth place in 1981, and seventh place in 1982. For the third consecutive season, Mönchengladbach was eliminated in the quarter-final of the German Cup.[27]

1983–87[edit]

In the 1983–84 season Die Fohlen finished third in the Bundesliga, missing out on the league title to VfB Stuttgart on goal difference.[28] The team also reached the DFB-Pokal final, losing to Bayern Munich on penalties.[29]

Mönchengladbach finished the 1984–85 season in fourth place.[30] They were eliminated in the second round of the UEFA Cup by Widzew Łódź and in the semi-final of the German Cup by Bayern Munich.[31]

Mönchengladbach finish 1985–86 season in fourth place in the league.[32] In the third-round of the UEFA Cup, Gladbach beat Real Madrid 5–1 at the Bökelbergstadion.[33] However, a 4–0 loss at the Estadio Santiago Bernabéu in the second leg saw Borussia eliminated on the away goals rule.[33] In 2013, Heynckes described it as "the worst night of my career".[34]

In his final season in charge, Heynckes led Mönchengladbach to another third-place finish[35] and the UEFA Cup semi-final.[36] Despite not winning a trophy during his spell as manager of his hometown club, a record that earned him the nickname "the champion without a title",[6] he was appointed as manager of champions Bayern Munich in the summer of 1987, where he again succeeded the outgoing Udo Lattek.[2]

Heynckes finished with a record of 169 wins, 77 draws, and 97 losses.[19]

1987–91: Bayern Munich[edit]

Heynckes was manager of Bayern Munich between 1 July 1987 and 8 October 1991.[37] In his first season, Bayern won the German Super Cup.[38] Bayern defeated Hamburger SV 2–1.[38] During the season, Bayern went on to lose out on the league title by four points to Werder Bremen[39] and were eliminated in the quarter-finals of the German Cup[40] and the European Cup.[40]

Bayern won back-to-back titles in 1988–89[41] and 1989–90[42] seasons. In the 1988–89 season, Bayern were eliminated in the round of 16 in the German Cup and the semi-final in the European Cup.[43] Bayern started the 1989–90 season with a 4–3 loss to Borussia Dortmund in the German Super Cup on 25 July 1989.[44] Then they defeated 1. FC Nürnberg 3–2 on matchday one on 29 July 1989.[45] They were knocked out of the German Cup in the round of 16 and they were knocked out once again in the semi-final of the European Cup.[45] This time by Milan.[45]

Bayern started the 1990–91 season by defeating Kaiserslautern 4–1 in the German Super Cup on 31 July 1990.[46] Then they were eliminated in the first round of the German Cup on 4 August 1990.[47] For the third straight season, Bayern were knocked out of the European Cup in the semi-finals.[47] This time by Red Star Belgrade.[47] The club then achieved another second-placed finish in 1990–91 league season.[48]

Bayern started the 1991–92 season with a 1–1 draw against Werder Bremen.[49] Bayern advanced to the second round of the UEFA Cup after eliminating Cork City.[49] The first leg finished in a 1–1 draw and the second leg finished in a 2–0 win for Bayern.[49] Heynckes was fired by Bayern on 4 October 1991, after the team had won only four of its first 12 Bundesliga matches.[49] His final match as coach was a 4–1 home defeat to Stuttgarter Kickers.[50] Bayern were in 12th place at the time of his sacking.[51] The team continued to struggle after his departure, eventually finishing five points clear of relegation in tenth place.[52] The decision to sack Heynckes was later described by general manager Uli Hoeneß as "the biggest mistake of my career".[53]

Under Heynckes, Bayern reached the semi-finals of the 1988–89 UEFA Cup, the 1989–90 European Cup, and the 1990–91 European Cup. In each campaign they were knocked out by the team which went on to win the competition.

