Justyna Kowalczyk

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Justyna Kowalczyk
Justyna Kowalczyk på Royal Palace Sprint 2013..jpg
Born (1983-01-19) 19 January 1983 (age 35)
Limanowa, Poland
Height1.73 m (5 ft 8 in)
Ski clubAZS AWF Katowice
World Cup career
Seasons2001–2018
Individual wins50
Indiv. podiums104
Overall titles4 – (2008/09, 2009/10, 2010/11, 2012/13)
Discipline titles5 – (4 DI, 1 SP)
Updated on February 4, 2017.

Justyna Kowalczyk (born 19 January 1983[1]) is a Polish cross country skier who has been competing since 2000. Kowalczyk is a double Olympic Champion and a double World Champion. She is also the only skier to win the Tour de Ski four times in a row and one of two female skiers, who won the FIS Cross-Country World Cup three times in a row (the other one being Finn Marjo Matikainen). Kowalczyk holds the all-time record for the most wins in Tour de Ski with 14 competitions won and 29 podiums in total. She also won the Vasaloppet women's edition in 2015.[2]

She is a member of cross country ski department of AZS AWF Katowice and is coached by Aleksander Wierietielny.

Career[edit]

Justyna Kowalczyk celebrates the gold medal in the women's 30 km classical event at the 2010 Olympics.

Born in Limanowa, Southern Poland, Kowalczyk took up cross country skiing at the age of 10. She then competed in her first FIS World Cup race at Cogne (ITA) in December 2001.[3]

In 2002 she came second in the individual sprint at the World Junior Championships. She finished 31st in the individual sprint event at the 2003 FIS Nordic World Ski Championships. Recently in Canmore, Canada, on 22 January 2008, Justyna Kowalczyk won the race for her second World Cup triumph. She followed in Canmore with two more bronze medals in the same World Cup event. Kowalczyk was 3rd in the 2007 World Cup. She has also won thirty individual events at various distances and levels since 2001.

At the 2009 world championships in Liberec, Kowalczyk won two gold medals, one in the women's pursuit (7.5 km classical + 7.5 km free technique), and another one in the 30 km mass start. She also secured a bronze medal in the 10 km classical event.

She won the overall 2008–09 Cross-Country Skiing World Cup. On 24 March 2009, Kowalczyk was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta.

On 27 February 2010, Kowalczyk beat Norway's Marit Bjørgen by 0.3 seconds to win the gold medal in the women's 30 km classical event in the 2010 Winter Olympics. She posted a time of one hour, 30 minutes, 33.7 seconds. She earned two more medals in Vancouver, taking silver behind Bjørgen in the individual sprint classic on February 17, 2010, and bronze in the 15 km pursuit on February 19, 2010.

Kowalczyk won the 10 km classical race in the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi on a broken foot. She did not finish 30 km freestyle race. [4]

On February 22, 2015 won bronze medal of the World Championship 2015 in team sprint with Sylwia Jaśkowiec in Falun, Sweden.[5]

She won the Vasaloppet ski marathon in 2015 with a time of 4:41:02. She also won the Birkebeinerrennet long-distance cross-country ski marathon held annually in Norway in 2017 and 2018.

Education[edit]

Kowalczyk graduated from the Jerzy Kukuczka University of Physical Education in Katowice with an M.A. and a Ph.D. degree in physical education in 2014 at the Bronisław Czech University of Physical Education in Kraków, where her dissertation was titled "The structure and volume of training load cross-country skiing on the background of the evolution of technology gear and different levels of sports".[6][7][8]

The suspension in 2005[edit]

At the 2005 World Championships, Kowalczyk competed but was subsequently disqualified for taking dexamethasone at the Under23 (U23) OPA (Alpine Nations) Intercontinental Cup competition in Oberstdorf, Germany back on January 23, 2005. Dexamethason is a substance that is allowed Out-of-Competition but prohibited In-Competition. It acts as an anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressant. Kowalczyk used the substance to alleviate an Achilles tendon condition.

On 13 June 2005, the FIS Doping Panel issued a two-year suspension (23 January 2005 – 22 January 2007) for Kowalczyk. In late June 2005 FIS determined that since dexamethasone was a glucocorticosteroid, it was classified as a specified substance on the World Anti-Doping Agency list of prohibited substances, and therefore the period of ineligibility for the first violation is at a maximum, one year's ineligibility. The FIS Doping Panel therefore reduced the suspension to one year.

