Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Colin Trevorrow|
by Michael Crichton
|Music by||Michael Giacchino|
|Edited by||Kevin Stitt|
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures|
|Box office||$1.664 billion|
Jurassic World is a 2015 American science fiction adventure film, the fourth installment of the Jurassic Park series. It was directed and co-written by Colin Trevorrow, produced by Frank Marshall and Patrick Crowley, and stars Chris Pratt and Bryce Dallas Howard. The production companies were Steven Spielberg's Amblin Entertainment, also responsible for the rest of the franchise, and Thomas Tull's Legendary Pictures. Set twenty-two years after the events of Jurassic Park, Jurassic World takes place on the same fictional island of Isla Nublar, off the Pacific coast of Central America, where a fully functioning dinosaur theme park has operated for ten years. The park plunges into chaos when a genetically modified dinosaur, Indominus rex, breaks loose and runs rampant across the island.
Universal Pictures intended to begin production on a fourth Jurassic Park film in 2004 for a summer 2005 release, but the film entered over a decade of development hell while the script went through revisions. Following a suggestion from Spielberg, writers Rick Jaffa and Amanda Silver explored the idea of a functional dinosaur park. Once Trevorrow was hired as director in 2013, he followed the same idea while developing a whole new script with Derek Connolly. Principal photography rolled from April to August 2014, primarily in Louisiana while also using the original Jurassic Park filming locations in Hawaii. Again the dinosaurs were created through computer-generated imagery by Industrial Light & Magic and life-sized animatronic dinosaurs built by Legacy Effects, a company created by the alumni of Jurassic Park veteran Stan Winston.
Jurassic World was released starting from June 10, 2015 in over 60 countries. The film received positive reviews from film critics, who praised it for its visuals, action scenes and musical score, but drew some criticism for its tone and writing. After a record-breaking opening weekend that had the film grossing $500 million worldwide, Jurassic World has generated over $1.6 billion in box office revenue, standing as the third highest-grossing film of all time without inflation adjustment, as well as the highest-grossing film of 2015. A sequel is scheduled for release on June 22, 2018.
- 1 Plot
- 2 Cast
- 3 Themes and analysis
- 4 Production
- 5 Release
- 6 Reception
- 7 Controversies
- 8 Sequels
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Twenty-two years after the events at Jurassic Park, a new theme park, Jurassic World, now operates in Isla Nublar, off the Pacific coast of Central America. Brothers Zach and Gray Mitchell are sent there to visit their aunt, Claire Dearing, the park's operations manager. Claire's assistant is their guide as Claire is too busy recruiting corporate sponsors with a new attraction, a genetically modified, synthetic dinosaur called Indominus rex. The dinosaur has the base genome of a Tyrannosaurus rex and the DNA of several predatory dinosaurs as well as modern-day animals; chief geneticist Dr. Henry Wu keeps the exact genetic makeup classified.
Owen Grady trains the park's Velociraptor pack that considers him their alpha. Vic Hoskins, head of park security, believes they are trainable for military use, but Owen disputes this. Park owner Simon Masrani has Owen evaluate the Indominus ' enclosure before the attraction opens. Owen warns Claire that the Indominus is particularly dangerous because it has not socialized with other animals.
Owen and Claire discover that the Indominus has seemingly escaped. Owen and two staff enter the enclosure, but the Indominus ambushes them, having faked its escape, then disappears into the island's interior. Owen suggests killing it, but Masrani sends the Asset Containment Unit to capture the dinosaur alive. When it kills most of the team, Claire orders the northern portion of the island to be evacuated.
Zach and Gray, exploring the park in a gyrosphere ride, ignore the evacuation order and wander into a restricted area. The vehicle is attacked by the Indominus but they escape unharmed. They find the ruins of the original Jurassic Park Visitor Center, and, after repairing an old Jeep, drive back to the park's resort area. Owen and Claire trail them after barely escaping the Indominus themselves. The Indominus continues its rampage and breaks into the park's pterosaur aviary. Masrani and two troopers hunt the Indominus by helicopter, but a collision with the escaping pterosaurs causes them to crash, killing everyone aboard. Gray and Zach arrive at the resort as the pterosaurs begin attacking the visitors. They find Owen and Claire while armed troopers subdue the pterosaurs.
Hoskins assumes command and decides to use the raptors to track the Indominus; Owen reluctantly agrees to go along with the plan. The raptors follow the Indominus ' scent into the jungle. However, Owen figures out that the Indominus has raptor DNA, as it is seen communicating with the raptors and turns them against the humans. Hoskins, meanwhile, has Dr. Wu helicoptered off the island with the dinosaur embryos, protecting his research. Owen, Claire, and the boys find Hoskins in the lab packing up remaining embryos. As Hoskins unveils his intention to create more genetically modified dinosaurs as weapons, a raptor breaks into the lab and kills him.
Outside, the raptors corner Owen, Claire, and the boys. Owen reestablishes his alpha bond with them before the Indominus appears. The raptors attack the Indominus, which kills two raptors. Realizing they are outmatched, Claire lures the park's veteran T. rex into a battle with the Indominus. The T. rex is overpowered until the lone surviving raptor attacks. The raptor and T. rex force the overwhelmed Indominus towards the lagoon, where it is dragged underwater to its death by the park's resident Mosasaurus.
