Jwauijeong

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Jwauijeong
영의정하연부부영정3.jpg
Portrait of Ha Yeon who served as Jwauijeong during the King Sejong's reign.
Korean name
Hangul
좌의정/ 좌상/ 좌정승/ 좌규/ 좌합/ 좌대
Hanja
/ 左相/ 左政丞/ 左揆/ 左閤/ 左臺
Revised RomanizationJwauijeong[1]/ Jwasang / Jwajeongseung / Jwagyu / Jwahap / Jwadae
McCune–Reischauerchwaŭijŏng / chwasang/ chwakyu / chwahap / chwadae

The Jwauijeong [tɕwa ɰi tɕʌŋ] was the Second State Councillor[1][2] of the Uijeongbu (State Council), subordinate in rank only to the Yeonguijeong, during the Joseon Dynasty of Korea (1392 -1910).[3] Only one official was appointed to the position and was variously referred to as Jwasang, Jwajeongseung, Jwagyu, Jwahap, or Jwadae.[3]

Since its foundation, the Joseon Dynasty, which had succeeded to the state apparatus of the Goryeo Dynasty (918 – 1392), had been adjusting its government organization. In 1400, the second year after King Jeongjong came to the throne, he renamed the Dopyeonguisasa (都評議事司; Privy Council[4]), the highest organ in charge of the state affairs of Goryeo, to Uijeongbu and created the post of Jwauijeong along with that of Uuijeong (Third State Councillor[5]). The three officials were collectively referred to as the Samjeongseung (Three top officials[6]) or the Samuijeong (Three High Councilors).[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "좌의정(左議政 ), Jwauijeong" (in Korean and English). The Academy of Korean Studies. Retrieved 2009-01-31.
  2. ^ Choi (2006), The Origin of the Roman Catholic Church in Korea p. 372
  3. ^ a b c 좌의정 (左議政) (in Korean). Empas /EncyKorea. Retrieved 2009-01-31.
  4. ^ "도평의사사 (都評議使司), Dopyeonguisasa" (in Korean and English). The Academy of Korean Studies. Retrieved 2009-01-31.
  5. ^ "우의정(右議政), uuijeong" (in Korean and English). The Academy of Korean Studies. Retrieved 2009-01-29.
  6. ^ "정승(政丞), Jeongseung" (in Korean and English). The Academy of Korean Studies. Retrieved 2009-01-29.