Heynckes finished with a record of 113 wins, 46 draws, and 39 losses.[37]

1992–98: Coaching in Spain and return to Bundesliga[edit]

1992–94: Athletic Bilbao[edit]

In 1992, he was appointed manager of Athletic Club of Bilbao,[54] becoming only the third German manager in Spain's La Liga after Hennes Weisweiler and Udo Lattek, both of whom managed Barcelona. Heynckes managed his first match against Cádiz on 5 September 1992.[55] He led them to an eighth-placed finish in his first season.[56] They were eliminated in the third round of Copa del Rey.[57]

He led the Basque club to fifth spot in the league and qualification for the UEFA Cup in 1993–94.[58] They were eliminated in the fourth round of the Copa del Rey.[59] His final match was a 3–2 win against Tenerife.[60]

1994–95 season: Eintracht Frankfurt[edit]

On 1 July 1994, Heynckes returned to Germany to become manager of Eintracht Frankfurt and was manager until 2 April 1995.[61] His first match was a 6–0 win against I. SC Göttingen 05 in the first round of the German Cup.[62]

His spell at the Eintracht was problematic and he clashed with the club's star players Anthony Yeboah, Jay-Jay Okocha and Maurizio Gaudino.[63] In December 1994, the three players were punished for a perceived lack of effort with extra training sessions. Because of this the players refused to play in Eintracht's next match against Hamburger SV and were indefinitely suspended by the club.[64] Gaudino was loaned out to Manchester City later in the month[65] and Yeboah was sold to Leeds United in January 1995. Okocha was later allowed to return to the team before leaving for Fenerbahçe S.K. in 1996. Heynckes left the club on 2 April 1995 after a 3–0 home defeat to Schalke 04[62] with the team in 13th place in the table.[66] Heynckes finished with a record of 12 wins, 10 draws, and 12 losses.[61]

1995–98: Tenerife and Real Madrid[edit]

In 1995, Heynckes returned to Spain to take over at Tenerife.[54] He won his first match as manager against Sevilla on 2 September 1995.[67] In his first season he led the team from the Canary Islands into the UEFA Cup with a fifth-placed finish in La Liga.[68] In the Copa del Rey, they got to the quarter-finals where they lost to Atlético Madrid.[69] The following season the club finished ninth in La Liga[70] and reached the semi-finals of the UEFA Cup, where they were beaten by eventual winners FC Schalke 04.[71] In the Copa del Rey, Tenerife had a bye until the fourth round where they were eliminated by Real Betis after losing both legs of the tie.[72]

In June 1997, Heynckes was hired by the Spanish champions Real Madrid.[73] His first match was a 2–1 loss to Barcelona in the first leg of the Spanish Super Cup.[74] Real Madrid would go on to win the Super Cup after winning the second leg 4–1.[74] Real Madrid were knocked out of the Copa del Rey in the round of 16.[74] There, he celebrated one of his greatest triumphs, beating Juventus 1–0 in the UEFA Champions League Final to return the European Cup to Madrid for the first time since 1966.[75][76] However, the lack of domestic success – finishing fourth, eleven points behind champions Barcelona – saw his tenure terminated at the end of the season.[77]

1999–2003: Benfica and return to Athletic[edit]

After his dismissal by Real Madrid, Heynckes took a year out of football before joining Portuguese club Benfica for the 1999–2000 season.[54][76] Heynckes replaced Graeme Souness.[76] Benfica finished third[78] in Heynckes' only full season in charge and were knocked out of the UEFA Cup at the third round with an 8–1 aggregate defeat by Celta de Vigo, losing the first leg 7–0.[79] They were knocked out in the round of 16 of the Portuguese Cup.[80]
[81] After releasing club icon and captain João Pinto, who then joined Lisbon rivals Sporting CP,[82] after transfer listing him.[76] Heynckes became unpopular with the Benfica fans and left the club by mutual agreement in September 2000.[76] His final match at the club was a 2–1 win against Estrela Amadora on 17 September 2000.[83] Benfica were tied for seventh place at the time of his departure.[84]

