Liger in November 2015
|Birth name||Keiichi Yamada|
November 30, 1964 |
Hiroshima, Hiroshima, Japan
|Residence||Fukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan|
|Professional wrestling career|
|Ring name(s)||C.T.U Ranger Yellow
Jyushin Thunder Liger[note 1]
|Billed height||1.70 m (5 ft 7 in)|
|Billed weight||95 kg (209 lb)|
|Billed from||Tokyo, Japan|
|Trained by||Kotetsu Yamamoto
|Debut||March 3, 1984
Keiichi Yamada (山田恵一 Yamada Keiichi, born November 30, 1964), better known as Jyushin Liger (獣神ライガー Jūshin Raigā) and later Jyushin Thunder Liger (獣神サンダー・ライガー Jūshin Sandā Raigā)[note 1] is a Japanese professional wrestler and former mixed martial artist who primarily works for New Japan Pro-Wrestling. Throughout his career, which has spanned more than three decades, he has wrestled many of the world's top wrestlers and has performed in major events for promotions across the globe. He is frequently cited as one of the greatest and most revolutionary junior heavyweights of all time.
- 1 Professional wrestling career
- 1.1 Training and early career (1984–1986)
- 1.2 All Star Wrestling (1986–1987, 1989, 2014)
- 1.3 Stampede Wrestling (1987, 1989)
- 1.4 New Japan Pro-Wrestling
- 1.5 World Wrestling Federation/WWE (1990, 2015)
- 1.6 World Championship Wrestling
- 1.7 Ring of Honor
- 1.8 Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (2005–2006)
- 1.9 Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre
- 1.10 North American independent promotions (2007–present)
- 2 Mixed martial arts career
- 3 In wrestling
- 4 Championships and accomplishments
- 5 Mixed martial arts record
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Professional wrestling career
Training and early career (1984–1986)
Keiichi Yamada was an amateur wrestler during his high school years. In his senior year, he lost to Toshiaki Kawada in the finals of a national championship tournament. After graduating high school in the early 1980s, he would apply to New Japan Pro-Wrestling's (NJPW) dojo in the hope of becoming a professional wrestler. He was not accepted because he did not meet the height requirements the dojo had at that time. Yamada, determined not to give up his dream of becoming a professional wrestler, left for Mexico and began his training there. By his own account, he was almost starving while studying in Mexico, due to this NJPW officials who were visiting took pity on him and asked him to come back to Japan to train in their dojo. In the NJPW dojo, he trained alongside the likes of Keiji Mutoh, Masahiro Chono and Shinya Hashimoto. While continuing his training, he had his debut match in March 1984 at the age of 19, wrestling against Shunji Kosugi. He began studying various martial arts styles because he wanted to add something new and different to his wrestling style, which is how he learned his Abisegeri kick. In 1985, Yamada participated in the Young Lion Cup and got to the final of the tournament before being defeated by Shunji Kosugi. In the beginning of 1986, Yamada participated in the IWGP Junior Heavyweight Championship League but lost to Black Tiger. On July 19, 1986, Yamada faced Nobuhiko Takada in a losing effort in his first of many IWGP Junior Heavyweight Championship matches.
All Star Wrestling (1986–1987, 1989, 2014)
After winning the Young Lion Cup in March 1986, he went on an excursion of Europe, where he wrestled for All Star Wrestling in England, under the name "Flying" Fuji Yamada. He won the World Heavy Middleweight Championship twice, once in September 1986 and once in March 1987, both times defeating "Rollerball" Mark Rocco and both times losing it back to him, the last of these title changes being televised on ITV. Yamada would later visit All Star again in 1989, with tag partner Flying Funaki. He returned to Britain in 2014 to work once again for All Star Wrestling, this time under his masked Jushin Liger identity.
Stampede Wrestling (1987, 1989)
Yamada went on an excursion in Canada, around May 1987, where he wrestled in Stu Hart's Stampede Wrestling in Calgary under his real name. He also trained under Hart in the legendary "Dungeon". His experiences there led him to refer to Hart as a "very, very tough man." He would return to Calgary in January 1989.
New Japan Pro-Wrestling
Return and character change (1987–1988)
After returning to Japan in August 1987, Yamada debuted his Shooting Star Press in a match against Masakatsu Funaki, for which he had gotten the idea from reading the manga Fist of the North Star. Throughout 1987 and 1988, Yamada improved with each match, occasionally getting shots at the IWGP Junior Heavyweight Championship, most notably against Owen Hart on June 10, 1988, and against Shiro Koshinaka on December 9, 1988. He would also take part in the first ever Top of the Super Juniors where he earned 31 points, not enough to progress to the final. Within months of his second Canadian excursion, NJPW called him back, as they needed him for a gimmick based on an extremely popular anime superhero, Jushin Liger, created by manga artist Go Nagai. NJPW had done this previously with Tiger Mask, which had become a huge success. Yamada was given a superhero-like full body costume and a demonic looking mask, resembling the superhero type featured in tokusatsu and anime programs.
