A juridical person is a non-human legal entity, in other words any organization that is not a single natural person but is authorized by law with duties and rights and is recognized as a legal person and as having a distinct identity. This includes any incorporated organizations including corporations, government agencies, and NGOs. Also known as artificial person, juridical entity, juridic person, juristic person, or legal person. The rights and responsibilities of a juridical person are distinct from those of the natural persons constituting it.
Since ancient times, associations have been known as the original form of the juridical person. This is documented for the 1st century A.D. for Jewish trading companies. In Roman law, too, the institution already had significance, although it was not called as such. Conceptually, it included institutions such as the state, communities, corporations (universitates) and their associations of persons and assets, as well as associations. At least three persons were required in Rome to found an association.
- In Haruki Murakami's novel 1Q84, the farming commune Sakigake (先駆け, lit. "pioneer") becomes recognized as a religious juridical person after splitting with the leftist militant group Akebono (曙, lit. "dawn").
- Algorithmic entities
- Corporate personality
- Corporate personhood
- Legal person
- Person (canon law) § Juridic persons
- A., Garner, Bryan; 1860-1927., Black, Henry Campbell. Black's law dictionary. ISBN 9780314642721. OCLC 908072409.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
- 1949-, Murakami, Haruki (2011). 1Q84. Rubin, Jay, 1941-, Gabriel, Philip, 1953- (1st ed.). New York: Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 978-0307593313. OCLC 701017688.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)