Juzo Itami

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Juzo Itami
Juzo Itami.jpg
Native name伊丹 十三
BornYoshihiro Ikeuchi (池内 義弘)
(1933-05-15)May 15, 1933
Kyoto, Japan
DiedDecember 20, 1997(1997-12-20) (aged 64)
Tokyo, Japan
OccupationFilm director, screenwriter, actor
Years active1960–1989
Spouse(s)Kazuko Kawakita (1960–66)
Nobuko Miyamoto (1969–1997)

Juzo Itami (伊丹 十三, Itami Jūzō), born Yoshihiro Ikeuchi (池内 義弘, Ikeuchi Yoshihiro, May 15, 1933 – December 20, 1997), was a Japanese actor, screenwriter and film director. He directed ten films, all of which he wrote himself.

Early life[edit]

Itami was born Yoshihiro Ikeuchi in Kyoto.[1] The name Itami was passed on from his father, Mansaku Itami—who was a renowned satirist and film director before World War II. He was the brother-in-law of Kenzaburō Ōe and uncle of Hikari Ōe. He played the father Ishihara in the comic TV program Cometa-san.[citation needed]

At the end of the war, when he was in Kyoto, Itami was chosen as an prodigy and educated at Tokubetsu Kagaku Gakkyū (特別科学学級; "the special scientific education class") as a future scientist who was expected to defeat the Allied powers. Among his fellow students were the sons of Hideki Yukawa and Sin-Itiro Tomonaga. This class was abolished in March 1947.[citation needed]

He moved from Kyoto to Ehime Prefecture when he was a high school student. He attended the prestigious Matsuyama Higashi High School, where he was known for being able to read works by Arthur Rimbaud in French. But, due to his poor academic record, he had to remain in the same class for two years. It was here that he became acquainted with Kenzaburō Ōe, who later married his sister. When it turned out that he could not graduate from Matsuyama Higashi High School, he transferred to Matsuyama Minami High School, from which he graduated.[citation needed]

After failing the entrance exam for the College of Engineering at Osaka University, Itami worked at times as a commercial designer, a television reporter, a magazine editor, and an essayist.[citation needed]

Acting career[edit]

Itami studied acting at an acting school called Budai Geijutsu Gakuin in Tokyo. In January 1960 he joined Daiei Film and was given the stage name Itami Ichizō (伊丹 一三) by Masaichi Nagata. In May 1960, Itami married Kazuko Kawakita, the daughter of film producer Nagamasa Kawakita. He first acted on screen in Ginza no Dora-Neko (1960). In 1961 he left Daiei and started to appear in foreign-language films such as 55 Days at Peking. In 1965 he appeared in the big-budget Anglo-American film Lord Jim. In 1965 he published a book of essays which became a hit, Yoroppa Taikutsu Nikki ("Diary of boredom in Europe"). In 1966 he and Kazuko agreed to divorce.

In 1967, when working with Nagisa Oshima on a film Sing a Song of Sex (Nihon Shunka Kō) he met Nobuko Miyamoto. He and Miyamoto married in 1969. Around this time, he changed his stage name to "伊丹 十三" (Itami Jūzō) with the kanji "十" (ten) rather than "一" (one), and worked as a character actor in film and television.

In 1968 he played Saburo Ishihara, the father of Takeshi and Koji during season II, in the series for children Cometo-San. He is well known for these series, even today, in most Spanish speaking countries along singer Yumiko Kokonoe who played Cometo-San.

In the 1970s, he joined the TV Man Union television production company and produced and presented documentaries for television, which influenced his later career as a film director. He also worked as a reporter for a TV programme called Afternoon Show.

In 1983, Itami played the father in Yoshimitsu Morita's The Family Game, and The Makioka Sisters for which roles he won the Yokohama Film Festival and Hochi Film Award for Best Supporting Actor.