IWGP Junior Heavyweight Champion (1989–2000)
Yamada as "Jyushin Liger" returned to NJPW on April 24, 1989, at the Tokyo Dome. In the character's debut match, he defeated Kuniaki Kobayashi. He has also wrestled all the Black Tigers to date (from Mark Rocco in 1989 to Tatsuhito Takaiwa in 2009). The Liger character underwent changes in conjunction with the Go Nagai anime progressing and its hero powering up. In January 1990, Liger was renamed "Jyushin Thunder Liger", a name he continues to use to this day. He quickly became one of NJPW's top junior heavyweights, eventually capturing the IWGP Junior Heavyweight Championship eleven times, between May 25, 1989 and December 6, 1999, among numerous other titles and accolades while wrestling around the world. When appearing without his mask on, Yamada blocks his appearance by covering his face with one hand.
Early in his career, Yamada's style mostly consisted of high flying. Years later, he started adapting more power moves and started focusing more on grappling and telling a story in the ring; part of this change was due to the fact that Liger had to reduce the stress he was putting on his body after undergoing brain tumor surgery in August 1996, which explained why he lost his match to Último Dragón in the first round of the J-Crown tournament. He also had the opportunity to wrestle "Macho Man" Randy Savage on July 17, in which he lost.
Kishin Liger (1996, 2006, 2012)
On October 20, 1996, The Great Muta faced off in a match with Liger. As the match progressed, Muta resorted to his underhand tactics that had become his style over the years. He tore at Liger's mask and eventually ripped it off, but Liger kept his face down on the mat. After grabbing a chair outside the ring, Muta entered the ring but before he could hit Liger with it, Liger stood up and revealed his face to be painted pale white with red writings and spit mist into Muta's face (another Muta trademark). He tore off his bodysuit and revealed a painted chest, then proceeded to fight more aggressively the rest of the match, despite losing the match to Muta.
On July 30, 2006, Liger revived the "Kishin Liger" gimmick and faced off with rival Bad Boy Hido in NJPW. The story was that Hido had cut a piece of Liger's hair and Liger vowed revenge, so he transformed into Kishin Liger. Liger won the match with a brainbuster onto a steel chair. Liger's next appearance as Kishin Liger took place in June 2012 and was brought on by Taichi tearing his mask to pieces.
The gimmick is a variation of The Great Muta gimmick which relies on bloody and evil tactics in a match, using mannerisms and imagery that differ from the person's normal ways. This gimmick also uses many wrestling moves that are regulars in The Great Muta's move set, such as the Asian mist.
Heavyweight division (2000)
During 2000, as booker Riki Choshu decided to de-emphasize the junior heavyweight division (a costly decision that diminished its credibility), Liger wrestled heavyweights without wearing the upper part of his bodysuit or his mask horns (the first time he wore that attire was on February 24, 1994, against Shinya Hashimoto in a non-title match between the IWGP Junior Heavyweight Champion and the IWGP Heavyweight Champion).
Junior heavyweight veteran (2001–present)
From 2001–2007, Liger was the leader of the NJPW heel stable Control Terrorism Unit (CTU) along with Hirooki Goto, Minoru Tanaka, Black Tiger IV, Gedo, Jado, Prince Devitt and briefly James Gibson.
CTU was disbanded in August 2007, when Liger decided CTU would disband while at the top of NJPW, Liger would then join Masahiro Chono's Legend stable. The Legend stable would disband in February 2010, after Chono, Choshu and Akira's departures.
Since then, Liger has mainly teamed with fellow veteran Tiger Mask, remaining outside of championship contention for the most part. Liger and Tiger won the vacant IWGP Junior Heavyweight Tag Team Championship on June 16, 2012, at Dominion 6.16, losing it to Forever Hooligans (Alex Koslov and Rocky Romero) on July 22. Liger's most recent shot at the IWGP Junior Heavyweight Championship took place on May 3, 2016, when he unsuccessfully challenged Kushida for the title at Wrestling Dontaku 2016. In May 2017, Liger announced that the 2017 Best of the Super Juniors would be his last BOSJ tournament. He finished the tournament with a record of six losses and one win, which came in his last match against Taichi.
World Wrestling Federation/WWE (1990, 2015)
Liger made his World Wrestling Federation (WWF) debut on April 13, 1990, at Wrestling Summit in the Tokyo Dome, an event co-produced with NJPW and All Japan Pro Wrestling (AJPW), where he defeated Akira Nogami. On July 16, 2015, WWE announced that Liger would wrestle a match at the NXT TakeOver: Brooklyn WWE Network special event on August 22, 2015, against Tyler Breeze. According to NJPW, WWE had approached them about bringing Liger in for the event as a special guest. At the event, Liger was victorious over Breeze.
World Championship Wrestling
Liger made appearances with World Championship Wrestling (WCW) during the 1990s. He made his debut in December 1991. He feuded with Brian Pillman over the WCW World Light Heavyweight Championship. He defeated Pillman on December 25 for the title at a house show in Atlanta, Georgia. He would hold onto the title for over two months, before losing it back to Pillman at SuperBrawl II. Liger left WCW in December 1992 after Starrcade, teaming with Erik Watts in a losing effort to "Dr. Death" Steve Williams and Sting in a Lethal Lottery match.
