Kınalıada (Turkish for: Henna Island; Greek: Πρώτη, Proti 'first'; Armenian: Գնալը կղզի, Gnali kghzi) is the fourth smallest inhabited island in the Princes' Islands in the Sea of Marmara; near Istanbul, Turkey. It is also the closest of the islands to the mainland, lying about 12 kilometres (7 mi) to the south. Administratively, it is a neighbourhood in the Adalar district of Istanbul. In the past it was called Proti by its Greek residents.
Kınalıada means "Henna Island" in Turkish, because the land has a reddish colour as a result of the iron and copper that has been mined there. It is dominated by Çınar Tepesi (Plane Tree Hill, 115 m/377 ft), Teşrifiye Tepesi (Visiting Hill, 110 m/360 ft) and Manastır Tepesi (Monastery Hill, 93 m/305 ft). This is one of the least forested of the Prince Islands.
Proti (Greek: First) was the island most commonly used as a place of exile under the Byzantine Empire. The most notable exile was Emperor Romanos IV Diogenes, who remained in the Monastery of the Transfiguration on Hristo Peak of the island after the Battle of Manzikert in 1071.
During the summer, approximately 90% of the island's population used to be Armenian, and although this is no longer the case, quite a few Istanbul Armenians do still move to the island in summer. The island is also home to the only Armenian church in the islands, the Church of Krikor Lusavoriç which was largely rebuilt in 1988.
The island is home to one former Greek Orthodox monastery, the Monastery of Christ.
The waterfront Kınalıada Mosque is a rare example of modern architecture in the islands. It was designed in 1964 by Başar Acarlı and Turhan Ayuroğlu to evoke the shape of a yacht.
Şehir Hatları ferries connect the island with the mainland from terminals at Eminönü and Kabataş on the European side of Istanbul and from Kadıköy and Bostancı on the Asian side. As it is the closest of the Princes' Islands to the ferry terminals of mainland Istanbul, most of the ferries call first at Kınalıada before continuing to Burgazada, Heybeliada and Büyükada.
- Empress Irene (c. 752–803) - Byzantine empress
- Michael I Rangabe (c. 770–844) - Byzantine emperor
- Romanos I Lekapenos (870–948) - Byzantine emperor
- Romanos IV Diogenes (c. 1030–1072) - Exiled Byzantine emperor
- Zabel Sibil Asadour (1863–1934) - Armenian poet and writer
- Eşfak Aykaç (1918–2003) - Turkish football player and coach
- Zahrad (1924–2007) - Armenian poet
- Mesrob II Mutafyan (1956–2019) - Armenian Patriarch
- Schleifer, Yigal (July 19, 2007). "Turkey: Religious Minorities Watch Closely as Election Day Approaches". EurasiaNet. Archived from the original on 20 May 2020.
Kinali, one of the smaller islands, is a favorite among Istanbul's Armenians.
- Schleifer, Yigal (July 28, 2005). "Istanbul's isle of diversity". The Christian Science Monitor. Archived from the original on 21 September 2019.
Tiny Kinali, however, remains home to a bustling summertime Armenian community.
- "Kınalıada Camii - İstanbul Adalar Kınalıada". www.neredekal.com (in Turkish). Retrieved 2022-08-05.
- "History of the Islands". Princes' Islands Tourism Development Center. 5 April 2013.
- Kınalıada at Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality website