Kōfu

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Kōfu

甲府市
View from Sakaorimiya Kai-Zenko-ji, Kakueno in autumn Moats of Kofu Castle, Takeda Shingen festival Night view of Kofu, Kofu motsu-ni stew Kose Sports Stadium
View from Sakaorimiya
Kai-Zenko-ji, Kakueno in autumn
Moats of Kofu Castle, Takeda Shingen festival
Night view of Kofu, Kofu motsu-ni stew
Kose Sports Stadium
Flag of Kōfu
Flag
Official seal of Kōfu
Seal
Location of Kōfu in Yamanashi Prefecture
Location of Kōfu in Yamanashi Prefecture
Kōfu is located in Japan
Kōfu
Kōfu
Location of Kōfu in Yamanashi Prefecture
Coordinates: 35°39′43.7″N 138°34′5.6″E / 35.662139°N 138.568222°E / 35.662139; 138.568222Coordinates: 35°39′43.7″N 138°34′5.6″E / 35.662139°N 138.568222°E / 35.662139; 138.568222
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Tōkai)
PrefectureYamanashi Prefecture
Government
 • MayorYūichi Higuchi (since February 2015)
Area
 • Total212.47 km2 (82.04 sq mi)
Population
 (November 2015)
 • Total193,127
 • Density909/km2 (2,350/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreeQuercus
- FlowerDianthus
- BirdCommon kingfisher
Phone number055-237-1161
Address2-17-1 Aioi, Kofu-shi, Yamanashi-ken400-8585
Websitehttp://www.city.kofu.yamanashi.jp/

Kōfu (甲府市, Kōfu-shi, Japanese: [ko̞ːɸɯᵝ]) is the capital city of Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan.

As of November 1, 2015, the city had an estimated population of 193,127, and a population density of 909 persons per km2. The total area is 212.41 square kilometres (82.01 sq mi). Kōfu's name means "capital of Kai Province". During the Sengoku period, it was famous as the stronghold of Takeda Shingen.

History[edit]

Archaeologists have discovered evidence of human settlement in the Kōfu area dating to the Japanese Paleolithic period, with continuous settlement through the Jōmon, Yayoi and Kofun periods. During the Nara period, the provincial temple of Kai Province was established in what is now Kōfu, indicating that the Nara period provincial capital was located nearby, as the name of the city implies. During the Heian period, a branch of the Minamoto clan, the “Kai-Genji” ruled over vast shōen estates, and developed a military force noted for its use of cavalry. By the Muromachi period, a branch of the Kai-Genji, the Takeda clan came to dominate the area, and built a castle in what is now part of Kōfu.

Under the rule of Takeda Nobutora, Kōfu was rebuilt as a castle town starting in 1519, and remained the capital of the Takeda clan under Takeda Shingen and his son Takeda Katsuyori. During the Edo period, Kai Province was tenryō territory ruled directly by the Tokugawa shogunate, and Kōfu Castle remained its administrative center. Following the Meiji restoration, with the establishment of the municipalities system, the town of Kōfu was proclaimed on July 1, 1889.

1907 Kofu Flood

There was a major flood disaster in 1907 (明治40年の大水害). This was due to heavy rain by a typhoon from the night of August 21 (Meiji 40) to August 26 1907. It was also caused by deforestation of the mountain forest which accelerated in Yamanashi Prefecture, because wood was needed for fuel of the steam engines of the growing industrial policy of the Fujimura Prefectural Government. A police officer inspected the stricken area from August 23 to October 10 1907. Patrol diaries of Masaki Tsukasa Kasaburo said "This heavy rainfall causes rivers to run down, landslides and levee failures, bridge piers destruction, etc., resulting in the destruction of homes and villages, village isolation, runoff and runoff, and traffic disruptions caused serious damage.[1] 233 people died, 5757 houses were run out, 650 hectares of lands have been buried or run down, 3353 landslides, collapse and damage distance of about 140 kilometers of levees, runoff and burial of roads, the damage distance was about 500 kilometers, 393 telephone poles collapsed. It was the largest natural disaster in modern times in Yamanashi Prefecture.[2]

During World War II, much of the city was destroyed by United States Army Air Forces B-29 Superfortress bombers during a major air raid during the night of 6 July 1945.[3]

Kōfu was designated as one of the special cities of Japan on April 1, 2000. On March 1, 2006, Kōfu, with a population of 193,795, absorbed the town of Nakamichi (from Higashiyatsushiro District), and the northern part of the village of Kamikuishiki (from Nishiyatsushiro District) increasing the population to 201,184.

On April 1, 2019, Kōfu's city status is elevated into a core city.[4]

Geography[edit]

The Kōfu Basin with Kōfu City and a view of Mt. Fuji

Kōfu is located in north-central Yamanashi Prefecture which is in Central Honshu. It extends from the northern border of the prefecture with Nagano Prefecture to the south until it almost reaches the prefecture's southern border. It is narrow along its east-west axis. The city bisects the Kōfu Basin and is 250 to 300 meters above sea level. Kōfu is surrounded by mountains on all sides. Three quarters of Kōfu's territory is a part of Mount Kinpu in the north. Much of the northern portion of the city is within the Chichibu-Tama-Kai National Park. Mt. Fuji is visible in the distance from Kōfu to the south.

An overview at Kofu city from Mount Atago. The left end is east and the right end is west. Mount Atago at the shooting point is located at the southern end of the Oku Chichibu Massif. Mt. Fuji over Mt. Misaka, the Southern Alps soars to the west, and it is surrounded by a 360-degree mountain area. A panorama photo taken in November 2013.