Kowalczyk appealed to the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) which held that Kowalczyk did not use Dexamethason to enhance her sport performance. However, she acted negligently, but the measure of the negligence did not justify a one-year term of ineligibility. According to CAS, a reduced period of ineligibility ending 8 December 2005 (the day of the hearing) provided the fair and proportionate measure of sanction.

CAS criticised the FIS Doping Panel that their decision excluded any consideration of Kowalczyk's defence that she did not use the substance to enhance her sport performance. According to CAS, Kowalczyk had disclosed and substantiated her defence that Dexamethason was not intended to enhance performance. She had submitted corresponding medical certifications to the FIS Doping Panel as proof of use in alleviating an Achilles tendon condition. Upon Kowalczyk's prima facie showing that her use of the substance was for medical reasons, the burden of proof shifted to FIS to prove the contrary.

Criticism of anti-asthma drugs[edit]

Kowalczyk criticized Marit Bjørgen and other competitors during the Olympic Games in 2010 for using anti-asthma drugs. Bjørgen won five medals in the Olympics, three of them gold.[9] The drug is allowed by FIS if prescribed by an Olympic team physician.[9] Kowalczyk later apologized for the timing of her statements, since the Games were still going on at the time.[9] The asthma medication Marit Bjørgen is using, Symbicort, has since been removed from WADA's list of banned substances.[10]

Olympic results Olympic rings without rims.svg[edit]

 Year   Age   10 km 
individual
 15 km 
 skiathlon 
 30 km 
mass start
 Sprint   4 × 5 km 
 relay 
 Team 
 sprint 
2006 23 DNF 8 3 44
2010 27 5 3 1 2 DSQ
2014 31 1 6 DNF 7 5
2018 35 17 14 22 10 7

World Cup results[edit]

All results are sourced from the International Ski Federation (FIS).[11]

Season titles[edit]

  • 9 titles – (4 overall, 4 distance, 1 sprint)
Season
Discipline
2008–09 Overall
Distance
2009–10 Overall
Distance
Sprint
2010–11 Overall
Distance
2012–13 Overall
Distance

Season standings[edit]

 Season   Age  Season Standings Ski Tour Standings
Overall Distance Sprint Nordic
Opening
Tour de
Ski
World Cup
Final
Ski Tour
Canada
2002 19 103 73 N/A N/A N/A N/A
2003 20 88 61 N/A N/A N/A N/A
2004 21 46 42 38 N/A N/A N/A N/A
2005 22 44 30 44 N/A N/A N/A N/A
2006 23 13 17 17 N/A N/A N/A N/A
2007 24 8 10 17 N/A 11 N/A N/A
2008 25 3 3 8 N/A 7 N/A N/A
2009 26 1 1 4 N/A 4 1 N/A
2010 27 1 1 1 N/A 1 2 N/A
2011 28 1 1 5 2 1 2 N/A
2012 29 2 2 4 5 1 5 N/A
2013 30 1 1 2 2 1 WD N/A
2014 31 12 7 13 4 DNS N/A
2015 32 13 13 33 10 WD N/A N/A
2016 33 16 13 35 11 23 N/A 9
2017 34 21 14 27 19 N/A
2018 35 54 49 41 24 N/A

Individual podiums[edit]

