Köln Süd station

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Cologne South
Köln Süd
Deutsche Bahn
Through station
Bahnhof Köln Süd.jpg
Station building from the southside
Location Otto-Fischer-Str. 2, Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia
Germany
Coordinates 50°55′39″N 6°56′16″E / 50.92750°N 6.93778°E / 50.92750; 6.93778Coordinates: 50°55′39″N 6°56′16″E / 50.92750°N 6.93778°E / 50.92750; 6.93778
Line(s)
Platforms 4
Other information
Station code 3321
DS100 code KKS[1]
IBNR 8003361
Category 4[2]
Website www.bahnhof.de
History
Opened 1891 [3]

Köln Süd (Cologne South) station is located in the southwestern edge of the Innenstadt of Cologne in the district of Neustadt-Süd in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. It is located between the streets of Luxemburger Straße and Zülpicher Straße. The station is a stop for regional services on the West Rhine Railway. The Cologne freight railway bypass branches off from the station over the South Bridge; it is also used as needed by passenger trains. The station has four platform tracks at two island platforms and two tracks without platforms, which are used by the intensive freight traffic. It is classified by Deutsche Bahn as a category 4 station.[2]

History[edit]

Platforms 3/4 (left) and 1/2 (right)
Northwestern passenger exit from platform 3/4 only on the right

The original section of the West Rhine Railway (German: Linke Rheinstrecke) was opened in 1844 through the station as the Bonn-Cölner Eisenbahn (Bonn-Cologne Railway) on a direct approach to Cologne that ended at Cöln-Pantaleon station,[4] which was then on the outskirts. With the opening of Central Station (Centralbahnhof, now called the Hauptbahnhof) in 1859, a new line was put into operation,[4] which diverged to the west from the existing line and ran to the Central Station on the inside of the inner ring of fortifications built by Prussia around the city in the 1880s. Beginning with the 1889 renovation of the Central Station, the feeder lines were rebuilt and raised by several metres. Because of the growth of Cologne the route was now in the middle of the city and the stations at Cologne South (Köln Süd, spelt Cöln Süd until 1914[3]) and Cologne West opened in 1891.

The first expansion of the station occurred when the freight line to Cologne Bonntor freight yard was opened in 1896 and the new Rheinauhafen (Rheinau harbor) was put into operation two years later. A further extension occurred in 1910 with the opening of the Cologne freight bypass railway, including the Cologne South Bridge. Two more freight-only tracks were built parallel to the existing line. The freight line starts in Cologne West and runs via Cologne South and Köln Eifeltorfreight yard to Hürth-Kalscheuren. In Cologne South, the line branches off to Cologne Bonntor via the South Bridge and another connection runs from Eifeltor in the south of Cologne via Bonntor towards the bridge.

Operations[edit]

The station is used intensively by commuters from the south to Cologne, commuters to Bonn and students from the nearby University of Cologne, making it busy for most of the day.

Platform tracks 1 and 4 are used for traffic to and from Cologne Hbf and Bonn. The intermediate tracks 2 and 3 are used mainly for long-distance passenger traffic (which does not stop at the station) on the West Rhine Railway and for out-of-service operations. They can also be used to allow faster trains to pass.

Track 5, which has no platform, lies to the north of the platforms and is used by freight trains running both towards Cologne Eifeltor and towards the South Bridge. Freight trains run in the opposite direction on track 6, which has a fenced-off wooden platform, which is currently unused. Since the 3/4 platform is generally only used by alighting passengers and a few passengers towards Cologne Hbf, it is equipped only with a simple waiting room, while one third of the 1/2 platform has a roof. Destination displays are installed on tracks 1 and 4, which are used for all scheduled train departures. On both platforms there are also ticket machines; on the 1/2 platform there are additional vending machines for cold drinks and sweets.

Problem areas[edit]

There are problems with the connection of the station to the Stadtbahn network. A flight of stairs leads from the northwestern end of platform 3/4 to the Dasselstraße/Bf Süd stop on Stadtbahn line 9, but platform 1/2 has no direct access to the northwest and passengers can only reach the west via using the underpass at the southeastern end of the station to reach platform 3/4, leading to a long walking route. The tracks of the Vorgebirge Railway (Vorgebirgsbahn, line 18) are at the southeastern end at the station, but the closest stop is at Eifelwall about 250 metres away to the south. The public transport hub of Barbarossaplatz is 350 metres away to the north.

As a result, many passengers take the forbidden and dangerous shortcut across the tracks to change platforms. It was proposed that construction of a staircase costing €1.6 million would start in 2010. This will connect Zülpicher Straße at the northwestern end directly to tracks 1 and 2. While, the station will continue to be not accessible for the disabled, a lift is planned to be installed later.[5] Construction has been delayed.

Train services[edit]

The station is served by the following services:[6][7]

  • Regional services RE 5 Rhein-Express Emmerich – Wesel – Oberhausen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Cologne – Bonn – Koblenz
  • Regional services RE 12 Eifel-Mosel-Express Trier – Gerolstein – Kall – Euskirchen – Cologne
  • Regional services RE 22 Eifel-Express Gerolstein - Kall – Euskirchen – Cologne
  • Regional services RB 24 Eifelbahn Kall – Euskirchen – Cologne
  • Local services RB 26 MittelrheinBahn Cologne – Bonn – Remagen – Andernach – Koblenz – Bingen – Mainz
  • Local services RB 48 Rhein-Wupper-Bahn Wuppertal-Oberbarmen – Wuppertal – Solingen – Cologne – Bonn – Bonn-Mehlem
Preceding station   Deutsche Bahn   Following station
toward Koblenz Hbf
RE 5
Rhein-Express
toward Wesel
toward Trier Hbf
RE 12
Eifel-Mosel-Express
toward Gerolstein
RE 22
Eifel-Express
toward Kall
RB 24
Eifel-Bahn
Preceding station   National Express   Following station
toward Bonn-Mehlem
RB 48
Rhein-Wupper-Bahn
Preceding station   trans regio   Following station
toward Mainz Hbf
RB 26
MittelRheinBahn

Stadtbahn services[edit]

Preceding station   KVB   Following station
9
toward Königsforst

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Eisenbahnatlas Deutschland (German railway atlas) (2009/2010 ed.). Schweers + Wall. 2009. ISBN 978-3-89494-139-0. 
  2. ^ a b "Stationspreisliste 2017" [Station price list 2017] (PDF) (in German). DB Station&Service. 18 November 2016. Retrieved 14 December 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "Köln Süd operations". NRW Rail Archive (in German). André Joost. Retrieved 30 June 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Line 2630: Köln - Bingen". NRW Rail Archive (in German). André Joost. Retrieved 30 June 2013. 
  5. ^ "Bahnhof Köln-Süd soll sicherer werden" (in German). City of Cologne. Retrieved 30 June 2013. 
  6. ^ Timetables for Köln Süd station
  7. ^ "Köln Süd station". NRW Rail Archive (in German). André Joost. Retrieved 30 June 2013.