Upon his return to WCW in 1995, Liger had the distinction of appearing in the first ever match on the inaugural WCW Monday Nitro held at the Mall of America on September 4 where he lost to Brian Pillman. He returned to WCW in September 1995; he would go on to face many other opponents such as Chris Benoit, Pillman, Dean Malenko, Rey Mysterio Jr., and Juventud Guerrera, as well as unsuccessfully challenging Konnan for the WCW United States Heavyweight Championship at Slamboree '96.
Liger was met with controversy around late-November/early-December 1999 while wrestling a short tour in WCW as the IWGP Junior Heavyweight Champion when he lost the championship on an episode of Monday Nitro to Juventud Guerrera via a blow to the head from a tequila bottle. Liger regained his title the following week from Psicosis, who was substituting for Guerrera because he broke his arm. However, the scripting of these title changes was viewed as embarrassing for NJPW and the company chose not to acknowledge or release any information about the title changes. In turn, none of the Japanese sports media outlets reported the two title changes as well. New Japan didn't recognize Guerrera's reign until 2007. Liger was also referred to as a 10 time champion until this time.
Ring of Honor
On November 5, 2004, Liger debuted in Ring of Honor (ROH), headlining their back-to-back "Weekend of Thunder" shows to huge acclaim. ROH selected Bryan Danielson as Liger's special opponent for that weekend. For Night 1, the two faced each other in a singles match, with Liger winning the highly competitive bout after a super brainbuster. On November 6, 2004 Night 2 would see a "dream tag-team" match in the main event. Liger chose then-ROH Champion Samoa Joe as his partner out of respect for Joe's accomplishments as ROH World Champion, and Danielson selected Low Ki to negate Joe. Liger again came out on top, pinning Danielson with a Liger Bomb to win the match. On January 29, 2010 at ROH's debut show in Los Angeles, California as part of WrestleReunion 4, Liger lost a non-title match to ROH World Champion Austin Aries via pinfall after a brainbuster. It was Liger's first ROH match in over five years.
In May 2014, Liger returned to ROH as part of a tour co-produced by NJPW and ROH. On May 17 at War of the Worlds, Liger unsuccessfully challenged Adam Cole for the ROH World Championship. On March 27, 2015, Liger returned to ROH at the Supercard of Honor IX event, unsuccessfully challenging Jay Lethal for the ROH World Television Championship. Liger returned to ROH the following May to take part in the ROH/NJPW co-produced War of the Worlds '15 and Global Wars '15 events.
Liger returned to ROH on August 18, 2017, during their UK tour stop in London, which was co-promoted with NJPW, CMLL and the UK's Revolution Pro Wrestling (RPW). Liger teamed with Delirious and Místico to unsuccessfully challenge Dalton Castle and The Boys for the ROH World Six-Man Tag Team Championship.
Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (2005–2006)
He was scheduled to face off against Christopher Daniels at TNA Lockdown 2006 on April 23, 2006. He had been unaware that the match was to be held in a Steel Cage, something in which he had never participated before. When he heard of this he cancelled the match. One of TNA's bookers Scott D'Amore has speculated that he didn't want to participate in the match due to it being in a new environment, fearing it would have hampered his performance. According to D'Amore, Liger had been unhappy with his previous TNA match against Joe which was cut short due to communication problems, and wanted his next TNA match to be better. D'Amore has also denied the rumor that communication issues between TNA and NJPW had caused the match to be cancelled. Liger was not double booked to two events at the same time, as had been publicly speculated.
Liger was the captain of the New Japan team in the TNA 2006 World X Cup Tournament and defeated Team Canada's Captain Petey Williams at TNA Sacrifice on May 14, 2006 using a Crash Thunder Buster after Williams was distracted by the rest of Team Japan, who draped the flag over Williams after Liger's victory. Liger was eliminated in the X-Cup Gauntlet later that night and Team Japan was unable to gain any points in the match as it was won by Team Canada with Team Mexico as runners up.
Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre
In 2007 Liger made a short visit to Mexico, working for Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre, NJPW's Mexican associate. He took part in the 2007 CMLL International Gran Prix as the captain of a team of non-Mexican wrestlers. Liger was the last man eliminated from the match by winner Último Guerrero. Liger returned to CMLL in September 2009 for a longer tour, teaming with Okumura, Naito and Yujiro as La Ola Amarilla ("The Yellow Wave" in Spanish). At the CMLL 76th Anniversary Show La Ola Amarilla defeated Team Mexico (Último Guerrero, Atlantis, Black Warrior and Héctor Garza) in one of the featured matches on the show. The following week, at the 2009 Gran Alternativa show Liger unsuccessfully challenged for Último Guerrero's CMLL World Heavyweight Championship. He also failed to regain the IWGP Junior Heavyweight Championship from Místico before returning to Japan in October 2009. On May 3, 2010, at Wrestling Dontaku 2010, Liger defeated Negro Casas at a New Japan show in Fukuoka, Japan, to win the CMLL World Middleweight Championship.