  • 50 victories – (31 WC, 19 SWC)
  • 104 podiums – (64 WC, 40 SWC)
No. Season Date Location Race Level Place
1  2005–06  7 January 2006 Estonia Otepää, Estonia 10 km Individual C World Cup 3rd
2 2006–07 27 January 2007 Estonia Otepää, Estonia 10 km Individual C World Cup 1st
3  2007–08  2 December 2007 Finland Rukatunturi, Finland 10 km Individual C World Cup 3rd
4 28 December 2007 Czech Republic Nové Město, Czech Republic 3.3 km Individual C Stage World Cup 3rd
5 4 January 2008 Italy Asiago, Italy 1.2 km Sprint F Stage World Cup 3rd
6 22 January 2008 Canada Canmore, Canada 7.5 km + 7.5 km Pursuit C/F World Cup 1st
7 22 January 2008 Canada Canmore, Canada 1.2 km Sprint C World Cup 3rd
8 23 January 2008 Canada Canmore, Canada 10 km Individual F World Cup 3rd
9 16 February 2008 Czech Republic Liberec, Czech Republic 7.6 km Individual F World Cup 2nd
10 16 March 2008 Italy Bormio, Italy 10 km Pursuit F World Cup 2nd
11  2008–09  29 November 2009 Finland Rukatunturi, Finland 1.2 km Sprint C World Cup 3rd
12 27 December 2008 Germany Oberhof, Germany 2.8 km Individual F Stage World Cup 3rd
13 28 December 2008 Germany Oberhof, Germany 10 km Pursuit C Stage World Cup 3rd
14 16 January 2009 Canada Whistler, Canada 1.2 km Sprint C World Cup 2nd
15 17 January 2009 Canada Whistler, Canada 7.5 km + 7.5 km Pursuit C/F World Cup 1st
16 24 January 2009 Estonia Otepää, Estonia 10 km Individual C World Cup 1st
17 14 February 2009 Italy Valdidentro, Italy 10 km Individual C World Cup 1st
18 8 March 2009 Finland Lahti, Finland 10 km Individual F World Cup 1st
18 12 March 2009 Norway Trondheim, Norway 1.4 km Sprint C World Cup 3rd
20 14 March 2009 Norway Trondheim, Norway 30 km Mass Start C World Cup 2nd
21 20 March 2009 Sweden Falun, Sweden 2.5 km Individual F Stage World Cup 3rd
22 21 March 2009 Sweden Falun, Sweden 5 km + 5 km Pursuit C/F Stage World Cup 3rd
23 18–22 March 2009 Sweden World Cup Final Overall Standings World Cup 1st
24 2009–10 28 November 2009 Finland Rukatunturi, Finland 1.2 km Sprint C World Cup 1st
25 19 December 2009 Slovenia Rogla, Slovenia 1.0 km Sprint C World Cup 2nd
26 20 December 2009 Slovenia Rogla, Slovenia 15 km Mass Start C World Cup 1st
27 1 January 2010 Germany Oberhof, Germany 2.8 km Individual F Stage World Cup 3rd
28 2 January 2010 Germany Oberhof, Germany 10 km Pursuit C Stage World Cup 1st
29 3 January 2010 Germany Oberhof, Germany 1.6 km Sprint C Stage World Cup 2nd
30 6 January 2010 Italy CortinaToblach, Italy 16 km Pursuit F Stage World Cup 2nd
31 7 January 2010 Italy CortinaToblach, Italy 5 km Individual C Stage World Cup 1st
32 1–10 January 2010 GermanyCzech RepublicItaly Tour de Ski Overall Standings World Cup 1st
33 16 January 2010 Estonia Otepää, Estonia 10 km Individual C World Cup 1st
34 22 January 2010 Russia Rybinsk, Russia 1.0 km Sprint F World Cup 3rd
35 23 January 2010 Russia Rybinsk, Russia 7.5 km + 7.5 km Pursuit C/F World Cup 1st
36 5 February 2010 Canada Canmore, Canada 10 km Individual F World Cup 2nd
37 6 February 2010 Canada Canmore, Canada 1.45 km Sprint C World Cup 1st
38 6 March 2010 Finland Lahti, Finland 7.5 km + 7.5 km Pursuit C/F World Cup 2nd
39 17 March 2010 Sweden Stockholm, Sweden 1.1 km Sprint C Stage World Cup 2nd
40 19 March 2010 Sweden Falun, Sweden 2.5 km Individual C Stage World Cup 1st
41 17–21 March 2010 Sweden World Cup Final Overall Standings World Cup 2nd
42  2010–11  27 November 2010 Finland Rukatunturi, Finland 5 km Individual C Stage World Cup 2nd
43 28 November 2010 Finland Rukatunturi, Finland 10 km Pursuit F Stage World Cup 3rd
44 26–28 November 2010 Finland Nordic Opening Overall Standings World Cup 2nd
45 11 December 2010 Switzerland Davos, Switzerland 10 km Individual C World Cup 2nd
46 18 December 2010 France La Clusaz, France 15 km Mass Start F World Cup 2nd
47 31 December 2010 Germany Oberhof, Germany 2.5 km Individual F Stage World Cup 1st
48 1 January 2011 Germany Oberhof, Germany 10 km Pursuit C Stage World Cup 1st
49 2 January 2011 Germany Oberstdorf, Germany 1.2 km Sprint C Stage World Cup 2nd
50 6 January 2011 Italy CortinaToblach, Italy 16 km Pursuit F Stage World Cup 1st
51 6 January 2011 Italy Val di Fiemme, Italy 10 km Mass Start Stage World Cup 1st
52 31 December 2010
– 9 January 2011
