K-P-R

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K-P-R is a Semitic root, in Arabic and Hebrew rendered as K-F-R (in Arabic script: ك-ف-ر; in Hebrew script: כ-פ-ר). The basic meaning of the root is "to cover", but it is used in the sense "to conceal" and hence "to deny", and its notability derives from its use for religious heresy or apostasy (as it were describing the "concealment" of religious truth) in both Islam and Judaism.

Arabic[edit]

Concepts[edit]

  • Kufr (Arabic: كفر‎), Kefirah (Hebrew: כְּפִירָה) — negation of the faith; disbelief
  • Kāfir (Arabic: كافر‎), pl. Kuffār (كفار), Kofer (Hebrew: כופר‎), pl. Kofrim (Hebrew: כופרים‎) — "coverer" — unbeliever; "a person who hides or covers the truth"
  • Takfīr (Arabic: تكفير‎) — excommunication
  • Mukaffir (Arabic: مكفر‎) — the act which precipitates takfīr
  • Kafare (Arabic) — sentence for a crime, for example lashes for adultery, used in religious issues
  • Kfar (Hebrew: כפר‎); kafr Arabic: كفر‎) — village
  • Kaffarah (Arabic: كفارة‎); Kofer (Hebrew: כופר‎) — compensation for damages in Quranic, Talmudic and Mishnaic tort law.
  • Kaparah (Hebrew: כפרה‎) — atonement for a transgression, or compensation through monetary or spiritual means. See Kaparot (Hebrew: כפרות‎)
  • Yom Kippur (Hebrew: יוֹם כִּפּוּר) — the day of atonement

Sunni Hadith[edit]

كافر (kāfir) will appear on the front of the face of dajjāl (Arabic: دجال‎).

Hebrew[edit]

References[edit]