|• Mayor||Markus Ernst|
|• Total||12.35 km2 (4.77 sq mi)|
|Elevation||413 m (1,355 ft)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)|
|Localities||Goldbach, Heslibach, Itschnach, Küsnachter Berg, Schmalzgrueb, Limberg, Wiserholz, Hohrüti, Wangen, Chaltenstein (Kaltenstein), and Forch|
|Surrounded by||Erlenbach, Herrliberg, Kilchberg, Maur, Rüschlikon, Thalwil, Zollikon, Zumikon|
Küsnacht is first mentioned in 1188 as de Cussenacho.
Earliest findings of settlement date back to the stone age. There are also findings from the Bronze Age. During Roman times, a mansion was located on the commons. It was called fundus Cossiniacus which is probably the origin of the name of Küsnacht. In the 7th century the name was recorded as Chussenacho. The coat of arms shows a golden cushion on a red background. It is probably a derivate of the coat of arms of the aristocrats of Küssnacht am Rigi.
The psychiatrist Carl Jung had his clinic in Küsnacht, which attracted patients from all over the world. Thomas Mann lived in Küsnacht between 1933 and 1939, after he was forced to leave Germany by the Nazis. The most famous resident of the town is Tina Turner.
Küsnacht has an area of 12.3 km2 (4.7 sq mi). Of this area, 34.5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 32.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 32.8% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (0.5%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains). In 1996[update] housing and buildings made up 25.6% of the total area, while transportation infrastructure made up the rest (7%). Of the total unproductive area, water (streams and lakes) made up 0.4% of the area. As of 2007[update] 33% of the total municipal area was undergoing some type of construction.
Küsnacht has a population (as of 31 December 2018) of 14,397. As of 2007[update], 19.7% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. As of 2008[update] the gender distribution of the population was 47.4% male and 52.6% female. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 6.6%. Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (86.1%), with English being second most common ( 3.6%) and Italian being third ( 2.5%).
The age distribution of the population (as of 2000[update]) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 17.7% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 59.1% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 23.2%. In Küsnacht about 84.6% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). There are 5843 households in Küsnacht.
Küsnacht has an unemployment rate of 1.51%. As of 2005[update], there were 167 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 43 businesses involved in this sector. 849 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 91 businesses in this sector. 3794 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 664 businesses in this sector. As of 2007[update] 40% of the working population were employed full-time, and 60% were employed part-time.
As of 2008[update] there were 3578 Catholics and 5417 Protestants in Küsnacht. In the 2000 census, religion was broken down into several smaller categories. From the census[update], 49.5% were some type of Protestant, with 48% belonging to the Swiss Reformed Church and 1.5% belonging to other Protestant churches. 26.6% of the population were Catholic. Of the rest of the population, 2% were Muslim, 4.4% belonged to another religion (not listed), 3.7% did not give a religion, and 15.2% were atheist or agnostic.
The historical population is given in the following table:
Küsnacht has an average of 136 days of rain per year and on average receives 1,171 mm (46.1 in) of precipitation. The wettest month is August during which time Küsnacht receives 139 mm (5.5 in) of precipitation. During that month, there is precipitation for an average of 12.3 days. The month with the most precipitation days is June, with an average of 13.3 days, and 138 mm (5.4 in) of precipitation.
There are four railway stations within the municipality of Küsnacht. Küsnacht ZH and Küsnacht Goldbach stations are both on the Lake Zürich right-bank line, and are served by S-Bahn Zürich services S6 and S16. Neue Forch and Forch stations are on the inland Forchbahn line, and are served by service S18.
Sites of interest
Apart from Lake Zurich, popular sites to visit include
- C. G. Jung Institute
- the Cistercian abbey of Kappel am Albis
- Küsnachter Tobel with hiking trails among glacial moraine with rare flora and fauna
- Johanniterkomturei building (today housing the Kantonsschule)
- Oberen Mühle, a mill that now houses the local museum
- Seeclub Küsnacht boathouse dating from at least 1290
- the Church of St Georg (Küsnacht) dating from the 12th century
- Ruins of Wulp Castle
- Küsnachter Horn, a park close to the lake and the Küsnacht ship stop, run by the Zürichsee-Schifffahrtsgesellschaft (ZSG)
- 19th C
- Conrad Ferdinand Meyer (1825–1898) a Swiss poet and historical novelist, (Seehof, Hornweg 28)
- Julius Maggi (1846–1912) a Swiss entrepreneur, inventor of precooked soups and Maggi sauce
- Eugen Sutermeister (1862–1931) a Swiss graveur and writer, founded the Sonos Society
- Paul Sutermeister (1864 in Küsnacht – 1905) a Swiss theologian, pastor and editor
- Meinrad Lienert (1865-1933) a Swiss writer, poet and journalist
- Otto Frederick Hunziker (1873–1959) Swiss-born American educator and innovator in the dairy industry
- Thomas Mann (1875–1955) writer, Nobel Prize in Literature 1929, lived in Küsnacht 1933-1939 (Schiedhaldenstrasse 33)
- Carl Jung (1875-1961) psychiatrist and psychoanalyst (Seestrasse 228)
- Albin Zollinger (1895–1941) writer
- 20th C
- Albert Frey-Wyssling (1900 in Küsnacht – 1988) Swiss botanist, initiated the study of molecular biology
- Bernard von Brentano (1901–1964) a German writer, poet and playwright; lived in Küsnacht 1933-1949
- Hermann Haller (1914–2002) composer
- Marie-Louise von Franz (1915–1998) Jungian psychologist and scholar
- Tina Turner (born 1939) American-born singer and entertainer, has lived in Küsnacht since 1994 
- Ursula Biemann (born 1955 in Küsnacht) a Swiss video artist, curator and art theorist
- Rolf Dörig (born 1957) a Swiss entrepreneur, CEOn of the Swiss Life Group and Adecco
- Daniel Aegerter (born 1969) chairman of Armada Investment Group
- Monisha Kaltenborn (born 1971) the former team principal of the Sauber Formula One team
- Georg C. F. Greve (born 1973) physicist, author and entrepreneur
- Severino Minelli (1909 in Küsnacht – 1994) a Swiss footballer, participated in the 1934 and 1938 FIFA World Cup
- Martin Studach (1944 in Küsnacht – 2007) a Swiss rower, competed in the 1964 and 1968 Summer Olympics
- Karl Grob (born 1946 in Küsnacht) a retired football goalkeeper for FC Zürich, 513 club caps
- Ari Sulander (born 1969) a retired Finnish professional ice hockey goaltender
- Hannu Tihinen (born 1976) a retired Finnish football defender
- Kimi Räikkönen (born 1979) a Finnish racing driver in Formula One
- "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
- "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". Federal Statistical Office. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- Küsnacht in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 2016-01-05 at the Wayback Machine accessed 10-Aug-2009
- Statistics Zurich (in German) accessed 4 August 2009
- Kanton Zürich, Statistisches Amt: Region Pfannenstiel Archived 2009-06-16 at the Wayback Machine (in German)
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 23 September 2019
- "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961-1990" (in German, French, and Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology - MeteoSwiss. Archived from the original on 27 June 2009. Retrieved 8 May 2009., the weather station elevation is 412 meters above sea level.
- IMDb Database retrieved 3 February 2019
Media related to Küsnacht ZH at Wikimedia Commons
- Official page (German)