Liger returned to CMLL in June 2010 for a long tour of the company. As the CMLL World Middleweight Championship he earned entry into the 2010 Universal Championship. On the August 6, 2010 Super Viernes show Liger won Block B by defeating Negro Casas, Héctor Garza and La Máscara to earn a spot in the finals. On the August 13, 2010 Super Viernes Liger defeated La Sombra to win the 2010 Universal Championship. On August 16, 2010 it was announced that Liger was one of 14 men putting their mask on the line in a Luchas de Apuestas steel cage match, the main event of the CMLL 77th Anniversary Show. Liger was the seventh man to leave the steel cage, keeping his mask safe. The match came down to La Sombra pinning Olímpico to unmask him. During the same tour, Liger also made his first successful defense of the CMLL World Middleweight Championship, defeating La Sombra on September 27. On January 4, 2011, at New Japan's Wrestle Kingdom V in Tokyo Dome event, Liger wrestled in a CMLL showcase match, where he and Héctor Garza were defeated by La Sombra and Máscara Dorada, when Sombra pinned Liger, setting up a CMLL World Middleweight Championship match for CMLL's Fantastica Mania 2011 show on January 22 in Tokyo, Japan. At Fantastica Mania Liger defeated La Sombra to retain the CMLL World Middleweight Championship. On May 3, Liger made his third successful defense of the title, defeating Máscara Dorada at New Japan's Wrestling Dontaku 2011 show. Liger returned to Mexico on September 15, 2011, announcing his intention of working as a technico for the first time during his run with CMLL. On September 30 at CMLL's 78th Anniversary Show, Liger defeated eleven other men in a torneo cibernetico to advance to the finals of the 2011 Leyenda de Plata. On October 7, Liger was defeated in the finals of the tournament by Volador Jr. On October 24, Liger made his fourth successful defense of the CMLL World Middleweight Championship, defeating El Texano Jr. On November 18, Liger lost the title to Dragón Rojo Jr., ending his reign at 564 days. Liger's three-month stint in CMLL ended on December 9, with a loss against Último Guerrero.
On July 5, 2013, during a New Japan event, Liger teamed with Hiroshi Tanahashi to defeat Tama Tonga and El Terrible for the CMLL World Tag Team Championship. They lost the title to Tonga and Rey Bucanero on September 14.
North American independent promotions (2007–present)
Liger made his Canadian return after 18 years on May 25 and 26, 2007, in Mississauga, Ontario and competed in UWA Hardcore Wrestling. On night one he teamed with Puma and defeated the team of Último Dragón and Kazuchika Okada, after Liger hit the Liger Bomb on Okada. On night two, Liger teamed with Último Dragón and defeated The Murder City Machine Guns (Alex Shelley and Chris Sabin) after a Liger Bomb / Dragon Sleeper combo.
On May 22, 2010, Liger made his debut for American promotion Jersey All Pro Wrestling (JAPW), losing to Homicide in the main event of the evening. He would return to the promotion seven months later on December 10, when he defeated Azrieal, Bandido Jr., B-Boy, El Generico and Kenny Omega in a six–way elimination match to win the JAPW Light Heavyweight Championship. The following day he would successfully defend the title against Mike Quackenbush. Liger would lose the title to Kenny Omega in his second defense on May 15, 2011, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, during the Invasion Tour 2011, New Japan's first ever tour of the United States.
On March 24, 2013, it was announced that Liger would return to the United States the following month, making his debut for Extreme Rising on April 4, Pro Wrestling Syndicate (PWS) on April 5 and Chikara on April 6, all during the WrestleCon weekend in New Jersey. After the cancellation of the Extreme Rising event, Liger ended up taking part in another PWS event on April 4, during which he defeated Davey Richards and Tony Nese in a three-way match. The following day, Liger was defeated by former WWE wrestler John Morrison in what was billed as an "International Dream Match". Liger finished his American tour by teaming with Mike Quackenbush to defeat Jigsaw and The Shard in the main event of the Chikara show.
On July 9, 2016, PWG announced that Liger would be returning to the promotion on September 2 to take part in the 2016 Battle of Los Angeles. He was eliminated from the tournament in the first round by Chris Hero.
Mixed martial arts career
On November 30, 2002, Liger was booked as a replacement for a mixed martial arts match in the Pancrase organization against Minoru Suzuki due to his planned opponent, Kensuke Sasaki, being forced to pull out due to injury. In what would be Liger's only MMA match, he was easily beaten by Suzuki via rear naked choke at 1:48 into the first round. After a failed attempt at an Abisegeri, Liger was quickly mounted and hit with Suzuki's ground and pound until the choke was applied, forcing Liger to tap out. Liger wore a modified version of his mask during the bout.