In 2001, Heynckes returned to Athletic Bilbao for a second spell as coach.[54] In the 2001–02 season, Athletic finished 10th in La Liga,[85] missing out on qualification to the UEFA Cup by a point, and reached the semi-finals of the Copa del Rey.[86] The following season, Athletic secured a seventh-place finish,[87] again finishing one point short of UEFA Cup qualification. They were eliminated in the second round of the Copa del Rey.[88] In June 2003, Heynckes left Athletic to become head coach of Schalke 04.[89]

2003–07: Return to the Bundesliga[edit]

2003–04: Schalke[edit]

In 2003, after eight years managing in Iberia, Heynckes returned to his homeland to manage FC Schalke 04.[89] Upon joining die Königsblauen Heynckes said "Schalke is something special, for many it is like a religion, for me it is an absolutely ideal position."[90]

His first match was a 1–0 win against Dacia Chișinău on 19 July 2003 in the Intertoto Cup.[91] His first league match was a 2–2 draw against Borussia Dortmund on 2 August 2003.[92] Despite targeting a top five finish upon his appointment,[90] Schalke were eliminated in the second round of the German Cup by SC Freiburg.[92] Freiburg won 7–3 and scored four goals in extra time.[93] Schalke finished the 2003–04 season in seventh place in the Bundesliga.[94]

Schalke started 2004–05 season with a 5–0 win against Vardar on 17 July 2004 in the Intertoto Cup.[95] Schalke defeated Hertha BSC II in the first round of the German Cup.[95] Schalke started the league season in the relegation zone after losing three of their opening four league matches.[96] On 15 September 2004, Heynckes was fired by the club's general manager Rudi Assauer.[97] Heynckes finished with a record of 28 wins, 14 draws, and 15 losses.[98]

2006–07 season: Borussia Mönchengladbach[edit]

In May 2006, Heynckes returned to manage Borussia Mönchengladbach, the club where he had begun his career as both a player and manager.

Heynckes' first match was a 2–0 win against Energie Cottbus on 12 August 2006.[99] Heynckes' comeback started well, with Gladbach in fifth position in the Bundesliga at the end of the seventh matchday after winning each of their opening four home matches.[100] However, he resigned on 31 January 2007[101] after fourteen consecutive Bundesliga matches without a win[99] saw Borussia drop to 17th place in the table.[102] with the coach requiring police protection for matches against VfL Bochum and Energie Cottbus in the previous month.[103] On departing Borussia, Heynckes refused a pay-off and returned his company car to the club office freshly cleaned and with a full tank of petrol.[104] In May 2013, upon returning to Borussia-Park for his final match as a Bundesliga coach, Heynckes said, "This is my club. It's where I started as a 19-year-old professional, then worked as a coach. Since then I have come full circle. Mönchengladbach is my home town, I spent 23 years at the club, so this will not be just a normal game for me."[105]

The team's fortunes did not improve after Heynckes' departure and the club was relegated at the end of the season, finishing last in the Bundesliga table.[106]

Heynckes finished with a record of five wins, four draws, and 12 losses.[19]

2009–14: Final years[edit]

2008–09 season: Caretaker role at Bayern Munich[edit]

After over two years out of the game, Heynckes came out of retirement[107] and returned to football in April 2009, becoming caretaker manager of his former club Bayern Munich replacing the sacked Jürgen Klinsmann.[108] Bayern were in danger of missing out on qualification for the Champions League upon Heynckes' appointment,[109] but the team won four and drew one of its remaining matches, finishing second in the Bundesliga, two points behind champions VfL Wolfsburg.[110]

The four Bayern wins were against Borussia Mönchengladbach,[111] Energie Cottbus,[112] Bayer Leverkusen,[113] and VfB Stuttgart.[114] The draw was against 1899 Hoffenheim.[115]

2009–11: Bayer Leverkusen[edit]

