|Born||Jyotindra Manshankar Bhatt
12 March 1934
Jyotindra Manshankar Bhatt (12 March 1934) Better Known as Jyoti Bhatt', is an Indian artist best known for his modernist work in painting and printmaking and also his photographic documentation of rural Indian culture. He studied painting under N. S. Bendre and K.G. Subramanyan at the Faculty of Fine Arts, Maharaja Sayajirao University (M.S.U.), Baroda. Later he studied fresco and mural painting at Banasthali Vidyapith in Rajasthan, and in the early 1960s went on to study at the Academia di Belle Arti in Naples, Italy, as well the Pratt Institute in New York.
Bhatt moved from a cubist influence in his early work, to a lighthearted and colorful Pop art that often drew its imagery from traditional Indian folk designs. Though Bhatt worked in a variety of mediums, including watercolors and oils, it is his printmaking that ultimately garnered him the most attention. In 1966 Bhatt returned to M.S.U. Baroda with a thorough knowledge of the intaglio process that he had gained at the Pratt Insttute at Brooklyn in New York. It was partially Bhatt’s enthusiasm for intaglio that caused other artists such as Jeram Patel, Bhupen Khakhar and Gulammohammed Sheikh, to take up the same process. Bhatt, and his compatriots at the Faculty of Fine Arts in Baroda, soon came to be known as "The Baroda School" of Indian art.
Late in the 1960s Bhatt was asked to take photographs of Gujarati folk art. Initially this work was done for a seminar, but it soon became one of the artist’s passions to document traditional Indian craft and design work. The disappearing arts of rural Gujarat became a focus. Though Bhatt’s investigations into village and tribal designs certainly influenced the motifs he used in his printmaking, Bhatt considers his documentary photographs to be an art form in themselves. His direct and simply composed photographs have become valued on their own merit.
Throughout Bhatt’s long career as a teacher at the M.S.U. Faculty of Fine Arts, he has photographed the evolution of the university, the artistic activities of its faculty and students, and the architecturally significant buildings of Baroda. This huge body of work is perhaps the best assembled photographic documentation that pertains to "The Baroda School" of Indian art.
It is Jyoti Bhatt’s prints, however, that are most associated with the artist. His etchings, intaglios, and screen prints have explored and re-explored a personal language of symbols that stem from Indian culture: the peacock, the parrot, the lotus, stylized Indian gods and goddesses, and unending variations on tribal and village designs. Recently he has explored digital printing and holography.
List of Awards received
- Gold Medal, International Biennale of Prints Italy .
- A top prize, World Photo Contest, at Fotokina, Germany . (1978)
- Grand Prix, 13th Annual Photo contest for Asia and Pacific, UNESCO, Japan.(1989)
- President’s Gold Plaque and National Award, 1956.,
- National Award, 1963, at the Annual Art Exhibitions of L.K.Akademi, NewDelhi).
- Awarded a special ‘Gaurav Puraskar by Gujarat State L.K.Akademi.
- Life Time Achievement Award, by Gujarat State .
- First Prize for the postal stamps design for the 25th Anniversary of Independence of India.
- First Prize for graphic print, (1967, State Exhibition, Gujarat L. K. Akademi)
- Silver Medal, (Annual show of Bombay Art Society).
- Bronze Medal, at Nikon world Photo Contest. Japan .
- Prize for ‘Children’, Photography contest, D.A.V.P., New Delhi.(1978).
- Senior Artist Award, All India Fine Arts and Crafts Society, New Delhi, (2000).
- Kalashri, A.I.F.A.C.S. New Delhi, (2001).
- Hon. Doctorate by Rabindra Bharati, University, Kolakata -2004.
- Life Time achievement –Distinguished Photo Artist of the year 2005 –Award from Academy Of Visual media, New Delhi .
- Kailash Award. Asmita Parva. (Morari Bapu's) 2011.
- Amrita Gupta Singh, Jyoti Bhatt: Parallels that Meet, Delhi Art Gallery, 2007 ISBN 978-81-904957-0-7
- Nilima Sheikh, Contemporary Art In Baroda, Tulika Publishers, 1997, ISBN 81-85229-04-X
- Amrita Jhaveri, A Guide to 101 Modern and Contemporary Indian Artists, India Book House, 2005 ISBN 81-7508-423-5
- Contemporary Art In Baroda, Tulika Publishers, 1997, ISBN 81-85229-04-X
- Jyoti Bhatt: Parallels that Meet, Delhi Art Gallery, 2007 ISBN 978-81-904957-0-7