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|Look up كفر in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
|Look up כפר in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
K-P-R is a Semitic root, in Arabic and Hebrew rendered as K-F-R (in Arabic script: ك-ف-ر; in Hebrew script: כ-פ-ר). The basic meaning of the root is "to cover", but it is used in the sense "to conceal" and hence "to deny", and its notability derives from its use for religious heresy or apostasy (as it were describing the "concealment" of religious truth) in both Islam and Judaism.
- Kufr (Arabic: كفر), Kefirah (Hebrew: כְּפִירָה) — negation of the faith; disbelief
- Kāfir (Arabic: كافر), pl. Kuffār (كفار), Kofer (Hebrew: כופר), pl. Kofrim (Hebrew: כופרים) — "coverer" — unbeliever; "a person who hides or covers the truth"
- Takfīr (Arabic: تكفير) — excommunication
- Mukaffir (Arabic: مكفر) — the act which precipitates takfīr
- Kafare (Arabic) — sentence for a crime, for example lashes for adultery, used in religious issues
- Kfar (Hebrew: כפר); kafr Arabic: كفر) — village
- Kaffarah (Arabic: كفارة); Kofer (Hebrew: כופר) — compensation for damages in Quranic, Talmudic and Mishnaic tort law.
- Kaparah (Hebrew: כפרה) — atonement for a transgression, or compensation through monetary or spiritual means. See Kaparot (Hebrew: כפרות)
- Yom Kippur (Hebrew: יוֹם כִּפּוּר) — the day of atonement
- Kofer-nefesh (Hebrew: כפר נפש)."The price of a life", "a ransom", compared to Teutonic Weregild.
- The poll tax of a half shekel to be paid by every male above twenty years at the census, as described in Exodus 30:11-16.
- The spelling "כופר" (with the stress on the e, which stands for צירה which is a long vowel) can mean an unbeliever, similar to the Arabic kafir, see Apostasy in Judaism, Heresy in Orthodox Judaism
- The main meaning of the root כפר is "atone". For example, in יום כפור (Yom Kippur), the Day of Atonement.