Jusayr

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Jusayr
Jusayr is located in Mandatory Palestine
Jusayr
Jusayr
Arabic جسير
Name meaning "the little bridge"[1]
Subdistrict Gaza
Coordinates 31°39′25″N 34°46′15″E / 31.65694°N 34.77083°E / 31.65694; 34.77083Coordinates: 31°39′25″N 34°46′15″E / 31.65694°N 34.77083°E / 31.65694; 34.77083
Palestine grid 128/118
Population 1180[2][3] (1945)
Area 12,361[3] dunams
Date of depopulation July 17–18, 1948[4]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces
Current localities Menucha,[5] Wardon[5]

Jusayr was a Palestinian Arab village in the Gaza Subdistrict. It was depopulated during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War on July 17, 1948 under Operation Barak or Operation Yo'av. It was located 35 km northeast of Gaza.

History[edit]

Ceramics from the Byzantine era have been found here.[6]

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1517, Jusayr was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire with the rest of Palestine, and in 1596 the village appeared in the Ottoman tax registers as being in the nahiya (subdistrict) of Gaza under the Liwa of Gaza. It had a population of 60 household;[7] an estimated population of 330.[8] The whole population was Muslim.[7] It paid a fixed tax rate of 25% on a number of crops, including wheat, barley, summer crops, vineyards, fruit trees, goats, beehives, as well as on "occasional revenues"; a total of 12,180 Akçe.[7]

In 1863 Victor Guérin visited the village, which he found to have 500 inhabitants,[9] while an Ottoman village list from about 1870 found that the village had a population of 296, in a total of 119 houses, though the population count included men, only.[10][11]

In 1883 the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described it as being an adobe village on flat ground.[12]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Jusayr had a population of 579 inhabitants, all Muslims,[13] increasing in the 1931 census to 839 Muslims, in a total of 246 houses.[14]

By 1945, Jusayr had a population of 1180 Muslims,[2] with a total of 12,361 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey.[3] Of this, 11,852 dunams were used for cereals,[15] while 54 dunams were built-up land.[16]

Jusayr had an elementary school for boys which was founded in 1937, and by 1945, it had an enrollment of 74 students.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 368
  2. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 31
  3. ^ a b c Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 46
  4. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xix, village #300. Also gives cause for depopulation
  5. ^ a b Khalidi, 1992, p. 118
  6. ^ Dauphin, 1992, p. 873
  7. ^ a b c Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 147
  8. ^ a b Khalidi, 1992, p. 117
  9. ^ Guérin, 1869, p. 122
  10. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 153
  11. ^ Hartmann, 1883, p. 133, also noted 119 houses
  12. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 260, Cited in Khalidi, 1992, p. 117
  13. ^ Barron, 1923, Table V, Sub-district of Gaza, p. 9
  14. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 4
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 87
  16. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 137

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]