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

Climate[edit]

Kōfu has a humid subtropical climate (Cwa), though it is less wet than either the south or Sea of Japan coast due to its location in a shielded mountain valley. Temperature ranges are noticeably greater than in coastal regions: in 2004 Kōfu reached a temperature of 40 °C (104 °F) previously almost unknown in Japan, and it has fallen below 0 °C (32 °F) as early as 26 October,[5] which is about a month before the earliest freezing temperatures in such coastal cities as Kanazawa or Tokyo.

Climate data for Kōfu, Yamanashi (1981~2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 20.2
(68.4)
25.4
(77.7)
28.8
(83.8)
33.1
(91.6)
34.5
(94.1)
38.1
(100.6)
40.4
(104.7)
40.7
(105.3)
38.0
(100.4)
33.8
(92.8)
29.6
(85.3)
24.9
(76.8)
40.7
(105.3)
Average high °C (°F) 8.8
(47.8)
10.3
(50.5)
14.2
(57.6)
20.4
(68.7)
24.6
(76.3)
27.3
(81.1)
30.9
(87.6)
32.5
(90.5)
28.0
(82.4)
21.9
(71.4)
16.4
(61.5)
11.2
(52.2)
20.5
(68.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.8
(37.0)
4.3
(39.7)
8.0
(46.4)
13.8
(56.8)
18.3
(64.9)
21.9
(71.4)
25.5
(77.9)
26.6
(79.9)
22.8
(73.0)
16.5
(61.7)
10.4
(50.7)
5.0
(41.0)
14.7
(58.5)
Average low °C (°F) −2.4
(27.7)
−1
(30)
2.7
(36.9)
8.3
(46.9)
13.3
(55.9)
17.9
(64.2)
21.8
(71.2)
22.8
(73.0)
19.1
(66.4)
12.3
(54.1)
5.5
(41.9)
−0.2
(31.6)
10.0
(50.0)
Record low °C (°F) −19.5
(−3.1)
−17.2
(1.0)
−11.4
(11.5)
−4.6
(23.7)
−0.6
(30.9)
5.4
(41.7)
12.6
(54.7)
13.2
(55.8)
6.0
(42.8)
−1.8
(28.8)
−6
(21)
−11.7
(10.9)
−19.5
(−3.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 40.2
(1.58)
46.1
(1.81)
87.9
(3.46)
77.7
(3.06)
86.3
(3.40)
122.5
(4.82)
132.6
(5.22)
149.5
(5.89)
180.3
(7.10)
125.2
(4.93)
54.9
(2.16)
32.1
(1.26)
1,135.3
(44.69)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 13
(5.1)
10
(3.9)
4
(1.6)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
28
(11)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm) 4.9 5.7 9.8 8.9 9.7 12.1 12.5 10.1 11.2 9.4 6.3 4.2 104.8
Average snowy days 4.5 3.1 0.9 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 9.2
Average relative humidity (%) 57 54 56 58 64 71 73 71 72 71 68 61 65
Mean monthly sunshine hours 204.8 189.9 198.7 202.0 196.3 148.9 164.1 197.3 142.2 160.9 176.6 201.3 2,183
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[6][7]

Tourism[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

These are some local attractions in Kōfu.

Festivals[edit]

Shingen-ko Festival[edit]

Shingen-ko Festival - The army corps in front of Maizuru Castle Park (2019)

The biggest festival in Kōfu is the Shingen-ko Festival (信玄公祭り, Shingen-ko Matsuri). It is held annually on the first or second weekend of April in Kōfu, Yamanashi Prefecture. It celebrates the legacy of daimyō Takeda Shingen. The festival is 3 days long. Usually a famous Japanese celebrity plays the part of Takeda Shingen. There are several parades going to and from the Takeda Shrine and Kofu Castle. This is the largest public history play in Japan. In 2012 the event was included in the Guinness World Records as the "largest gathering of samurai" in the world with 1061 participants.[8]

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

Education[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Primary and secondary education[edit]

  • Kōfu has 25 public and two private elementary schools, eleven public, three private middle schools and one combined national elementary/middle school, and eight public and five private high schools.

Media[edit]

Notable people from Kofu[edit]

List of Mayors of Kofu[edit]

This is a list of Kofu majors starting from 1889.

Kōfu City Hall

Sport[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Iwami Ryotaro "Water Damage and Flood Control" "Great Water Damage" "The History of Yamanashi Prefecture History Series 5 Modern 1" Yamanashi Prefecture, 2005
  2. ^ "" Rice Kita "" Asuyal "-One Hundred Years of Great Floods in Meiji 40" Yamanashi Prefectural Museum, 2007
  3. ^ Ijiri, Toshiyuki (1991). Paul Rusch. Cincinnati, Ohio: Forward Movement Publications. p. 167. Unknown parameter |access date= ignored (|access-date= suggested) (help)
  4. ^ 中核市移行式を行いました。. Official site of Kofu (in Japanese). April 1, 2019. Retrieved April 7, 2019.
  5. ^ http://www.data.jma.go.jp/obd/stats/etrn/view/rank_s.php?prec_no=19&prec_ch=%8B%FA%98H%8Ex%92%A1&block_no=47638&block_ch=%8B%FA%98H&year=&month=10&day=&view= 観測史上1~10位の値(10月としての値)
  6. ^ 平年値(年・月ごとの値). Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2011-11-26.
  7. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2011-11-26.
  8. ^ "Shingen-ko Festival". "Shingen-ko Festival" Executive Planning Committee. 1 February 2019. Archived from the original on 2019-03-31. Retrieved 2019-06-19.
  9. ^ "US-Japan Sister Cities by State". Asia Matters for America. Honolulu, HI: East-West Center. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
  10. ^ a b c "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 5 February 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  11. ^ "Consolidation of Local Governments in Japan and Effects on Sister City Relationships Archived 2007-10-19 at the Wayback Machine," Consulate General of Japan, San Francisco

External links[edit]