Jura foot railway line

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Jura Foot Railway Line
To Zurich
To Basel
39.2 Olten(396 m MSL)
To Lucerne
Aare bridge at Olten Hammer135 m
40.6 Olten Hammer403m MSL
43.0 Wangen bei Olten417 m MSL
45.3 Hägendorf427m MSL
49.1 Egerkingen435 m MSL
51.4 Oberbuchsiten442 m MSL
Balsthal (OeBB)
Thalbrücke
Klus
56.6 Oensingen462 m MSL
58.8 Niederbipp468 m MSL
ASm to Langenthal and Melchnau
Aarebrücke Wangen96 m
64.3 Wangen an der Aare422 m MSL
67.6 Deitingen429 m MSL
To Bern
70.3 Luterbach-Attisholz429 m MSL
73.8 Solothurn431 m MSL
RBS to Bern
To Burgdorf
Closed line to Lyss
Aare bridge at Solothurn104 m
74.7 Solothurn West432 m MSL
BLS to Moutier
77.6 Bellach429 m MSL
80.6 Selzach438 m MSL
82.8 Bettlach440 m MSL
85.3 Grenchen Süd440 m MSL
88.0 Jura line to Basel
88.0 Lengnau BE439 m MSL
90.2 Pieterlen435 m MSL
95.8 Biel Mett443 m MSL
98.0 To Bern
ASm to Ins
99.4
104.5
Biel/Bienne437 m MSL
To La Chaux-de-Fonds
Vingelz Tunnel2,432 m
99.8 Tüscherz434 m MSL
96.0 Twann433 m MSL
94.0 Ligerz434 m MSL
90.0 La Neuveville433 m MSL
87.7 Le Landeron437 m MSL
85.5 Cressier436 m MSL
83.6 Cornaux435 m MSL
St-Blaise Tunnel155 m
85.5 Saint-Blaise SFR464 m MSL
BLS To Bern
75.3 Neuchâtel479 m MSL
73.6 To Le Locle and Besancon
Route-de-France Tunnel58 m
72.3 Neuchâtel-Serrières437 m MSL
70.3 Auvernier492 m MSL
To Pontarlier
67.6 Colombier NE490 m MSL
66.3 Boudry491 m MSL
62.3 Bevaix489 m MSL
58.1 Gorgier-St-Aubin451 m MSL
Sauges Tunnel2,252 m
54.8 Vaumarcus447 m MSL
Fin-de-Lance Tunnel286 m
Raise Tunnel1245 m
50.7 Concise435 m MSL
47.5 Onnens-Bonvillars435 m MSL
42.7 Grandson437 m MSL
La Thièle bridge at Yverdon79 m
YSteC to Sainte Croix
39.1 Yverdon-les-Bains434 m MSL
To Payerne
32.7 Épendes440 m MSL
29.6 Essert-Pittet438 m MSL
OC to Orbe
27.4 Chavornay447 m MSL
24.9 Bavois442 m MSL
Mormont Tunnel north182 m
Mormont Tunnel south302 m
Industrial siding
21.4 Éclépens455 m MSL
19.3 To Vallorbe and Dijon
19.3 Daillens445 m MSL
19.0
Swiss Post depot
19.0
14.4 Cossonay428 m MSL
11.0 Vufflens-la-Ville406 m MSL
10.0 Industrial siding
6.9
14.9
Bussigny407 m MSL
Poimboeuf bridgeright/left: 64/71 m
Poudrière bridge III216 m
13.2
7.3
LécheiresService station
Larges-Pièces bridge106 m
4.5 Renens416 m MSL
0.0 Lausanne447 m MSL
To Bern and Brig
8.3 Denges-Échandens397 m MSL
10.1 Lonay-Préverenges388 m MSL
11.2 Morges-St-Jean380 m MSL
12.5 Morges381 m MSL
BAM line to Apples
14.7 Tolochenaz392 m MSL
16.9 St-Prex395 m MSL
19.3 Etoy406 m MSL
Aubonne bridge130 m
Former interurban tram AAG
21.5 Allaman422 m MSL
24.4 Perroy
26.7 Rolle402 m MSL
Former interurban tram RG
29.7 Gilly-Bursinel
33.8 Gland415 m MSL
37.0 Prangins
38.5 Nyon381 m MSL
NStCM line to St-Cergue
41.9 Crans-près-Céligny
43.4 Céligny
44.8 Founex
47.0 Coppet394 m MSL
48.2 Tannay392 m MSL
49.5 Mies394 m MSL
51.1 Pont-Céard393 m MSL
52.0 Versoix388 m MSL
53.8 Creux-de-Genthod386 m MSL
54.7 Genthod-Bellevue384 m MSL
55.8 Les Tuileries389 m MSL
56.6 Chambésy390 m MSL
56.6 Genève-Sécheron390 m MSL
60.3 Genève-Cornavin392 m MSL
Genève-Aéroport
To Lancy - Pont-Rouge and Annemasse
Cointrin