Heynckes with Bayer Leverkusen in 2011

On 5 June 2009, Heynckes signed a two-year contract to manage Bayer Leverkusen.[116] Heynckes' first match was a 1–0 German Cup win against SV Babelsberg 03 on 31 July 2009.[117] Bayer Leverkusen were eventually eliminated by Kaiserslautern in the second round.[117] The team started the season with a record 24 Bundesliga games unbeaten, challenging Bayern Munich for the league title.[118] The team's unbeaten record finally came to an end in March 2010 with a 3–2 defeat at 1. FC Nürnberg,[119] after which Leverkusen only won two of their final nine matches and finished in fourth place.[120][121]

In the 2010–11 season, Leverkusen finished runner-up in the Bundesliga to Borussia Dortmund,[122] thus qualifying for the Champions League for the first time since 2005. It was also the club's highest final league position since the 2001–02 season. They were knocked out in the second round of the German Cup[123] for the second consecutive season. They also got to the round of 16 in the Europa League.[123]

Despite his success, Heynckes decided not to extend his contract and left Bayer Leverkusen in the 2011 close season to take over at Bayern Munich for a third time.[124][125][126]

On 25 March 2011, it was announced that Heynckes would be replacing Louis van Gaal as the manager of Bayern Munich at the beginning of the 2011–12 season.[127] At the age of 66, he was the oldest coach in the Bundesliga.[128] Heynckes took over a team which had finished third in the 2010–11 Bundesliga, three points behind his Bayer Leverkusen side. Heynckes finished with a record of 44 wins, 26 draws, and 14 losses at Bayer Leverkusen.[129]

2011–13: Third stint at Bayern Munich[edit]

2011–12 season[edit]
Heynckes with Bayern Munich in 2012

Heynckes' first match was a 3–0 win against Eintracht Braunschweig in the first round of the German Cup.[130] Bayern started the league season with a surprise 1–0 defeat to Heynckes' former club Borussia Mönchengladbach at the Allianz Arena,[131] before six consecutive Bundesliga wins without conceding took them to the top of the table.[132] In all competitions Bayern kept 12 consecutive clean sheets, including four UEFA Champions League matches, the last of which came in a 4–0 win over Hertha BSC.[133] This run of good form ended with a 2–1 defeat to Hannover 96, and losses to Borussia Dortmund and 1. FSV Mainz 05 soon followed, allowing Dortmund, the previous season's champions, to overtake Bayern at the top of the table.[134] Bayern briefly regained top spot in January and February, but after the Bavarians' draw with Hamburger SV on matchday 20, Dortmund again gained first position[135] and went on to retain their title by eight points, ending the season on a 28 match unbeaten run.[136]

On 17 March 2012, Heynckes oversaw his 600th Bundesliga match as manager, a 6–0 victory over Hertha BSC. His opposing coach that day, Otto Rehhagel, is the only coach who has managed more Bundesliga matches (over 800).[137]

After finishing the league season in second place,[138] Bayern faced champions Dortmund in the 2012 DFB-Pokal Final and were thrashed 5–2.[139]

Despite their disappointments in domestic competitions, Heynckes' Bayern had qualified for the 2012 UEFA Champions League Final in April 2012, defeating Real Madrid on penalty kicks in the semi-finals.[140][141] In the final, held at Bayern's home stadium, die Roten faced English club Chelsea. Despite controlling most of the match[142] and taking a 1–0 lead in the 83rd minute, Bayern lost the match 4–3 on penalties.[143] This meant that Bayern had finished as runners-up in all three major competitions they had competed in in 2011–12.[144]

2012–13 season[edit]
Heynckes in 2013

Bayern started the 2012–13 season by defeating Borussia Dortmund 2–1 in the German Super Cup.[145] It was a significant result as the Bavarians had lost all three encounters with die Schwarzgelben in the previous season, and the last five encounters between the clubs overall.[146] Bayern's Bundesliga campaign began with a record breaking eight consecutive wins before they suffered their only league defeat of the season at Leverkusen. Bayern quickly regained form and went into the winter break nine points clear at the top of the table.[147]