The survivors are evacuated to the mainland and the island is abandoned to the dinosaurs. Zach and Gray are reunited with their parents, while Owen and Claire decide they will stay together "for survival".
- Chris Pratt as Owen Grady, a Velociraptor expert and trainer.
- Bryce Dallas Howard as Claire Dearing, the park's operations manager. Aunt of Zach and Gray.
- Vincent D'Onofrio as Vic Hoskins, the head of security operations who wants to use the raptors and the Indominus rex as weapons.
- Ty Simpkins as Gray Mitchell, one of Claire's nephews and the younger brother of Zach.
- Nick Robinson as Zach Mitchell, one of Claire's nephews and the older brother of Gray.
- Omar Sy as Barry, a tamer who helps take care of Owen's raptors.
- B. D. Wong as Dr. Henry Wu, the chief geneticist and head of the team that created the dinosaurs for the park. Wong is one of the few actors to reprise a role from any of the previous films and this is his first appearance in the franchise since Jurassic Park.
- Irrfan Khan as Simon Masrani, CEO of the Masrani Corporation and the owner of Jurassic World.
- Jake Johnson as Lowery Cruthers, an employee in the park's control room.
- Lauren Lapkus as Vivian Krill, an employee in the park's control room.
- Brian Tee as Katashi Hamada, the leader of the ACU (Asset Containment Unit), a group of security guards installed on Isla Nublar.
- Katie McGrath as Zara, Claire's personal assistant.
- Judy Greer as Karen Mitchell, Claire's sister and the mother of Zach and Gray.
- Andy Buckley as Scott Mitchell, Karen's husband and the father of Zach and Gray.
- Eric Edelstein as the supervisor of the Indominus rex control room.
- Colby Boothman as a young new handler working in the raptor research paddock.
- Jimmy Fallon as himself, portrayed as the safety instructor of the gyrosphere attraction.
- James DuMont as Hal Osterly, an investor.
- Jimmy Buffett as himself, portrayed as an escaping tourist during the pterosaur attack.
- Colin Trevorrow as the voice of Mr. DNA, an anthropomorphic DNA helix who explains the park's technology to visitors assumed to be laymen. The character was previously voiced by Greg Burson in Jurassic Park.
- Brad Bird makes a cameo appearance as the voice of the park's monorail announcer.
- Jack Horner, the film's technical advisor, has a cameo in the film.
Themes and analysis
Director Colin Trevorrow has stated that the Indominus rex, the synthetic hybrid dinosaur at the center of the film's story, is symbolic of consumer and corporate excess. Trevorrow stated that the dinosaur was "meant to embody [humanity's] worst tendencies. We're surrounded by wonder and yet we want more, and we want it bigger, faster, louder, better. And in the world of the movie, the animal is designed based on a series of corporate focus groups." He also stated, "There's something in the film about our greed and our desire for profit. The Indominus rex, to me, is very much that desire, that need to be satisfied." Film journalists have also noted the parallels between the workings of the park in Jurassic World and the film and entertainment industry. Actor James DuMont states that "the person [and] the environment are one" is one of the obvious themes. Another theme is that "those who do not stop evil are supporting and encouraging it".
The film also explores the concept of raising an animal in a particular way. The Indominus rex was raised in captivity without the presence of any siblings, thus making the creature somewhat "not fully functional".
In March 2001, Jurassic Park III director Joe Johnston denied rumors of a fourth film being made. Late into Jurassic Park III 's production, executive producer Steven Spielberg devised a story idea for a fourth film, which he believed should have been used for the third film instead. In June 2001, Johnston announced he would not direct the film, and that Spielberg had a story idea that would take the series' mythology to a new level. Johnston later said the film would feel like a departure from the previous films, implying it would not be set on an island.
In July 2001, actor Sam Neill, who portrayed Dr. Alan Grant in previous films, said he could not imagine a way for his character to be involved in another film. Neill was contracted for a total of three films. Other actors from Jurassic Park III were also signed on for a potential fourth film. That same month, Johnston denied, then later hinted, that the film would involve the Pteranodons from the ending of Jurassic Park III.
In April 2002, it was reported that the fourth Jurassic Park would be the last one in the series, and would ignore its predecessor's events. In a June 2002 interview with Starlog magazine, Spielberg officially confirmed the fourth film, which he hoped to have Johnston direct. Spielberg confirmed there was also a story, which he considered to be the best one since the first film. On November 4, 2002, Neill said there was a chance he would be in the film. On November 7, 2002, William Monahan was announced as the screenwriter, with Spielberg serving as executive producer and Kathleen Kennedy as producer. A month later, the film was announced for a summer 2005 release.
