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Juren (simplified Chinese: 举人; traditional Chinese: 舉人; pinyin: jǔrén) was a rank achieved by people who passed the xiangshi exam in the imperial examination system of Imperial China, also known in English as the provincial examination..[1] It was higher than the shengyuan, but lower than jinshi, the highest degree.

People who achieved juren as their highest degree[edit]


  1. ^ Wang, Rui (2013). The Chinese Imperial Examination System: An Annotated Bibliography. Rowman & Littlefield.
  2. ^ Shen, Defu (1578). "Survey of the Legitimate and Illegitimate Dynasties in History". World Digital Library (in Chinese). Retrieved 7 June 2013.