Jyoti (1981 film)

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Jyoti
Jyoti (1981 film).jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byPramod Chakravarty
Produced byPramod Chakravarty
Screenplay bySachin Bhaumick
Story byManilal Banerjee
Based onArdhangi (1955)
StarringJeetendra
Hema Malini
Music byBappi Lahiri
CinematographyS.R.K. Murthy
Edited byNarendra Arora
Production
company
Pramod Films[1]
Release date
  • 6 May 1981 (1981-05-06)
Running time
144 minutes
CountryIndia
LanguageHindi

Jyoti (lit. Light) is a 1981 Bollywood drama film, produced and directed by Pramod Chakravarty under the Pramod Films banner. It stars Jeetendra, Hema Malini in the lead roles and music composed by Bappi Lahiri.

The film is a remake of the Telugu movie Ardhangi (1955), starring Akkineni Nageswara Rao, Savitri in the pivotal roles.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8] Ardhangi was based on Maddipatla Suri's Telugu translation of the Bengali novel Swayamsiddha, written by Manilal Banerjee.Swayamsiddha went on to be made into a 1975 Bengali movie of the same name.[9] Ardhangi was remade in Tamil as Pennin Perumai. It was also remade in Hindi earlier as Bahurani in 1963. The story of Swayamsiddha was also similar to the Kannada novel Mallammana Pavaada by, B. Puttaswamayya, which was adapted into the 1969 movie titled Mallammana Pavaada, for which the screenplay was written by P. Pullaiah, based on his 1955 Telugu movie Ardhangi. The Kannada novel Mallammana Pavaada also inspired the 1987 Tamil movie Enga Chinna Rasa, which went on to be remade in Telugu as Abbaigaru, in Hindi as Beta, in Kannada as Annayya and in Oriya as Santan (1998).

Plot[edit]

Niranjan Pratap Singh is the stepson of a Zamindar and the real son of Ranimaa Sunanda. He is also the sole heir to the property of the Zamindar, as his elder stepbrother, Govind is drug-induced to the point of senility. When Gauri opposes Niranjan's ruthlessness against fellow-villagers, the Zamindar, angered by her intrusion, complains to her dad, Vedji. The Zamindar's anger is subdued when he actually speaks to Gauri and ends up admiring her and asking her hand in marriage for his son, Niranjan. But Sunanda will not hear of her son marrying a poor villager's daughter, and she convinces him that Gauri should get married to Govind. Although her father is opposed to his daughter marrying a senile man, Gauri accepts Govind and marries him. She finds out that she and Govind have no status in the household, which is run on the whims and fancies of Sunanda, her maid, Chintamani, and Niranjan. Niranjan is misguided by a dancer, Mallika, and Amirchand, who are after his wealth. Gauri must now decide whether to have her own life, or be chained to a senile half-child half-man.

Cast[edit]

Soundtrack[edit]

The music was composed by Bappi Lahiri.[10][11] The song "Chidiya Chon Chon" is based on "Marianne" by Roaring Lion.[12] The song "Thoda Resham Lagta Hai" had fallen into obscurity for over two decades,[13] but gained more attention when it became the basis for two songs released in 2002: it was sampled by American producer Dr. Dre for the Truth Hurts song "Addictive" and remixed by Indian music director Harry Anand as "Kaliyon Ka Chaman" for the Universal Music India album UMI-10 (Vol 3).[14][15]

# Title Singer(s)
1 " Angrai Leke Prem" Lata Mangeshkar
2 "Chidiya Chon Chon" Kishore Kumar
3 "Sooni Sej Saja Doon" Lata Mangeshkar
4 "Sun Ri Yashoda Maiya" Lata Mangeshkar
5 "Thoda Resham Lagta Hai" Lata Mangeshkar

Other versions[edit]

The story line has been the inspiration for various movies and has had various remakes in the Indian film industry.

Year Title Language Director Cast
Step-mother Son Wife
1955 Ardhangi Telugu P. Pullaiah Santha Kumari Akkineni Nageswara Rao Savitri
1956 Pennin Perumai Tamil P. Pullaiah Santha Kumari Sivaji Ganesan Savitri
1963 Bahurani Hindi T. Prakash Rao Lalita Pawar Guru Dutt Mala Sinha
1969 Mallammana Pavaada Kannada Puttanna Kanagal Advani Lakshmi Devi Rajkumar B Sarojadevi
1975 Swayamsiddha Bengali Sushil Mukherjee Ranjit Mallick Mithu Mukherjee
1981 Jyothi Hindi Pramod Chakravorty Shashikala Jeetendra Hema Malini
1987 Enga Chinna Rasa Tamil K. Bhagyaraj C. R. Saraswathy K. Bhagyaraj Radha
1992 Beta Hindi Indra Kumar Aruna Irani Anil Kapoor Madhuri Dixit
1993 Abbaigaru Telugu E. V. V. Satyanarayana Jayachitra Venkatesh Meena
1993 Annayya Kannada D. Rajendra Babu Aruna Irani V. Ravichandran Madhoo
1998 Santan Oriya Snigdha Mohanty Siddhanta Mahapatra Rachana Banerjee

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Jyothi (cast & Crew)". IMDb.
  2. ^ "Jyothi (1981) Movie Review". gomolo.
  3. ^ "Jyothi (1981)". Bollywood hungama.
  4. ^ "Jyothi (1981)". MuVyz.
  5. ^ "Jyothi (1981)". Nth Wall. Archived from the original on 25 December 2015. Retrieved 24 December 2015.
  6. ^ "Jyothi (1981)". moviefone.com.
  7. ^ "Jyothi (1981)". IBOS.
  8. ^ "Jyothi (1981)". Now Running.
  9. ^ Narasimham, M. L. (6 June 2014). "Ardhangi (1955)". The Hindu. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  10. ^ "Jyothi (1981)(Songs)". Webmusic.IN.
  11. ^ "Jyothi (1981)(Music Review)". Websmusic. Archived from the original on 25 December 2015. Retrieved 24 December 2015.
  12. ^ https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/entertainment/hindi/music/news/JLo-copies-Bappi-Lahiri/articleshow/7864799.cms
  13. ^ http://www.rediff.com/entertai/2002/nov/02bappi.htm
  14. ^ Roberts, Tamara (2016). "Toward an Afro Asian Theory of Critique: The "Addictive" Case". Resounding Afro Asia: Interracial Music and the Politics of Collaboration. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-937741-1.
  15. ^ Anand, Harry (2002). "UMI-10 (Vol 3)". Universal Music India.