GermanyItaly Tour de Ski Overall Standings World Cup 1st
53 22 January 2011 Estonia Otepää, Estonia 10 km Individual C World Cup 2nd
54 4 February 2011 Russia Rybinsk, Russia 5 km + 5 km Pursuit C/F World Cup 1st
55 5 February 2011 Russia Rybinsk, Russia 1.3 km Sprint F World Cup 3rd
56 19 February 2011 Norway Drammen, Norway 10 km Individual C World Cup 2nd
57 12 March 2011 Finland Lahti, Finland 5 km + 5 km Pursuit C/F World Cup 2nd
58 18 March 2011 Sweden Falun, Sweden 2.5 km Individual C Stage World Cup 2nd
59 19 March 2011 Sweden Falun, Sweden 5 km + 5 km Pursuit C/F Stage World Cup 2nd
60 16-–20 March 2011 Sweden World Cup Final Overall Standings World Cup 2nd
61 2011–12 17 December 2011 Slovenia Rogla, Slovenia 10 km Mass Start C World Cup 1st
62 29 December 2011 Germany Oberhof, Germany 2.5 km Individual F Stage World Cup 1st
63 30 December 2011 Germany Oberhof, Germany 10 km Pursuit C Stage World Cup 1st
64 31 December 2011 Germany Oberstdorf, Germany 1.2 km Sprint C Stage World Cup 1st
65 1 January 2012 Germany Oberstdorf, Germany 5 km + 5 km Skiathlon C/F Stage World Cup 2nd
66 3 January 2012 Italy Toblach, Italy 3 km Individual C Stage World Cup 2nd
67 4 January 2012 Italy Toblach, Italy 1.3 km Sprint F Stage World Cup 3rd
68 5 January 2012 Italy Toblach, Italy 15 km Pursuit F Stage World Cup 2nd
69 7 January 2012 Italy Val di Fiemme, Italy 10 km Mass Start C Stage World Cup 1st
70 8 January 2012 Italy Val di Fiemme, Italy 9 km Pursuit F Stage World Cup 2nd
71 29 December 2011
– 8 January 2012
GermanyItaly Tour de Ski Overall Standings World Cup 1st
72 21 January 2012 Estonia Otepää, Estonia 1.2 km Sprint C World Cup 1st
73 22 January 2012 Estonia Otepää, Estonia 10 km Individual C World Cup 1st
74 2 February 2012 Russia Moscow, Russia 1.5 km Sprint F World Cup 1st
75 5 February 2012 Russia Rybinsk, Russia 7.5 km + 7.5 km Skiathlon C/F World Cup 2nd
76 11 February 2012 Czech Republic Nové Město, Czech Republic 15 km Mass Start C World Cup 2nd
77 18 February 2012 Poland Szklarska Poręba, Poland 10 km Individual C World Cup 1st
78 4 March 2012 Finland Lahti, Finland 1.4 km Sprint C World Cup 3rd
79 7 March 2012 Norway Drammen, Norway 1.2 km Sprint C World Cup 3rd
80 11 March 2012 Norway Oslo, Norway 30 km Mass Start World Cup 2nd
81 17 March 2012 Sweden Falun, Sweden 10 km Mass Start C Stage World Cup 1st
82  2012–13  30 November
– 2 December 2012
Finland Nordic Opening Overall Standings World Cup 2nd
83 13 December 2012 Canada Canmore, Canada 10 km Mass Start C World Cup 1st
84 16 December 2012 Canada Canmore, Canada 7.5 km + 7.5 km Skiathlon C/F World Cup 1st
85 29 December 2012 Germany Oberhof, Germany 3 km Individual F Stage World Cup 3rd
86 30 December 2012 Germany Oberhof, Germany 9 km Pursuit C Stage World Cup 1st
87 3 January 2013 Italy CortinaToblach, Italy 15 km Pursuit F Stage World Cup 1st
88 4 January 2013 Italy Toblach, Italy 3 km Individual C Stage World Cup 1st
89 4 January 2013 Italy Val di Fiemme, Italy 10 km Mass Start C Stage World Cup 1st
90 29 December 2012
– 6 January 2013
GermanySwitzerlandItaly Tour de Ski Overall Standings World Cup 1st
91 12 January 2013 Czech Republic Liberec, Czech Republic 0.85 km Sprint C World Cup 2nd
92 19 January 2013 France La Clusaz, France 10 km Mass Start C World Cup 3rd
93 16 February 2013 Switzerland Davos, Switzerland 1.5 km Sprint C World Cup 1st
94 17 February 2013 Switzerland Davos, Switzerland 10 km Individual F World Cup 2nd
95 10 March 2013 Finland Lahti, Finland 10 km Individual C World Cup 1st
96 13 March 2013 Norway Drammen, Norway 1.3 km Sprint C World Cup 1st
97 17 March 2013 Norway Oslo, Norway 30 km Mass Start F World Cup 2nd
98 20 March 2013 Sweden Stockholm, Sweden 1.1 km Sprint C Stage World Cup 1st
99 2013–14 29 November 2013 Finland Rukatunturi, Finland 1.4 km Sprint C Stage World Cup 1st
100 30 November 2013 Finland Rukatunturi, Finland 5 km Individual C Stage World Cup 1st
101 7 December 2013 Norway Lillehammer, Norway 10 km Individual C World Cup 1st
102 21 December 2013 Italy Asiago, Italy 1.25 km Sprint C World Cup 1st
103 19 January 2014 Poland Szklarska Poręba, Poland 10 km Mass Start C World Cup 1st
104 2016–17 4 February 2017 South Korea Pyeongchang, South Korea 7.5 km + 7.5 km Skiathlon C/F World Cup 1st

