Justice Party (Ukraine)

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Justice Party
Leader Stanislav Nikolaenko
Founded 2000
2014 (re-established)
Dissolved December 2011
Split from Socialist Party of Ukraine
Merged into United Left and Peasants (this party was re-named "Justice" in 2014)
Headquarters Kiev
Ideology Social democracy
Democratic socialism
Pro-Europeanism
European affiliation Party of the European Left
International affiliation None
Colours Red
Website
http://www.livi.org.ua

The Justice Party (Ukrainian: Партія «Справедливість»; formerly Party of All-Ukrainian Union of the Left "Justice" (Ukrainian: Партія Всеукраїнського об'єднання лівих „Справедливість“)[1]) is a left-wing political party in Ukraine. The party merged into the (then) new party United Left and Peasants (Ukrainian: Об'єднані ліві і селяни) in December 2011.[2] Justice Party leader Stanislav Nikolaenko became the first party leader of United Left and Peasants.[2] United Left and Peasants changed its name to Justice Party in 2014.

History[edit]

It was founded in 2000[1] by a group of former Socialist Party of Ukraine (SPU) members led by Ivan Chizh who were in opposition to SPU leader Oleksander Moroz.[3]

The party ran independently during the 2002 parliamentary elections gaining 0,08% of the votes and no seats.[1] At the parliamentary elections on 26 March 2006 the party was part of the electoral Lytvyn's People's Bloc, which won 2.44% of the popular vote and no seats.[1] The party did not participate in the 2007 parliamentary elections.[1]

2007 Party reform[edit]

In 2007 the SPU lost the parliamentarian elections, in order to "return into big policy" a group of SPU members including former minister of education of Ukraine Stanislav Nikolaenko and Aleksander Baranivskiy founded in 2008 the Union for Renewal of SPU and proposed 10 steps stated in the program "A Just Ukraine" to SPU leader Moroz. But the conservative entourage of Moroz persuade him to refuse the "road map for self-protection".

In March 2009 Nikolaenko and Baranivskiy left the SPU. In April 2009 Justice party's founder Ivan Chizh offered to implement the program "A Just Ukraine" and principals of the Union for Renewal on the basis of his Justice party. On 15 April Nikolaenko accepted an offer to chair the party. This decision was supported by the party's Congress and Council. Former Head and party's founder Ivan Chizh was elected as an Honorary Head. Former Minister of agrarian policy Oleksandr Baranivskiy was elected to the Deputy Head post.

Based on the program "A Just Ukraine" Nikolaenko addressed to the leaders of left parties to create a "Forum of Left Forces" and conduct the parliamentary elections campaign as one team. The idea of supporting a joint candidature to the presidential elections from left forces was also a subject of discussion.

The newly elected head proposed to adopt changes to the Statutes aimed at a democratization of the decision making process within the party and limit the number of presidency terms to three, two years each (maximum - 6 years). He proposed to conduct secret voting, primaries.

It was applied to be an observer member of the European Left.

The party backed Communist leader Petro Symonenko as a single candidate from the election bloc of left and central left political forces (of which it was a member), for the post of the Ukrainian President at the 2010 presidential elections.[4]

In the 2010 local elections the party won a few representatives in 3 regional parliaments.[5]

United Left and Peasants[edit]

United Left and Peasants party logo

In December 2011 the party merged in with 3 other parties to form the new party United Left and Peasants.[2] Leader of Justice Stanislav Nikolaenko headed this new party.[2] At first (in 2011) plans appeared on unification of 11 left wing parties, the most noticeable of these being Socialist Party of Ukraine.[6] The council of Socialist Party of Ukraine refused the merge (and in December 2011 5 small parties merged with Socialist Party of Ukraine).[7][8][9] In December 2011 the parties Justice Party, Ukrainian Peasant Democratic Party, People Power, Rural Revival Party and All-Ukrainian Patriotic Union merged into the new party United Left and Peasants.[2][10][7] The most noticeable new party member was former Minister in the second Tymoshenko Government Yosyp Vynskyi.[7]