Director[edit]

Itami's debut as director was the movie Osōshiki (The Funeral) in 1984, at the age of 50. This film proved popular in Japan and won many awards, including Japanese Academy Awards for Best Picture, Best Director, and Best Screenplay. However, it was his second movie, the "noodle western" Tampopo, that earned him international exposure and acclaim.[2]

On May 22, 1992, six days after the release of his anti-yakuza satire Minbō no Onna, Itami was attacked, beaten, and slashed on the face by five members of the Goto-gumi, a Shizuoka-based yakuza clan, who were angry at Itami's film's portrayal of yakuza members.[3] This attack led to a government crackdown on the yakuza.[citation needed]

His subsequent stay in a hospital inspired his next film Daibyonin, a grim satire on the Japanese health system.[citation needed] During a showing of this film in Japan, a cinema screen was slashed by a right-wing protestor.[4]

Death[edit]

He died on December 20, 1997[5] in Tokyo, after falling from the roof of the building where his office was located, after the press published evidence that he was having an extramarital affair. The suicide letter he reportedly left behind denied any involvement in such an affair.[6] One theory is that Itami's suicide was forced by members of the Goto-gumi yakuza faction. A former member of the Goto-gumi faction told journalist Jake Adelstein in 2008, “We set it up to stage his murder as a suicide. We dragged him up to the rooftop and put a gun in his face. We gave him a choice: jump and you might live or stay and we’ll blow your face off. He jumped. He didn’t live.”[7]

Tributes[edit]

His brother-in-law and childhood friend Kenzaburo Oe wrote The Changeling (2000), which modeled their relationship.[8]

Filmography[edit]

Actor[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1960 Ginza no dora-neko
1961 A False Student Soratani (Ichizo Itami)
1961 Her Brother Son of Factory Owner Uncredited
1961 The Big Wave Toru
1961 Ten Dark Women Hanamaki
1963 Onna no tsurihashi Saburô Ôki (Episode 2)
1963 55 Days at Peking Col. Shiba
1964 Shûen Takuji Yoshii
1965 Lord Jim Waris
1966 Otokonokao wa rirekisho
1967 Sing a Song of Sex Ôtake
1967 Choueki juhachi-nen: kari shutsugoku
1968 Shôwa genroku Tokyo 196X-nen
1968 Ah kaiten tokubetsu kogetikai
1968 Ah, yokaren Miyamoto
1969 Kinpeibai Hsi Men Ching
1969 Eiko e no 5,000 kiro
1969 Heat Wave Island Iino
1970 Hiko shonen: Wakamono no toride Ishizaka
1971 Yasashii Nippon jin
1973 Kunitori Monogatari Ashikaga Yoshiaki TV Series
1973 Lady Snowblood Ransui Tokunaga
1974 Lady Snowblood 2: Love Song of Vengeance Ransui Tokunaga
1974 Imôto Kazuo Wada
1974 Waga michi
1975 Wagahai wa neko de aru Meitei
1979 Collections privées (segment "Kusa-Meikyu")
1979 No More Easy Life Takamizawa - Landlord
1979 Grass Labyrinth Principal / Priest / Old man Short
1980 Yūgure made Sasa
1981 Slow na boogie ni shitekure Lawyer
1981 Shikake-nin Baian Sahei Oumiya
1981 Akuryo-To Ryuhei Ochi
1982 Kidonappu burûsu
1983 The Makioka Sisters Tatsuo Makioka, Tsuruko's husband
1983 The Family Game Mr. Numata, the father
1983 Meiso chizu Itakura
1983 Izakaya Chōji Kawara
1984 Make-up Kumakura
1984 Setouchi shonen yakyu dan Hatano
1985 The Excitement of the Do-Re-Mi-Fa Girl Professor Hirayama [9]
1985 Haru no Hatō Itō Hirobumi TV Series
1989 Sweet Home Yamamura (final film role)

As director[edit]

Year Title Notes
1962 Rubber Band Pistol Short
1984 The Funeral
1985 Tampopo
1987 A Taxing Woman
1988 A Taxing Woman's Return
1990 A-Ge-Man: Tales of a Golden Geisha
1992 Minbo
1993 Daibyonin
1995 Shizuka na Seikatsu "A Quiet Life"
1996 Supermarket Woman
1997 Marutai no Onna "Woman in Witness Protection"

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Independent
  2. ^ Vincent Canby (March 26, 1987). "New Directors/New Films; 'Tampopo,' A Comedy from Japan". The New York Times.
  3. ^ The New York Times
  4. ^ Associated Press
  5. ^ Crow, Jonathan. "Juzo Itami". AllMovie. Retrieved 15 June 2009.
  6. ^ Chicago Tribune
  7. ^ "Reposted: The high price of writing about anti-social forces–and those who pay. 猪狩先生を弔う日々 : Japan Subculture Research Center". www.japansubculture.com. Retrieved 2016-01-05.
  8. ^ Tayler, Christopher (June 12, 2010). "The Changeling by Kenzaburo Oe". The Guardian.
  9. ^ Fandango.com

External links[edit]