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Vernier-Meyrin
Zimeysa
Satigny
Russin
La Plaine
Swiss/French border
To Lyon (F)

The Jura foot railway line (French: ligne du Pied-du-Jura, German: Jurafusslinie) or Jura south foot line in Switzerland runs from Olten along the foot of the southern Jura range through Solothurn, Grenchen, Biel/Bienne, Neuchâtel Yverdon-les-Bains and Morges to Geneva. It is one of two routes used by intercity trains between Geneva and Zürich. The other is the Midland line (German: Mittellandlinie) which connects Olten via Langenthal, Burgdorf, Bern, Fribourg, Lausanne to Morges. The line was built by five railway companies, which after several mergers were absorbed into the Swiss Federal Railways in 1903.

The line is electrified at 15 kV 16.7 Hz AC and is two track almost throughout.

History[edit]

The Jura foot line was built in several stages. The oldest part are the sections opened by the West Switzerland Company (French: Compagnie de l'Ouest-Suisse, OS) in May 1855 from Yverdon-les-Bains to Bussigny-près-Lausanne and in July 1855 from Bussigny to Morges via Renens. On 5 May 1856, the company opened two new sections, Renens to Lausanne and the connecting curve from Morges to Bussigny. The OS opened a line from Morges to Coppet on 14 April 1858 and a line from Coppet to Versoix on the following 21 April. On 25 June 1858 the OS connected with Geneva with the opening of the Versoix–Geneva route of the Geneva–Versoix Railway (French: Chemin de fer Genève–Versoix, GM). In 1859 it opened the section from Yverdon to Vaumarcus.[1][2] On 7 November 1859 the Franco–Swiss Company (French: Compagnie Franco-Suisse, LFB) opened an extension from Vaumarcus to the village of Frienisberg, near Le Landeron on Lake Biel. A temporary station was established at a pier in Frienisberg for a link by boat across Lake Biel to a station at Nidau near Biel built by the Swiss Central Railway (German: Schweizerische Centralbahn, SCB).[1][2][3]

From the other direction in 1857 the SCB opened the line from Olten via Herzogenbuchsee to Solothurn and along the current route to Biel south of Solothurn. This route avoided having to cross the Aare river between Olten and Solothurn, but is longer than the route opened in 1876. In 1858 the SCB built a short line from Biel station to Nidau on Lake Biel, from where a connection by ship over Lake Biel was opened in 1859 to the temporary station at Frienisberg. The gap along the northern shore of Lake Biel from Biel to Landeron was closed on 3 December 1860 by the Swiss East–West Railway (German: Schweizerische Ostwestbahn, OWB). As a result the short line from Biel to Nidau closed on 10 December 1860. It was now possible for the first time to travel from the east of Switzerland at St. Margrethen to its west at Geneva by train, although the different railway companies involved meant that several changes of train were necessary.

The last section of the Jura foot line to be completed was the section from Olten to Solothurn via Oensingen opened on 4 December 1876 by the SCB, also called the Gäu railway (German: Gäubahn). This was originally planned as part of the Swiss National Railway's proposed line from Lake Constance to Lake Geneva. The line from Herzogenbuchsee to Solothurn became a local railway after it was bypassed by the Gäu railway. As part of Rail 2000, the line and its stations at Derendingen, Subingen, Etziken and Inkwil were closed in 1992 and most of it was rebuilt as a connecting line without stations for high-speed passenger trains from Solothurn to the Mattstetten–Rothrist new line, connecting at a junction at Wanzwil and opened on 12 December 2004. Under the Rail 2000 program, a windy single-track section along the shore of Lake Neuchâtel between Gorgier-St-Aubin and Concise was replaced by a double track section mostly in tunnel, which was opened in 2000.[citation needed]

Pictures[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ein Jahrhundert Schweizer Bahnen (A century of Swiss railways) 1847–1947 (in German). I. Frauenfeld: Verlag Huber & Co. AG. 1947. pp. 79–80. 
  2. ^ a b Wägli, Hans G. (1980). Schienennetz Schweiz (Swiss rail network) (in German). Bern: Swiss Federal Railways. 
  3. ^ 3 x 50 Jahre - Schweizer Eisenbahnen in Vergangenheit, Gegenwart und Zukunft (3 x 50 years: Swiss railways in the past, present and future) (in German). Basel: Pharos-Verlag. 1997. pp. 71–73.