In January 2003, Jeff Goldblum said he had been asked to stay available for a possible return of his character Ian Malcolm. On January 30, 2003, it was reported that the story would involve dinosaurs migrating to the Costa Rican mainland. A team of experts, including Alan Grant and Ian Malcolm, chart an expedition to one of InGen's offshore islands and discover the dinosaurs breeding uncontrollably. The plot would involve the characters devising a solution to restrict the spread of the dinosaurs and prevent an ecological disaster. It was also reported that the plot contained a "top-secret aspect". In April 2003, Stan Winston confirmed his special effects studio was in the design phase for the film. Winston also said that Spielberg wanted to adapt several previously unfilmed scenes from Michael Crichton's Jurassic Park novels. In July 2003, Keira Knightley said she was in consideration for two separate roles, including a small role as a granddaughter. Monahan's first draft of the script was finished later that month, with a story no longer set in the jungle as in the previous films. A director had yet to be discussed at that time. Neill confirmed he would reprise his character, with filming set to begin in 2004 in California and Hawaii.
In September 2003, Richard Attenborough said he would reprise his role as John Hammond. In October 2003, paleontologist Jack Horner said he would return as technical adviser for the fourth film as he had done for previous Jurassic Park films. Horner hinted that Velociraptor would be an integral part of the film. Later that month, Horner was asked about a hypothetical idea of humans evolving from dinosaurs rather than mammals. Horner responded, "[K]eep thinking about that, and in a couple of years go see Jurassic Park 4." Keira Knightley's character was written out in late 2003. In March 2004, Johnston said he had not been asked to direct the film, and hoped that Spielberg would direct it. Johnston said a story was being written that would take the series in a completely different direction "away from the island and away from the T-Rex and all this." In May 2004, it was reported that screenwriter John Sayles was writing the script. Sayles was hired to finish earlier work done by Monahan, who had left the project to work on Kingdom of Heaven. By June 2004, Frank Marshall had joined the project as a producer.
In June 2004, it was reported that Alex Proyas was in discussions to direct, with filming expected to begin in March 2005 for a rescheduled winter 2005 release. Filming would have started at Pinewood Studios, where a massive tank was to be constructed for scenes involving marine reptiles. In July 2004, the script was being rewritten, with Jeremy Piven and Emmy Rossum being considered for two of the lead roles and Richard Attenborough reprising his character. Later that month, Proyas said he was not interested in directing the film.
In August 2004, Ain't It Cool News published a review of a leaked draft of the film's script. The story would have involved a new character, a mercenary named Nick Harris, who is hired by a Swiss corporation and put in charge of training a team of five genetically modified Deinonychus for use in rescue missions. John Hammond would be the only returning character in this draft. In 2005, Sayles confirmed this to be an early draft of the script, intercepted through Spielberg's email by a hacker.
In late August 2004, David Boreanaz was rumored and later reported to have the lead role. Boreanaz was actually in consideration for Fantastic Four. Sayles was still rewriting the script in September 2004, with the film on track for a winter 2005 release. Sayles' next draft, which involved genetically engineered human-dinosaur mercenaries, was scrapped.
In April 2005, Winston confirmed the film was on hold because of repeated revisions of the film's script, none of which satisfied Spielberg. According to Winston, "He felt neither of [the drafts] balanced the science and adventure elements effectively. It's a tough compromise to reach, as too much science will make the movie too talky, but too much adventure will make it seem hollow." In November 2005, Spielberg said he planned to include a scene in the film (taken from the novel The Lost World) that would involve characters on motorcycles outrunning raptors.
In January 2006, Johnston and Horner were working on a new screenplay, and more work on it was expected to begin immediately after the 2008 release of Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull. In February 2006, Frank Marshall said the film now had a good script, with filming expected to begin in 2007 for a 2008 release. In March 2006, Marshall said the film had a script and was getting a director, with Johnston as a possible candidate. In April 2006, Marshall said there was an idea for the film, but not a script. Marshall went on to deny that Michael Crichton would write the script, or that Spielberg would direct it. The script was still being worked on in June 2006.
In July 2006, Spielberg denied an Internet rumor that Breck Eisner would direct, saying Johnston was standing by for the job. In December 2006, Laura Dern said she was open to the possibility of reprising her role as Ellie Sattler, but had not been contacted about appearing in the film. In March 2007, Neill said he knew nothing about the project.
In April 2007, Dern said she had been contacted about appearing in the film, with filming expected to begin within the year for release in 2008. It was also reported that Joe Johnston would not be directing the film. In December 2007, Frank Marshall said further work on the script would not commence until the end of the 2007–08 Writers Guild of America strike, with filming potentially starting in 2008 for a release in the summer of 2009. Jack Horner's 2009 book, How to Build a Dinosaur, was originally meant to come out at the same time as the film as a scientific companion volume.
In December 2008, Frank Marshall and Kathleen Kennedy were asked if there was any development on the sequel. Kennedy responded, "No... I don't know. You know, when Michael Crichton passed away, I sorta felt maybe that's it. Maybe that's a sign that we don't mess with it." While Marshall and Kennedy were no longer signed with Universal Pictures in a production capacity, it was said that the two would remain involved with the studio and its plans for Jurassic Park 4. In June 2009, Marshall said the film did not have a story. In November 2009, Joe Johnston discussed the possibility of Jurassic Park 4, stating that the story for the film is completely different from that of its predecessors and would take the franchise into a whole other trilogy. In a January 2010 interview, Johnston reiterated that Jurassic Park 4 was set to be the beginning of a second Jurassic Park trilogy.
