Kurash

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Kurash on a Sabantuy

Kurash (also kuresh, koresh, kulesh, and similar variants) refers to a number of folk wrestling styles practiced in Central Asia. The English name comes from the term for "wrestling" in some Turkic language.[citation needed]

Kurash wrestlers (köräşçelär in Tatar) use towels to hold their opponents, and their goal is to throw their opponents off the feet.[1] The wrestling is the main competition at the folk festival Sabantuy.[1]

The sport is called گولش / ҝүләш / güləş in Azerbaijani, көрәш in Bashkir, кӗрешӳ in Chuvash, күрес / küres in Kazakh, күрөш / küröş in Kyrgyz, кӱреш / küreş in Shor, küreş / күреш / көрәш / kөrəş in Tatar, güreş in Turkish, göreş in Turkmen, and kurash in Uzbek, all derived from Old Turkic keriš.[2]

Tatar-style wrestling, "Köräş"

History[edit]

The first official All-USSR koresh championship took place in Kazan in 1928 and was followed by the first TASSR (Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic) national championship in 1949. Since 1956, regular Tatar Köräş competitions have been organized in honor of the national hero and poet Musa Cälil.

At the turn of 1950 and 1960, the Soviet Federation of freestyle wrestling, Greco-Roman wrestling, and sambo started to develop Tatar Köräş. Sportsmen from the neighbour regions, such as Bashkortostan, Mordovia, and Ulyanovsk City came to compete in Kazan for the first time in 1959. In 1960, the capital of Tatarstan was appointed host of the first RSFSR (Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic) national koresh championship, an event that has been repeated every year since that date. It was organized in Kazan about 15 times, but also in other cities, such as Salavat, Orenburg, Oktyabrsky, Tuymazy, Chelyabinsk, Cheboksary, Almetievsk, Samara, Ulyanovsk, Naberezhnye Chelny. Sportsmen from 36 Russian regions have participated in the Russian championships over the past years.

Events[edit]

The International Kurash Association (IKA), founded in 1998, holds championships since 1999. World Senior championships were held in Tashkent (Uzbekistan) in 1999, in Antalya (Turkey) in 2000, in Budapest (Hungary) in 2001, in Yerevan (Armenia) in 2002, in Tashkent (Uzbekistan) in 2005, in Ulaanbaatar (Mongolia) in 2007, in Alushta (Ukraine) in 2009,[3] in Termez (Uzbekistan) in 2011,[4] in Istanbul (Turkey) in 2013,[5] and in Khorramabad (Iran) in 2015.[6] The XI World Senior Championships will be held in Istanbul (Turkey) in 2017.[7]

The International Tatar Belt Wrestling Köräş Association was founded on 9 September 2009 with the aim of popularizing Tatar traditions abroad and offer Continental and World opportunities to all sportsmen wishing to compete in Tatar Köräş. It became a member of FILA's World Traditional Wrestling Committee in 2009 and held its second World Championship during the FILA World Wrestling Games that took place in Šiauliai (LTU) in September 2009. The third World Championship was held in Kazan in May 2010 and attracted a participation of about 100 wrestlers from 17 countries.

Kurash made its debut at 2018 Asian Games which was held in Jakarta and Palembang, Indonesia.[8] It also made its debut at the 30th Southeast Asian Games hosted by the Philippines in 2019.[9]

World Kurash Championships[edit]

Edition Year Host City Country Events Ref
1 1999 Tashkent  Uzbekistan 3 [3]
2 2000 Antalya  Turkey 4
3 2001 Budapest  Hungary 2
4 2002 Yerevan  Armenia 7
5 2005 Tashkent  Uzbekistan 13
6 2007 Ulaanbaatar  Mongolia 11
7 2009 Alushta  Ukraine 14 [10]
8 2011 Termez  Uzbekistan 14
9 2013 Istanbul  Turkey 15
10 2015 Khorramabad  Iran 8
11 2017 Istanbul  Turkey 15
12 2019 Chung-ju  South Korea 15

World Junior Kurash Championships (U20)[edit]

Edition Year Host City Country Events Ref
1 2000 Tver  Russia [11]
2 2002
3 2004 Shahrisabz  Uzbekistan 9 [12]
4 2006 Santo Domingo  Dominican Republic 9 [13]
5 2008
6 2010 New Delhi  India 14 [14]
7 2012 Bournemouth  United Kingdom 7 [15]
8 2016 Kochi  India 13 [16]

Kurash Rules[edit]

Contestants attempt to score (and finish the match) with high amplitude throws. The trousers or legs may not be grabbed.

There are three scoring points viz. Halal, Yonbosh and Chala. The player who scores a Halal wins the fight. To score a Halal you need to throw your opponent on his back with full control, force and speed. The throw that is close to Halal is given Yonbosh. Two Yonbosh throws make a Halal. The throw that is close to Yonbosh is called Chala. No number of Chala can equal a Yonbosh. There are three penalties in Kurash. The first penalty is called Tanbekh, second penalty is Dakki and the third penalty is Girrom which means disqualification. The fight starts with salutation which is called Tazim. And to pause the bout Tokta is used and to cancel a point Bekar is used.[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Drayton, James (4 July 2012). "Sabantuy". home to roam. Retrieved 11 July 2012.
  2. ^ "TDK". Türk Dil Kurumu [Turkish Language Association]. 28 October 2012.
  3. ^ a b "History of Kurash". International Kurash Association. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
  4. ^ "VIII World senior championships. Day one". International Kurash Association. 2011-10-22. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
  5. ^ "IX World Championships day one results". International Kurash Association. 2013-12-14. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
  6. ^ "X World Kurash Senior Championships — Day One". International Kurash Association. 2015-11-05. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
  7. ^ "IKA calendar 2016-2018" (PDF). International Kurash Association. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
  8. ^ Fachrul Sidiq (August 31, 2018). "Asian Games: Underdog Indonesian shocks favorites to win bronze". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
  9. ^ "Philippines ready to hold 'largest' SEA Games opening with grand ceremony". ABS-CBN News. November 30, 2019.
  10. ^ "VII World senior championships in Alushta, Ukraine". International Kurash Association.
  11. ^ "Results of I World Cadet Championships". International Kurash Association. 2006-09-10.
  12. ^ "Results of III World Junior champs". International Kurash Association. 2004-11-01.
  13. ^ "Results of the IV World Junior Championships". International Kurash Association. 2006-10-21.
  14. ^ "World champions in Kurash". International Kurash Association. 2010-12-18.
  15. ^ "The World Junior Championships finishes in UK". International Kurash Association. 2012-10-28.
  16. ^ "Results of second competition day at World Champs in India". International Kurash Association. 2016-11-13.
  17. ^ "Kurash Wrestling Rules". Insight India. 20 July 2015. Retrieved 25 July 2015 – via YouTube.

External links[edit]