Justice Pao (1993 TV series)
|Also known as||Judge Bao|
|Mandarin||Bāo Qīng Tiān|
|Opening theme||"Bāo Qīng Tiān" (包青天) performed by Hu Gua (胡瓜)|
|Ending theme||1. "New Dream of the Butterfly Couple" (新鴛鴦蝴蝶夢) performed by Huang An|
2. "Hand in Hand, Let's Travel the World" (攜手遊人間) performed by Chang Chen
|Country of origin||Taiwan|
|No. of seasons||10|
|No. of episodes||236|
|Running time||45 minutes/episode|
|Original release||February 23, 1993 –|
January 18, 1994
|Related||Justice Bao (2008)|
Justice Bao (2010–2012)
The series was originally planned to have just 15 episodes. However, the show had high ratings when the initial episodes aired. Due to its popularity, CTS extended the show to 236 episodes.
The rival TVB and ATV Home networks in Hong Kong both bought the series in an attempt to gain viewers. Competition between the two networks during the series’ run was so intense that identical episodes were shown on both channels on the same night. It was also one of the first dramas that used NICAM technology (Dual Sound Switch Cantonese/Mandarin).
List of cases
|Chinese Title||English Translation|
|#1||6||鍘美案 (Zhá Mĕi Àn)||The Execution of Chen Shimei|
|#2||5||真假狀元 (Zhēn Jiă Zhuàng Yuán)||The Real and Fake Principal Graduate|
|#3||7||狸貓換太子 (Lí Māo Huàn Tài Zĭ)||Civet Cat Exchanged for Crown Prince|
|#4||3||雙釘記 (Shuāng Dīng Jì)||The Tale of Two Nails|
|#5||4||探陰山 (Tàn Yīn Shān)||Visiting Hell Mountain|
|#6||4||紅花記 (Hóng Huā Jì)||The Story of Red Flowers|
|#7||5||鍘龐昱 (Zhá Páng Yù)||Executing Pang Yu|
|#8||9||鍘包勉 (Zhá Bāo Miăn)||Executing Bao Mian|
|#9||3||烏盆記 (Wū Pén Jì)||The Story of the Black Pot|
|#10||5||秋娘 (Qiū Niáng)||Qiuniang|
|#11||4||鍘王爺 (Zhá Wáng Yé)||Executing the Prince|
|#12||5||古琴怨 (Gŭ Qín Yuàn)||Complaint of the Guqin|
|#13||9||三擊鼓 (Sān Jī Gŭ)||Thrice Hitting the Drum|
|#14||5||攣生劫 (Luán Shēng Jié)||The Tale of the Twin Brothers|
|#15||5||報恩亭 (Bào Ēn Tíng)||The Temple of Retribution|
|#16||5||真假女婿 (Zhēn Jiă Nǚ Xù)||The Real and Fake Son-in-Law|
|#17||4||紫金錘 (Zĭ Jīn Chuí)||The Purple Hammer (A type of weapon)|
|#18||9||天下第一莊 (Tiān Xià Dì Yī Zhuāng)||The Number One Manor|
|#19||5||寸草心 (Cùn Căo Xīn)||The Mind of Kindness|
|#20||8||屠龍記 (Tú Lóng Jì)||The Story of Slaying the Dragon|
|#21||5||鴛鴦蝴蝶夢 (Yuān Yāng Hú Dié Mèng)||The Dream of the Butterfly Lovers|
|#22||6||天倫劫 (Tiān Lún Jié)||The Rules of the Lord|
|#23||6||孔雀膽 (Kŏng Què Dăn)||Peacock's Abdomen (A type of poison)|
|#24||6||真假包公 (Zhēn Jiă Bāo Gōng)||The Real and Fake Judge Bao|
|#25||6||貞節牌坊 (Zhēn Jié Pái Făng)||The Widow's Board|
|#26||5||血雲幡傳奇 (Xuè Yún Fān Chuán Qí)||The Legend of the Blood-Thirsty Flag|
|#27||7||生死戀 (Shēng Sĭ Liàn)||Love Between Life and Death|
|#28||6||尋親記 (Xún Qīn Jì)||The Story of Seeking Beloved Ones|
|#29||6||踏雪尋梅 (Tà Xuĕ Xún Méi)||Searching for Plum Blossom in the Snow|
|#30||6||青龍珠 (Qīng Lóng Zhū)||The Azure Dragon Pearl|
|#31||6||魚美人 (Yú Mĕi Rén)||The Mermaid Angel|
|#32||5||狄青 (Dí Qīng)||Di Qing|