On June 15, 2011, it was reported that Spielberg had met twice with writer Mark Protosevich to work on a story for a potential fourth Jurassic Park film. About a month later, at the 2011 San Diego Comic-Con International, Spielberg said a writer was working on a treatment for the film, which he said would be possibly released "within the next two or three years." A representative from Universal said 2013 would be the preferred deadline for completion. Over the next three months, Mark Protosevich wrote two story treatments for the film. Spielberg had hoped to have a writer working on a full screenplay for Jurassic Park IV by the time he started filming his other project, Lincoln, in October 2011, with the hope that the script would be finished by the time Lincoln was finished. However, he and Kennedy felt that neither of Protosevich's treatments consisted of the right story for a fourth film.
Despite this, Spielberg said in October 2011 that the script was being written by Protosevich, and that he felt the story they were working on was stronger than that of Jurassic Park III. In December 2011, Kennedy said a script had not been written yet, as story ideas were still being discussed. In January 2012, Kennedy said a story had been chosen and that work on the script would begin. That month, Spielberg said he would not direct the film, opting instead to be a producer. On June 21, it was confirmed that Rise of the Planet of the Apes writers Rick Jaffa and Amanda Silver would be scripting Jurassic Park 4.
On January 11, 2013, Universal said the film would be shot in 3D and released on June 13, 2014. In February, it was reported that Kathleen Kennedy would not be producing the film in favor of focusing on Star Wars: The Force Awakens for 2015. Her husband and production partner Frank Marshall took over as the primary producer. Shortly thereafter, the director of studio operations at Raleigh Studios in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, confirmed that Universal Pictures had reserved space there from April to November 2013, without specifying the project for which it was reserved.
On March 2013, as Kennedy prepared Star Wars: The Force Awakens, she was suggested by Brad Bird, who wanted to work on the film but was too busy with Tomorrowland, to employ director Colin Trevorrow to work as a stand-in during the pre-production of Star Wars. This instigated Kennedy and Marshall to watch Trevorrow's first film, Safety Not Guaranteed. Impressed by it, Marshall subsequently arranged a meeting between himself, Trevorrow and Spielberg regarding the Jurassic Park job. Trevorrow flew from his home in Vermont to Amblin's offices in Los Angeles, where he was subsequently hired, without reading Jaffa and Silver's script. Universal announced Trevorrow as director on March 14, while adding that Patrick Crowley was a co-producer.
Jaffa and Silver wrote a draft that revolved around a functioning dinosaur theme park, an idea that came from Spielberg. The idea of trained Velociraptors, from Sayles' earlier draft, was also present in Jaffa and Silver's draft; Spielberg chose to have the idea included in the script. Trevorrow and Connolly maintained the basic storyline of a functioning dinosaur theme park, while also keeping the ideas of a homicidal dinosaur that has to be stopped, and a human who has a relationship with Velociraptors. However, Trevorrow felt those ideas in their original form were too extreme and had to be "pulled way, way, way back."
Jaffa and Silver's draft included an opening scene set in China, where a non-existent dinosaur would have been discovered: within the story of this script, the Indominus rex would be depicted as a real dinosaur, rather than the final draft which featured it as a genetically modified hybrid. Trevorrow chose to make the animal a hybrid to maintain consistency with previous films in the series, which had incorporated the latest paleontological findings and discoveries: "I didn't wanna make up a new dinosaur and tell kids it was real." In April 2013, Jack Horner said in an interview that a new, previously extinct creature would rise to stardom in the film, saying, "I can't actually tell you who that will be... But you'll want to keep the lights on after you see this movie."
Trevorrow and Connolly wrote their draft of the script over a couple of weeks. The studio received the draft on May 6, 2013, and found the script changes more large-scale than anticipated. On May 8, 2013, the studio announced it was pushing the release from June 13, 2014, to an unspecified future date. Prior to the delay, actors Bryce Dallas Howard, David Oyelowo, and Garrett Hedlund had been considered for roles in the film. Filming had been set to begin June 24, 2013. Delaying the film allowed Trevorrow and Connolly more time to work on the script, as Spielberg felt that it needed improvement. Another reason for the delay was to allow time for the construction of practical sets for the fictional theme park; it was previously intended to add in these buildings using computer effects. Eventually a teaser banner for Jurassic Park 4 was revealed at Licensing Expo 2013 in June, giving a 2015 release.
On May 2, 2013, Trevorrow tweeted a picture of Kauai taken during location scouting with the caption "Nublar", the name of the island in the original film. That same month, Sam Neill said it was unlikely he would be a part of the film, stating, "I'm told it's a big reboot, a total re-jig." Trevorrow eventually tweeted that "Reboot is a strong word. This is a new sci-fi terror adventure set 22 years after the horrific events of Jurassic Park." Trevorrow and Connolly rewrote the script during the summer of 2013, and Universal approved it that September. In addition to the film's Indominus rex, an earlier draft by Trevorrow also included a second hybrid dinosaur named 'Stegoceratops', consisting of DNA from Stegosaurus and Triceratops. However, Trevorrow chose to remove the animal from the final script after his son made him realize that multiple hybrids would fail to make the Indominus unique. By August 15, 2013, John Krasinski was in talks for a role as a dinosaur tamer.
