Jurong West

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Jurong West
Other transcription(s)
 • Chinese裕廊西
 • PinyinYù Láng Xī
 • MalayJurong Barat
 • Tamilஜூரோங் மேற்கு
Jurong Lake, panorama, Dec 18.jpg
Spring Haven @ Jurong, Jan 19.jpg
Boon Lay Place, Jan 19.jpg
Singapore C151B Train.jpg
Pioneer MRT Station 25, Dec 18.jpg
Pioneer Road North 25, Dec 18.jpg
Lakeside Primary School, 26 Dec 18.jpg
Panoramic view of Jurong Lake with Taman Jurong on the west bank, Hong Kah, Boon Lay Place, East West MRT Line, Pioneer MRT Station, Playground at Pioneer Road North, Lakeside Primary School
Jurong West is located in Singapore
Jurong West
Jurong West
Location of Jurong West within Singapore
Coordinates: 1°20′23″N 103°42′16″E / 1.33972°N 103.70444°E / 1.33972; 103.70444
Country Singapore
RegionWest Region
CDCs
Government
 • MayorsSouth West CDC
 • Members of ParliamentChua Chu Kang GRC
  • Yee Chia Hsing

Hong Kah North SMC

Jurong GRC

Pioneer SMC

West Coast GRC

Area
 • Total9.87 km2 (3.81 sq mi)
 • Residential4.8 km2 (1.9 sq mi)
Population
(2018)[2][3]
 • Total266,720
 • Density27,000/km2 (70,000/sq mi)
Postal district
22
Dwelling units73,510
Projected ultimate94,000

Jurong West (Chinese: 裕廊西, Tamil: ஜுரொங் வெஸ்ட்) is a planning area and residential town located in the West Region of Singapore. Jurong West shares boundaries with Tengah in the north, Jurong East in the east, Boon Lay and Pioneer in the south, and Western Water Catchment in the west.

Originally a forested area, Jurong West is undergoing rapid development under the ambition of the Housing and Development Board (HDB) to transform it into a fully mature housing estate.[4][5]

History[edit]

A typical apartment block in Boon Lay Meadow, showing the characteristic piloti effect on the column façade.

Jurong West originated from the area once called Peng Kang,[6] named after the gambier plantations along Sungei Jurong.[7] By the mid-20th century, the area was home to several brickworks, palm oil plantations and nurseries.[8] At that time, the only public housing estates in Jurong West were Boon Lay and Taman Jurong.[9] Jurong West was largely left alone until 1984, when the HDB began conceptualisation for a new town in Jurong West.[10] Jurong West was carved into nine subzones that would house a total of 94,000 public and private housing units in the long term.[11][3]

The town's first apartment blocks (known locally as flats) were completed at Taman Jurong in 1963.[12][13] By November 2004, about 71,522 dwelling units were completed.[14] As of 31 March 2018, there are 74,301 HDB dwelling units in Jurong West.[15]

Geography[edit]

The Pan Island Expressway forms the northern boundary of Jurong West.

Jurong West is a primarily residential town situated west of Tengah New Town in the western part of Singapore,[15] under the West Region as defined by the Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA).

The town is bordered to the north by the Pan Island Expressway (PIE), to the east by Sungei Jurong (Jurong River) and Jurong Lake, to the south by the Ayer Rajah Expressway (AYE), and to the west by Benoi Road and Upper Jurong Road. Jurong West Town Centre is located in Jurong West Central. An industrial area, part of the Jurong Industrial Estate, is located south of Boon Lay Way and Upper Jurong Road. Another industrial area is currently under development in Wenya as part of the Jurong Innovation District.[16]

Subzones[edit]

Jurong West New Town is divided into the following nine subzones.[17][11]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2018, Jurong West has a population of 266,720, most of whom are part of the working population.[2] The most populous subzone is Yunnan with 68,840 residents, closely followed by Jurong West Central with 65,720 residents. Chin Bee, however, has just ten residents, while Safti is completely unpopulated.[2] Packed into an area of 9.87 km2 (3.81 sq mi), of which just 4.8 km2 (1.9 sq mi) are designated as residential areas, Jurong West has a population density of 27,000 people per km2 (70,000 per mi2).[1]