On 16 January 2013, FC Bayern Munich announced that former FC Barcelona coach Pep Guardiola would replace the 67-year-old Heynckes in July 2013.[147] General manager Uli Hoeneß later stated that it was not Heynckes' decision to leave Bayern at the end of the season and was forced by the club's wish to appoint Guardiola.[148] Though the club's press release announcing Bayern's agreement with Guardiola had claimed Heynckes would be retiring on the expiration of his contract,[149] he stated he would not make a decision on his future until the end of the season.[150]

After returning from the winter break, Bayern only dropped two points in the entire second half of the Bundesliga season, winning 14 consecutive matches from January onwards and being confirmed as champions on 6 April 2013.[151] This was the earliest a team had ever won the Bundesliga, and Bayern broke several other records during the season including; most points in a season (91), highest league winning points margin (25), most wins in a season (29), longest winning streak in a season (14), most clean sheets in a season (21), best goal difference in a season (+80) and fewest goals conceded in a season (18). The team scored in every match and suffered only one defeat.[152]

On 23 February 2013, Heynckes participated in his 1000th Bundesliga match as player and manager combined, making him the man with the second most appearances in Bundesliga history.[153] On 14 May 2013, he took charge of a Bundesliga match for what he claimed to be the final time.[154] Fittingly, the match was away at Borussia Mönchengladbach, Heynckes' hometown club who he served for over 20 years as a player and coach.[13][155]

In the Champions League, Bayern faced Barcelona at the semi-final stage, thrashing the favourites 7–0 on aggregate to reach a second successive final.[156] The performance was seen as a display of physical and tactical superiority of Bayern over Barcelona.[157] In the 2013 UEFA Champions League Final, Heynckes' Bayern defeated Bundesliga rivals Borussia Dortmund 2–1 at Wembley Stadium, making him the fourth manager (after Ernst Happel, Ottmar Hitzfeld and José Mourinho) to win the competition with two different clubs.[158]

On 1 June 2013, Heynckes took charge of Bayern for the last time in the 2013 DFB-Pokal Final against VfB Stuttgart.[159] Bayern won the match 3–2, becoming the first German club to complete the treble of the domestic league, the domestic cup and the European Cup.[159][160][161] Former Bayern and West Germany captain Franz Beckenbauer, who led die Roten to three consecutive European Cup wins in the 1970s,[162] called Heynckes' 2012–13 side "the best Bayern team ever";[163] a view shared by the club's legendary forward Karl-Heinz Rummenigge.[164] He finished with a record of 83 wins, 12 draws, and 14 losses.[37]

On 4 June 2013, Heynckes announced he would not coach a team during the 2013–14 season.[165] On 21 June, in an interview with Der Spiegel, Heynckes said: "After everything that's happened over the past two years, I'm ready for some peace and quiet. After this string of successes, I could transfer to just about any club in Europe. I have a problem with the finality of saying 'never'. But I can assure you that I have no intention of coaching again. I had a worthy ending."[18]

Overview[edit]

