Kurash

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Kurash (Tatar:Көрәш) on a Sabantuy

Kurash (kuresh, koresh and variants; Uzbek kurash, Kyrgyz күрөш küröş, Turkmen göreş [1] Bashkir көрәш (köräş), Tatar küreş, күреш, көрәш, kөrəş, Kazakh күрес küres, Shor кӱреш küreş, Azeri güləş, Chuvash кӗрешӳ) is one of the Turkic terms for "wrestling" (from Old Turkic keriš, c.f. Turkish güreş) and specifically refers to a number of folk wrestling styles practiced in Central Asia. The wrestling is the main competition at the folk festival Sabantuy.[2] Wrestlers (köräşçe(lär)) use towels to hold their opponents, and their goal is to throw their opponents off the feet.[3]

Tatar-style wrestling "Köräş"

History[edit]

The first official All-USSR koresh championship took place in Kazan in 1928 and was followed by the first TASSR (Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic) national championship in 1949. Since 1956, regular Tatar Köräş competitions have been organised in honor of the national hero and poet Musa Cälil.

At the turn of 1950 and 1960, the Soviet Federation of freestyle wrestling, Greco-Roman wrestling, and sambo started to develop Tatar Köräş. Sportsmen from the neighbour regions, such as Bashkortostan, Mordovia, and Ulyanovsk City came to compete in Kazan for the first time in 1959. In 1960, the capital of Tatarstan was appointed host of the first RSFSR (Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic) national koresh championship, an event that has been repeated every year since that date. It was organised in Kazan about 15 times, but also in other cities, such as Salavat, Orenburg, Oktyabrsky, Tuymazy, Chelyabinsk, Cheboksary, Almetievsk, Samara, Ulyanovsk, Naberezhnye Chelny. Sportsmen from 36 Russian regions have participated in the Russian championships over the past years.

Events[edit]

The International Kurash Association (IKA), founded in 1998, holds championships since 1999. World Senior championships were held in Tashkent (Uzbekistan) in 1999, in Antalya (Turkey) in 2000, in Budapest (Hungary) in 2001, in Erevan (Armenia) in 2002, in Tashkent (Uzbekistan) in 2005, in Ulaanbaatar (Mongolia) in 2007, in Alushta (Urkaine) in 2009,[4] in Termez (Uzbekistan) in 2011,[5] in Istanbul (Turkey) in 2013,[6] and in Khorramabad (Iran) in 2015.[7] The XI World Senior Championships will be held in Istanbul (Turkey) in 2017.[8]

The International Tatar Belt Wrestling Köräş Association was founded on 9 September 2009 with the aim of popularizing Tatar traditions abroad and offer Continental and World opportunities to all sportsmen wishing to compete in Tatar Köräş. It became a member of FILA's World Traditional Wrestling Committee in 2009 and held its second World Championship during the FILA World Wrestling Games that took place in Šiauliai (LTU) in September 2009. The third World Championship was held in Kazan in May 2010 and attracted a participation of about 100 wrestlers from 17 countries.

World Kurash Championships[edit]

Edition Year Host City Country Events
1 1999 Tashkent  Uzbekistan 3
2 2000 Antalya  Turkey 4
3 2001 Budapest  Hungary 2
4 2002 Erevan  Armenia 7
5 2005 Tashkent  Uzbekistan 13
6 2007 Ulaanbaatar  Mongolia 11
7 2009 Alushta  Ukraine 14
8 2011 Termez  Uzbekistan 14
9 2013 Istanbul  Turkey 15
10 2015 Khorramabad  Iran 8
11 2017 Istanbul  Turkey

World Junior Kurash Championships (U20)[edit]

Edition Year Host City Country Events
1 2000
2 2002
3 2004 Shahrisabz  Uzbekistan 9
4 2006 Santo Domingo  Dominican Republic 9
5 2008
6 2010 New Delhi  India 14
7 2012 Bournemouth  United Kingdom 7
8 2016 Kochi  India 13

Asian Kurash Championships[edit]

Edition Year Host City Country Events
1 2000 Tashkent  Uzbekistan
2 2001
3 2003 Tehran  Iran 5
4 2005
5 2006 Kabul  Afghanistan 6
6 2008 Tehran  Iran 5
7 2011 Ilam  Iran 5
8 2012 Kochi  India 13
9 2015 Beirut  Lebanon 14

Asian Junior Kurash Championships (U20)[edit]

Edition Year Host City Country Events
1 2009
2 2011
3 2013 Taipei  Chinese Taipei 29
4 2015 Taoyuan  Chinese Taipei 25
5 2017 Tehran  Iran 7

Arab Kurash Championships[edit]

Edition Year Host City Country Events
1 2010 Beirut  Lebanon 6
2 2011
3 2012 Beirut  Lebanon 7
4 2013 Beirut  Lebanon 3

African Kurash Championships (Senior,Junior,Cadet)[edit]

Edition Year Host City Country Events
1 2001
2 2002
3 2003 Pretoria  South Africa 14
4 2004 Casablanca  Morocco 8
5 2006 Vanderbijlpark  South Africa 24
6 2007 Antananarivo  Madagascar 12
7 2008 Agadir  Morocco 13
8 2009 Lusaka  Zambia 15
9 2010 Maputo  Mozambique 15
10 2012 Brazzaville  Republic of the Congo 17
11 2013 Johannesburg  South Africa 23
12 2014 Manzini  Swaziland 22
13 2015 Maputo  Mozambique 31
14 2016 Brazzaville  Republic of the Congo 7

European Kurash Championships[edit]

American Kurash Championships[edit]

The Pan American Kurash Union established in 2001, was one of the first continental unions affiliated to the IKA which started holding its own continental championships. The first Pan American continental championship among seniors was held in 2002 in La Paz, the capital city of Bolivia.

International Islam Karimov Kurash Championships[edit]

Greece successfully hosted the Xth International Islam Karimov Kurash tournament held on the 1st of March, 2015. This event traditionally held in Greece since 2004 was initiated by the European Kurash Confederation and the Greece Kurash federation.

Kurash Rules[edit]

There are three scoring points viz. Halal, Yambosh and Chala. The player who scores a Halal wins the bout. To score a Halal you need to throw your opponent on his back with full control, force and speed. The throw that is close to Halal is given Yambosh. Two Yambosh makes a Halal. The throw that is close to Yambosh is given Chala. No number of Chala can equal a Yambosh. There are three penalties in Kurash. The first penalty is called Tambik, second penalty is Dakki and the third penalty is Girrom which means disqualification. The bout starts with salutation which is called Tazim. And to pause the bout Tokta is used and to cancel a point Bekar is used.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Foundation, Turkish Language (28 October 2012). "TDK". home to roam. 
  2. ^ Drayton, James. "Sabantuy". home to roam. Retrieved 11 July 2012. 
  3. ^ Drayton, James. "Sabantuy". home to roam. Retrieved 11 July 2012. 
  4. ^ "History of Kurash". International Kurash Association. Retrieved 30 August 2016. 
  5. ^ "VIII World senior championships". International Kurash Association. Retrieved 30 August 2016. 
  6. ^ "IX World senior championships". International Kurash Association. Retrieved 30 August 2016. 
  7. ^ "X World senior championships". International Kurash Association. Retrieved 30 August 2016. 
  8. ^ "IKA calendar 2016-2018" (PDF). International Kurash Association. Retrieved 30 August 2016. 
  9. ^ Verma, Ravi. "KurashRules". home to roam. Retrieved 25 July 2015. 

External links[edit]