Notable places[edit]

Jurong West's two main rivers, Sungei Jurong and Sungei Lanchar, run through the town with a network of green connectors along their banks. They link housing precincts to neighborhood parks such as Jurong Central Park, as well as the Jurong West Sports Centre, Jurong West Stadium and Frontier Community Centre. These park connectors are linked to the Chinese Garden in Jurong East New Town and the Bukit Batok Town Park in the north, to better serve the recreational needs of the residents of Jurong West.[18] Jurong Central Park, located in Kian Teck, is a rectangular green space created behind Boon Lay MRT Station.[19]

Jurong West's major public transport amenities were built in tandem with the main public housing development. The elevated track infrastructure of the East West Line was developed as the existing public housing blocks were being built in the 1980s.[20][21] The amenities were built in a contiguous building complex, which gives commuters direct access between Boon Lay MRT Station, Boon Lay Bus Interchange, Centris condominium and Jurong Point shopping centre.[22][23][24]

Transportation[edit]

City planners plan for public transport to eventually become the preferred mode of transport. The government of Singapore uses public transport to reduce pollution caused by heavy road traffic.[25] Jurong West is part of the Urban Redevelopment Authority's focus for realising this urban planning model. As Jurong West is relatively distant from the city centre at the Central Area, an efficient, high-volume and high-speed public transport system is also preferred to using road networks, as the government is aiming to reduce the number of cars on the road.[26]

Public transport[edit]

East West Line[edit]

Jurong West Town is linked to the rest of Singapore through the East West Line (EWL) at Boon Lay MRT Station, located at the Town Centre. The EWL is a heavy rail mass rapid transit system, and connects to other systems in the MRT network. It is operated by SMRT.

There are three Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) stations that serve Jurong West Planning Area, which are Lakeside, Boon Lay and Pioneer.

Boon Lay MRT Station[edit]

The Boon Lay MRT Station is located next to Boon Lay Bus Interchange for commuters' ease of switching across different modes of public transport. The MRT station began operations on 6 July 1990,[27] as the western terminus of the East West Line, before additional stations were added further west of the line at Pioneer and Joo Koon on 28 February 2009.[28]

Lakeside MRT Station[edit]

Lakeside (EW26), another station along the EWL in Jurong West Town, serves the housing developments in Taman Jurong, Hong Kah and Boon Lay. The station began operations on 5 November 1988.

Pioneer MRT Station[edit]

Pioneer (EW28) is the newest EWL station to open in Jurong West, on 28 February 2009.[29] The station improves accessibility to residential areas of Nanyang and Pioneer, as well as the industrial areas located south of the station.[30]

Jurong Region Line[edit]

Jurong Region Line

The inter-town Jurong Region Line (JRL) system is a 24 km mass rapid transit line that will connect residents to the town centre, as well as other areas such as Tengah, Choa Chu Kang and Jurong East. The MRT line will have 24 stations and all will be elevated. The line will open in 2026.

Boon Lay Bus Interchange[edit]

Boon Lay Bus Interchange

The Boon Lay Bus Interchange was originally opened in July 1990 along with Boon Lay MRT station.[31] At that time, developments around the area in Jurong West New Town were still actively in progress. It was later rebuilt[32] and reopened in December 2009[33] at the ground level of Jurong Point Shopping Centre, next to Centris condominium, and is the fourth air-conditioned bus interchange in Singapore, after Toa Payoh Bus Interchange, Sengkang Bus Interchange and Ang Mo Kio Bus Interchange.

Road network[edit]

Jalan Boon Lay

Jurong West is connected to many parts of Singapore through its road network. The Pan Island Expressway (PIE) and Ayer Rajah Expressway (AYE) link Jurong West Town up with Singapore's expressway network.

Major roads that run within the boundaries of Jurong West Planning Area include Corporation Road, Boon Lay Way, Jalan Boon Lay, Jalan Bahar, Upper Jurong Road, Pioneer Road North, Jurong West Avenue 4 and Jurong West Avenue 2.