- Finishing moves
- Brainbuster, sometimes from the top rope
- CTB – Crash Thunder Buster (Belly-to-back wheelbarrow facebuster)
- Elevated DDT – Late 1980s–early 1990s; used rarely thereafter
- Kuchu Dojime Otoshi (Lou Thesz press pin) – 2009–present
- Liger Bomb (Standing or a running high-angle sitout powerbomb)
- Liger Suplex (Bridging wrist-clutch leg hook belly-to-back suplex)
- Shooting star press – Innovated; 1987–1997
- Signature moves
- Entrance themes
Championships and accomplishments
- All Star Wrestling
- World Heavy Middleweight Championship (2 times)
- Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre
- Dragon Gate
- Jersey All Pro Wrestling
- Michinoku Pro Wrestling
- New Japan Pro-Wrestling
- IWGP Junior Heavyweight Championship (11 times)
- IWGP Junior Heavyweight Tag Team Championship (6 times) – with The Great Sasuke (1), El Samurai (1), Minoru Tanaka, (1), Koji Kanemoto (1), Akira (1), and Tiger Mask (1)
- J-Crown (1 time)
- NWA World Junior Heavyweight Championship (2 times)
- NWA World Welterweight Championship (1 time)
- UWA World Junior Light Heavyweight Championship (1 time)
- WWA World Junior Light Heavyweight Championship (1 time)
- WWF Light Heavyweight Championship (1 time)1
- WAR International Junior Heavyweight Championship (1 time)
- Top/Best of the Super Juniors (1992, 1994, 2001)
- G1 Climax Junior Heavyweight Tag League (2001) – with El Samurai
- Naeba Prince Hotel Cup Tag Tournament (2001) – with Yuji Nagata
- Young Lion Cup (1986)
- Outstanding Performance Award (2000)
- Tag Team Best Bout (2003) with Koji Kanemoto vs. Kotaro Suzuki and Naomichi Marufuji on June 10
- Osaka Pro Wrestling
- Pro Wrestling Illustrated
- Pro Wrestling Noah
- Revolution Pro Wrestling
- British J Cup (2017)
- Tokyo Sports
- Vendetta Pro Wrestling
- Vendetty Award: Special Guest Star of the Year (2015)
- World Championship Wrestling
- Wrestle Association R
- Wrestling Observer Newsletter
- 5 Star Match (1992) vs. El Samurai on April 30
- 5 Star Match (1994) vs. The Great Sasuke on July 8
- Best Gimmick (1989)
- Best Flying Wrestler (1989–1993)
- Best Technical Wrestler (1989–1992)
- Best Wrestling Maneuver (1987, 1988) Shooting star press
- Match of the Year (1990) vs. Naoki Sano on January 31 in Osaka, Japan
- Most Outstanding Wrestler (1990–1992)
- Rookie of the Year (1984) tied with Tom Zenk
- Wrestling Observer Newsletter Hall of Fame (Class of 1999)
Luchas de Apuestas record
|Winner (wager)||Loser (wager)||Location||Event||Date||Notes|
|Jushin Thunder Liger (mask)||Pegasus Kid (mask)||Fukuoka, Japan||Summer Struggle 1991||July 4, 1991|||
|Jushin Thunder Liger (mask)||Tiger Mask III (mask)||Tokyo, Japan||Battlefield||January 4, 1994|||
Mixed martial arts record
|Professional record breakdown|
|1 match||0 wins||1 loss|
|Loss||0–1||Minoru Suzuki||Submission (rear naked choke)||Pancrase: Spirit 8||November 30, 2002||1||1:48||Yokohama, Kanagawa|
- Jushin Liger (anime) – The 1989 anime series that inspired Yamada's wrestling character.
- Jushin Thunder Liger: Fist of Thunder – The 1995 OVT tokusatsu movie starring Yamada.
- "Online World of Wrestling profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved February 2, 2010.
- Clevett, Jason (November 3, 2004). "The legend of Jushin "Thunder" Liger". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved February 2, 2010.
- 【WD16】5月3日（火・祝）福岡大会カード！ “新王者”内藤に石井が挑戦！ オカダvsSanada、後藤vsEvil、IWGPタッグ再戦、ライガーがKushidaに挑. New Japan Pro-Wrestling (in Japanese). April 11, 2016. Archived from the original on April 11, 2016. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
- "Last of C.T.U～C.T.U Farewell in Korakuen Hall～". New Japan Pro-Wrestling (in Japanese). Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- "Pro Wrestling Illustrated 500 – 2000: 8 Jushin Liger". Pro Wrestling Illustrated. Blue Bell, Pennsylvania, United States: Sports and Entertainment publications LLC. September 28, 2000. p. 11. October 2000.
- "Pro Wrestling Illustrated Top 500 of the PWI Years: 12 Jushin Liger". Pro Wrestling Illustrated. Blue Bell, Pennsylvania, United States: Sports and Entertainment publications LLC. May 21, 2003. p. 15. June 2003.
- 獣神サンダー・ライガー. New Japan Pro-Wrestling (in Japanese). Retrieved May 24, 2017.
- "Pro Wrestling llustrated 500 – 2004 :53 Jushin Liger". Pro Wrestling Illustrated. Blue Bell, Pennsylvania, United States: Sports and Entertainment publications LLC. October 2004. p. 25. December 2004.
- "Jushin "Thunder" Liger". WWE. Retrieved July 17, 2015.