Club Season League Cup Europe Other Ref.
M W D L GF GA Win % Pos. Pos. Pos. Pos.
Borussia Mönchengladbach 1979–80 34 12 12 10 61 60 35.29 7th TR F [20][21]
1980–81 34 15 7 12 68 64 44.12 6th QF [22][23]
1981–82 34 15 10 9 61 51 44.12 7th QF SR [24][25]
1982–83 34 12 4 18 64 63 35.29 12th QF [26][27]
1983–84 34 21 6 7 81 48 61.76 3rd F [28][29]
1984–85 34 15 9 10 77 53 44.12 4th SF SR [30][31]
1985–86 34 15 12 7 65 51 44.12 4th SR R16 [32][33]
1986–87 34 18 7 9 74 44 52.94 3rd SF SF [35][36]
Totals 272 123 67 82 551 434 45.22
Bayern Munich 1987–88 34 22 8 4 83 45 64.71 2nd QF QF W [38][39][40]
1988–89 34 19 12 3 67 26 55.88 1st R16 SF [41][43]
1989–90 34 19 11 4 64 28 55.88 1st R16 SF RU [42][44][45]
1990–91 34 18 9 7 74 41 52.94 2nd FR SF W [46][47][48]
1991–92 12 4 4 4 15 17 33.33 12th SR SR [49][51]
Totals 148 82 44 22 303 157 55.41
Athletic Bilbao 1992–93 38 17 6 15 53 49 44.74 8th TR [56][57]
1993–94 38 16 11 11 61 47 42.11 5th FR [58][59]
Totals 76 33 17 26 114 96 43.42
Eintracht Frankfurt 1994–95 24 7 7 10 26 38 29.17 13th SR QF [62][66]
Tenerife 1995–96 42 20 12 10 69 54 47.62 5th QF [68][69]
1996–97 42 15 11 16 69 57 35.71 9th FR SF [70][71][72]
Totals 84 35 23 26 138 111 41.67
Real Madrid 1997–98 38 17 12 9 63 45 44.74 4th R16 W W [74][166]
Benfica 1999–2000 34 21 6 7 58 33 61.76 3rd R16 TR [78][79]
2000–01 4 2 1 1 7 5 50.00 3rd FR [83][84]
Totals 38 23 7 8 65 38 60.53
Athletic Bilbao 2001–02 38 14 11 13 54 66 36.84 10th SF [85][86]
2002–03 38 15 10 13 63 61 39.47 10th SR [87][88]
Totals 76 29 21 26 117 127 38.16
Schalke 2003–04 34 13 11 10 49 42 38.24 7th SR SR [91][94][95]
2004–05 4 1 0 3 2 7 25.00 16th SR FR [95][96]
Totals 38 14 11 13 51 49 36.84
Borussia Mönchengladbach 2006–07 19 4 4 11 14 26 21.05 17th SR [99][102]
Bayern Munich 2008–09 5 4 1 0 12 5 80.00 2nd [167][168]
Bayer Leverkusen 2009–10 34 15 14 5 65 38 44.12 4th SR [117][121]
2010–11 34 20 8 6 64 44 58.82 2nd SR R16 [122][123]
Totals 68 35 22 11 129 82 51.47
Bayern Munich 2011–12 34 23 4 7 77 22 67.65 2nd F F [130][138]
2012–13 34 29 4 1 98 18 85.29 1st W W W [145][169]
Totals 68 52 8 8 175 40 76.47

"Osram"[edit]

Heynckes' face is known to redden noticeably when he is under stress or in a generally agitated state, especially as a manager on the sidelines during a match. This has earned him the nickname "Osram" (in reference to a German lighting manufacturer). Rudi Gores is said to have first used this moniker to describe Heynckes.[170] Later, the nickname became universally known among German football aficionados and has been used by the media as well.[171]

Career statistics[edit]

Playing career statistics[edit]

[172][173]

Club performance League Cup League Cup Continental Other Total
Club League Season Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals
Germany League DFB-Pokal DFB-Ligapokal Europe Other1 Total
Borussia Mönchengladbach Regionalliga West 1964–65 25 23 0 0 6 6 31 29
Bundesliga 1965–66 27 12 2 0 29 12
1966–67 30 15 1 0 31 15
Hannover 96 1967–68 29 10 1 0 1 0 31 10
1968–69 34 9 4 2 6 5 44 16
1969–70 23 6 1 2 2 1 25 9
Borussia Mönchengladbach 1970–71 33 19 6 2 4 2 43 23
1971–72 31 19 5 2 4 3 40 24
1972–73 33 28 9 7 11 13 53 48
1973–74 33 30 3 2 7 8 43 40
1974–75 31 27 2 4 10 11 43 42
1975–76 24 12 4 1 6 5 34 18
1976–77 20 15 0 0 7 1 34 18
1977–78 21 18 0 0 5 5 0 0 26 23
Career totals Borussia Mönchengladbach 308 218 32 18 54 50 6 6 400 292
Hannover 96 86 25 6 4 9 6 101 35
Career statistics 394 243 38 22 63 56 6 6 501 327