|#33||7||孝子章洛 (Xiào Zĭ Zhāng Luò)||Zhang Luo, the Filial Son|
|#34||7||雷霆怒 (Léi Tíng Nù)||Heaven's Wrath|
|#35||7||陰陽判 (Yīn Yáng Pàn)||The Fortunes of Yin and Yang|
|#36||6||九道本 (Jiŭ Dào Bĕn)||Nine Letters to the King|
|#37||6||菩薩嶺 (Pú Sà Lĭng)||Buddha's Peak|
|#38||6||畫中話 (Huà Zhōng Huà)||Mystery of the Painting|
|#39||6||龐妃有喜 (Páng Fēi Yŏu Xĭ)||Consort Pang is Pregnant|
|#40||6||乞丐王孫 (Qĭ Gài Wáng Sūn)||The Beggar Princess|
|#41||5||五鼠鬧東京 (Wŭ Shŭ Nào Dōng Jīng)||Five Rats Cause Chaos in the [Eastern] Capital|
- Note: Some cast members played multiple roles.
|Jin Chao-chun||Bao Zheng||Prefect of Kaifeng, capital of Song Dynasty|
|Kenny Ho||Zhan Zhao||"Southern Hero", "Royal Cat", 4th-ranked imperial guard|
|Fan Hung-hsuan||Gongsun Ce||Bao Zheng's secretary|
|Kao Nien-kuo||Wang Chao||Bao Zheng's officer|
|Hsu Chien-yu (C.1–21)||Ma Han||Bao Zheng's officer|
|Liu Yueh-ti (C.22–41)|
|Yang Hsiung||Zhang Long||Bao Zheng's officer|
|Shao Chang-sheng||Zhao Hu||Bao Zheng's officer|
|Sun Peng (C.1)||Zhao Zhen||"Emperor Renzong", 4th emperor of Song Dynasty|
|Wang Chung-huang (C.2–28)|
|Shih Yu (C.29–41)|
|Hou Ping-ying||Emperor Renzong's sister|
|Yang Huai-min||Chen Shimei||married to Emperor Renzong's sister|
|Yang Ping-an||Han Qi||Chen Shimei's guard|
|Leanne Liu||Qin Xianglian||Chen Shimei's original wife|
|Tsao Chien||Wang Yan Ling||Song Dynasty chancellor|
|Lung Lung||Zhao Defang||"Eighth Virtuous Prince", Emperor Renzong's uncle|
|Han Hsiang-chin (C.3)||Princess Di||Eighth Virtuous Prince's wife|
|Yin Pao-lien (C.32)|
|Liu Yueh-ti||Zhao Heng||"Emperor Zhenzong", Emperor Renzong's father and predecessor|
|Lu Pi-yun (C.1)||Empress
|Emperor Zhenzong's wife|
|Hsiao Ai (C.3)|
|Tai Chih-yuan||Guo Huai||eunuch for Empress Dowager Liu|
|Tseng Ya-chun||Consort Li||Emperor Renzong's real mother|
|Wen Shuai||Chen Lin||eunuch|
|Tu Man-sheng||Pang Ji||Song Dynasty grand tutor|
|Chen Chi||Consort Pang||Pang Ji's daughter, married to Emperor Renzong|
|Doze Niu||Pang Yu||Pang Ji's son|
|Liu Chu||Pang Fu||Pang Yu's servant|
|Chang Kuo-chu||Lu Fang||"Sky Rat", 1st sworn brother|
|Wu Yuan-chun||Han Zhang||"Earth Rat", 2nd sworn brother|
|Pang San||Xu Qing||"Mountain Rat", 3rd sworn brother|
|Lu Yi-lung||Jiang Ping||"River Rat", 4th sworn brother|
|Chang Chen-huan (C.3–6)||Bai Yutang||"Sleek Rat", 5th sworn brother|
|Goo Goon-chung (C.41)|
|Tai Chih-yuan||Bao Mian||Bao Zheng's same-aged nephew|
|Liu Ming||Wu Miaozhen||Bao Zheng's eldest sister-in-law and motherly figure, Bao Mian's mother|
|Chang Fu-chien||Di Qing||Song Dynasty general, Princess Di's nephew|
- Won – Jin Chao-chun, Best Actor
- Won – Tai Chih-yuan, Best Supporting Actor, for the portrayal of Guo Huai (Case 3)
- Won – Liu Ming, Best Supporting Actress, for the portrayal of Bao Mian's mother (Case 8)
1. The opening theme, performed by Hu Kua, has the same title as the series. It was originally performed by Chiang Kuang-Chao for the earlier 1974 CTS series also of the same name.
