Königs Wusterhausen

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Königs Wusterhausen
Coat of arms of Königs Wusterhausen
Coat of arms
Königs Wusterhausen   is located in Germany
Königs Wusterhausen
Königs Wusterhausen
Coordinates: 52°17′30″N 13°37′30″E / 52.29167°N 13.62500°E / 52.29167; 13.62500Coordinates: 52°17′30″N 13°37′30″E / 52.29167°N 13.62500°E / 52.29167; 13.62500
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Dahme-Spreewald
Government
 • Mayor Stefan Ludwig (Linkspartei)
Area
 • Total 95.83 km2 (37.00 sq mi)
Elevation 36 m (118 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 35,765
 • Density 370/km2 (970/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 15537, 15711, 15751
15754, 15758
Dialling codes 03375
Vehicle registration LDS
Website www.koenigs-wusterhausen.de

Königs Wusterhausen is a town in the Dahme-Spreewald district of the state of Brandenburg in Germany.

Geography[edit]

Geographical location[edit]

Königs Wusterhausen – or "KW" (German pronunciation: [ˈkaː ˈveː]) as it is often called locally – lies on the Notte canal and the river Dahme southeast of Berlin. Much further away to the west lies the state capital Potsdam.

Notte canal in Königs Wusterhausen

The abbreviation "KW" is also a reminder of the Königs Wusterhausen radio transmitter as "KW" is also the abbreviation for "Kilowatt" and "Kurzwelle" (German: "Shortwave")

Parts of town[edit]

Königs Wusterhausen is the biggest town in the Dahme-Spreewald district. The municipal reforms in 2003 brought about seven amalgamations, since which time the communities of Zeesen, Kablow, Diepensee, Niederlehme, Senzig, Wernsdorf and Zernsdorf have belonged to Königs Wusterhausen, the town's land area has grown sixfold, and its population has doubled.

Demography[edit]

Königs Wusterhausen:
Population development within the current boundaries (2013)
[2]
Year Population
1875 5 033
1890 6 030
1910 12 062
1925 13 159
1933 15 494
1939 19 286
1946 20 902
1950 21 320
1964 23 155
1971 24 728
Year Population
1981 29 078
1985 30 738
1989 30 176
1990 29 717
1991 29 123
1992 29 223
1993 29 033
1994 29 145
1995 29 447
1996 29 903
Year Population
1997 30 095
1998 30 473
1999 30 969
2000 31 522
2001 31 909
2002 32 161
2003 32 335
2004 32 785
2005 33 092
2006 33 201
Year Population
2007 33 370
2008 33 400
2009 33 762
2010 33 981
2011 33 747
2012 33 975
2013 34 240
2014 34 795
2015 35 765

History[edit]

In 1320, in connection with an investiture on 19 September, the place ("hus to wosterhusen") and the castle got their first known documentary mention. By 1400, the two were both a fiefdom held by the noble family of Schlieben. In 1500 the estate of Wendisch Wusterhausen was verified for the first time by the Schenken (a noble title) of Landberg zu Teupitz.

On 14 October 1669 Privy Councillor Friedrich von Jena acquired the castle and the village of Wendisch Wusterhausen. In early July 1683, Kurprinz Friedrich, later (1688) Elector Friedrich III, and later still (1701) King Frederick I of Prussia, acquired the castle and the village. In 1698, Kurprinz Friedrich Wilhelm was given the castle along with the attached estate as a gift by his father. In 1707, the Crown Prince and later King Frederick William I of Prussia founded his Company, the "Potsdam Giants". Between 1713 and 1718, the castle was remodelled as a hunting lodge. In 1718, the town, hitherto known as Wusterhausen, was given its current name, Königs Wusterhausen ("Königs" = "king's" in German).

Checking the radio transmitter tower, 1930

In 1862, novelist and poet Theodor Fontane visited Königs Wusterhausen for his Wanderungen durch die Mark Brandenburg.

Since 1901, Königs Wusterhausen has been home to the Brandenburg School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (Brandenburgische Schule für Blinde und Sehbehinderte), endowed by the Hamburg merchant Hermann Schmidt.

In 1920 came the launch of Germany's first radio transmitter, the Transmitter Königs Wusterhausen, and in 1935, Königs Wusterhausen was raised to town status. In 1937, Saint Elisabeth's Catholic Church was built and consecrated.