On September 10, 2013, Universal Pictures confirmed the film would be titled Jurassic World and would be released on June 12, 2015. Trevorrow chose to rename the film from its previous title, Jurassic Park IV, to differentiate it from previous films in the series. That same month, Bryce Dallas Howard was in early negotiations to play a role, and was cast in early November. By mid-October, Ty Simpkins had been cast as the child lead and Jake Johnson was being considered for a role. Nick Robinson was cast as Simpkins' character's older brother, while Josh Brolin was in talks to play the adult lead. By the middle of November, Brolin was no longer in talks for the film, and Chris Pratt was in early negotiations for the lead role, a "rugged, ex-military man named Owen." Ron Howard, Bryce's father, confirmed through his Twitter in January 2014 that Pratt had been cast in a lead role.
By February 7, Legendary Pictures had agreed to co-finance the film, and provided about 20% of the budget. China Film Group has been reported as also having financed the film. By February 28, Vincent D'Onofrio had joined the cast to play the film's antagonist. Irrfan Khan was also cast as head of the Masrani Corporation, now in ownership of Isla Nublar and the park. That same month, Trevorrow confirmed that B. D. Wong would reprise his role as Dr. Henry Wu, and said the character would have a more significant role than in the original film. On March 21, 2014, French actor Omar Sy announced he had joined the cast. On March 26, 2014, actor Jake Johnson confirmed his role in Jurassic World as a tech-savvy operations overseer named Lowery. By April 3, Judy Greer, Katie McGrath, and Lauren Lapkus had joined the cast. Andy Buckley was cast on May 7. By June 27, James DuMont had also joined the cast.
Principal photography and production began on April 10, 2014, at the Honolulu Zoo in Hawaii. Filming continued for four weeks on Oahu. At the end of April, filming took place at the Hawaii Convention Center. Filming moved to Kauai on May 15, 2014, and concluded there on June 6, 2014. Filming resumed that day at the abandoned Six Flags theme park in New Orleans, where Jurassic World's Main Street was constructed. One of Main Street's restaurants is named Winston's, after Stan Winston. A statue of Attenborough's character, John Hammond, is also featured in the film.
Filming was scheduled to remain in Louisiana for eleven weeks. On June 30, 2014, filming took place at Louis Armstrong International Airport in New Orleans; actors Nick Robinson, Ty Simpkins, and Judy Greer were reported to be present. An evacuation scene was filmed at the Audubon Zoo in New Orleans. Swamp scenes were filmed in Slidell, Louisiana. A majority of the filming in New Orleans took place at Big Easy Studios inside the NASA complex in East New Orleans. On August 5, 2014, director Colin Trevorrow announced on Twitter that filming had wrapped after a 78-day shoot. A more comedic scene featuring Howard's character and dinosaur feces, similar to Laura Dern's scene in the original Jurassic Park, was cut and not included in the cinematic release.
In contrast to the prevalence of digital cinematography in the 2010s, cinematographer John Schwartzman used Panavision cameras shooting on a combination of Kodak 35mm and 65mm film. One of the 65mm cameras used on the production had been used in the past to shoot Stanley Kubrick's 2001: A Space Odyssey. The reason the filmmakers chose to shoot Jurassic World on film stock, in addition to Spielberg's and Schwartzman's own personal preference for the format, was in an effort to match the visual aesthetic of the previous three film-shot Jurassic Park pictures, as well as the fact that the film's exterior jungle scenes required a greater dynamic range of light than digital cameras could provide. 65mm film was used for visual effect sequences as well as location shots where the filmmakers wanted extra visual impact. Schwartzman made extensive use of the Technocrane telescopic crane, which Patrick Crowley described as fitting for a thriller, "being able to march into people, to get in closer and closer, as they realize that there's something out there." Tracking shots, particularly those that would serve as reference to the visual effects team, employed the Spydercam. The film is being presented in a 2.00:1 aspect ratio, an intermediate ratio that falls between the two industry standard widescreen aspect ratios of 1.85:1 and 2.35:1. This was chosen because it allowed enough height for humans and dinosaurs to fit into the same frame without giving up a sense of scope, and closely matches the ratio of a digital IMAX screen.
Jurassic World is the first film in the series without the involvement of Stan Winston, who died in 2008. Instead the animatronic dinosaurs were handled by Winston's former alumni at Legacy Effects, many of whom had worked in the previous three films. Ultimately, Legacy Effects contributed lighting reference models as well as a practically built animatronic Apatosaurus that was used for a sequence filmed in Hawaii. Visual effects supervisor Phil Tippett and Industrial Light and Magic also returned to create CGI dinosaurs. While Tim Alexander served as visual effects supervisor, Jurassic Park supervisor Dennis Muren provided various advice to the ILM crew, such as how to light the dinosaurs. The computer generated dinosaurs were created using performance capture, using human actors to perform the dinosaurs' movements. Developing the raptors had the collaboration of Image Engine, which finished the scenes using the motion capture information and ILM's dinosaur models. Legacy Effects also provided one of the full-sized raptor models built for Jurassic Park to the ILM crew as reference. Scroggins Aviation Mockup & Effects was called in to fabricate and build the Blue Eurocopter EC130 T2 airframe body, known as "JW001" in the film, while 32TEN Studios created the automatic Jurassic World gates and various practical effects such as explosions.
