Kürecik Radar Station

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Kürecik Radar Station
Kürecik
Near Akçadağ in Turkey
Kürecik Radar Station is located in Turkey
Kürecik Radar Station
Kürecik Radar Station
Location of Kürecik Radar Station in Turkey.
Coordinates38°20′58″N 37°47′37″E / 38.34944°N 37.79361°E / 38.34944; 37.79361Coordinates: 38°20′58″N 37°47′37″E / 38.34944°N 37.79361°E / 38.34944; 37.79361
TypeRadar station
Site information
OwnerU.S. Army
OperatorU.S. Army Europe
Controlled byNATO missile defence system (European Phased Adaptive Approach, EPAA)
Open to
the public
No
Site history
BuiltFebruary 2012; 7 years ago (2012-02)
AN/TPY-2 radar (left) installed in Japan, similar to the one in Kürecik

Kürecik Radar Station (Turkish: Kürecik Radar Üssü) is a military installation located in the town of Kürecik [tr] in Malatya Province, southeastern Turkey. It was established in 2012 for use by NATO as an early-warning radar against ballistic missile attacks.[1]

Background[edit]

At the NATO Lisbon summit in November 2010, a strategic plan was concluded to establish a ballistic missile defense system covering all alliance members.[2] As a NATO member state, the government of Turkey approved the installation of an early-warning radar system on its territory,[3] but insisted on a condition that all the information gathered at the radar station would be strictly for use by the NATO member states.[4] After signing an agreement on final conditions in September 2011,[3] officials from Turkey and the U.S. determined a site near the town of Kürecik in the Akçadağ district of Malatya Province as feasible.[4] In the 1960s, the site hosted a radar base for surveillance of the Soviet Union airspace.[5] Kürecik is located 59 km (37 mi) west of Malatya.[6] The radar station is situated on the hill of Çat Tepe at an elevation of 2,085 m (6,841 ft).[7]

Controversy[edit]

The residents of Kürecik and many others from the region expressed their opposition and mounted protests right after the announcement of the radar site.[4] In September 2011, Iran criticized Turkey for the establishment of the early-warning radar in southeastern Turkey, fearing it would serve to protect Israel from Iranian missile attacks in case of a war.[8]

Installation and operation[edit]

The installation of the radar system was carried out by U.S. military personnel. The establishment of the radar station was completed in February 2012.[3] The radar station's control was transferred to NATO command in the frame of the European Phased Adaptive Approach (EPAA).[1][9]

The installed radar is an Army Navy/Transportable Radar Surveillance (AN/TPY-2),[1] a Forward-Based X-Band Transportable (FBX-T) surveillance radar developed by Raytheon Integrated Defense Systems, featuring long-range, very high-altitude active electronically scanned array.[10] The radar site's command center is at Diyarbakır Air Base east of Kürecik.[2]

The Kürecik radar station's mission is to relay tracking and discrimination data to a remote missile defense system, the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD),[11] stationed in Romania and Poland.[2][4] Radar range data varies widely as the AN/TPY-2 is used both in forward-based and terminal-based modes. The Kürecik radar as a forward-based radar is deployed in a reasonable proximity to the assumed missile launch site.[11] Kürecik's distance to the Iran-Turkey border is about 700 km (430 mi).[3] About 50 U.S. soldiers were deployed to the radar station for protection and internal security.[4][12] The Turkish government did not allow foreign civilian technicians at the site for intelligence concerns. Turkey took the responsibility for the external protection of the radar site, which is situated in an isolated region, against sabotage attacks.[4] A team of the Engineer Research and Development Center's (ERDC) Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (CRREL) from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers provided technical solutions for the military personnel stationed at the high-elevation Kürecik radar site, where harsh weather conditions occur in winter time.[1]

The early-warning radar is owned by the U.S. Army, and operated by the U.S. Army Europe.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Kurecik (Melatya), Turkey". Global Security. 19 October 2013. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  2. ^ a b c Manske, Chad (16 May 2012). "NATO's Failure to Launch". The National Interest. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d Ulgen, Sinan (27 February 2013). "NATO missile defense and Ankara's diplomatic balancing act". European Leadership Network. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Kürecik to protest NATO radar in Turkey". World Bulletin. 19 September 2011. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  5. ^ "Kürecik'te 40 yıl önce ne oldu?". Vatan (in Turkish). 7 March 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  6. ^ "Kürecik, Akçadağ, Kepez ile Malatya arası mesafe" (in Turkish). İller arası meesafe. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  7. ^ "MapCarta" (Map). Çat Tepe. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  8. ^ "Iran: NATO radar in Turkey serves to protect Israel". Y Net News. 5 October 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  9. ^ a b "U.S. Confirms Radar Site in Turkey is Operational". NTI. 27 February 2012. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  10. ^ "AN/TPY-2 Transportable Radar Surveillance Forward Based X-Band Transportable [FBX-T]". Global Security. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  11. ^ a b Lyon, Rod (6 April 2017). "The AN/TPY-2 Radar and Second-Strike Guarantees". Real Clear Defense. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  12. ^ "US soldiers arrive at radar site in Kürecik". Hürriyet Daily News. 1 March 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2019.