Managerial record[edit]

Overall managerial record[edit]

As of matches played on 1 June 2013.
Team From To Record
M W D L GF GA GD Win % Ref.
Borussia Mönchengladbach 1 July 1979[19] 30 June 1987[19] 343 169 77 97 732 513 +219 49.27 [19][20][22][24][27][29][31][33][36]
Bayern Munich 1 July 1987[37] 8 October 1991[37] 198 113 46 39 408 215 +193 57.07 [37][38][40][43][44][45][46][47][49]
Athletic Bilbao 1 July 1992[54] 30 June 1994[54] 82 34 20 28 120 103 +17 41.46 [56][57][58][59]
Eintracht Frankfurt 1 July 1994[61] 2 April 1995[61] 34 12 10 12 44 45 −1 35.29 [62][61]
Tenerife 1 July 1995[54] 26 June 1997[73] 104 44 27 33 173 136 +37 42.31 [68][69][71][72]
Real Madrid 26 June 1997[73] 28 May 1998[75] 53 26 15 12 92 55 +37 49.06 [74][166]
Benfica 1 July 1999[54] 20 September 2000[76] 48 27 8 13 84 54 +30 56.25 [79][83]
Athletic Bilbao 1 July 2001[54] 17 June 2003[89] 86 36 22 28 135 139 −4 41.86 [86][88]
Schalke 04 17 June 2003[89] 15 September 2004[98] 57 28 14 15 86 64 +22 49.12 [91][95][98]
Borussia Mönchengladbach 1 July 2006[19] 31 January 2007[101] 21 5 4 12 17 28 −11 23.81 [19][99]
Bayern Munich 28 April 2009[37] 5 June 2009[116] 5 4 1 0 12 5 +7 80.00 [37][167]
Bayer Leverkusen 5 June 2009[116] 30 June 2011[129] 84 44 26 14 166 94 +72 52.38 [117][123][129]
Bayern Munich 1 July 2011[37] 26 June 2013 109 83 12 14 270 53 +217 76.15 [37][130][169]
Total 1,224 625 282 317 2,339 1,504 +835 51.06

Multiple stints[edit]

Heynckes managed Borussia Mönchengladbach, Bayern Munich, and Athletic Bilbao on multiple occasions. The first stint with Mönchengladbach happened between 1979 and 1987.[19] Then he went on to managed Bayern in his first stint with them between 1987 and 1991.[37] He then had his first stint with Athletic Bilbao between 1992 and 1994.[54] He then managed Eintracht Frankfurt,[61] Tenerife,[54] Real Madrid,[73] and Benfica[54] before returning to Athletic Bilbao between 2001 and 2003.[54] He then coached Schalke[98] before returning to Mönchengladbach 2006–07 season.[19] Then Heynckes returned to Bayern twice with a stint at Bayer Leverkusen in between.[54]

Team From To Record
M W D L GF GA GD Win %
Borussia Mönchengladbach 1 July 1979 30 June 1987 343 169 77 97 732 513 +219 49.27
1 July 2006 31 January 2007 21 5 4 12 17 28 −11 23.81
Total 364 174 81 109 749 541 +208 47.80
Bayern Munich 1 July 1987 8 October 1991 198 113 46 39 408 215 +193 57.07
28 April 2009 5 June 2009 5 4 1 0 12 5 +7 80.00
1 July 2011 26 June 2013 109 83 12 14 270 66 +204 76.15
Total 312 200 59 53 690 286 +404 64.10
Athletic Bilbao 1 July 1992 30 June 1994 82 34 20 28 120 103 +17 41.46
1 July 2001 17 June 2003 86 36 22 28 135 139 −4 41.86
Total 168 70 42 56 255 242 +13 41.67

Honours[edit]

Player[edit]

Borussia Mönchengladbach[172]
West Germany[174]

Manager[edit]

Bayern Munich[175]
Real Madrid[175]
Schalke 04

Individual[edit]

Player
Manager

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