Jurong West Town Centre[edit]

There are four major building complexes within the Jurong West Town Centre.

Jurong West Community Building[edit]

The Jurong West Community Building is an integrated development comprising the Jurong West Public Library, Frontier Community Club and Jurong Medical Centre.[34]

Jurong Point[edit]

Jurong Point is Singapore's largest suburban shopping centre.[35] The shopping mall started operations in December 1995[36] and expanded twice in 1999[37] and 2008.[38]

The Centris[edit]

The Centris is a private condominium that is integrated with public transportation facilities in its surroundings.[39]

Boon Lay Interchange[edit]

Boon Lay Interchange, located in the centre of the town, consists of the Boon Lay Bus Interchange and Boon Lay MRT Station.[40]

Jurong West Town Centre. The building complexes are, from left to right, Jurong West Community Building, Jurong Point Shopping Centre, The Centris, Boon Lay Bus Interchange and Boon Lay MRT Station.

Amenities[edit]

Education[edit]

There are 12 primary schools[41], 11 secondary schools and 2 international schools[42][43] in Jurong West New Town.

Fire stations[edit]

Jurong Fire Station

Jurong Fire Station, which opened on 17 November 2017, is the first fire station in Singapore to have a slide.[44] The fire station covers 4,000 square metres,[45] and is used by the Singapore Civil Defence Force.

Medical facilities[edit]

Pioneer Polyclinic is a government healthcare institution serving the local community in Jurong West.[46] The polyclinic was opened in January 2018.[47] Also located in Jurong West is the Jurong Medical Centre, which complements the acute and step-down care services of Ng Teng Fong General Hospital and Jurong Community Hospital.[48]

Sports facilities[edit]

Jurong West Sports Centre,[49] formerly known as Jurong West Sports and Recreation Centre,[50] is the largest sports centre in Singapore,[51] and offers one of the two sheltered pools managed by Sport Singapore.



Politics[edit]

In the current parliament, elected by the 2015 general election, there are five constituencies which contain different parts of Jurong West. Of these five constituencies, three are Group Representative Constituencies, and the other two are Single Member Constituencies. All of them are represented by the ruling People's Action Party.

Wenya, and a small portion west of Yunnan form the Hong Kah North Single Member Constituency (SMC), which was carved out of Hong Kah Group Representation Constituency (GRC) in the 2011 General Elections.[52]

Boon Lay, and a small portion west of Jurong West Central, belong to the West Coast Group Representation Constituency. They are part of the Boon Lay division of West Coast GRC, where the MP is Patrick Tay. He took over from Lawrence Wong, who is the current MP for Marsiling-Yew Tee Group Representation Constituency.[53] Boon Lay was previously a Single Member Constituency on its own prior to the 2001 General Election, and Hong Kah and Wenya were part of the constituency from its creation in 1976[54] until the 1984 General Elections when they were carved out to form the Hong Kah Single Member Constituency and Yuhua Single Member Constituency.[55]

The majority of Jurong West Central and a small portion south of Yunnan form the Pioneer SMC, formerly a division under the West Coast Group Representation Constituency until the 2011 General Elections. Its Member of Parliament (MP) is Cedric Foo. The two neighbourhoods were under the Jurong Single Member Constituency, under Ho Kah Leong, before the 1997 General Elections.[56]

The neighbourhoods of Hong Kah and Taman Jurong belong to the Jurong Group Representation Constituency, which was formed after the reorganisation of Jurong SMC, Bukit Timah GRC and Hong Kah GRC in GE2001.[57][58]

A large portion of Yunnan bounded by Jurong West Avenue 5 and Jurong West Street 72, is part of the Chua Chu Kang Group Representation Constituency under the Nanyang Division. The area used to be under the Jurong SMC until it was carved out during GE1997.[59] Its Member Of Parliament (MP) is Yee Chia Hsing.[60]

Before 1976, the entire Jurong West Town was part of the Jurong Single Member Constituency.[61]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]