The party aimed in December 2011 to win at least five percent of the vote in the 2012 Ukrainian parliamentary election.[7] But the party did not take part in the nationwide proportional party-list system;[11] instead it was decided in August 2012 that nine members of the party would try to win a seat in nine of the 225 local single-member districts.[12] Eventually in total, 14 members of the party participated in the elections, however no one won in their district.[13][14][15][16][17] The best result had leader of the party Nikolaenko who got third place in electoral district 185 with 16.18% (14 808 of popular votes).[14][18] And thus the party won no seat in the Verkhovna Rada (Ukraine's parliament).[15]

The party actively participated in Euromaidan.[19]

2014 Back to "Justice"[edit]

In 2014 the party United Left and Peasants decided to change its name (back) to Justice.[20] The first decisions made were to back Petro Poroshenko for president of Ukraine and comdemn Russia for the annexation of Crimea and 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine.

In the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election the party participated in 14 constituencies; but its candidates lost in all of them and thus the party won no parliamentary seats.[21][22][23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e (Ukrainian) Партія „Справедливість“, Database DATA
  2. ^ a b c d e (Ukrainian) Ніколаєнко очолив "об'єднаних лівих", Ukrayinska Pravda (18 December 2011)
  3. ^ (Ukrainian) УКРАЇНА ПАРТІЙНА. ЧАСТИНА V. СОЦІАЛІСТИЧНА ПАРТІЯ УКРАЇНИ SOCIALIST PARTY OF UKRAINE, ZN.UA (7 March 2002)
  4. ^ Spravedlyvist Party backs Communist leader as single candidate from left political forces at president election, Interfax-Ukraine (October 10, 2009)
  5. ^ (Ukrainian) Results of the elections, preliminary data, on interactive maps by Ukrayinska Pravda (November 8, 2010)
  6. ^ (Ukrainian) Партія Мороза "проковтнула" п'ять партій, Ukrayinska Pravda (18 December 2011)
  7. ^ a b c d (Ukrainian) Соцпартії не сподобалася назва "Об'єднані ліві і селяни", Gazeta.ua (16 December 2011) Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "gazeta.ua" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  8. ^ (Ukrainian) Партія Мороза "проковтнула" п'ять партій, Ukrayinska Pravda (18 December 2011)
  9. ^ (Ukrainian) Мороз і Ніколаєнко не можуть домовитися про єдину партію, Ukrayinska Pravda (16 December 2011)
  10. ^ (Ukrainian) Мороз і Ніколаєнко не можуть домовитися про єдину партію, Ukrayinska Pravda (16 December 2011)
  11. ^ (Ukrainian) Information on the registration of electoral lists of candidates, Central Election Commission of Ukraine
  12. ^ (Ukrainian) Центральна виборча комісія зареєструвала представників партії кандидатами в народні депутати України The Central Election Commission registered members of the party candidates for deputies Ukraine, Parties official website (10 August 2012)
  13. ^ (Ukrainian) Proportional votes & Constituency seats & Single-mandate constituency № 2, Central Election Commission of Ukraine
  14. ^ a b (Ukrainian) Party's election results, Partis official website
  15. ^ a b Results of the vote count, Kyiv Post (9 November 2012)
  16. ^ (Ukrainian) Candidates, RBC Ukraine
  17. ^ Party of Regions gets 185 seats in Ukrainian parliament, Batkivschyna 101 - CEC, Interfax-Ukraine (12 November 2012)
  18. ^ (Ukrainian) Results in 185 electoral district, Central Election Committee (31 October 2012)
  19. ^ (Ukrainian) Об’єднані ліві йдуть з Майдану (18 March 2014)
  20. ^ (Ukrainian) Political council agreed upon the change of the name, United Left and Peasants web-site (April 12, 2014)
  21. ^ Poroshenko Bloc to have greatest number of seats in parliament, Ukrainian Television and Radio (8 November 2014)
    People's Front 0.33% ahead of Poroshenko Bloc with all ballots counted in Ukraine elections - CEC, Interfax-Ukraine (8 November 2014)
    Poroshenko Bloc to get 132 seats in parliament - CEC, Interfax-Ukraine (8 November 2014)
  22. ^ Political parties in the electoral process in the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election, Central Election Commission of Ukraine
  23. ^ (Ukrainian) Results of early parliamentary elections in Ukraine October 26, 2014, Parties official website (05 November 2014)

External links[edit]