- Ruiz Glez, Alex (August 15, 2010). "Liger, Atlantis, Mr. Niebla y Ultimo Guerrero entran al Juicio final del CMLL". SuperLuchas (in Spanish). Retrieved August 16, 2010.
- Meltzer, Dave (November 5, 2017). "'Tokyo' Joe Daigo passes away at 75 years old". Wrestling Observer Newsletter. Retrieved November 5, 2017.
- "Jyushin Thunder Liger". Twitter. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
- Woodward, Buck (May 9, 2009). "PWInsider Q&A: Monday Night Wars, Rock getting booed, Liger and more". Pro Wrestling Insider. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
- "Jushin Thunder Liger Joins The UK Revolution". Fighting Spirit Magazine. February 9, 2013. Retrieved March 8, 2017.
- "1989 results". British Wrestling Archive. Retrieved July 2, 2010.
- All Star Wrestling full show featuring Jushin "Thunder" Liger from Croydon 3 October 2014 - Event occurs at 57m 03s
- "Puroresu Central profile". Puroresu Central. Retrieved February 2, 2010.
- "Dominion 6.16". New Japan Pro-Wrestling (in Japanese). Archived from the original on June 19, 2012. Retrieved June 16, 2012.
- Mancuso, Ryan. "New Japan World Pro Wrestling, 3/5/94". Puroresu Central. Retrieved February 7, 2010.
- "Dominion 6.16". New Japan Pro-Wrestling (in Japanese). Retrieved June 16, 2012.
- "NJPW 40th anniversary Tour Kizuna Road". New Japan Pro-Wrestling (in Japanese). Archived from the original on July 30, 2012. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
- Rose, Bryan (May 3, 2016). "NJPW Wrestling Dontaku results: Super Juniors lineups; IWGP champ Naito vs. Ishii". Wrestling Observer Newsletter. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
- "【新日】ライガーが「ＢＯＳＪ」卒業の真意＆「引退」への思い明かす". Tokyo Sports (in Japanese). May 7, 2017. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
- "鉄拳7 Presents Best of the Super Jr.24". New Japan Pro-Wrestling (in Japanese). Retrieved May 31, 2017.
- "WWF/AJPW/NJPW Wrestling Summit". Cagematch. Retrieved December 27, 2017.
- "WWE NXT news: Jushin Liger announced for "Takeover" special, Balor-Owens, Samoa Joe, Charlotte, more notes from Thursday's TV taping". Pro Wrestling Torch. July 16, 2015. Retrieved July 17, 2015.
- アメリカ現地時間・8月22日、なんとWWE・NXTのビッグマッチに獣神サンダー・ライガー選手が登場!!. New Japan Pro-Wrestling (in Japanese). July 17, 2015. Retrieved July 17, 2015.
- Witner, Emerson (August 22, 2015). "WWE NXT TakeOver live results & main card: Finn Balor vs. Kevin Owens, Sasha Banks vs. Bayley, Samoa Joe, Jushin "Thunder" Liger". Wrestling Observer Newsletter. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- "Superbrawl II". Online World of Wrestling. 2005. Retrieved May 25, 2008.
- Jushin Liger: Straight Shootin' Archived October 15, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- Internet Archive – New Japan Pro Wrestling: Jushin Liger Bio (Japanese)
- "Ring of Honor – Weekend of Thunder 1". Online World of Wrestling. 2005. Retrieved December 3, 2007.
- "Ring of Honor – Weekend of Thunder 2". Online World of Wrestling. 2005. Retrieved December 3, 2007.
- Clevett, Jason (January 30, 2010). "ROH, Liger kick off WrestleReunion". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved June 20, 2011.
- Caldwell, James (May 17, 2014). "Caldwell's ROH iPPV results 5/17: Complete "virtual-time" coverage of War of the Worlds - ROH Title & IWGP Title main events, new ROH tag champs, Steen vs. Nakamura, more". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved May 17, 2014.
- "Show results - 3/27 ROH in Redwood City, Calif.: Samoa Joe challenges Briscoe for ROH World Title, Jushin Liger challenges for TV Title, Jacobs's ROH farewell, more". Pro Wrestling Torch. March 28, 2015. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
- Caldwell, James (April 3, 2015). "ROH news: Ring of Honor announces third New Japan star for May tour". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved May 14, 2015.
- Keller, Wade (December 2, 2016). "Keller's ROH Final Battle 2016 PPV report 12/2: Cole vs. O'Reilly, Cody Rhodes vs. Lethal, Cabana vs. Dalton, Briscoes vs. Young Bucks". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Green, Dave (August 19, 2017). "8/18 ROH in London, England at York Hall: Los Ingobernablés de Japòn vs. Bullet Club, Kushida, Titan, Briscoes, Addiction, more". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved November 4, 2017.
- "TNA PPV Results". Online World of Wrestling. 2005. Retrieved December 3, 2007.
- "TNA PPV Wrestling Results". Online World of Wrestling. 2006. Retrieved December 3, 2007.
- Ocampo, Ernesto (May 12, 2007). "Resultados Arena Mexico (11 Mayo 07)". SuperLuchas (in Spanish). Retrieved August 30, 2009.