The musical score was composed by Michael Giacchino, who had previously scored the video games Warpath: Jurassic Park and The Lost World: Jurassic Park. Themes from John Williams' previous Jurassic Park scores were also incorporated by Giacchino. "It was a really targeted approach, as to where to [include Williams' themes] and where would make the most sense and where would we most appreciate it, as fans ourselves," said Giacchino. A soundtrack album was released on June 9, 2015, by Back Lot Music.
Jurassic World held its first premiere on May 29, 2015, in Paris, France at The Grand Rex cinema. The film's theatrical release happened in 66 territories from June 10 to 12, with North America having advance screenings at Majestic 10 Cinemas in Williston, Vermont on the 10th, before opening on 4,273 venues, the largest ever screen count for Universal, two days later. Worldwide, Jurassic World was released across 809 IMAX theaters (364 of which were in North America), making it the second largest worldwide rollout for any movie in IMAX's history and the largest day-and-date IMAX release ever. Universal re-launched the film in IMAX 3D in theaters on August 28, 2015, for one week in the United States and Canada.
Universal spent a total of $34.9 million on TV advertisements for the film. Various companies served as promotional partners, such as Kellogg's, Dairy Queen, and Barbasol. A video game based on the film, Lego Jurassic World, and an iOS/Android application produced by Ludia, Jurassic World: The Game, were released in 2015.
As of October 1, 2015[update], Jurassic World has grossed $650.54 million in North America and $1.011 billion in other territories for a worldwide total of over $1.663 billion. It is the third highest-grossing film of all time in both North America and the world, as well as the highest-grossing film of 2015 and in the Jurassic Park film series. It also tops the charts of highest-grossing openings for films in both North America and the world with a total of $524.4 million, the first time that a film had generated over $500 million worldwide in a single weekend. It also set the record for the largest worldwide IMAX opening with $44.1 million and a single day IMAX gross of $13 million on Friday, June 12, 2015.
|US and Canada||Achievement||Global||Achievement|
|All-time opening weekend||$208.8 million||Fastest to $1 billion||13 days|
|All-time second weekend||$106.7 million||Worldwide opening weekend||$524.4 million|
|Universal Pictures opening weekend||$208.8 million||Overseas opening weekend||$315.6 million|
|June opening weekend||$208.8 million||IMAX worldwide opening weekend||$44.1 million|
|PG-13-rated opening weekend||$208.8 million||IMAX overseas opening weekend||$23.5 million|
|June opening day||$81.9 million||Fastest to $80 million in IMAX ticket sales||12 days|
|Premium large formats gross during opening weekend||$16.2 million||Universal overseas opening weekend||$315.6 million|
|Universal Thursday night showings||$18.5 million|
|IMAX gross during opening weekend||$20.6 million|
|Cinemark XD gross during opening weekend||$4.3 million|
|Theater average – wide release||$48,855|
|Non-Holiday Monday gross||$25.3 million|
|Non-Opening Tuesday gross||$24.3 million|
|Fastest to $250, $300, $350, $400, $450, and $500 million||5, 8, 9, 10, 15, 17 days respectively|
|Fastest to $600 million||36 days|
United States and Canada
In North America, Jurassic World is the highest-grossing film distributed by Universal Pictures. Predictions for the opening of Jurassic World in the U.S. and Canada were continuously revised upwards, starting from $125 million to $200 million. It opened on Friday, June 12, 2015, across 4,274 theaters, and earned $81.9 million on its opening day, marking the third-biggest opening day and third-biggest single-day gross. The film's Friday gross included an $18.5 million from 3,229 theaters in its early Thursday showings, a record for Universal. Without Thursday night grosses, the film earned the largest opening-day gross ($63.4 million). It also set a single-day IMAX record ($8.6 million) and a Saturday and Sunday gross record ($69.6 million and $57.2 million respectively). In total, it earned $208,807,270 for its debut weekend, setting a record for the biggest June opening ever, the largest ever opening-weekend, and an IMAX opening record of $20.6 million (10.2% of the total opening gross) from 363 IMAX theaters. 3D accounted for 48% of the total opening gross. RealD 3D comprised $70 million of the opening gross, a record it shares with The Avengers. It is also the biggest opening for Chris Pratt. The opening-weekend audience was evenly split among those under and over the age of 25, with 52% of the audience male, 48% female, 39% under age 25, 61% age 25 years and above.
Revenues in its second weekend dropped gradually by 49% to $106.6 million from 4,291 theaters (+17 theaters) It topped the North American box office for three consecutive weekends, As of June 21, 2015, RealD, IMAX and premium large format has grossed a total of $132 million, $42 million and $23.1 million respectively. On Friday, July 17, 2015, the movie hit the $600 million mark, becoming the fourth and fastest to do so in 36 days. On Friday, August 28, 2015 the film was re-launched in 350 IMAX theaters earning $3.1 million through the weekend. Overall, IMAX contributed 9% or $56 million of its total revenue. It is one of the only 3 films that have reached over $650 million domestically.
