The Camille Flammarion Observatory in Juvisy-sur-Orge
|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Robin Reda|
|2.24 km2 (0.86 sq mi)|
|• Density||6,400/km2 (16,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||32–92 m (105–302 ft) |
(avg. 36 m or 118 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.|
The site of the town has been occupied from ancient times; it is noted in Julius Caesar's book about the Gallic Wars. Centuries later, it became an important place under the French monarchy, as a royal hotel. It would also be used as a post relay, the first one on the road to Fontainebleau. It became a major road and railway junction in the 1840s after its railway station was built in 1840, and after 1893 was the first city surrounding Paris with a bridge crossing the river Seine.
Most of the city was destroyed in April 1944 by an Allied bombing as the city was the only one surrounding Paris that had such a big railway station and had railway lines going to most of France's major cities. It was then rebuilt between 1945 and the 1970s.
Starting from 1883, Juvisy-sur-Orge is the location of astronomer Camille Flammarion's observatory, which today belongs to the Société astronomique de France. The town is also the site of the 1740 Pyramid erected to memorialize the work of Jean Picard and Nicolas Louis de Lacaille in measuring the Earth's circumference.
It is also the birthplace of Jean-Jacques Annaud, film director, Christophe, singer, and the burial site of author Raymond Queneau, also now represented by the Bibliothèque-Médiathèque Raymond Queneau.
- Amedy Coulibaly, one of three perpetrators in the January 2015 Île-de-France attacks
- Ladji Doucouré, athlete
- Camille Flammarion, astronomer
- Alexandre Prémat, motor racing driver
- Habib Sissoko, footballer
- Sophian Rafai, basketball player
- Emmanuelle Charpentier, biochemist
- Mayors of Essonne Association (in French)
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