- Rivera, Manuel (September 21, 2009). "El reloj a favor de Místico". SuperLuchas (in Spanish). issue 332. Retrieved September 22, 2009.
- Marquina, Alva (September 25, 2009). "CMLL- (Resultados en vivo 25 septiembre de 2009) – Último Guerrero venció a Liger. Yujiro y Okumura se llevan el Torneo la Gran Alternativa". SuperLuchas (in Spanish). Retrieved September 26, 2009.
- Oculto, Rostro (September 29, 2009). "CMLL- Místico retiene el Campeonato Completo Jr. IWGP ante Jushin "Thunder" Liger en Puebla". SuperLuchas (in Spanish). Retrieved September 29, 2009.
- Flores, Manuel (May 3, 2010). "Jushin Liger, nuevo campeón mundial medio del CMLL – Nakamura pierde el título IWGP". SuperLuchas (in Spanish). Retrieved May 3, 2010.
- Velazquez, Israel (August 7, 2010). "Resultados Arena México (6 agosto 2010): ¡Liger, segundo finalista por el Campeonato Universal! Místico vs. Psicosis, ¿antes de lo esperado?". SuperLuchas (in Spanish). Archived from the original on November 25, 2010. Retrieved August 5, 2010.
- Rivera, Manuel (August 14, 2010). "Resultados Arena México (13 agosto 2010): ¡Liger, Campeón Universal! ¿14 luchadores a la jaula del 3 de septiembre?". SuperLuchas (in Spanish). Retrieved August 15, 2010.
- Ocampo, Jorge (September 3, 2010). "Cobertura CMLL: El Juicio Final. LXXVII Aniversario de la Empresa Mexicana de Lucha Libre". SuperLuchas (in Spanish). Retrieved September 4, 2010.
- Ruiz Glez, Alex (September 30, 2010). "Arena Puebla (resultados 27 de septiembre)Jushin "Thunder" Liger se va con el campeonato mundial medio del CMLL a Japón". SuperLuchas (in Spanish). Retrieved May 3, 2011.
- "レッスルキングダムV in 東京ドーム". New Japan Pro-Wrestling (in Japanese). Retrieved January 12, 2011.
- Gerweck, Steve (January 4, 2011). "1/4 TNA-NJPW Results: Tokyo, Japan". Wrestleview. Archived from the original on January 7, 2011. Retrieved January 12, 2011.
- "NJPW/CMLL cards announced, Tanahashi's first challenger to be determined on 1/30, Okada news". Strong Style Spirit. January 5, 2011. Retrieved January 12, 2011.
- Flores, Manuel (January 22, 2011). "Resultados "Fantasticamanía" – CMLL/NJPW en Japón – Los mexicanos perdieron todos los duelos por campeonatos". SuperLuchas. Retrieved January 22, 2011.
- レスリングどんたく 2011 (in Japanese). New Japan Pro-Wrestling. Archived from the original on May 8, 2011. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
- ""世界の獣神"が"第ニの故郷"メキシコ上陸! 今度はライガーのCMLL遠征がスタート!!" (in Japanese). New Japan Pro-Wrestling. September 15, 2011. Retrieved September 16, 2011.
- González, Fernando (October 1, 2011). "Lyger por la Leyenda de Plata". Récord (in Spanish). Archived from the original on October 3, 2011. Retrieved October 1, 2011.
- Rodríguez, Édgar (October 8, 2011). "Volador Jr. se llevó la plata". Récord (in Spanish). Archived from the original on October 9, 2011. Retrieved October 8, 2011.
- "またも獣神旋風! メヒコでCMLL世界ミドル級選手権、ライガーがテハノ・ジュニアに防衛!!" (in Japanese). New Japan Pro-Wrestling. October 25, 2011. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
- González, Fernando (November 19, 2011). "Dragón Rojo Jr., nuevo Campeón peso Medio del CMLL". Récord (in Spanish). Archived from the original on October 19, 2013. Retrieved November 20, 2011.
- Salazar López, Alexis A. (December 9, 2011). "Regresan los Martinetes de Panther". Estrellas del Ring (in Spanish). Retrieved December 11, 2011.
- "吉野家Presents Kizuna Road 2013" (in Japanese). New Japan Pro-Wrestling. Retrieved July 5, 2013.
- "Road to Destruction" (in Japanese). New Japan Pro-Wrestling. Retrieved September 15, 2013.
- "Kurt Russellreunion". Pro Wrestling Guerrilla. January 30, 2010. Retrieved October 11, 2011.
- Johnson, Mike (May 22, 2010). "Complete JAPW live coverage: Homicide vs. Jushin Liger for the first time, one hell of a classy moment to close the show and more". Pro Wrestling Insider. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
- "2010 Event Results". Jersey All Pro Wrestling. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2017-05-26.
- Martin, Adam (May 16, 2011). "5/15 New Japan Pro Wrestling Results: Philly, PA". Wrestleview. Archived from the original on June 10, 2011. Retrieved May 16, 2011.
- 獣神サンダー・ライガー選手欠場のお知らせ (in Japanese). New Japan Pro-Wrestling. March 24, 2013. Retrieved March 24, 2013.