Jurassic World was released in a total of 63 countries. In the rest of the world, the film opened on Wednesday, June 10, 2015, in eight countries, earning $24.5 million. On Thursday, June 11, it grossed another $41.6 million from 37 markets for a two-day total of $65.6 million from 45 countries. It added 21 more countries on June 12, earning $60 million, which is the highest-grossing international Friday of all time, for a three-day total of $130 million from 66 countries. Through Sunday, June 14, it had a five-day opening weekend total of $315.61 million from 66 countries from 19,612 screens, marking the biggest of 2015, the biggest for Universal, and the biggest of all time. This included an IMAX opening record of $23.5 million from 443 IMAX theaters in 56 countries. 65% of its grosses came from 3D (equivalent to $205 million). Additional record includes the highest single-day IMAX gross with $6.5 million on Saturday, June 12, 2015. Revenues in its second weekend also dropped gradually by 41% similar to its North American drop, earning $163.4 million from 18,280 screens in 66 territories. Earning $84.3 million in its third weekend (-49%), it topped the box office outside of North America for three consecutive weekends,
It had the biggest opening day of all time for Universal in Hong Kong; the second-biggest in Australia, France, Indonesia, the Philippines, Russia, and South Korea; and the biggest opening day of all time in Panama. It also scored the biggest opening for Universal in nine countries, including Australia, China, Ecuador, France, Hong Kong, Korea, the Philippines, Singapore, the UK, Ireland, and Malta. In China, it grossed $17.77 million on its opening day (including $1.39 million from midnight runs), which is the tenth-biggest of all time and went on to earn $100.1 million in its opening weekend, which is the third-biggest of all time. It also scored the second-biggest IMAX opening there with $11.8 million. Its top largest openings outside of the U.S., Canada, and China occurred in the UK, Ireland and Malta ($30 million), Mexico ($15.9 million), France ($13.8 million), Australia ($12.4 million), Germany ($11.4 million), Russia and the CIS ($10 million), Taiwan ($8.2 million), India ($7.6 million), Spain ($7.4 million), Brazil ($7.4 million), Italy ($6.5 million), Malaysia ($5.6 million), and the Philippines ($5.5 million). In South Korea, the film was released during the 2015 MERS outbreak, which resulted in a plunge in film attendance beginning from late May 2015. This led to various local film distributors changing or postponing local films' release dates. However, since U.S. film studios are debarred from altering their scheduled dates, the film had to be released on its intended date. Despite the outbreak, the film opened with $14.4 million. Overall, 3D ticket sales accounted 95% of China box office,90% of India, 89% of Germany, 78% of Brazil, 77% of Colombia, and 74% of Russia. The film opened in its last market, Japan, on August 5, 2015, where it grossed $13 million on its opening weekend and topped the Japanese box office. It topped the box office there for four consecutive weekends.
It became the highest-grossing film in the Jurassic Park film series in 25 countries. IMAX tickets sales has grossed a total of $42.1 million as of June 21, 2015. In total earnings, its largest markets outside of the U.S. are China with $228 million followed by the UK, Ireland and Malta ($97.8 million), Japan ($69.2 million), South Korea ($41.79 million), Mexico ($41.73 million) and Germany ($41.6 million).
Jurassic World received praise from critics for its visuals, score and acting, but drew some criticism for its tone and writing. On Rotten Tomatoes the film has a rating of 71%, based on 261 reviews, with an average rating of 6.7/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Jurassic World can't match the original for sheer inventiveness and impact, but it works in its own right as an entertaining — and visually dazzling — popcorn thriller." On Metacritic, the film has a score of 59 out of 100, based on 49 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews". In CinemaScore polls, audiences gave the film an "A" grade from an A+ to F scale.
Peter Bradshaw of The Guardian gave the film four stars out of five and felt that it was "terrifically enjoyable and exciting summer spectacular" "savvy, funny, ridiculous in just the right way." Also giving the film four stars was Robbie Collin of The Telegraph, who deemed the film a worthy sequel to Spielberg's original Jurassic Park, and called it "methodically paced and shot with an awestruck visual sense that's pure Spielberg." Peter Travers of Rolling Stone gave it 3 out of 4 stars and said "It's not the cynical, cash-in cheesefest you feared. OK, Jurassic World is a little of that. But this state-of-the-art dino epic is also more than a blast of rumbling, roaring, 'did you effing see that!' fun". He praised Trevorrow's direction, Pratt's and Howard's performances and the effects. Writing for The Hollywood Reporter, Todd McCarthy placed the film second, only behind the original film in the Jurassic Park series. He felt that the film was not terribly scary, and was more of a PG than R, praised the CGI and score, criticized the romance between Owen and Claire and wrote that the film nevertheless would be appealing to audiences everywhere.