Team podiums[edit]

  • 1 podium – (1 TS)
No. Season Date Location Race Level Place Teammate(s)
1  2014–15  18 January 2015 Estonia Otepää, Estonia 6 x 1.2 km Team Sprint F World Cup 3rd Jaśkowiec

References[edit]

  1. ^ sport.pl Archived 2011-09-30 at the Wayback Machine. – interview – she explains that in fact she was born 19 January 1983, but a registrar made a mistake and noted 23 January, which wasn't officially corrected
  2. ^ "Eliassen and Kowalczyk win Vasaloppet". Swix Ski Classics. 8 March 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-03-11. Retrieved 8 March 2015.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-01-17. Retrieved 2018-01-16.
  4. ^ Vancouver2010.com Archived 2010-03-01 at the Wayback Machine. – Athlete profile
  5. ^ Falun: brązowy medal dla Kowalczyk i Jaśkowiec! - sport.wp.pl - 22-02-2015
  6. ^ "Justyna Kowalczyk obroniła pracę doktorską". www.awf.krakow.pl. Archived from the original on 2016-08-17. Retrieved 2016-07-18.
  7. ^ "Justyna Kowalczyk obroniła doktorat, mimo wpadki". Archived from the original on 2016-08-26. Retrieved 2016-07-18.
  8. ^ "Doktor Justyna Kowalczyk. Narciarka obroniła pracę z wyróżnieniem". Archived from the original on 2016-09-20. Retrieved 2016-07-18.
  9. ^ a b c "Cross-Country Skiing: Kowalczyk claims ladies 30 km gold". – 27 February 2010 Vancouver2010.com (AFP) article accessed 28 February 2010. Archived March 1, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-08-15. Retrieved 2013-02-10. The cycling link is used because it is the most concise text about Symbicort's removal. The list of banned substances is, of course, the same for cycling and cross-country skiing
  11. ^ "Athlete : KOWALCZYK Justyna". FIS-Ski. International Ski Federation. Archived from the original on 2018-01-28. Retrieved 27 January 2018.

https://www.olympic.org/justyna-kowalczyk - retrieved 16.01.2018

External links[edit]