- "Extreme Rising cancels WrestleMania weekend events April 4, 5, 6". Extreme Rising. March 27, 2013. Retrieved April 5, 2013.
- Namako, Jason (April 5, 2013). "4/4 PWS iPPV Results: Metuchen, New Jersey". Wrestleview. Retrieved April 5, 2013.[permanent dead link]
- ライガー米参戦！ブレーンバスター炸裂. Nikkan Sports (in Japanese). April 6, 2013. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
- 獣神サンダー・ライガー選手がアメリカ遠征! 3連戦の結果は？ レジェンドたちと再会!! (in Japanese). New Japan Pro-Wrestling. April 11, 2013. Retrieved April 11, 2013.
- "Past results". Chikara. Archived from the original on October 17, 2013. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
- Zimmerman, Zack (April 6, 2013). "Show results – 4/6 Chikara at WrestleCon: Record crowd sees Jushin Liger & Quackenbush, Chikara Title match, Jannetty dances". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
- Currier, Joseph (July 9, 2016). "PWG rounds out 2016 BOLA lineup with Jushin Liger, Will Ospreay". Wrestling Observer Newsletter. Retrieved July 10, 2016.
- Meltzer, Dave (September 3, 2016). "PWG Battle of Los Angeles night one results: BOLA begins". Wrestling Observer Newsletter. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
- "Jushin "Thunder" Liger at Sherdog". Sherdog. Retrieved February 2, 2010.
- Ziegler, Jacob; Garoon, Brad (May 13, 2005). "ROH – Weekend Of Thunder Night 1: November 5, 2004, Revere, Massachusetts". 411Mania. Retrieved February 2, 2010.
- Furious, Arnold (October 18, 2005). "The Furious Flashbacks – WCW Japan Supershow 1991". 411Mania. Retrieved February 2, 2010.
- "The New Beginning in Osaka". New Japan Pro-Wrestling (in Japanese). Retrieved September 17, 2014.
- "【『Super Jr.』出場メンバーが決定！】オスプレイ、ボラドール、サイダルが初出場！ "14年覇者"リコシェ！"昨年準優勝"オライリーも参戦！【SJ23】". New Japan Pro-Wrestling (in Japanese). May 3, 2016. Retrieved May 3, 2016.
- "Sonny Onoo profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved September 10, 2009.
- "WWE: Thuhn-Der (Jushin Liger) - Single". iTunes. October 7, 2015. Retrieved October 8, 2015.
- "World Heavy-Middleweight Title (U.K.)". Puroresu Dojo. Retrieved February 25, 2010.
- Tsakiries, Phil. "JAPW Light Heavyweight Title History". Solie's Title Histories. Retrieved December 11, 2010.
- "J-Crown title history". Puroresu Dojo. Retrieved February 2, 2010.
- "Power Struggle". New Japan Pro-Wrestling (in Japanese). Archived from the original on November 11, 2014. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
- "International Junior Heavyweight Title". Puroresu Dojo. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
- Royal Duncan & Gary Will (2000). "Japan; Top of the Super Junior Heavyweight Champions". Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 375. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
- "G-1 Climax Junior Heavyweight Tag League 2001". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved March 26, 2013.
- "Exciting Battle in Naeba". New Japan Pro-Wrestling (in Japanese). Archived from the original on April 17, 2001. Retrieved June 20, 2015.
- Royal Duncan & Gary Will (2000). "Japan: New Japan Young Lion Cup Tournament Champions". Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 375. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
- "2000 New Japan Awards". Strong Style Spirit. Retrieved April 28, 2011.
- "2003 New Japan Awards". Strong Style Spirit. Retrieved April 28, 2011.
- 2013年7月28日. Pro Wrestling Noah (in Japanese). Retrieved July 28, 2013.
- Boon, Alan (July 14, 2017). "The Week In British Wrestling: The first British J Cup". Wrestling Observer Newsletter. Retrieved July 14, 2017.
- 東京スポーツ プロレス大賞. Tokyo Sports (in Japanese). Retrieved January 20, 2014.
- 東京スポーツ プロレス大賞. Tokyo Sports (in Japanese). Retrieved January 20, 2014.
- "2016 Vendetty Awards". Vendetta Pro Wrestling. Retrieved April 25, 2016.
- Royal Duncan & Gary Will (2000). "Japan; WAR Super Junior Heavyweight (Super J) Cup Tournament Champions". Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 386. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
- Meltzer, Dave (January 26, 2015). "Jan. 26, 2015 Wrestling Observer Newsletter: 2014 awards issue w/ results & Dave's commentary, Conor McGregor, and much more". Wrestling Observer Newsletter. Campbell, California. pp. 4–34. ISSN 1083-9593.
- "History of the Light Heavyweight Championship". WWE. 2007. Retrieved December 3, 2007.
- "NJPW 04.07.1991" (in German). Cagematch. Retrieved February 2, 2010.
- "Battlefield". ProWrestlingHistory.com. January 4, 1994. Archived from the original on November 28, 2010. Retrieved April 13, 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jushin Liger.|