K'inich Kan B'alam II

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Chan Bahlum II
Ajaw of Palenque
K'inich Kan B'alam II, from the Temple of the Cross, Palenque (illustrated by Frederick Catherwood). The Maya calendar date appearing here is equivalent to January 690.
Reign February 684 – February 702[1]
Predecessor Pacal the Great
Successor K'inich K'an Joy Chitam II
Father Pacal the Great
Born May, 635[2]
Died February, 702[3]

K'inich Kan B'alam II (Mayan pronunciation: [k’ihniʧ kan ɓahlam], "Serpent Jaguar") (May, 635 – February, 702),[4] sometimes transcribed as Chan Bahlum II, was king of the pre-Columbian Maya polity of Baak'al in the Classic period of Mesoamerican chronology. His capital was the ceremonial center and city now known as the Maya archaeological site of Palenque.[5] He acceded to the throne in January, 684,[6] several months after the death of his father and predecessor, Pacal the Great.[7] He continued the ambitious project of adorning Palenque with fine art and architecture begun by his father; his most important addition to the city of Palenque was the Temple of the Cross which is the center piece of the Temple of the Cross Complex. He was succeeded by his younger brother, K'inich K'an Joy Chitam II.[5][7]



Lounsbury, Floyd G. (1976). A Rationale for the Initial Date of the Temple of the Cross at Palenque. In The Art, Iconography, and Dynastic History of Palenque, Part III: Proceedings of the Segunda Mesa Redonda de Palenque, ed. Merle Greene Robertson, 211-224. Pebble Beach, Ca.: Robert Louis Stevenson School. 
Lounsbury, Floyd G. (1985). The Identities of the Mythological Figures in the "Cross Group" of Inscriptions at Palenque. In Fourth Round Table of Palenque, 1980, vol. 6, gen. ed. Merle Greene Robertson; vol. ed., Elizabeth P. Benson, 45-58. San Francisco: Pre-Columbian Art Research Institute.