Jyoti (1981 film)
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Pramod Chakravarty|
|Produced by||Pramod Chakravarty|
|Screenplay by||Sachin Bhaumick|
|Story by||Manilal Banerjee|
|Based on||Ardhangi (1955)|
|Music by||Bappi Lahiri|
|Edited by||Narendra Arora|
Jyoti (lit. Light) is a 1981 Bollywood drama film, produced and directed by Pramod Chakravarty under the Pramod Films banner. It stars Jeetendra, Hema Malini in the lead roles and music composed by Bappi Lahiri.
The film is a remake of the Telugu movie Ardhangi (1955), starring Akkineni Nageswara Rao, Savitri in the pivotal roles. Ardhangi was based on Maddipatla Suri's Telugu translation of the Bengali novel Swayamsiddha, written by Manilal Banerjee.Swayamsiddha went on to be made into a 1975 Bengali movie of the same name. Ardhangi was remade in Tamil as Pennin Perumai. It was also remade in Hindi earlier as Bahurani in 1963. The story of Swayamsiddha was also similar to the Kannada novel Mallammana Pavaada by, B. Puttaswamayya, which was adapted into the 1969 movie titled Mallammana Pavaada, for which the screenplay was written by P. Pullaiah, based on his 1955 Telugu movie Ardhangi. The Kannada novel Mallammana Pavaada also inspired the 1987 Tamil movie Enga Chinna Rasa, which went on to be remade in Telugu as Abbaigaru, in Hindi as Beta, in Kannada as Annayya and in Oriya as Santan (1998).
Niranjan Pratap Singh is the stepson of a Zamindar and the real son of Ranimaa Sunanda. He is also the sole heir to the property of the Zamindar, as his elder stepbrother, Govind is drug-induced to the point of senility. When Gauri opposes Niranjan's ruthlessness against fellow-villagers, the Zamindar, angered by her intrusion, complains to her dad, Vedji. The Zamindar's anger is subdued when he actually speaks to Gauri and ends up admiring her and asking her hand in marriage for his son, Niranjan. But Sunanda will not hear of her son marrying a poor villager's daughter, and she convinces him that Gauri should get married to Govind. Although her father is opposed to his daughter marrying a senile man, Gauri accepts Govind and marries him. She finds out that she and Govind have no status in the household, which is run on the whims and fancies of Sunanda, her maid, Chintamani, and Niranjan. Niranjan is misguided by a dancer, Mallika, and Amirchand, who are after his wealth. Gauri must now decide whether to have her own life, or be chained to a senile half-child half-man.
- Jeetendra as Govind Pratap Singh
- Hema Malini as Gauri
- Ashok Kumar as Raja Saab
- Shashikala as Sunanda
- Om Shivpuri as Vedji
- Ajit as Amirchand
- Vijayendra Ghatge as Niranjan Pratap Singh
- Deven Verma as Siyaram
- Birbal as Lallu
- Viju Khote
- Aruna Irani as Mallika
- Sulochana as Daimaa
- Jayshree T. as Champa
- Padma Khanna as Chintamani
The music was composed by Bappi Lahiri. The song "Chidiya Chon Chon" is based on "Marianne" by Roaring Lion. The song "Thoda Resham Lagta Hai" had fallen into obscurity for over two decades, but gained more attention when it became the basis for two songs released in 2002: it was sampled by American producer Dr. Dre for the Truth Hurts song "Addictive" and remixed by Indian music director Harry Anand as "Kaliyon Ka Chaman" for the Universal Music India album UMI-10 (Vol 3).
|1||" Angrai Leke Prem"||Lata Mangeshkar|
|2||"Chidiya Chon Chon"||Kishore Kumar|
|3||"Sooni Sej Saja Doon"||Lata Mangeshkar|
|4||"Sun Ri Yashoda Maiya"||Lata Mangeshkar|
|5||"Thoda Resham Lagta Hai"||Lata Mangeshkar|
The story line has been the inspiration for various movies and has had various remakes in the Indian film industry.
|1955||Ardhangi||Telugu||P. Pullaiah||Santha Kumari||Akkineni Nageswara Rao||Savitri|
|1956||Pennin Perumai||Tamil||P. Pullaiah||Santha Kumari||Sivaji Ganesan||Savitri|
|1963||Bahurani||Hindi||T. Prakash Rao||Lalita Pawar||Guru Dutt||Mala Sinha|
|1969||Mallammana Pavaada||Kannada||Puttanna Kanagal||Advani Lakshmi Devi||Rajkumar||B Sarojadevi|
|1975||Swayamsiddha||Bengali||Sushil Mukherjee||Ranjit Mallick||Mithu Mukherjee|
|1981||Jyothi||Hindi||Pramod Chakravorty||Shashikala||Jeetendra||Hema Malini|
|1987||Enga Chinna Rasa||Tamil||K. Bhagyaraj||C. R. Saraswathy||K. Bhagyaraj||Radha|
|1992||Beta||Hindi||Indra Kumar||Aruna Irani||Anil Kapoor||Madhuri Dixit|
|1993||Abbaigaru||Telugu||E. V. V. Satyanarayana||Jayachitra||Venkatesh||Meena|
|1993||Annayya||Kannada||D. Rajendra Babu||Aruna Irani||V. Ravichandran||Madhoo|
|1998||Santan||Oriya||Snigdha Mohanty||Siddhanta Mahapatra||Rachana Banerjee|
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- "Jyothi (1981)(Songs)". Webmusic.IN.
- "Jyothi (1981)(Music Review)". Websmusic. Archived from the original on 25 December 2015. Retrieved 24 December 2015.
- Roberts, Tamara (2016). "Toward an Afro Asian Theory of Critique: The "Addictive" Case". Resounding Afro Asia: Interracial Music and the Politics of Collaboration. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-937741-1.
- Anand, Harry (2002). "UMI-10 (Vol 3)". Universal Music India.