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|• Total||19.93 km2 (7.70 sq mi)|
|• Density||35/km2 (90/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
The name of the village is originated by scholars from the time of the Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin. Right before the home-taking conquest, three Kabar tribes joined the Hungarians, one of the names of those tribes was Harsány.
Körösnagyharsány was first mentioned at the beginning of the 14th century in book Váradi Regestrum, in which one of the inhabitants of the village was summoned to an ordeal.
In 1241/1242, during the Mongol invasion of Europe the village was destroyed, but soon rebuilt by its former inhabitants.
In 1660, during the Turkish conquest of Hungary, the village was completely destroyed again by Habsburgs and Ottomans. After the destruction, the village was rebuilt on the left bank of the river Sebes-Körös, since when the city lies at its present place.
The settlement was mentioned later as Nagy- és Kisharsány (Large and Small Harsány) as a land of Capital Catherdal of Nagyvárad (present Oradea, Romania), that was still possessed it at the first half of the 19th century. Later, at the beginning of the 20th century Mrs. Gustav Elek had bigger properties worth mentioning.
After the Treaty of Trianon in 1920, Körösnagyharsány – which originally belonged to the sphere of influence of Nagyvárad – became a border settlement. After being cut from Nagyvárad, losing its trade and human connections with its vital city, started a process of depopulation.
The history of Jewry and their graveyard in Körösnagyharsány
For about one and a half centuries (1780s-1944), a small religious Jewish community, consisting mainly of small shopkeepers, innkeepers and tenant-farmers, lived in the settlement. In 1870 47 Jews lived here. They built houses, established a graveyard and became an integral part of the society and life of the village. After the Treaty of Trianon the Jewish community slowly started to diminish, and then their fate was sealed by the Holocaust.
Four person were deported from the village: Móric Grósz (1887–1944), Jolán Grósz (1899–1944), Olga Grünhut (1905-1944/45) and Gyöngyi Grünhut (1925-1944/45). They died in concentration camps. During the time of deportation, though, members of several Jewish families from the countryside were hidden in the village.
- Homepage of Körösnagyharsány
- Körösnagyharsány on the site of a falvak.hu
- Book about the Jewish Community of Körösnagyharsány