Conversely, The Associated Press rated the film two stars out of four and called the film "an ugly, over-saturated movie". Its review stated that Jurassic World lacked the "deft sense of wonderment, wit and suspense that guided the original" in addition to criticizing its CGI effects. However, it also praised the film's score as well as Pratt's and Howard's performances.
|Year||Award / Film Festival||Category||Recipient(s)||Result||Ref(s)|
|2015||Teen Choice Awards||Choice Movie: Villain||Vincent D'Onofrio||Nominated|||
|Choice Summer Movie||Jurassic World||Nominated|
|Choice Summer Movie Star: Male||Chris Pratt||Nominated|
|Choice Summer Movie Star: Female||Bryce Dallas Howard||Nominated|
|Choice Movie: Hissy Fit||Nominated|
A Twitter post attributed to Trevorrow stated there would be no feathered dinosaurs in the film. While the first Jurassic Park film was lauded by paleontologists for depicting dinosaurs accurately and in line with the science of the time, based on current knowledge, changing the public view of dinosaurs as slow and giant lizard-like reptiles, Jurassic World has been criticized for purposely ignoring new discoveries and knowledge. Several dinosaur experts are calling the film a "dumb monster movie" for failing to include new discoveries about the creatures, such as some dinosaurs being covered with feathers or proto-feathers, and the way velociraptors held their front limbs. Since the film's teaser trailer release, many paleontologists expressed their disappointment on Twitter, Facebook and their own blogs, calling the dinosaurs that were featured a retrograde step from the original Jurassic Park.
In response to these criticisms, Trevorrow said that "the film is scientifically 'inaccurate' because it is a science-fiction movie and not a documentary." A faux review on the film's website speculates that the use of amphibian DNA to fill the gaps in the dinosaur DNA (a plot point in the original novel and film) prevented the dinosaurs from growing feathers. In the film, there is a scene in which character Dr. Henry Wu (portrayed by B. D. Wong) informs Simon Masrani (portrayed by Irrfan Khan) that had the scientists not included DNA from various other animals, the dinosaurs "would look very different". Wu then reminds Masrani that he had asked for "cooler" dinosaurs, rather than ones that would be scientifically accurate.
Writing credits dispute
At the end of March 2015, a Writers Guild of America (WGA) arbitration panel ruled that Rick Jaffa and Amanda Silver would receive credit for writing the screenplay with Trevorrow and Connolly. However, Trevorrow and Connolly strongly disagreed with the decision to give Jaffa and Silver co-credit, although they decided that under WGA rules, they did not have grounds to appeal the decision. They accepted the ruling on March 31, 2015. On April 2, 2015, it was reported that Universal Pictures originally wanted Trevorrow and Connolly to be credited for the screenplay. In the film's Super Bowl trailer, Trevorrow and Connolly were credited for writing the film. It was then reported that they appealed the WGA's decision, that they wrote an entirely new screenplay that was not based on Jaffa and Silver's draft, and that they wanted full writing credit for the script.
On April 7, 2015, it was reported that the arbiters had unanimously denied Trevorrow and Connolly's appeal in a second hearing held on April 3, and that they gave Jaffa and Silver an additional credit for writing the original story, with the decision being appealed by Trevorrow and Connolly. Later that day, Trevorrow clarified the situation and denied that he and Connolly appealed the WGA's original decision of giving Jaffa and Silver co-credit for the screenplay, despite disagreeing with it. He also stated that he and Connolly were not informed of the second hearing until it was already over. Although they strongly disagreed with the latest decision, they decided not to appeal it. The credits of the screenplay ultimately went to both writing teams, with Jaffa and Silver also being credited for writing the original story.
On the possibility of potential sequels, director Colin Trevorrow said, "We wanted to create something that would be a little bit less arbitrary and episodic, and something that could potentially arc into a series that would feel like a complete story." In May 2015, Trevorrow confirmed that he would not be returning to direct a sequel. In June, Pratt and Simpkins confirmed that they had signed on for an unspecified amount of sequels. In July 2015, Universal Pictures announced that a sequel will be released on June 22, 2018, with Connolly and Trevorrow returning to write the script, and Pratt and Howard reprising their roles.
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Trevorrow was asked to cook up his own story. But there were a couple of concepts that he wanted to keep. One was Sayles' audacious notion of raptors working alongside humans. "Dinosaurs hunting down drug lords? I couldn't go there," he says. "But I could rewind all the way back and make a movie about the very tenuous relationship between man and a vicious animal. [...] The other very cool idea, which came from Spielberg himself: what if John Hammond's dream of a fully functioning dinosaur theme park came true?"
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In 2007 [sic], news broke of a Jurassic Park 4 script by American indie king John Sayles, in which trained raptors take on a drug baron's army. The project stalled, but this nucleus of an idea stuck around, making its way into the next commissioned draft, by Rise Of The Planet Of The Apes' Rick Jaffa and Amanda Silver. And this is where Colin Trevorrow, the man chosen to head up Jurassic World, comes in. [...] One can only imagine how excited he was to be presented with the latest script by the threequel's producers. He sat down to read it. Flipped through every page. Then said thanks, but no thanks. "It was as difficult to decline as you'd think," he recalls. "But I knew I couldn't make that film. So I said, 'I'm honoured, but if we're going to do this we really need to build a different movie that can also be called Jurassic Park 4."
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jurassic World.|
- Official website
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- Jurassic World at Rotten Tomatoes
- Jurassic World News & Updates
- Official UK Jurassic World International website
- Jurassic World Trailer on YouTube
- Educational Guide To Dinosaurs