Kōjō no Tsuki
Japanese pianist and composer Rentarō Taki composed the music as a music lesson song without instrumental accompaniment in 1901. The song was included in the songbook for Junior High School students. The music of the song was inspired by the ruins of Oka Castle whereas the lyrics, written by Bansui Doi, were inspired by the ruins of Aoba Castle and Aizuwakamatsu Castle.
Taki's original version of the song is a B minor song, but Kosaku Yamada's slow-paced nostalgic D minor version is also popular as an accompanied song. Taki's original version of the song uses E♯ on the second bar, but the modern version usually uses E probably because the original version did not fit the traditional Japanese music.
A jazz arrangement was recorded by Thelonious Monk under the title "Japanese Folk Song" on his 1967 album Straight, No Chaser. This version can be heard in the movie La La Land, as one of the main characters tries to memorize and play it.
The song was sung and recorded live in the form of a power ballad by the German heavy metal band Scorpions, during a concert at the Nakano Sun Plaza in Tokyo. It was released on their 1978 live album Tokyo Tapes. The band's version was one of rare tracks following Taki's original version quite well. This Song was also performed by Yngwie Malmsteen during the 1984 Alcatrazz Japan Tour. A live recording of his performance at the Sun Plaza Tokyo was released on the "Metallic Live" DVD of Alcatrazz. Takeshi Terauchi & Blue Jeans, a Japanese band, recorded an instrumental rock cover of "Kojo no Tsuki" on their album Let's Go Blue Jeans.
Also sung by Jackie Evancho in 2012, her version (titled in English as "Moon Over Ruined Castle", but sung in Japanese) seems to be available only on the internet.
In 1998 the asteroid 8957 Koujounotsuki was named after the song.
- 荒城の月のすべて [All of the Moon over the Ruined Castle] (in Japanese). King Records. Archived from the original on 2010-05-01. Retrieved 2009-01-22.
- 荒城の月のすべて [All of the Moon over the Ruined Castle] (in Japanese). Kotenha.com. Archived from the original on 2011-10-05. Retrieved 2009-01-22.
- Pispalan Juntti (16 June 2013). ""Rauniolinna" - Hikawa Kiyoshi - Kojonotsuki - 荒城の月 氷川きよし" – via YouTube.