- A Cantonese cover ("願世間有青天") performed by George Lam with lyrics by Wong Jim was the opening theme of the series on TVB in Hong Kong. It was also the opening theme of the 1995 TVB series Justice Bao.
- Another Cantonese cover by Ray Lui was the opening theme of the 1995 ATV series Justice Bao.
- A Tagalog cover ("Judge Bao") was the opening theme of the series on ABC-5 in the Philippines.
- Andy Lau covered the song in the 2003 Bao Zheng-related movie Cat and Mouse.
- Cambodian version was performed by Nou Sib which aired on CTV9 in 1994 and Neay Koy which air on CTN in 2020 (as he performed in 2001)
- This song became a huge hit in the Chinese-speaking world, and Huang's album with the same name became one of the best-selling albums in Taiwan, selling over a million copies.
- Cover versions in many languages exist due to the show's influence in the region. Kenny Ho recorded a Cantonese version (also "新鴛鴦蝴蝶夢") with lyrics by Albert Leung, while Huang An and Loletta Lee each recorded a different Cantonese version (both titled "愛於錯誤年代" but the lyrics differ). A popular English version from the Singaporean band Tokyo Square was titled "Can't Let Go". Huang An's own English version was titled "When It Comes to Love". There are also versions in Hokkien ("鴛鴦蝴蝶夢" by Joice Lim), Thai ("สุดจะหยุดใจ" by Koong Tuangsith Reamchinda), Vietnamese ("Uyên Ương Hồ Điệp Mộng" by Đan Trường), Khmer ("ផ្ការោយមុនរដូវ" by Nou Sib and "ព្រួយជាមួយចន្ទ" by Khemarak Sereymon) and Indonesian ("Melody Memory" by Lavenia), among others.
- : Channel 9
- : Indonesian Educational Television (1995).
- : Myawady Television (1998), Myanmar Radio and Television (2016 - with Burmese dub), Sky Net Channel 9 Myanmar (2019)
- : RPN (1996-2000), ABC 5 (2007-2008)
- : Channel 8
- : Channel 3 (1995-October 1, 2015.
- : NEW18 (April 6, 2020 - March 28, 2021 (Every Monday - Sunday from 16: 35-17: 35))
Video game adaptations
On the first few years after its original run ended, at least three video game adaptations of the series were published in Asia. It is unknown if any of them were licensed by CTS.
The first adaptation was the homonymous beat 'em up 包青天 (Bāo Qīng Tiān), published in 1994 by Bit Corporation for the Gamate handheld console in Taiwan. It is the only one out of the three that was licensed by the console manufacturer. Its higher quality and overall polish and country of origin may also be a pointer for it being officially licensed by CTS, although that is uncertain.
The second and third adaptations were both released in mainland China in 1996 for the Nintendo Entertainment System, and it is unclear which went to market first. The most well-known out of the two, usually cited as the first, is a platformer also titled Bāo Qīng Tiān, published by Kai Sheng in Hong Kong and by Family TSI in Thailand. The second is a fighting game titled Impartial Judge, published by Fuzhou Waixing in China.
- 84年金鐘獎得獎名單【個人技術纇/其他獎】 (in Chinese). Government Information Office. April 20, 2004. Archived from the original on July 13, 2012. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
- "10 Drama Mandarin Legendaris Populer Tahun 90-2000an yang Masih Berkesan Hingga Sekarang, Mana Favoritmu?" (in Indonesian). Boombastis. June 14, 2017. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
- "เปาบุ้นจิ้น1993 เริ่ม 1 ต.ค. ช่อง3, ช่อง3HD". jomyut.club (in Thai). September 10, 2015. Archived from the original on December 22, 2015. Retrieved December 12, 2015.