In 1938, the Berlin Autobahn ringroad – now Bundesautobahn 10 – was dedicated, and now serves cities and towns around Berlin, including Königs Wusterhausen. By now, the National Socialists were in power, and in 1944 they built a concentration camp for Jews and Poles at the railway goods station.

After the Second World War and until 1990, Königs Wusterhausen was in East Germany.

In 1972, the Central tower, the most prominent structure at the radio transmission facility at 243 m tall, collapsed. That same year, Germany's deadliest aviation accident occurred when an Ilyushin Il-62 crashed in Königs Wusterhausen, killing 156 people.

Worship[edit]

Christianity[edit]

In Königs Wusterhausen, there is a Catholic parish as well as congregations of the Protestant church body named Evangelical Church of Berlin-Brandenburg-Silesian Upper Lusatia. The oldest church in town is the village Wehrkirche (a church whose architecture contains typically military elements) in Deutsch Wusterhausen, built in the 13th century. In 1998 the Evangelical Königs Wusterhausen deanery (German: Kirchenkreis) merged in the Berlin-Neukölln deanery. The Protestant congregations in Königs Wusterhausen (KW), Deutsch Wusterhausen, Niederlehme, Senzig, Zeesen, and Zernsdorf (all components of KW) as well as that in Schenkendorf (a component of Mittenwalde), today make up the ecclesiastical Region 9.

The Catholic parish belongs to the Deanship of Köpenick-Treptow of the Archdiocese of Berlin.

Both communities have very active youth groups, the Evangelical Junge Gemeinde ("Young Community") and the Katholische Jugend ("Catholic Youth").

In January 2013, the Freie Baptistengemeinde Königs Wusterhausen was organized. They are located near the post office and hold weekly services as well as other Bible studies including "Jungschar" and a monthly "Jugendtreff".

Politics[edit]

City council[edit]

Königs Wusterhausen's council consists of 33 town councillors, with the mayor (Bürgermeister) as head.

  • PDS 10 seats
  • SPD 8 seats
  • CDU 7 seats
  • BB/UFL Free Voters (citizens' coalition) 4 seats
  • FDP/PUD 3 seats

(as of municipal elections on 26 October 2003)

City partnerships[edit]

Culture and sightseeing[edit]

Museums[edit]

  • Königs Wusterhausen Transmission and Radio Technology Museum on the Funkerberg

Of the once great number of building works on the Funkerberg ("Transmitter Mountain"), only very little is preserved nowadays, as many transmission towers were dismantled for technical reasons after the Central Tower collapsed and fell on 15 November 1972. Today, only a 210-m-high mast and two small freestanding towers are to be found there. Along with the remaining buildings, this forms a technological monument.

Until 1999 this mast bore the transmitting antenna that served as the reserve antenna for the longwave stations at Zehlendorf bei Oranienburg and Donebach.

In 1994, a 67-m-high precast concrete cellular transmission tower was put up. It is today the only active transmitter on the Funkerberg.

The first attempts at transmissions were in 1908. On 22 December 1920, music and speech were transmitted wirelessly from the Funkerberg for the first time on "Welle 2400" – longwave. It went down in history as the German postal system's Christmas concert. Königs Wusterhausen is thus also said to be the cradle of German radio. The artists in that broadcast were, incidentally, postal employees. The initiative was German radio pioneer Hans Bredow's brainchild (for this and other groundbreaking work, he is considered the "Father of German Radio").

Until 1926, the popular Sonntagskonzerte ("Sunday Concerts") were broadcast. The station's studio was in the beginning a remodelled bathroom at the first broadcasting house on the Funkerberg.

Buildings[edit]

Schloss in Königs Wusterhausen
  • Königs Wusterhausen Hunting Lodge and Garden, known as Prussian King Frederick William favourite place to stay.
  • Kreuzkirche ("Cross Church"), begun in 1693, new glazing in 1949 with 3 choir windows and 4 ornamental round panes by Charles Crodel.
  • Neue Mühle ("New Mill") Canal lock (first documented in 1739), difference in levels: 1.50 m
  • Watertower (begun 1910, shut down 1965), now a café with beergarden and exhibition areas
  • 210-metre transmission mast (built 1925)

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

Transport[edit]

Sons and daughters of the town[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]