Oeneis jutta

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Jutta Arctic
Jutta Arctic (Oeneis jutta balderi), Newfoundland.jpg
Found in Newfoundland, Canada
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Oeneis
Species: O. jutta
Binomial name
Oeneis jutta
(Hübner, [1806-1806])[1]
Subspecies

11, see text

Synonyms
  • Papilio jutta Hübner, [1805-1806]

Oeneis jutta, the Jutta Arctic or Baltic grayling, is a species of butterfly in the subfamily Satyrinae with a Circumboreal distribution. It occurs in bogs and tundra in the north of Europe, the Baltic states, the Urals, Siberia, northern Kazakhstan, the Russian Far East, northern Mongolia, northeastern China, North Korea, and northern North America (Canada from Newfoundland to British Columbia).[2][3][4] Larvae feed on Carex[3][4] and Eriophorum,[3] possibly also Glyceria, Molinia, and Juncus.[3] Ledum palustre is the preferred nectar plant of the adult butterflies.[3] The species has one generation every one or two years, depending on the location.[3]

Pinned specimen

Subspecies[edit]

Listed alphabetically:[1]

  • O. j. akoene Belik & Yakovlev, 1998 − Altai, western Tuva
  • O. j. alaskensis Holland, 1900 − Alaska, Yukon, northern British Columbia
  • O. j. ascerta Masters & Sorenson, 1968 − southeastern Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, Minnesota, Wisconsin, northern Michigan, northern Maine, northern New Hampshire
  • O. j. balderi (Geyer, 1837) − Newfoundland
  • O. j. chermocki Wyatt, 1965 − western Alberta, southern British Columbia
  • O. j. harperi Chermock, 1969 − northern Manitoba, eastern Northwest Territories
  • O. j. jutta
  • O. j. leussleri Bryant, 1935 − western Northwest Territories
  • O. j. reducta McDunnough, 1929
  • O. j. ridingiana F. & R. Chermock, 1940 − southwestern Manitoba, Saskatchewan
  • O. j. sibirica Kurentzov, 1970 − Yakutia, Magadan, Chukot Peninsula

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Oeneis Hübner, [1819]" at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms
  2. ^ Jutta Arctic (Oeneis jutta) (Hübner, 1806), Butterflies of Canada
  3. ^ a b c d e f Львовский А.Л., Моргун Д.В. 2007. Булавоусые чешуекрылые Восточной Европы. Москва: КМК. ISBN 978-5-87317-362-4. pp. 378-379.
  4. ^ a b Tolman, Tom & Richard Lewington. 1997. Butterflies of Britain and Europe. Field Guide. London: Collins. ISBN 0-00-219992-0.