Justus Doolittle

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Justus Doolittle (simplified Chinese: 卢公明; traditional Chinese: 盧公明; Pinyin: Lú Gōngmíng; Foochow Romanized: Lù Gŭng-mìng; June 23, 1824, Rutland, New York - June 15, 1880, Clinton, New York) was an American Board missionary to China.


Justus Doolittle was born in Rutland, New York on June 23, 1824. In 1846 he graduated from Hamilton College, and in 1849 from Auburn Theological Seminary. Having deliberately chosen China as his field of labor, he sailed for Fuzhou with his wife soon after graduation, and arrived there on May 31. In February, 1864, he left China for a visit to the United States on account of his health. In 1872 he entered the service of the Presbyterian Board at Shanghai, but was soon compelled to return home disabled. On June 15, 1880, he died in Clinton, New York. He is buried in Sunset Hill Cemetery, Clinton, NY.[1]

Doolittle was most famous for his Social Life of the Chinese (Volume 1 and 2), a thorough and valuable work on the details of Chinese life. He also had a significant collection of Chinese coins, which was sold in June 1881.[2]

In 1870-71 he accompanied the photographer John Thomson. Thomson's photographs of this journey were published as Foochow and the River Min (1873), a total of 46 copies.[3]


Doolittle published prolifically in a wide range of journals, including Chinese Recorder and Missionary Journal, of which he was briefly an editor.

Fuzhou dialect[edit]

Book title Foochow Romanized English title Year
勸戒鴉片論 Kuóng Gái Ă-piéng Lâung Exhortation to Abandom Opium 1853
鄉訓 Hiŏng Hóng Village Sermons 1853
神十誡其註釋 Sìng Sĕk-gái gì Cuó-sék Commentary on the Ten Commandments 1853
悔罪信耶穌論 Huói Cô̤i Séng Ià-sŭ Lâung Repentance and Faith 1854
天文問答 Tiĕng-ùng Ông-dák Catechism of Astronomy 1854
約翰福音 Iók-hâng Hók-ĭng John's Gospel 1854
媽祖婆論 Mā-cū-bò̤ Lâung Discourse on Ma-tsoo-po 1855
守禮拜日論 Siū Lā̤-bái-nĭk Lâung Discourse on Keeping the Sabbath 1855
天律明説 Tiĕng Lŭk Mìng Suók Exposition of the Decalogue 1855
寒食清明論 Hàng-sĭk Chĭng-mìng Lâung Discourse on the Feast of the Tombs 1855
鐘錶匠論 Cṳ̆ng-biēu-chióng Lâung Story of a Watchmaker 1855
賭博明論 Dū-báuk Mìng Lâung Discourse on Gambling 1856
中外問答 Dṳ̆ng Nguôi Ông-dák Dialogue between a Native and a Foreigner 1856
耶穌教小引 Ià-sŭ-gáu Siēu-īng Introduction to Christianity 1856
生意人事廣益法 Sĕng-é Ìng-sê̤ṳ Guōng-iáh Huák Laws of Trade 1857
西洋中華通書 Să̤-iòng Dṳ̆ng-huà Tŭng-cṳ̆ European Chinese Almanac 1857
辯鬼神論 Biêng Gūi-sìng Lâung Disquisition on Heathen Gods 1858
辯性論 Biêng Séng Lâung Disquisition on Human Nature 1858
辯譭謗 Biêng Hūi-báung Disquisition on Slander 1858
華人貧窶之故 Huà-ìng Bìng-lé̤ṳ cĭ Gó Causes of Poverty among the Chinese 1858
祈禱式文 Gì-dō̤ Sék-ùng Forms of Prayer 1858
Ké Cuō Lìng Sṳ̄ Ói Hìng
Séng Cuō Lìng Sṳ̄ Ói Lŏk
Fear of the Wicked on the Approach of Death
Joy of the Believer on the Approach of Death
辯孝論 Biêng Háu Lâung Disquisition on Filial Piety 1858
異端辯論 Discussion of False Doctrines 1858


Book title Year Information
Social Life of the Chinese (2 vols.) 1865 This consists chiefly of the republication of a long series of articles by Doolittle, containing a vast amount of original information, on subjects connected with China, most of which were published in the China Mail, under the title "Jottings on the Chinese."
A Vocabulary and Hand-book of the Chinese Language 1872 Romanized in Mandarin Chinese


  • Doolittle, Justus (1872). Vocabulary and hand-book of the Chinese language: Romanized in the Mandarin dialect, Volume 1. Foochow: Rozario, Marcal and company. Archived from the original on May 15, 2014. Retrieved 2011-05-15.
  • Doolittle, Justus (1872). Vocabulary and hand-book of the Chinese language . . . romanized in the Mandarin dialect, Volume 2. Foochow: Rozario, Marcal and company. Retrieved 2011-05-15.
  • Doolittle, Justus (1872). *Ying Hua Cui Lin Yun Fu: 1: Part 1. Rozario, Marcal & Company.
  • Doolittle, Justus (1872). *Ying Hua Cui Lin Yun Fu: 2: Parts 2. and 3. 1. Foochow: Rozario, Marcal & Company. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
  • Doolittle, Justus (1876). Social life of the Chinese: with some account of their religious, governmental, educational, and business customs and opinions. With special but not exclusive reference to Fuchchau. New York: Harper. Retrieved March 21, 2012.


External links[edit]