January 31, 1895|
Englewood, New Jersey
|Died||September 3, 1982
Santa Monica, California
|Occupation||Stage, film actress, pathologist, scientist|
|Spouse(s)||Walter Wanger (1919-1938; divorced)|
Justine Johnstone (January 31, 1895 – September 4, 1982) was an American stage and silent screen actress. She was later a pathologist and expert on syphilis. Working under her married name, Justine Wanger, she was part of the team that developed the modern intravenous drip technique.
She attended Emma Willard School in Troy, New York. An original performer in the Ziegfeld Follies and a performer in the Folies-Bergere, she appeared in the 1917 Broadway production Over the Top, which starred Fred Astaire.
Johnstone married producer Walter Wanger on 13 September 1919; they divorced in 1938. She retained her married name and had borne Wanger no children. Walter Wanger later married the much younger actress Joan Bennett with whom he had a child.
After giving up performing, Wanger enrolled in Columbia University, where she studied plant research and served as a research assistant to Samuel Hirshberg and Harold T. Hyman. The team developed the modern I.V. unit; their key breakthrough was to slow down the rate of delivery and avoid what was then known as "speed shock" by introducing the now-ubiquitous drip technique. She later studied and made developments in endocrinology and cancer research and installed a laboratory in her house in Hollywood.
- The Crucible (1914/I) (as Justina Johnstone) .... Amelia
- Nothing But Lies (1920) .... Ann Nigh
- Blackbirds (1920) .... Countess Leonie
- The Plaything of Broadway (1921) .... Lola
- Sheltered Daughters (1921) .... Jenny Dark
- A Heart to Let (1921) .... Agatha
- Moonlight and Honeysuckle (1921) (uncredited) .... Bit Part
- Never the Twain Shall Meet (1925) .... Maisie Morrison
- Autumn Stanley, Mothers and Daughters of Invention; Note for a Revised History of Technology, Rutgers University Press, 1995
- "Milestones, Apr. 25, 1938". Time Magazine. April 25, 1938.
- Hirshfeld, Samuel, M.D.; Hyman, Harold T., M.D.; Wanger, Justine (1931). "Influence of Velocity on the Response to Intravenous Injections". Archives of Internal Medicine 47 (2): 218–228. doi:10.1001/archinte.1931.00140200095007.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Justine Johnstone.|
- Justine Johnstone at the Internet Broadway Database
- Justine Johnstone at the Internet Movie Database
- Literature on Justine Johnstone
- Justine Johnstone at Looking for Mabel Normand
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